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Yes, but probably no If we're feeling a bit pedantic, the answer is obviously yes: a suburb of white roofs will have a higher albedo than one with black roofs. It'll therefore reflect more light instead of absorbing it as heat, resulting in lower temperatures. The question is whether the change is significant, but it's impossible to give a solid answer to ...


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Yes, the ACI Standard 318 does specify “Concrete protection for reinforcement” (cover) for various issues, including: 1) standard placement in “principle structural members”, 2) reinforcement in extremely corrosive atmospheres, 3) fire protection, 4) bars, inserts and plates intended for future expansion, 5) precast construction. In (4) it makes a statement ...


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Standards are experts common sense thoughts on the minimum safe ways to design, build and operate something. Standards are designed for voluntary use and do not impose any regulations. However, laws and regulations may refer to certain standards and make compliance with them compulsory. A building code usually refers to multiple standards, with specific ...


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Code, as it relates to construction, is used mainly as guidelines in cases where there is an obligation to design and build structures or part of them in a certain way. ASCE is just a part of the code. It can have a wide scope, such as classifying building types and their functions. It can classify the behavior of natural phenomena like earthquakes, soils, ...


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I would imagine that the idols would be placed on pedestals that could be rotated manually and then place them at the center of the room (or at least not along a wall). Seems a lot more practical. Even if you have to build the building such that there are multiple main entrances, all this is still easier than rotating the entire building or room. This is ...


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I worked for a main contractor as project engineer. Taking my experience from one of my project. To be more specific, when we are driving piles into the soil, say we are using hydraulic hammer pile rig to do the driving, we would measure and record the number of blows that required to drive each 300mm depth and consequently the final 10 blows settlement and ...


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