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18 votes
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Why was Freon used in spray cans before it was declared a threat to ozone?

Spray cans work by containing a propellant which has a boiling point a small amount below room temperature. When the can is sealed the liquid and vapour reach equilibrium at a relatively modest ...
Chris Johns's user avatar
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10 votes
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Is it possible to increase the heat output of a gas stove by connecting two gas supply canisters to it at the same time, and is it safe to do so?

is it possible to increase the heat output of the burner by connecting two low-pressure supplies in parallel via a T-piece like this one? The primary factor is gas pressure at the tee. If the ...
baltakatei's user avatar
10 votes

Is it possible to increase the heat output of a gas stove by connecting two gas supply canisters to it at the same time, and is it safe to do so?

No, connecting two tanks together will not double the flow. The regulators fitted to tanks limit the pressure and flow rate so all you do is double the amount of gas the burner has available ie ...
Solar Mike's user avatar
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5 votes

What is the maximum possible compression with fuel injection in a gasoline combustion engine?

If you want to turn the engine into a compression-ignition one, I suppose there isn't really a limit other than physical based on strength of materials. Your proposed solution is rather how diesel ...
Tiger Guy's user avatar
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4 votes

Replace Hydrogen in an air cylinder

Structurally the pressure is independent from the nature of the gas. So, it shouldn't matter if its $N_2$ or $O_2$. Special care should be taken with corrosive gases, but usually that means the ...
NMech's user avatar
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3 votes

What is the maximum possible compression with fuel injection in a gasoline combustion engine?

Calculate the temperature of the air in the cylinder after compression - if that exceeds the self-ignition temperature of the fuel injected then that is a problem.
Solar Mike's user avatar
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3 votes
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Do pressurised cans still pose a risk to bursting in normal conditions, but after being exposed to heat?

Assume that high temperature causes no chemical reactions in the contents or between the contents and the can. High temperature will increase the pressure in the can. Assume the can is fully ...
Jeffrey J Weimer's user avatar
3 votes
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volume comparison of compressed air and gas duster

According to to the SDS found here the product contains tetrafluoroethane as an ingredient. I looked around and found other similar products with the same ingredient. For sake of simplicity lets say ...
Drew_J's user avatar
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3 votes
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How to determine the choke point in a compressed gas system?

How do I explain the fact that the flow chokes only at the nozzle? To explain why the flow only chokes at a single point, it is important to remember that for a system at steady state, there can only ...
Byron Wall's user avatar
3 votes
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If you shut down a gas pipeline for a few months would you fill it with gas at full pressure?

The blog is wrong . It requires higher pressures and/or lower temperatures to make hydrates. Hydrates can be a problem at high pressure gas production wells; such as above 5000 psi. That high ...
blacksmith37's user avatar
  • 6,144
3 votes
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What is this hole in some gas related threads

Those are pressure relief ports. The threads you have pictured are parallel type and are used without PTFE tape on CO2 drink carbonators such as Sodastream brand. The gas-tight seal is made by the O-...
Transistor's user avatar
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2 votes
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Will helium gas lift more weight in air when it is spread over large volume compared to equal weight heavily compressed small volume?

As a reality check lets consider industrial gas tanks as the specifications are easily available. A BOC size D hydrogen tank has a gross weight of 57kg and contains 23kg of hydrogen at 230bar. At ...
Chris Johns's user avatar
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2 votes
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Device (electronic valve?) for controlling O2/Nitrogen levels in sealed chamber

It sounds like you might be looking at a similar setup to purge gas for arc welding. Here you would typically a regulator which screws into the valve fitting of the gas bottle which provides coarse ...
Chris Johns's user avatar
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2 votes

Why no hydraulic piston gas compressors?

The elephant in the room is that while gasses are compressible, hydraulic oil is only negligibly so. This difference has two major effects: Firstly, the output volume flow is limited by the intake ...
Dan Mills's user avatar
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2 votes
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Is it standard practice to use a pressure relief valve as a pressure regulator?

Sort of. Certainly things like pressure cookers and turbochargers use blow off vales as a routine way to regulate pressure. Generally this is to make sure that internal pressure doesn't exceed ...
Chris Johns's user avatar
  • 15.2k
2 votes

Calculating mass of gas in container

Isolated System An isolated system allows no mass or heat flow. The equation for an ideal gas is $$ p V = n R T$$ where $p$ is pressure, $V$ is volume, $n$ is number of moles, $R$ is the gas law ...
Jeffrey J Weimer's user avatar
2 votes

Time-rate of change of P and T in a pressurized rigid volume with a hole in it

Thanks for a nicely presented first question. First you need a model for the equation of state for the tank. Given the initial conditions, develop formulas that yield static pressure, temperature, ...
Phil Sweet's user avatar
  • 4,765
2 votes

What is the purpose of combustor in a gas turbine

The turbine blades are what turns the compressor blades in the first place. They do this by extracting work from the hot gas shooting out of the combustors at high speed, and feeding it forward on a ...
niels nielsen's user avatar
2 votes

Constant Pressure Variable Volume Tanks

Rolling diaphragms are nothing new. The shaft connected to the rolling diaphragm projects through the housing (unlike the image shows). You generally pressurize the fluid through the shaft. Creating a ...
Jim Clark's user avatar
  • 496
2 votes

Is it possible to increase the heat output of a gas stove by connecting two gas supply canisters to it at the same time, and is it safe to do so?

No. The regulator itself will see to that. It's around 30 millibars - 3/100 0f a Bar. The pressure inside a gas cylinder is around 10 Bars - 3,000 times that of what gets into your stove! It wouldn't ...
tim's user avatar
  • 209
2 votes

Driving an air cylinder with ignited hydrogen/oxygen gas mixture from fuel cell?

I asked our chemical engineer at work about this and she was able to source a NASA research project that tested and achieved almost exactly what I'm trying to do. They built an electrolysis generated ...
dutenh's user avatar
  • 31
2 votes
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Why are double-acting reciproating compressors more efficient than single-acting ones?

You will find losses in a single acting compression such as leakage, even with a seal as the pressure difference is high, any leaked fluid in a dual acting compressor is less of a loss as it leaks ...
Sami Safarini's user avatar
1 vote

What is the maximum possible compression with fuel injection in a gasoline combustion engine?

The only limit on compression would be the mechanical limits of the piston, cylinder, and valves. So, a related and perhaps implied question is: Why is it not more fuel efficient to mechanically ...
seanhalle's user avatar
  • 121
1 vote

Is it feasible to compress cleaned Biogas?

Possible, yes. But there are reasons not to do it: the vapor pressure of CO2 at 20°C is about 57 bar, in other words at the high pressures you are talking about you get liquid CO2. Makes more sense, ...
mart's user avatar
  • 4,791
1 vote

Constant Pressure Variable Volume Tanks

Certainly. In the San Francisco bay area there was a huge cylindrical natural gas storage tank which was a huge cylindrical bladder capped off with a conical lid. Gas was pumped into the bladder which ...
niels nielsen's user avatar
1 vote

Recommended books for process engineering?

First get the newest edition of Perry's Chemical Engineers' Handbook a.k.a The Chemical Engineer's Bible which covers at the very least the basics of pretty much everything you need. Then look at ...
Gwyn's user avatar
  • 229
1 vote

Real life example of motor/piston involving an isoterm process?

We assume isothermal as having to include all the heat gains and losses to the gas during the cycle would be too onerous and add little to the accuracy of the result.
Solar Mike's user avatar
  • 15.9k
1 vote

What is the purpose of combustor in a gas turbine

The best way to approach this question is through basic thermodynamics. Suppose you have a compressor and a turbine but no combustion in between. Then we can define processes in this machine as ...
Eylul's user avatar
  • 136
1 vote

Should pressure vessel head be thicker than wall

So if the vessel is rectangular , I assume a flat heads, essentially no different than a side. So the size of sides and heads would determine the necessary thickness. In traditional cylindrical ...
blacksmith37's user avatar
  • 6,144
1 vote

Relation between Inlet and Outlet mass flow rate for a turbocharger?

The mass flow across a turbocharger is constant: If X kilogrammes of air go in then X kilogrammes of air come out. However if the pressure is twice the inlet pressure then the output volume is ...
Solar Mike's user avatar
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