# Questions tagged [thermal-conduction]

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### Heat transfer: does the heat generated in a cable get transferred to the electrical components?

I have a 1000 V, 50 sq mm, double insulated (XLPE) copper conductor cable. This cable is being connected to a power electronic component. The current flowing through it is 230 Amps DC. The cable ...
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### What is the thermal conducivity of Air between two plates?

What is a rough cut figure I could use to determine what the thermal conductivity of 10mil and/or 20mil of air sandwiched between two plates (perfectly conducting)? I understand that convection dies ...
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### Suitable ranges of electrical conductivity considered for semiconductors

I'm working on a Materials Science project guided by Machine Learning, where I try to predict the physical properties (in particular electronic properties) of materials given stoichiometry. As I'm ...
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### Why heat transfer happens only via conduction in this case?

Why heat transfer between a heated flat plate and a fluid happens via conduction only and not convection, when the fluid is present below it? Consider a plate under which a fluid is present and it ...
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### Calculate Thermal Conductivity of Layered Structure

I am having a problem determining the thermal conductivity of a layered sample. The sample is made of two materials, one whose thermal conductivity is known (λ-1) and one whose thermal conductivity is ...
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### Does forced convection account for energy transfer in this case?

I have to confess that thermodynamics is not a friend of mine. My system consists of a volatile droplet sitting on a thermally conductive substrate. The energy balance comprises heat lost due to ...
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### Why does the author assume the temperature to remain constant, in this case, along the axial direction?

This is in regards to steady heat conduction taking place in a pipe. Within the pipe a hot fluid flows and heat transfer first takes place via convection to the pipe and then via conduction within ...
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### What causes the temperature to drop at the interface when two slabs are brought in contact?

Consider two slabs made up of different materials which are brought in contact with each other as shown. Thermal energy is supplied from the left, and it flows through the two slabs towards right. ...
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### Time required for balls to cool down

Two balls A and B, made of different materials, having the same radius, are initially heated to the same temperature $T_i$ and then are kept in the same environment which is at a temperature $T_\infty$...
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### Thermal Conductivity and Energy gain

I have a two part question: Part 1: I understand thermal conductivity as The measure of a material's ability to allow thermal energy transfer to it, from it and within it via conduction My very first ...
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### What and why thermal diffusivity?

I understand the following properties: Thermal Conductivity: It tells how well thermal energy can get transferred to a material, from a material and within the material. A material with higher thermal ...
1 vote
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### Best metal for solar energy collection in an evacuated tube solar water heater

I am building an evacuated tube array for a solar water heater and I am selecting the materials to use for the tubing and the collectors (the places connected to the tubing that help absorb the solar ...
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### Examples of two dimensional heat conduction problems

Can anyone give me some examples from real life, where the heat transfer can be modelled as two dimensional. Also if one could explain why we can model it as 2 dimensional.
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### Question regarding evaluating 1D heat transfer PDE

My question regards cooling of an object using 1D-heat transfer with fixed surface temperatures. First I need to find the solution to this PDE: Based on the conditions, I worked out that the ...
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### Equivalent Resistance Between Two Points in a Wye Network

I am interested in learning how to calculate the equivalent resistance between two points in a wye circuit for application to thermal networks (i.e. I'd like to calculate the equivalent thermal ...
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### Cold Plate Thermal Resistance

I am designing a cold plate that will have 4 Power Modules Mounted on it. The total power loss from the modules is 5000W(1250W per Power Module). I have simulated the results on ANSYS Fluent and ...
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### Filling gaps in heatsink design to improve thermal conductance?

I am currently pondering modifying my laptop's heatsink and am curious whether I stand to gain any benefit at all. The CPU and GPU (similar heatsink design) reach high temperatures (90°C +) under load ...
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### surface temperature due to constant heat flux

Imagine a hollow cylinder with the outside surface exposed to air (convection). If there is a constant heat flux on the inside surface how would I calculate both the inside and outside surface ...
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### Boundary conditions at interface for1D transient heat conduction problem in cylindrical coordinates

The problem I am currently working on involves rapidly cooling liquid aluminum in a cylindrical graphite crucible and getting the radial temperature distribution over time, possibly using finite ...
1 vote
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### Air Conditioner for an Acrobat Plane

What kind of Freon air conditioner would work upside down? Or somehow make it cut off and start working again when upright? I have a small cabin so it can be electrically driven. I know they have an ...
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### Thermal conductivity listed in the rather complicated Btu/s-in.²-°F/in - am I converting this right?

I'm currently working through some rather old documentation which gives the thermal conductivity of a material as 9.8 x 10⁻⁶ Btu/s-in.²-°F/in. There are many typical ways to give a thermal ...
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### How do I calculate final equilibrium temperature of a pot of water on a stovetop vs. after I add food to it?

So I'm trying to come up with a simple hack to heat up food in a water bath to hopefully +-1ºC of a target temperature, but I really don't understand the physics of it all so much. I'm pretty sure I ...
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### How to calculate heat loss across a process pipe with perpendicular air flow

My thermodynamics knowledge is extremely rusty, so I would appreciate some guidance on how to solve this problem. As illustrated here, I have a process pipe (steel) with a gas flowing through it (blue)...
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### How can I trust a K-type thermocouple purchased from a no-name company?

I am doing some temperature measurements for reliability testing, over an expected range of 16C to 45C. I have an NIST traceable thermocouple thermometer (S220-T8), however it does not come with ...
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### Through which medium is most of the heat transferred down (downwards) a glass tube filled with water: the glass walls or the water column?

If a much hotter object is attached to the tube from the outside, and the heat in question is transferred to the part of the tube that is below the source of heat, so there is no convection. The ...
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### What happens in Thermal boundary layer in a flow with cooled plate?

All the notes on Thermal boundary layer(TBL) explains the growth of TBL over a heated flat plate ie cooler fluid is flowing over a hotter plate (heat is flowing from the plate to the fluid). How does ...
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### Why does the thermal boundary layer(TBL) thickness increase with decreasing Prandtl number?

Consider a liquid flow in which, keeping all else constant, we can vary the thermal conductance(K). Now, if we increase the thermal conductance of the fluid the Prandlt number will decrease. I read ...
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### How to heat up a swimming pool with the sun

I'm trying to figure out how to heat my pool most efficiently using the sun. Currently, I've got 2 black panels (made up of a bunch of black pipes) on the roof that the pool pump cycles the water ...
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### Trapping sun heat the most - greenhouse

Greenhouse have recently caught my attention lately, which yesterday I posted in Why greenhouse's inside temperature never been infinitely hot? From what I understand recently, greenhouse gases traps ...
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### What material might by used to 'staple' coils down in this stovetop element?

I have the stovetop element shown in the image below. If you look at the coils, they're fixed down by what look like little staples. I'm wondering what material those staples might be. The surface ...
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### Internal Tent Temperature

Here is the problem I am working on: "Consider a perfectly sealed polygonal tent with the sun directly overhead. The solar irradiance of a surface 90° to the sun’s rays is 1,000 W/m2. However, ...
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### Is it just surface area alone that causes bridges to freeze?

Scenario: Object 1, a bridge freezes over do to the surface area exposed to the below freezing air. Object 2 has the same surface area exposed to the same air, but its base sits on the ground that is ...
1 vote
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### Material selection of heating element

I am interested in heating coils which are heated using Ohmic/Joule/resistive heating - specifically, how the material for the heating coil is selected. When I read about heating coil materials - ...
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### Heat conduction in a hollow cylinder with low conductvity coefficient - Why do I get negative temperatures?

I have a hollow cylinder with a heat source inside. The generated heat flow is $\dot{Q}_g = 14\ 962 \ \text{W}$ , the cylinder has the radius $r = 20 \ \text{mm}$, the length $l = 50 \ \text{mm}$ and ...
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### Are there differences between Ice Packs?

My girlfriend will get a refrigerator from the landlord, but right now she hasn't one. But she has a freezer. So we will get ice packs (images: 1, 2, 3) and use a cooling box for the time. Now I was ...
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### Heat Conduction/Convection Along discontinuous tube

I have a question regarding heat conduction/convection. I have a metallic tube over which a rope heater is wound, supplying power. A glass tube and a 2nd metallic tube lies at the exit of the first ...
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### Analytical solution of thermal stress in a bi-metallic cylinder

As a side project I have looked to solve using Python an analytical solution for one-dimensional transient heat transfer in a thick cylinder with cladding on the inside surface, wherein the fluid in ...
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### Heat transfer for a copper rod

For a copper rod heated by a heat gun, why might the temperature of the rod continue to increase for a short time after the heat gun has been removed as the heat source? With reference to transient ...
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### Heat Transfer Problem , 1 Dimensional Conduction Extended Surfaces

enter image description here So I am having issue solving this problem, I solved one part by the fact that in the given distance of 2L , 2 tubes are involved so I can find the heat conducted per unit ...
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### How to calculate heat transfer between two solids in a medium?

If I have a cuboid block of metal and there is a cylindrical source of heat input (A) and I want to determine the heat energy at B (also cylindrical) how would I do this? I understand considerations ...
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### How to calculate the volume of air required to keep electrical box cool?

I have a steel electrical box that is 15 cm x 15 cm x 10 cm. The weight of the box is 1kg. Inside the box is a relay that loses 30 Watts of heat while in operation (it's attached to a heat sink that ...
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### What material characteristics are most important for heating element material selection?

I want construct a heating element by screen printing a flat coil pattern of conductive paste onto an insulated substrate. This conductive paste consists of a powder of conductive metal contained in a ...
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