# Questions tagged [wheels]

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### What makes scooters unstable at high speeds?

Scooters and skateboards are obviously meant for slower speeds, below 5 MPH. Typically if you go faster than that, it becomes harder and harder to control the scooter, and you will fall off. An ...
46 views

### Why is longitidunal force of tyre calculated negative in SIMULINK?

With the help of the Vehicle Dynamics Blockset of SIMULINK, it is easy to obtain longitidunal force (tractive force) of tyre by some of inputs. You can see one of examples below. In this simulation, ...
677 views

### How can I calculate the power and torque required for the motor on a wheeled robot/vehicle?

How can I calculate the power and torque required for the motor on a wheeled robot or vehicle if a particular acceleration or movement up an incline is required?
51 views

### How to mount skateboard wheels to an t-slotted framing

What is the best way to attach skateboard wheels to an t-slotted framing? Also, is there a more economical way? Bonus: How to design shock absorber for it?
70 views

### Calculate Rolling Resistance Experimentally

I am trying to calculate the exact rolling resistance ($F_{rr}$) of my car. The approach I am going with is a coastdown test at a low speed so no drag slows down the car. From there I am going to ...
13k views

### Difference between a "Pulley" and a "Wheel and axle"

A "Pulley" and a "Wheel and axle" seem much similar to each other. What is their actual difference and what are their precise definitions? My understanding of the two terms is much relied on the ...
64 views

### Suspension for a 135kg velomobile

I'm designing a four-wheel velomobile as a small city bike with good weather protection. The top speed in the city is about 25km/h (7m/s). The total weight of the velomobile is 35-45kg, and I expect ...
57 views

### How to calculate maximum rpm for a wheel? [closed]

I have a DC motor with a rated rpm of 2750. At max rpm, the rubber wheel that I've attached to it is pulling itself apart (literally, the rubber is being pulled away from the central hub due to the ...
89 views

### Effects of rolling resistance on wheel angular and vehicle longitudinal speed

The differential equation for wheel speed can be given as: In here, $T_t$ is driving torque (not braking), $F_x$ is longitudinal force of tyre, $J_w$ is wheel inertia, $\dot{w}$ is angular speed of ...
3k views

### Reason of Using exactly 5 Wheel Studs per Wheel

So today when I was taking a taxi and looked at the vehicles, I observed that the majority of the light vehicles (i.e. 16-person minibus/ 4-6 person cars) use 5 (or less frequently, 6) wheels studs ...
96 views

### Pacejka's Magic Formula:Nominal vertical load on tire

To work with Magic Formula for load dependent conditions, we have to use some of additional parameters. In this link, you can find the formula about this. What is the meaning of Fz0 (Nominal vertical ...
57 views

### Magic Formula: Calculating of lateral forces

To obtain lateral force according to slip angles, I use Pacejka Magic Formula, but my graph's style is not similar with picture which i added. I cannot find where the mistake is. ...
40 views

### How far have we developed eco-friendly tyres alternatives?

Considering how bad rubber tires is for environment (Microplastic on tyre - NatGeo), Today tires consist of about 19 percent natural rubber and 24 percent synthetic rubber, which is a plastic polymer....
57 views

### Optimum spoke shape for wheels made of solid material

Currently I am designing a bicycle sprocket to be laser-cut out of 3mm steel. Steel is heavy, so I want to make some lightening cut-outs, and I want to optimize the shape of the cutouts. I will ...
463 views

### Wheel rolling resistance

I think that some of you know what is rolling resistance. It is force that works in opposite direction to roll and is caused due to deformation of tire. It also affects car wheels. There is one ...
30 views

### Does a single-wheel brake intervention from ESC cause one wheel to be not brakeable by the driver?

Source: https://www.kfz-tech.de/Engl/Buchprojekte/HBremse/ESP3.htm Firstly, I don't know if this is the right StackExchange, but I will try nevertheless. Above I posted a picture of the hydraulic ...
145 views

### Rover Wheels: Convex or Flat?

I was comparing the wheels of the Curiosity rover and the Perseverance rover and noticed that the latter had a very flat cylindrical design as compared to the former. This got me thinking about which ...
61 views

### How to get a wheel pump to deposit water near the top of the wheel?

Suppose I have a wheel, about 6 feet in diameter, with empty soup cans affixed around it, powered by a big windmill. This drawing only has four spokes, but there will be more: ...
61 views

### How does the friction on the front and rear wheels of a car vary?

Consider a Rear-Wheel Driven car. The questions refer to friction between the wheels and the road. 1.Direction of friction on the front and rear wheels when car accelerates? Is it static or kinetic? ...
33 views

### Meeting point of turning wheels with rear wheels

I was watching this video about how steering on a vehicle. It states: If you track the meeting point of the left and right wheels, you can see that the meeting point always lies on the rear wheel ...
132 views

### Determine if car is moving forward or backward

I would like to know if there is someway i can figure out if the car wheel is rotating in clockwise or anticlock wise direction. Im working on a project which determines if car rolled back on a hill ...
74 views

### What wheel setup on a small, solar powered car, would have the least rolling friction?

We are attempting to design a solar car. The solar panel 4 1/2" x 13". I like to break these problems into their simplest form, in order to eliminate the least amount of possibilities. So, the goal ...
8k views

### What is the purpose of these “partially filled in” locomotive wheels?

I recently visited a railway museum with a lot of Soviet-era locomotives. The picture below shows the wheels on a locomotive from the 1930s or 1940s. Some of the wheels are thicker on one side (as it ...
62 views

### Car trajectory with angled rear wheels (non-Ackerman)

Consider a four-wheel steering vehicle in which: The front wheels follow Ackerman condition The rear wheel are rotated with a fixed angle (dir == dor in the picture below, and such angles do not ...
118 views

### Faster car drifting (motorsport) when using limited slip vs welded differential

I have been drifting RWD (rear wheel drive) cars for some years now. I tend to think about every engineering solution that other drivers use and how does it work before applying it to my car. What ...
65 views

### Help me build a mechanical gizmo involving a pulley (I think)

Electrical engineer here. I'm looking to build an incredibly simple mechanism that in my mind involves kind of a pulley. Below is a diagram. So it's essentially like a mechanical servo. I would like ...
82 views

### My robot is not able to maintain balance while turning

I am making a robot for my college project. For now, the robot simply has to move forward, reverse, right and left. While the forward and reverse thing is very smooth but while taking a turn it ...
4k views

### Why is a cart with swiveling casters in front stable, but not if the swiveling casters are in back?

Consider a four-wheeled cart that has swiveling casters for the two front wheels, and has wheels that don't swivel in back. For example, a common shopping cart, or trolley if you prefer. If such a ...
274 views

### Dead mans brake on a hand-pushed wheelchair

Would it be possible to install a dead-mans brake on a wheelchair? I have been calling around and wheelchairs do not seem to come with a dead-mans brake. With that i mean the brake found on airport ...
1k views

### How to make wheel rotate slower in one direction than the other?

For one axle with one wheel, can the following rules be met and if so, what would be the most simplistic implementation? Rule #1. Axle rotates clockwise: Wheel rotates at a 1:1 ratio with the axle. ...
142 views

### Pacejka "Magic Formula" tire models origin of the name

It might be a little off topic but I'm trying to find source for why is that model called magic formula? I read that it's a simple function of commonplace functions, a data fitting. Is it simply an ...
577 views

### Can a rolling wheel create a side force without first rotating on a vertical axis at its contact patch? [closed]

There is something wrong with the way we describe how a cornering vehicle wheel creates a cornering force. I think a rolling wheel must first rotate on a vertical axis to then create the cornering ...
225 views

### Why is the rear wheel of the Penny-farthing so small?

I see a lot of people asking why the Penny-farthing's front wheel is so big, and I think I've read enough materials to understand why (at least, at the most basic level). But even so, I feel that the ...
419 views

### How to regulate torque/RPM on an IWD vehicle

Generally, I'm interested in simple (DIY) electric vehicle design problems. I saw some photos of electric vehicles as in the following pic: or also you could check this youtube video. The vehicle is ...
280 views

### What mechanism can make a wheel turn in discrete steps?

I want to make a wheel that behaves pretty much like a mouse wheel does — when you rotate it with your finger and release, it rotates back or forward by itself to match a nearest discrete position. ...
492 views

### How do I attach an electric motor to a trailer wheel?

I have an electric motor which is intended for a bicycle/scooter and has a 11-teeth chain sprocket. I plan to use it to spin a trailer wheel (which have 4 holes for bolts about 3'' from the center). ...
107 views

### Cone shaped train wheels

I was watching this Feynman video and (as usual) his explanations make a lot of sense. Now I just took a train, and am not so sure anymore. Looking at the train wheels they did not appear cone ...
734 views

### What is an advantage/disadvantage of difference wheels size in front and rear of a bicycle?

Suppose there is a vehicle with difference size of wheels in front and in rear. Specifically bicycle, There would be 2 cases that front wheel larger than rear wheel and vice versa I would like to ...
13k views

### RC car steering mechanism type

I need to figure out what type of steering does this 1:10 Himoto Buggy Zmoto Z-3 RC car have in order to be able to calculate the steering angle from servo position for a robotics project. Is it the ...
96 views

### Torque needed to keep a wheel spinning at high RPM

I have a treaded wheel which is 16'' diameter and 4'' across (trailer wheel). If I want it to spin constantly at 2750 RPM, what amount of torque do I need to apply to combat friction and air ...
272 views

### Does toe-in in the wheels of a car help with straight-line stability without steering?

For vehicles that cannot steer (built to travel in a straight line) does having the wheels toe inwards help with straight line stability? That is, will it make the vehicle go straighter with slight ...
143 views

### How To Mount a Large Diameter Tire To A Smaller Diameter Axle? [closed]

I am building a cart from (What Type of Tires and Wheels Do I Need to Make a PVC Beach Cart?). I have a wheel whose central diameter is 3 inches and the PVC for the axle is 1 inch in diameter. I am ...
173 views

### Surprisingly Low Efficiency of Compound Machine [Project Help]

I'm working on a school project that requires us to build a compound machine with a mechanical advantage of 9. It should be able to lift a 10oz soup can three or more inches by using the weight of ...
31 views

### Compression and check valves

Pressure pumps are used to apply pressure to a system. What would happen if someone attempted to fill, for example, a bicycle tire (with a check valve) to 2 ATM of pressure using a pressure pump that ...
266 views

### Why are automotive brakes set inside the wheels, and not on the axles?

In most (maybe all?) automobiles, the drum or disc brakes are positioned at the end of the axles, inside the wheel. This increases unsprung mass, which reduces handling performance. Would it not be ...
152 views

### Why do baseball pitching machines have wheels stacked instead of side by side?

I was working on a project where I have to launch a ball. The current design has two wheels that are side by side with the ball going between them. I noticed that in almost every commercial ball ...
1k views

### How to add traction to a wheel?

I am not a professional in engineering and was wondering what I could use to add traction to a wheel. (I have to make a small self-car for a school project) I was wondering if there was a cheap or ...
403 views

### Is a chair with N+1 wheels ever less stable than a chair with N wheels?

My workplace has a policy to provide standing desks upon request, but no policy to provide chairs of matching height. (I work for the government...) We can buy our own, or build our own. However ...