# Questions tagged [transfer-function]

The transfer G(s) = X(s) / W(s) function describes the relationship between an input signal X(s) and an output signal W(s).

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### Response of a system to a step function (Heaviside function)

I'd like to compute the response to a step function of a electrical/thermal system. Generally I can "easily" compute the transfer function $H$: $$H(\omega) = \frac{V_{out}(\omega)}{V_{in}(\omega)}$$ ...
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I am trying to simulate a winch as a speed-regulated motor that works through a gearbox to lift a mass. The output of the gearbox is a drum, which rotates to accumulate cable. I feel comfortable ...
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### System Dynamics Modeling

I am trying to model this system but am having difficulties in setting up the equations of motion. This is a simplified model of a motorcycle suspension system, where P is the ground in the image ...
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### What do the zeros of the transfer function tell you about a system?

I come from a mathematics background and I'm familiar with laplace transforms in-as-far-as they provide an algebraic method to solve ordinary differential equations. So, when I read about transfer ...
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### Unexpected Results from my Transfer Function

I have a system that can be modeled with the following picture: There is a mass $m$ connected to a spring $k$ and a dashpot $d$. These are both connected to another dashpot $c$. A force $F(t)$ is ...
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### mass calculation from transfer function or bodeplot

I have a double mass rotary model. The two masses are connected by an axis which together acts as a spring damper system of the fourth order. The system is actuated by a motor and the angle of ...
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### Determine the range of values for a PI controller

This is a basic control theory question, since Control Theory is a part of applied mathematics but also of engineering I was unsure whether to ask this here. The question says: Given the transfer ...
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### System Identification 1-d altitude control

One dimensional altitude control of a hovercraft. The model's dynamic equations that I came up with are, I treat the hover craft as a rigid particle and my goal is to have it hover at or reach a ...
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### Which equations of a state space model influence the poles and zeroes?

In regulation, if we represent a system with a state space model, we end with three matrices A, B and C (without taking into account feed-forward part) that define a specific part of the following ...
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### How to determine the dynamic response of a spring-mass system?

The Problem I have the following system for which I would like to determine its dynamic response, taken from these lecture notes pg.20: where the forcing functions are $u_1 = 1-U(t - t_0)$, $u_2=0$, ...
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### How can I extract transfer function an unknown nonlinear system?

I am trying to do PID control for my servo electronic motor system. This system uses SSI encoder output for feedback mechanism. I will calculate PID parameters according to ziegler nichols tuning ...
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### How can I calculate the z-transformation of this transfer function of a time-discrete controller?

I am currently preparing for an exam where on part is control theory. This is one task from a former exam where I don't know how to solve it (translated from German): Calculate the z-transformed ...
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### Help understanding a control system represented by coefficients of theta?

I've been working with control systems and transfer functions recently, but I've come across a format that I haven't seen before using coefficients of theta, and I can't find any information about it. ...
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### Is lead filter same as PD combined with a low pass filter?

I am curious to know the difference between a lead compensator (lead filter) and a PD controller with a low pass filter. From the theory I can see that the transfer function of both these controllers ...
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### second order linear filter and coefficients sign

Courses on automatics define usually the second order transfer function as $$H(s) = \frac{1}{\frac{s^2}{w_n^2} + \frac{2z}{w_n} s + 1}$$ (sse here for instance). However, it assumes that the ...
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### Compare Genetic Algorithms and Markov Chain Monte Carlo in their statistical properties in parameter estimation task

I am using GA and MCMC for estimating the parameters of a transfer function. GA returns results that each parameter has one value when minimizing the error function, and MCMC returns the whole chain ...
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### Transfer function for hovercraft [closed]

I'm building a hovercraft, which transfer function i have to find for further control. The hovercraft can be found in the following As you can see, the hovercraft has 2 motors for direction. I have ...
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### How do you generate an impulse signal in a mechatronic system?

Background: I have a piezoelectric force transducer that I am using to measure the force produced by a combustion reaction in a tube. The issue is that there is a lot of ringing that occurs during the ...
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### calculate output $y(t)$ from $Y(z)$ having discrete closed loop model with sine input - residue method

I have closed loop - discrete model. This is how it looks in matlab: I need to compute analitically output $y(t)$ (same as in the Matlab's scope) having $Y(z)$. Where $Y(z)=U(z)*G(z)$ Input is sine ...
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### Thermal transfer function of an isotropic material

Consider a piece of material of infinite extent (i.e. no boundaries) with a point source of heat at its center which oscillates at frequency $\omega$ about the mean temperature $\langle T\rangle$. If ...
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### Practical examples of LTI transfer function

My question is pretty simple. The transfer function of an LTI system seems rather limited in use since the initial conditions must be zero. What are some practical engineering uses of it, and examples?...
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### How do I find the minimum/maximum stable value of scalar gain for a closed loop transfer function?

I have the following transfer function: $$G(s) = \frac{s + 8}{s^2 − 2s − 3}$$ This function is placed in series with a static gain $k$ and unity feedback. In this case I'm looking for the minimum ...
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### How can I get final value of $V_{out}$ at $t=∞$ in RC circuit?

I can obtain the transfer function in this RC circuit. $$\frac{V_{out}}{V_{in}} = \frac{1}{(RCs+1)}$$ When $V_{in}$ is set to $10V$, how can I get final value of $V_{out}$ at $t=∞$? I tried to use ...
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### How to tune a PID for a pure integrator system?

Given a plant with a transfer function of K/s, how can I tune a PID to control it? I found articles explaining how to tune an integrator with time delay, but not for just a pure integrator system.
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### Transfer function of a temperature controlled incubation system

I am a computer engineering student and currently having my undergraduate thesis. My thesis is about temperature control system of a chicken egg incubator. I searched over the internet and found this ...
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### Closed loop response of a discrete system

I have trasfer functions of a plant and a controller in laplace domain. I checked for the closed loop response by applying a step response. The system is found to be stable. I checked the response ...
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### Constructing a block diagram from equations

$$X(s) = -A X(s) + Z(s) +B W(s)$$ $$W(s)= C X(s) -D W(s)$$ $$Y(s)= E W(s)$$ My question is would the system be ...
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### Tranfer function of non-self regulating process

This system is non-self regulating process with mathematical model : dh/dt = (fi-fo)/C where fi = flow input, fo = flow output, C = tank capacity or volume tank. I want make tranfer function of this ...
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### Servo Motor Input Voltage Equation

I'm working on a Ball & Beam project. As I'm doing it for an engineering project, I'm supposed to model the system mathematically, calculate the PID parameters, etc. to center the ball in the ...
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### Z - transform of white noise

I am taking a graduate course in Digital signal processing with no prior knowledge in DSP. So I am struggling because I don't have the foundational knowledge. Please I need help with the following. ...
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### Evaluating Steady State Error Constant for a Discrete Time Control System with Kronecker Delta Input

Hello there, hope you are doing well. I am working on a Discrete Time Control Systems homework and at a certain part of it, the question asks me to find the steady state error of the system. I ...
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### Evaluate "damping" of higher-order transfer function - something similar to settling time without the discontinuities

I have an 11th order transfer function in the continuous domain (simplified linearized model of a grid-forming converter) and I'm looking for a way to characterize it with a single number for ...
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### How to derive a value from a transfer function

I have a scenario where a valve q_in(t) is pumping water into a tank of height h(t) and area A, which is then pumped out by a second valve q_out(t) that has a resistance to water flow R. I got this ...
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### Does the characteristic polynomial contains all the poles of a closed-loop transfer function?

The Transfer Function of a Closed-Loop system is: $T(s)=\frac{Z(s)}{1+G(s)Z(s)}$. The BIBO stability of $T(s)$ is guaranteed if all the poles of $T(s)$ have negative real value. In many textbooks I'...
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I need to design an active high pass filter circuit that implements the following transfer function: $$G(s)= 4.15\times\dfrac{s+530}{s+2200}$$ where, $K = 4.15$, Pole @ 2200 rad/s and Zero @ 530 rad/...
I hope this is the right place to ask since I couldn't find a control systems SE. Lets say we have the transfer function $P(s) = \frac{1}{s(s+15)(s+10)} = \frac{1}{s(s^2+25s+150)}$(completely made up ...