7 votes
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How can I find the emission power of a WiFi mobile phone antenna?

Not too sure if you will be able to find datasheet for specific cell phone. These are proprietary information and mobile phone manufactures usually don’t share this type of information in public for ...
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6 votes
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Why do bluetooth headsets get interference (choppy sound quality) outdoors?

As you might have already realized there is a good reason that some of Bluetooth headset are inexpensive. Poor design. High quality, well designed Bluetooth headset tend to be expensive. Also not all ...
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6 votes

How are three satellites sufficient to find a unique point in GPS? What happens in case of an overlap?

You can't ignore the difference between 2D and 3D in this situation. To a first approximation, all GPS satellites are located on the surface of a sphere. There is no way that any three points on a ...
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  • 6,759
6 votes

How can I build an anti proximity alarm?

Reverse the logic for the RF tag detector and alarm. As you state, RF detectors and alarms activate when the RF tag is within range of the detector. Change the logic of the detector-alarm system to ...
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  • 9,517
5 votes
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What is Byte Alignment Time in radio communication?

This happens on a bit level of the receiver electronics. For every byte you have to receive 8 bits. At this point in communication you only decoded the signal (eg. converted the electrical power or ...
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  • 166
5 votes
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How to determine signal strength verses distance for LTE base stations?

For a LTE base station is it possible to determine the relationship between the signal strength and distance? Ideally yes. Practically, probably not very reliably. Given the following pieces of ...
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  • 196
4 votes

What is the difference between Bluetooth Low Energy and Bluetooth BR/EDR in Park mode?

There are many factors that make BLE low power, and I have attempted to address as many of them as possible. In order to better understand the power consumption differences between Bluetooth classic ...
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4 votes
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How can I make a GPS traceable microchip?

Firstly you seem to be under the common misunderstanding that the GPS satellites somehow calculate where a GPS receiver is. They don't. The satellites are transmit only systems (ignoring the command ...
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  • 766
3 votes
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Why only the spectrum range of radio waves can be reflected from atmospheric layers while higher ranges (Infrared-Visible Light-Ultraviolet) can't?

Different materials reflect, absorb, and scatter different wavelengths of light. The ionized layer at the edge of earth's atmosphere happens to reflect a certain range of wavelength while ...
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3 votes

How are three satellites sufficient to find a unique point in GPS? What happens in case of an overlap?

how are three satellites sufficient to find a unique point in gps? They are not. It takes four satellites minimum. GPS needs to solve for the point in four dimensions, X, Y, Z and time. Four ...
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  • 11.3k
3 votes

How can one determine the LTE base station providing service to a mobile device?

You can see this information if you enter "field test mode". Google that for device specific instructions. It should show you the name or serial number of the base station you are connected to, but I'...
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  • 196
3 votes

Interference between direct signal and reflected signal

Wifi uses Orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM). OFDM is resilient to delay spreading which essentially is multipath RF signals or signal bouncing off walls per your question. Here is ...
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3 votes

signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) and others calculation

First, you should link in a reference to the Hata and Ericsson models. I haven't heard of them, and a quick search on Google didn't give anything. Path loss and received signal strength are typically ...
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3 votes
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Wireless communication modules transmitting through body

The reason you can't find many modules around 100 MHz is that it's not an open frequency and you generally need a permit to transmit at those frequencies. Another reason is that you will face some ...
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2 votes

TSOP IR receiver

You asked too many questions in one, so I'll just briefly make a few key points. Think of the problem these devices have. The dynamic range of light levels they have to work with is enormous, and ...
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2 votes
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Why is Li-Fi faster than regular wifi?

The wave propagation speed is only relevant when you start approaching the theoretical limit of that type of wave's ability to transmit information. For an analogy, consider people having a ...
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  • 3,211
2 votes

How can I find the emission power of a WiFi mobile phone antenna?

Typically, the max is 100mW (20dBm). You can refer to an example wifi chip datasheet (This one is used in many mobile phones with Snapdragon processor) - https://developer.qualcomm.com/download/sd410/...
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2 votes
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Why GPS receivers are more sensitive than GSM or WiFi receivers?

There are a few factors at play. Firstly as Olin indicated the signal bandwidth and data rates are different. It is a fundamental rule of information theory that the maximum amount of data you can ...
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  • 766
2 votes

A 40MHz oscillator in usb wifi adapter

Generally when you need to scale up a clock you use a PLL (Phase lock loop). A very crude explanation is that you have a voltage controlled oscillator at roughly the required frequency. You divide ...
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  • 766
2 votes

Tethered Balloons vs Towers for Wireless Communication

They would be a great hazard to air traffic; The umbilical would be essentially invisible to passing aircraft. In spite of regulations not to fly here or there.
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  • 5,894
2 votes

Most practical way to wirelessly transmit a single bit of information?

To be totally honest there is really only one technology you should be looking for. Infrared, all you need is a light transistor and a infrared led, thats it. Cheap as hell, well known, and robust ...
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  • 3,425
2 votes
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Can wider range (i.e. 600-700 MHz) antenna replace lower range (650-700 MHz) antenna?

The operational frequency operational range of the proposed antenna is within the frequency range of the old antenna. It should not be an issue from frequency standpoint. If the gains are similar ...
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2 votes

Bandwidth vs Capacity

Your understanding is correct. Here is an alternate definition from Wikipedia - Bandwidth Bandwidth is the difference between the upper and lower frequencies in a continuous band of frequencies. ...
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1 vote
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What criteria to focus on when selecting a BLE module?

Looking at if the device supports BLE 4.0, 4.1, 4.2 or 5.0 is a good start. Not all BLE modules are 5.0 capable. What type is distance range might be a parameter to consider some BLE module have line ...
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1 vote

dB/s/Hz in spectrum efficiency

As with any physical equation, the units of a constant, in this case "spectrum efficiency," are chosen so that the final result is in the units desired. So, if you're going for an answer in dB, then ...
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1 vote

Making my microcontroller transmit audio to any bluetooth headphones/speakers

There are Bluetooth adapters available which will hook into audio system via 3mm jack or optical jack and broadcast the music to your headset. However if you want to receive the music into your phone,...
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  • 21k
1 vote
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Can you detect the operation of a wireless radio (or other wavelength) receiver?

many radio receivers contain a circuit called an IF oscillator. the output of this oscillator is added to the radio frequency signal that the radio is receiving to downconvert the incoming high ...
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1 vote
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Why does India have more than 1 MCC (Mobile Country Code)?

The Mobile Network Code (MNC) is either a two digit ("European" standard) or three digit ("North American" standard) identifier, with in the Mobile Country Code (MCC). According to https://en....
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  • 12.5k
1 vote

How to decode radio thermometer / hygrometer bytes to floats?

This is not a full answer but I can't comment yet due to too less reputation, sorry. I+J seems to have a strong correlation with the temperature. I did a scatter plot of I+J vs. Temp and I can see at ...
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