3

The terms lateral and transverse often get mixed up, because they can refer to the same thing, although this is not necessary. To my understanding any lateral is transverse but the opposite is not necessarily true. Transverse axis is any axis perpendicular to the longitudinal axis Lateral axis (to my understanding/how I'd use it) implies being to the side, ...


2

Analogous, but not synonymous - typically used in reference to human bodies and aircraft respectively


1

Those fibers are also commonly used to color-code the wires so you will not confuse them when you strip off the insulation, and wire up your device backwards.


1

The fibre is usually the first part of the cable making process, as it forms the support for adding further components as the thin signal cables need the fibre support.


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