I am new to vibration analysis/simulation etc. so I may be missing something very basic here so please forgive me if I'm explaining things poorly or not making sense.
To familiarize myself with vibration simulation I am trying to simulate the frequency response spectrum for a tuning fork. I am using Solidworks. I have
- created the geometry for a tuning fork
- fixed the base and calculated the eigenfrequencies eigenmode shapes
- Applied a uniform base displacement excitation (same magnitude for all frequencies)
- Plotted the lateral displacement of one of the tines as a function of excitation frequency
- The part is made from copper (young modulus supplied by software) and I am using a modal damping ratio of 0.02 for all modes.
- The excitation amplitude is 1mm
Here is a plot of the magnitude lateral displacement (x direction) of a node at the tip of one of tines of the tuning force versus excitation frequency.
The peak at ~500 Hz corresponds to the mode shown above. The peak at ~2.5 kHz corresponds to a higher frequency vibrational mode.
I am confused about the high frequency response of the tuning fork. At low frequency I see that the response is falling off from the two resonances towards lower frequencies. This makes sense. If you slowly move the tuning fork up and down (from the base) there will be no stress or deflection since everything is slow so there will be no lateral displacement.
However, I would ALSO expect the response to drop off at high frequencies as well.. I guess my intuition here is motivated by the following. Consider a mass attached to a base by a spring and a damper. If the base is shaken then at high frequencies the response of the mass falls off, it is as if there is nothing connecting the mass and the base at high frequency. I guess I expect something similar for the tuning fork. If I drive at high enough frequency the tuning forks can't even tell there is a drive..
Can someone please explain to me:
1) If it is correct that this response function should be constant versus frequency above the tuning fork resonance frequencies and
2) Whether it is correct or incorrect can you give me any intuition for why we should expect whatever is the correct behavior?