16

Braces. They come in a variety of shapes. K frames, X frames, eccentric frames, etc. . . . .


4

There are many ways that one can achieve natural cooling and heating. However, the best solutions are very dependent on the situation. Also, the problem with most of these solutions is that you'd need to plan ahead (don't expect to incorporate them easily into an existing structure). And finally almost all of them are most effective for one or two story ...


4

The generic term is Bracing. You will often find it further qualified as Cross Bracing, Diagonal Bracing or Triangular Bracing, depending on the whim of the person doing it.


3

A non jargon terminology (i.e. non scientific architectural) would be permanent room divider or wall divider or plain divider. Probably the proper architectural terminology is mullion is a vertical element that forms a division between units of a window or screen, or is used decoratively Figure: Mullion (image source: Wikipedia) In French you mint find ...


3

Shielding them by a dam would have been more costly. And being hidden under a 65 meters deep wall into the water of the Aswan dam would make them visually disappear, and lose their glory. As it is now they preserve the same commanding view and show the perspective the original artisans who designed these monuments had envisioned. . A scale model showing the ...


3

In the middle east and specifically Iran they have used passive air conditioning for centuries. They build the neighborhoods with the houses tightly packed next to each other, reducing the exposure surface. They use high thermal capacity materials as thick clay walls and roofs in combination with the vertical evaporative draft of the underground canals up ...


2

They protect the combustible framing by cladding it in fire-resistant materials like gypsum boards. Fire code is an integrated and elaborate part of the building code. It assigns fire protection requirements and demands fire ratings of structure and its contents depending on the usage and location of the building. It sets standards for access and egress and ...


2

Another common term, used in many trades, is bracing, such as diagonal bracing.


2

One common name is shear ties.


2

The reason why forces are transmitted in arches is similar to the joint structure in the other question. Additionally there are the internal bending moments that also change the undeformed shape of the element (be it beam or arch). arches build with stone Although not in your original post, I will focus on the forces in stone arches. In order to understand ...


1

The arch works by being deformed and compressed under the vertical loads. When it deforms it wants to settle down and its geometry changes trying to trace a shorter path. But that shorter path means it strains the material creating compression stress in the material of arch, being it pieces of rock or concrete or masonry or even bags of dirt. That is the ...


1

If you install the square post in a way that its face is perpendicular to the cord it has to support it will be stronger. It has a larger 2nd moment of the area (I) that way which makes it stiffer. I would also try to figure out the prevailing wind and position the sail in a way it is not going to get a lift out of that angle and also the cord is tight to ...


1

You need to learn to think in 3D. Print out your drawing and fold the views into their correct relative locations. Figure 1. The plan, elevation and end view projected onto a cube. Draw that in isometric view and start cutting out (erasing lines and drawing new ones) the various sections indicated by the solid lines. Post your efforts in the question. When ...


1

I would imagine that the idols would be placed on pedestals that could be rotated manually and then place them at the center of the room (or at least not along a wall). Seems a lot more practical. Even if you have to build the building such that there are multiple main entrances, all this is still easier than rotating the entire building or room. This is ...


1

From what I see in the picture I am getting the impression, that these two are for completely different uses. The one above seems to refer to connection of two wooden beams on top of a column, such as the following In that case the entire side for each beam will be moving away from the the center line, however the points near the bottom will be moving the ...


1

The floorboards functions are supporting and distributing loads on beams. Another function is to brace the beams. In the design of the beams we only consider the rectangle section beam, not I section. As you described in the question, the floorboards are nailed to the beam. Thus, if you cut the section of the beam, the connection between the boards and the ...


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