6

The idea that I was describing in the comments earlier is pretty similar to that described by Mart - I imagined the tube (red) flaring out underneath the O ring, and the opposing taper being either pushed down by hand or driven by a standard nut (black) depending on the sealing forces required. The key difference is that instead of relying on the squashing ...


4

You could have a barely undersized O-ring around the nozzle, then use a thread around the nozzle to press on the O-ring with a nut. This would require to machining a custom nozzle and nut: The part of the nozzle where the O-ring rests and the machined part of the nut should probably be larger than in the drawing, 4.5mm or so. I would also consider a ...


3

Actually, the pressure inside the vessel is uniform and constant everywhere. What happens is that geometry results in reduced stresses in one direction and not in the other. There may be some confusion here with respect to stress and pressure being the same thing. Although they share a few similarities ($\frac{F}{A}$ and units $[Pa] or [psi]$, they have a ...


2

In the old days we used the formula- Stress = PD/2t , and the hoop stress was twice the axial /longitudinal stress . Pressure vessel heads were usually half the thickness of the walls because of the lower stress relative to the walls.


1

Presumably it will be welded to pipe. Pipe is defined by outer diameter and the nozzle must match the pipe OD. The ID of the pipe depends on Schedule so it is variable. The nozzle manufacturer will probably make generic nozzles to a thick sch. like 120 ; then it can be used with Sch. 120, 80, 40, and 20. Thicker and thinner Sch. are likely to be custom ...


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