# Questions tagged [turbomachinery]

The tag has no usage guidance.

47 questions
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
29 views

### Kindly explain this graph which is related to internal combustion engines

Hello, I am not getting this graph which is related to the Internal Combustion Engine.
18 views

### Why does flow capacity of axial turbine decreases with increasing RMP?

when studying the compressor map and the turbine map of a gas turbine, I noticed that the flow capacity of the compressor increases with speed increase (RPM) and the flow capacity of the turbine ...
1 vote
301 views

### How do I calculate the force coming from the centrifugal compressor exhaust?

Let's say I have a centrifugal compressor as shown in the figure and I know the following parameters----1 Thrust Inlet and outlet pressure Power required to operate the compressor Inlet and outlet ...
1 vote
182 views

### Pressure recovery in turbomachinery

Diffusers in turbomachinery are used to transfer some of the kinetic energy of the fluid to pressure energy and to direct the fluid to the ducting/second stage/... I understand this and the mechanism ...
49 views

### Euler's turbine equation derivation

I'm trying to expand my theoretical knowledge on turbomachinery, but I cannot decipher the equation derivation steps in the book I'm using. I attached the derivation steps bellow as an image. I ...
17 views

### Compression phenomenon in Axial flow compressor

It is quite difficult for me to visualize how axial flow compressors work, as in, how air gets compressed by just flowing through a series of aero-foil shaped stator and rotor blades. How and where ...
281 views

### How to find work done by compressors

Which one is correct method to find work done by a isentropic compressor? Method-1: Compressor power = mCpdT Where m = mass flow rate Cp = specific heat at constant pressure dT = Temperature ...
75 views

### Centrifugal pump head-flow prediction with CFD

Given a volute pump casing, the impeller, and RPM how would one obtain a simulated head-flow graph? As for what I have seen in research papers most methods already assume input flowrate / pressure and ...
22 views

A twin jet Pelton wheel has a mean runner diameter of 1.68 m & runs at 500rpm, each jet is of dia. 152 mm. The net head is 510 m. Bucket turns the jet through 1650 & relative velocity is ...
40 views

1 vote
39 views

### Effect of flow through a static hydraulic pump on its RPM

What happens when fluid flows through a static hydraulic pump? Will there be a negative RPM to impede the flow? By static pump, I mean a pump with initial RPM = 0.0 and is not driven by external ...
1 vote
104 views

### How to interpret the phase plot from an accelerometer on vibrating machinery

Attached is a plot of amplitude vs frequency and on the inset phase vs frequency. I have constructed this phase plot via $\arctan\left(\frac{Im}{Re}\right)$ How can I interpret the phase plot or ...
225 views

### How should one clean the blades of a turbomolecular pump

I have a turbomolecular pump from Osaka vacuum that is quite dirty, and I'd like to clean the blades off to improve balance. I'm not quite sure how to approach this, I've tried carbon cleaner for ...
233 views

### Accounting for pressure energy in Euler turbine/pump equation

For all the analysis to find work done by a compressor or work done on a turbine, the book I'm reading (Fundamentals of Turbomachinery by Venkanna B.K) uses the Euler turbine and pump equation, W=\...
1 vote
75 views

### What is the diffusion process that takes place in a diffuser/stator?

I understand mass diffusion. But what is the meaning of 'diffusion' which converts the kinetic energy to rise in pressure in a stator/diffuser?
360 views

### Relation between Inlet and Outlet mass flow rate for a turbocharger?

For the compressor maps for automotive turbochargers, the Corrected mass flow rate (at inlet) is given as abscissa. However, I wish to know the mass flow rate at the outlet. What is the relation in ...
81 views

### What gives gas turbine/turbojet engines such high energy density?

What is the cause of turbojets'/gas turbines' high power to weight ratio compared to piston engines? They certainly use a generally less efficient thermodynamic cycle.
34k views

### What will happen if I run a submersible pump without water?

I have a submersible pump and it's clearly stated in the user manual that it should not be operated without water. But what will happen if it's not adhered to? The obvious answer is that it will ...
1 vote
34 views

### Turbocharger boost control using two valves with a vac and boost reference for wide boost control range

Can someone explain how the above boost control setup would work. The valve on the left uses a vac source applied to the top of the diaphram which would effectively help hold the spring closed at high ...
62 views

### Relationships among turbo jet rpm and compression ratio and thrust

A question about performance of a turbojet. Why are compression ratio and thrust are not in linear but increase exponentially with RPM?
99 views

### How is the number of blades on a centrifugal compressor determined?

If I know the tip and hub diameter of a centrifugal compressor ,the inlet velocity and outlet velocity, how do I determine the number of blades on a centrifugal compressor?
43 views

### Why doesn't axial turbomachinery blades block fluid from flowing?

I know this is a silly question, but shouldn't the high speed rotating blades (in case of an axial air compressor or an axial air fan for example) block the air from flowing? What makes air flow ...
187 views

### Turbocompressor spool geometry

How come axial compressors always narrow and turbines always widen towards the rear? From what I know: The speed of sound of air increases with temperature, therefore increases (decreases) as it goes ...
57 views

### Working of a fan or propeller

I can roughly understand the working of an axial flow gas turbine i.e. the fluid moves over the blade and gets redirected, its whirl velocity component changes and the blade is pushed in the opposite ...
684 views

### What is the physical meaning of pulse rate and blood pressure, from a turbo machinery point of view?

Our hearts are peristaltic pumps, which has a periodic compression and expansion. The head developed can be taken as blood pressure. There are situation when the blood pressure is normal while the ...
1 vote
563 views

### Why regenerator "wheels" in a turbine engine?

Back in the early 60s, Chrysler built a turbine car powered by a turbine engine it had under development. An interesting feature of the engine was a regenerator system to recover heat from the gases ...
1 vote
2k views

### What is the purpose of a vacuum cleaner's bypass valve?

I took apart a cheap domestic vacuum cleaner because I am making a small vacuum-forming system, and I only need the motor/fan assembly, so I repackaged it to save space. Inside the vacuum cleaner is ...
32 views

### When were airfoil cross-sections first used in turbine blades?

When were airfoil cross-sections first used in turbine blades? When did this become standard practice? Did people understand the connection to aircraft, or did heavier-than-air aircraft exist at all ...
4k views

### What is the difference between turbo wastegate and variable geometry turbo?

I don't see what the difference is between turbo wastegate and variable geometry turbo. Both seem to allow some of the gas flow, without turning the turbine, ie. bypassing the turbine, have I ...
4k views

### How to increase the air flow rate through a dust-separating cyclone?

I'm making a dust extractor for a desktop CNC milling machine. My design process was very crude: I looked at some DIY dust-separating cyclones, and it seemed like they just work without any advanced ...
1 vote
228 views

### Does the turbine outlet affect the power generated by the turbine ?

In my text book , it is written "Power generated by the turbine can be increased by using a gradual expansion at the turbine outlet" The picture below explains the meaning of gradual expansion at ...
405 views

### How do Cogs and belts work? / Cogs and belts in an ICAS exam

Does the left red wheel turn in the same direction as the leftmost orange wheel?If so P and S go up? If not, Q and S go up? My reasoning: If so Leftmost orange cc Left red cc (by assumption) ...
101 views

### turbojet axial compressor: blades of HP compressor

I noticed that blades of HP compressor are shorter in axial dimension next to its LP counterpart. Why? I understand why it is smaller in radial dimension (this is because compressed air has smaller ...
1 vote
196 views

### In what order turbojet engine parameters are calculated?

As I see it, if you're going to calculate a twin-spool turbojet engine, you Determine expected max aircraft speed, and engine thrust at that speed and when stationary. Calculate peak mass of air flow ...
Assuming, I've got a machine, that runs with pressurized air and provides the following measurements: $\dot m$ - mass-flow through the machine (same for input and output) $p_{1}$ - input pressure \$...