# Questions tagged [transfer-function]

The transfer G(s) = X(s) / W(s) function describes the relationship between an input signal X(s) and an output signal W(s).

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### Response of a system to a step function (Heaviside function)

I'd like to compute the response to a step function of a electrical/thermal system. Generally I can "easily" compute the transfer function $H$: $$H(\omega) = \frac{V_{out}(\omega)}{V_{in}(\omega)}$$ ...
4answers
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### How does load force impact load inertia?

I am trying to simulate a winch as a speed-regulated motor that works through a gearbox to lift a mass. The output of the gearbox is a drum, which rotates to accumulate cable. I feel comfortable ...
2answers
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### Unexpected Results from my Transfer Function

I have a system that can be modeled with the following picture: There is a mass $m$ connected to a spring $k$ and a dashpot $d$. These are both connected to another dashpot $c$. A force $F(t)$ is ...
3answers
3k views

### What do the zeros of the transfer function tell you about a system?

I come from a mathematics background and I'm familiar with laplace transforms in-as-far-as they provide an algebraic method to solve ordinary differential equations. So, when I read about transfer ...
1answer
469 views

### mass calculation from transfer function or bodeplot

I have a double mass rotary model. The two masses are connected by an axis which together acts as a spring damper system of the fourth order. The system is actuated by a motor and the angle of ...
1answer
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### System Dynamics Modeling

I am trying to model this system but am having difficulties in setting up the equations of motion. This is a simplified model of a motorcycle suspension system, where P is the ground in the image ...
1answer
1k views

### Determine the range of values for a PI controller

This is a basic control theory question, since Control Theory is a part of applied mathematics but also of engineering I was unsure whether to ask this here. The question says: Given the transfer ...
1answer
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### System Identification 1-d altitude control

One dimensional altitude control of a hovercraft. The model's dynamic equations that I came up with are, I treat the hover craft as a rigid particle and my goal is to have it hover at or reach a ...
2answers
750 views

### Which equations of a state space model influence the poles and zeroes?

In regulation, if we represent a system with a state space model, we end with three matrices A, B and C (without taking into account feed-forward part) that define a specific part of the following ...
1answer
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### Finding Transfer Function between specific points

Hi I have this block diagram: Now, I want to reduce it to such a block diagram: How do I find H ? I am looking for a general method, of how to approach such problems. Here is what H should be:
2answers
133 views

### Frequency Response of a Discrete System

Let's say that I have the following continuous system: $$G(s)= \frac{2}{1+s}$$ I could convert it to a discrete system using for example the Tustin approximation https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/...
2answers
2k views

### Square wave transfer function?

I made a mathematical model (transfer function) of a rlc circuit. I simulated it in matlab simulink with step input and square wave input and observed the result. I can also calculate this system with ...
1answer
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### What are the Singular Values of a dynamic system and how are they calculated in the *sigma* function in Matlab?

According to Matlab documentation: sigma plots the singular values of the frequency response of a dynamic system. bode creates a Bode plot of the frequency response of a dynamic system. I am ...
0answers
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### Getting the damping ratio from a frequency response function v.s. transfer function

I'm trying to find the damping values of a specimen, based on sweeping the forcing frequency from 0-10 kHz. As shown in the diagram, I measure the input force from the shaker, and the subsequent ...
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### second order linear filter and coefficients sign

Courses on automatics define usually the second order transfer function as $$H(s) = \frac{1}{\frac{s^2}{w_n^2} + \frac{2z}{w_n} s + 1}$$ (sse here for instance). However, it assumes that the ...
1answer
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### Compare Genetic Algorithms and Markov Chain Monte Carlo in their statistical properties in parameter estimation task

I am using GA and MCMC for estimating the parameters of a transfer function. GA returns results that each parameter has one value when minimizing the error function, and MCMC returns the whole chain ...
1answer
117 views

### Transfer function for hovercraft [closed]

I'm building a hovercraft, which transfer function i have to find for further control. The hovercraft can be found in the following As you can see, the hovercraft has 2 motors for direction. I have ...
0answers
49 views

### High Pass Filter Design from Transfer Function

I need to design an active high pass filter circuit that implements the following transfer function: $$G(s)= 4.15\times\dfrac{s+530}{s+2200}$$ where, $K = 4.15$, Pole @ 2200 rad/s and Zero @ 530 rad/...
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### calculate output $y(t)$ from $Y(z)$ having discrete closed loop model with sine input - residue method

I have closed loop - discrete model. This is how it looks in matlab: I need to compute analitically output $y(t)$ (same as in the Matlab's scope) having $Y(z)$. Where $Y(z)=U(z)*G(z)$ Input is sine ...
0answers
173 views

### Thermal transfer function of an isotropic material

Consider a piece of material of infinite extent (i.e. no boundaries) with a point source of heat at its center which oscillates at frequency $\omega$ about the mean temperature $\langle T\rangle$. If ...
2answers
559 views

### Practical examples of LTI transfer function

My question is pretty simple. The transfer function of an LTI system seems rather limited in use since the initial conditions must be zero. What are some practical engineering uses of it, and examples?...
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### Fault Recovery of a UAV using MATLAB

I'm currently investigating fault recovery in a UAV using MATLAB. I've been given several variables: phi = the roll angle psi = the yaw/heading angle beta = the side slip p = roll rate r = yaw/...
1answer
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### How can I get final value of $V_{out}$ at $t=∞$ in RC circuit?

I can obtain the transfer function in this RC circuit. $$\frac{V_{out}}{V_{in}} = \frac{1}{(RCs+1)}$$ When $V_{in}$ is set to $10V$, how can I get final value of $V_{out}$ at $t=∞$? I tried to use ...
1answer
957 views

### How to tune a PID for a pure integrator system?

Given a plant with a transfer function of K/s, how can I tune a PID to control it? I found articles explaining how to tune an integrator with time delay, but not for just a pure integrator system.
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### Transfer function of a temperature controlled incubation system

I am a computer engineering student and currently having my undergraduate thesis. My thesis is about temperature control system of a chicken egg incubator. I searched over the internet and found this ...
1answer
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### Closed loop response of a discrete system

I have trasfer functions of a plant and a controller in laplace domain. I checked for the closed loop response by applying a step response. The system is found to be stable. I checked the response ...
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### Z - transform of white noise

I am taking a graduate course in Digital signal processing with no prior knowledge in DSP. So I am struggling because I don't have the foundational knowledge. Please I need help with the following. ...
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### Evaluating Steady State Error Constant for a Discrete Time Control System with Kronecker Delta Input

Hello there, hope you are doing well. I am working on a Discrete Time Control Systems homework and at a certain part of it, the question asks me to find the steady state error of the system. I ...
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### How to derive a value from a transfer function

I have a scenario where a valve q_in(t) is pumping water into a tank of height h(t) and area A, which is then pumped out by a second valve q_out(t) that has a resistance to water flow R. I got this ...
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### Does the characteristic polynomial contains all the poles of a closed-loop transfer function?

The Transfer Function of a Closed-Loop system is: $T(s)=\frac{Z(s)}{1+G(s)Z(s)}$. The BIBO stability of $T(s)$ is guaranteed if all the poles of $T(s)$ have negative real value. In many textbooks I'...
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### Phase response of a continuous transfer function

Let $\omega_0 \in \mathbb{R}$ and $\omega_0 > 0$. Be $G(s)$ a transfer function defined as: $$G(s)=\frac{1-\frac{s}{\omega_0}}{1+\frac{s}{\omega_0}}$$ We're interested into evaluating its phase ...
1answer
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### Order of a transfer function and its properties

I hope this is the right place to ask since I couldn't find a control systems SE. Lets say we have the transfer function $P(s) = \frac{1}{s(s+15)(s+10)} = \frac{1}{s(s^2+25s+150)}$(completely made up ...
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### How to combine ODE parameters values from several estimations?

I would like to perform parameters estimation for a differential equation from experiment. If the value of these parameters are obtained from several experiments (repetitions) where for each ...
0answers
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### Find transfer function from bode diagram?

I've been given this bode diagram : I've been asked to find the transfer function only by using the bode diagram. It's the first time I'm doing this so here's what I thought. The starting value is ...
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### How to find Performance assessment (IAE and ISE) of a PID Controlled system?

The Integral Absolute value Error (IAE) and the Integral Squared Error (ISE) is to be analysed. A PID Controller is given as follows: \begin{gather} C(s)=K_p+K_i\frac{1}{s}+K_ds \end{gather} where \$...