Questions tagged [transfer-function]

The transfer G(s) = X(s) / W(s) function describes the relationship between an input signal X(s) and an output signal W(s).

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Mathematical model of an hydraulic jack

How to find a mathematical model of this hydraulic jack system? I'm confused about the part when the piston extender, check valve 1 opens and check valve 2 closes, then liquid from the bottom tank ...
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Transfer Function for Electro-Mechanical System

Can anyone please lead me in the right direction as to how to solve for the transfer function given this motor schematic
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How to determine the dynamic response of a spring-mass system?

The Problem I have the following system for which I would like to determine its dynamic response, taken from these lecture notes pg.20: where the forcing functions are $u_1 = 1-U(t - t_0)$, $u_2=0$, ...
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Servo Motor Input Voltage Equation

I'm working on a Ball & Beam project. As I'm doing it for an engineering project, I'm supposed to model the system mathematically, calculate the PID parameters, etc. to center the ball in the ...
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Modelling of Ball and Beam System

I'm trying to model a basic ball and beam system using Euler-Lagrange Equation. My system looks something like this I have come up with this final Euler-Lagrange Equation: Where JB is the ball's ...
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How can I find the Transfer Function in Z-domain?

This is my signal; $y[n]=x[n]+0.8x[n-0.2]$ When I take Z-transform I get; $Y[z]=X[z]+0.8z^\frac{-1}{5}X[z])$ Then I found the Transfer function as; $H[z]=\frac{Y[z]}{X[z]}$ $H[z]=1+0.8z^\frac{-1}{5}$ ...
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Fault Recovery of a UAV using MATLAB

I'm currently investigating fault recovery in a UAV using MATLAB. I've been given several variables: phi = the roll angle psi = the yaw/heading angle beta = the side slip p = roll rate r = yaw/...
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How do I interpret the following Bode, Nyquist and Nichols diagrams?

I am working with an arbitrarily complicated and long-winded transfer function that looks something like this: $$ H(s) = \frac{as^4+\cdots+b}{cs^6+\cdots+ds^2} $$ where letters represent constants. ...
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Z - transform of white noise

I am taking a graduate course in Digital signal processing with no prior knowledge in DSP. So I am struggling because I don't have the foundational knowledge. Please I need help with the following. ...
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How to model this real-world system to define transfer function for stability?

The system shown is an off-axis drive system that rotates the platform to 60° via a substantially-sized NEMA 34 stepper motor. The axial force required by the stepper/ballscrew assembly has already ...
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Transfer Function

Hi Guys I am trying to evaluate the following transfer function below can anyone verify if this is correct $$e_i = -d_{r,i} + d_i $$ $$d_i = q_{i-1}-q_i$$ $$d_{r,i} =H_iq_i$$ $$Therefore, e_i = -...
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Closed Loop transfer Function

Hi Guys wanted some help for breaking down a block diagram which can be seen below. I know that typically with feedback systems be it negative or positive you would employ using the following:- Close ...
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How could we calculate the coefficient of a PI controller (ki - kp) which regulates the voltage of the DC bus link of a three-phase inverter?

From my calculations I arrived at a non-linear equation : $$ C\frac{dV_{dc}}{dt} = 3e_q\frac{I_q}{2}V_{dc} - \frac{V_{dc}}{R_{dc}} $$ I have calculated the operating points which are $I_q = 9.58A$, $...
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Determine the transfer function of a movement equation

The problem is the following. I have to control a spaceship (assuming no gravity, no mass, no friction / no external forces). In other words, the first equation in this question leads to $0 = 0$. My ...
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What is the output of a signal in time domain that passed through a High Pass Filter with simple transfer function

If a signal function $ U(t) = 25 – (5 – t)^2$ is passed through a high pass filter with transfer function $\frac{s}{s + ω}$. what is the output signal Y(t). I know that the transfer function $H(s) = \...
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Evaluating Steady State Error Constant for a Discrete Time Control System with Kronecker Delta Input

Hello there, hope you are doing well. I am working on a Discrete Time Control Systems homework and at a certain part of it, the question asks me to find the steady state error of the system. I ...
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How to model a double transfer function in Simulink?

I'm trying to model an actuator in Simulink based transfer functions previously derived. One of functions is $$\omega_p=G_2(K_cG_1V_c-c)$$ where $$G_1=\frac{K_e}{\tau_es+1}$$ $$G_2=\frac{1}{c+...
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Feedback loop and zero - error in steady state

I need help with this exercise. I 've tried many times with pen and paper but I'm stuck. I don't want a full answer but some feedback . Here is my progess: $$\frac{dx}{dt} = Ax(t) + Bu(t) \Rightarrow ...
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How can I get final value of $V_{out}$ at $t=∞$ in RC circuit?

I can obtain the transfer function in this RC circuit. $$ \frac{V_{out}}{V_{in}} = \frac{1}{(RCs+1)} $$ When $V_{in}$ is set to $10V$, how can I get final value of $V_{out}$ at $t=∞$? I tried to use ...
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How to calculate the open-loop transfer function with disturbance at the input of the plant

I have the system as follows: I am trying to find the transfer function: $$ T(s) = \frac{Y(s)}{U(s)}$$ where $Y(s)$ is the output and $U(s)$ is the input of the plant. The plant is $H(s)$. I have got ...
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How to get a transfer function from this block diagram?

Pardon my paint skills, I did my best My attempt is short and seems to fail, I have no idea why: $$\begin{align} \alpha &= in - a_{1}\beta - a_{2}\gamma \\ \beta &= \alpha z^{-1} \\ \gamma &...
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Did I get the correct result? Block reduction problem

After solving I got $$T(s) = \frac{s^{2}+3s+3}{(s+1)(s+2)}$$ and for the stability of the system I got: $$ s_1 = -1 $$ $$ s_2 = -2 $$ So, is the system stable?
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Phase shift of transfer function using MATLAB

I'm trying to compute the phase shift of a transfer function (accelerance) in MATLAB, but I'm having issues. The transfer function was computed by dividing the magnitude of the system output by the ...
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Block reduction need someone to check my work

I tried to solve this block but I am not sure if the end result is any good, some feedback would be nice.
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Getting the damping ratio from a frequency response function v.s. transfer function

I'm trying to find the damping values of a specimen, based on sweeping the forcing frequency from 0-10 kHz. As shown in the diagram, I measure the input force from the shaker, and the subsequent ...
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mass-friction-spring system with closed loop

My professor told us that it is possible to see the friction in a mass-friction-spring as the contribution of a closed loop control system. He wrote the following formulas: Transfer function: $$G(S)=\...
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second order linear filter and coefficients sign

Courses on automatics define usually the second order transfer function as $$ H(s) = \frac{1}{\frac{s^2}{w_n^2} + \frac{2z}{w_n} s + 1} $$ (sse here for instance). However, it assumes that the ...
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Help understanding a control system represented by coefficients of theta?

I've been working with control systems and transfer functions recently, but I've come across a format that I haven't seen before using coefficients of theta, and I can't find any information about it. ...
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IAM unable to solve these block diagrams

I need transfer functions for the block diagrams... IAM unable to solve those.. can I get help
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Order of a system

I can find it when the transfer function is written in standard form but I don't know how to find it if it is written differently. For example $G(s)=\dfrac{1}{s(s+1)^3}$, is this order three or four?
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How to obtain transfer function of control diagram with Internal Model Control?

I want to design a robust control system using the internal model design specifications. The block diagram is the one shown below: I am trying to obtain the transfer function $\ \frac{Y(s)}{R(s)} $ ...
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Evaluate "damping" of higher-order transfer function - something similar to settling time without the discontinuities

I have an 11th order transfer function in the continuous domain (simplified linearized model of a grid-forming converter) and I'm looking for a way to characterize it with a single number for ...
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Noise sensitivity transfer function

Consider we have a second order system (plant) described by the following transfer function: $$ P(s) = \frac{b_0}{s^2+a_1*s+a_2} $$ which is controller by a PD-controller: $$ C(s) = K_p+K_ds $$ ...
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Compare Genetic Algorithms and Markov Chain Monte Carlo in their statistical properties in parameter estimation task

I am using GA and MCMC for estimating the parameters of a transfer function. GA returns results that each parameter has one value when minimizing the error function, and MCMC returns the whole chain ...
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How to find closed loop transfer function and use it to identify τ and k?

I have to answer a few questions on transfer functions using Matlab. The first question, which I solved without Matlab, gives a time response graph for an LR circuit, and asks me to find the first ...
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How to obtain plant parametric model of given system?

Consider the system: $$ y(s)=b\frac{e^{−sτ}}{s+a}u(s) $$ where a,b are unknown, constant parameters and $\ τ>0 $ is an unknown delay constant. How can I obtain a plant parametric model for this ...
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Develop linear parametric model of a third order plant

Consider we have the third order plant described by the equation: $$ y = G(s)u $$ where $\ G(s) = \frac{b_{2}s^{2}+b_{1}s+b_{0}}{s^{3}+a_2s^2+a_1s+a_0} $ If we assume that all parameters $\ a_0,a_1,...
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Finding coefficients for a PID controller that minimize the integral of the squared error (ISE)

The problem The problem is to find the coefficients for the P, I and D terms of a PID controller used to regulate the object that minimize the the integral of the squared error (ISE): $$Q = \int_0^\...
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Designing an RLC circuit with specific transfer function

I have a transfer function below. $H(s)=(s^2+(1/2)s+(1/2))/(s^2+s+1)$ Using this, I have to design an RLC circuit with that transfer function. At first hand, I did some inverse Laplace Transform, ...
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Design op-amp circuit from transfer function

What is the best way to design a circuit based on the following transfer function: $$T(s)=\frac{9216}{(s^2 + 48s + 9216)}$$
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How to obtain transfer function of servo?

I am using a servo motor and controlling it via arduino. Servo motor is part of a control system and I have to use System Identification techniques in order to obtain the servo's transfer function. ...
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How do I get the closed-loop transfer function of the system, fitted with a PID controller, if the input valve has a transfer function?

How do I get the closed-loop transfer function of the system, fitted with a PID controller, if the input valve has a transfer function given by: $ \frac{Q(s)}{P(s)} = \frac{Kv}{(Tv*S+I)} $ Where Kv ...
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How to derive a value from a transfer function

I have a scenario where a valve q_in(t) is pumping water into a tank of height h(t) and area A, which is then pumped out by a second valve q_out(t) that has a resistance to water flow R. I got this ...
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effect of coupling in MIMO systems

I have a MIMO system with a 2x2 transfer matrix, for example consider: $\begin{pmatrix} \frac{2}{s+1} & \frac{1}{(s+1)(s+2)}\\ \frac{1}{(s+1)(s+2)}&\frac{2}{s+2} \end{pmatrix}$ I would ...
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How to find Performance assessment (IAE and ISE) of a PID Controlled system?

The Integral Absolute value Error (IAE) and the Integral Squared Error (ISE) is to be analysed. A PID Controller is given as follows: \begin{gather} C(s)=K_p+K_i\frac{1}{s}+K_ds \end{gather} where $...
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How to input amplitude on a second order transfer function?

I have some samples of readings from an accelerometer (unit: g) and I did a FFT (on MATLAB) on the vector generated from these samples to see its frequency spectrum. Then I have isolated the peaks and ...
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PI controller for second order system

I have a second order system and I need to control it using a PI controller. I need to tune the gains of the controller in order for the system to satisfy the below specifications: $$ OS\% < 10\% \...
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What is the appropriate type of controller for this system?

I am given this transfer function for a system: $T\left(s\right)=\frac{9.81}{s^4+0.5s^3+11.2815s^2+4.905s}$ Now, I want to design a controller that will make the closed loop system have an overshoot ...
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Does the characteristic polynomial contains all the poles of a closed-loop transfer function?

The Transfer Function of a Closed-Loop system is: $T(s)=\frac{Z(s)}{1+G(s)Z(s)}$. The BIBO stability of $T(s)$ is guaranteed if all the poles of $T(s)$ have negative real value. In many textbooks I'...
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Can one move the zeros of a transfer function?

This may be a very simple question and I think I know the answer but I would like it to be confirmed by somebody else. My questions regard the zeros of a systems (the roots of the numerator of a ...