Questions tagged [terminology]

For questions about words, phrases and definitions that are specific to engineering.

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10
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5answers
17k views

What do you call the difference between the on and off temperatures in a simple thermostat?

A simple thermostat will turn on at one temperature and off at a higher temperature. This keeps the thermostat from cycling on and off too quickly. The difference between these values is sometimes ...
9
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5answers
4k views

Is systems engineer an IT profession or an interdisciplinary field of engineering?

The term Systems Engineer has always interested me as it generally involves many different fields of engineering. Systems Engineer - Interdisciplinary The definition I'm familiar with is usually ...
7
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5answers
1k views

What was that?! Quantifying the impact of a martial arts strike

Measuring things like a martial artist's strike can be challenging because it is a complex motion and common vernacular will use imprecise or incorrect terms. This question is an attempt to identify ...
6
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3answers
1k views

What do you call a mechanism where rotation is transfered in one direction only?

I have the following to wheels that rotate on the same axis: Assuming that they are stuck together, if I rotate the green one the red one rotates at the same speed and when I stop the green one the ...
6
votes
1answer
126 views

What is Byte Alignment Time in radio communication?

According to this paper, which deals with time synchronization in wireless networks, this kind of delay occurs, however I do not understand its explanation. The paper says the reciever (radio) has to ...
5
votes
5answers
2k views

What is the term for diagonal bars which are making rectangular frame more rigid?

For example in yellow: if all bars were rectangular, the entige frame would tend to skew. To prevent this, these diagonal bars are mounted. What is the term for them?
5
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2answers
724 views

Is there a term for a circular dependency in system design and engineering

Is there a term used in systems engineering that describes a situation in which the design of one subsystem (call it "A") affects the the requirements for another subsystem (call it "B") while at the ...
5
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3answers
837 views

What do you call the steel property that reduces the likelihood of shattering?

What is the property of not shattering, in for example a brisant explosion, called? And what kind of steel would I want that has this property?
5
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2answers
634 views

Term for double slope from street

One of the places I frequent recently had the curb and sidewalk rebuilt by the city. Previously, there was a roughly continuous transition from the street to the rest of the private drive next to the ...
4
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1answer
160 views

What is a slotted open ring with a thread called (like on bicycle brake levers)?

I'm looking for a small ring that allows a thin cable to pass through but can also lock to close that opening, like on bicycle brake lever screws (shown below). However, I'm having trouble finding the ...
4
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1answer
1k views

What does the abbreviation "B.C." mean on a weld joint diagram?

A translator posted this diagram of a weld joint on a translator's forum (the figure below). What does the abbreviation "B.C." mean on the diagram?
4
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2answers
187 views

How do you call the intersection with barrier and you can always right turn?

In the photo above I can name the first 3 intersection a) Regular intersection b) T intersection c) Skewed intersection I am having a hard time on identifying the fourth intersection, what do you ...
4
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1answer
296 views

What is the correct term for long cuts in a floor joist?

I would like to identify the correct term for a long, lateral cut within a floor joist. Based upon this guide and several other sources that I have come across, a ...
4
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2answers
292 views

What is the technical name for a water reservoir that retains its contents via vacuum and ambient air pressure?

This is a strange question for me because this is so extremely common, but I have never heard a name to describe exactly what it is. This is commonly used to provide water to animals from a trough or ...
3
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2answers
517 views

What is this captive screw and barrel nut adjustment assembly called? Picture attached

I'm designing a precision adjustment bracket, and I'd like to have a component that allows the field tech to make small adjustments to push and pull on each axis of adjustment. I went looking to see ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

What do we call these "transport frames made of wood" (обрешетки in Russian)

I'm translating a document in which there is a mention of обрешетки used for preparing goods (medical equipment of large size) for shipment. This term derives from reshetka (решетка) - lattice, and ...
3
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1answer
98 views

Translating the name of a type of beam from Russian to English

I am trying to translate the name of a special kind of beam from a set of Russian-language drawings. The dictionary translates the name as simply supported beam, but it's not that simple. There is a ...
3
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2answers
2k views

What tool does one use to inspect pipe bevel angles?

My translation of a document published by the Pervouralsk New Pipe Plant: Inspection of pipe-end root face (“face ring”) Inspection of this type is carried out as required by the regulatory ...
3
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2answers
168 views

Questions on machinery terminology

I have some questions in the basics of machinery terminology Can a spring ever be a link? Most books (eg. Ham et al. 58, Shigley pg. 5) consider links to be rigid. However, I have come across ...
2
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7answers
4k views

What is the opposite of "parallel" in engineering?

The two towers of the Verrazano Bridge are not parallel: they are [???] to account for the curvature of the earth. What is that word?
2
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2answers
74 views

Looking for translation of "закладная втулка" (threaded bushing?)

Sometimes we need a strong threaded joint in some part that is produced using molding. Say, this part itself is plastic. Then we design the part with a hole and insert there a.. "threaded bushing"? I ...
2
votes
3answers
676 views

Phrase for describing a cable without a connector at the end

I've been translating a truck scale description in a business offer letter, and the specification table there, listing the five parts comprising the prospective order, says on line five: Cable for ...
2
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3answers
275 views

Are there standard terms that correspond to the anatomical axes, planes, and directions?

The field of human anatomy seems to have standardized on a number of useful terms to unambiguously describe the human body. For example the three planes and axes as well as various directions seem to ...
2
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3answers
189 views

Meaning of "female eye" in a list of parts

A fellow translator is translating a list of parts into Russian, and can't understand the meaning of "female eye". Here's the table: Maybe someone here could come up with some ideas about the ...
2
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3answers
103 views

What do I call this "cogwheel" that feeds tin cans to a specific position?

This is an above view of a system in which tin cans arrive via conveyor (1) to a "feeding star" ("подающая звезда" in Russian; No. 5) and are placed firmly in slot 4. (source in ...
2
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2answers
237 views

What would you call this mining vehicle? (Ural-20R, used in mining)

On the image below is a mining machine produced by the Kopeysk Machine-Building Plant. I'm not sure how to call it in English. The Russian name is "prokhodchesko-ochistnoy kombain". Multitran offers ...
2
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3answers
345 views

Base or foundation?

Please help, what is the correct term for: The bottom/foot part of building or structure which carries loads from the building/structure and transfers the loads to the soil/earth/ground beneath it? ...
2
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4answers
698 views

How would you refer to a bolt mounting slide as opposed to a simple hole?

I'm writing a patent application and my device incorporates a similar design as what I've seen used on Dovetale plates. However, instead of a preset hole for positioning a bolt to mount to, a grooved ...
2
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3answers
931 views

How to describe the rotation of opposite ends of a body due to an applied moment

Summary A short way to phrase this question is: Shear describes the translation of one part of a body relative to another given an applied force. What is the equivalent rotational term? That is, ...
2
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4answers
1k views

Why the word "mileage" is used for vehicles, instead of efficiency?

Why is the word "mileage" used for vehicles, instead of efficiency? Is there any difference between mileage and efficiency?
2
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1answer
38 views

Difference between pressure suits and anti-g suits

This question might come across as a newbie one but are pressure suits and anti-g suits are two names for the same thing? Google didn't turn up differences between them specifically (if there is any), ...
2
votes
2answers
52 views

What is the protective part of a staircase handrail called?

Below the handrail of a staircase is some kind of gridwork to prevent people or objects from falling off the staircase into the space below. What is the term for this gridwork? - perhaps "handrail ...
2
votes
1answer
130 views

Looking for a common term for "non-circular pipe"

In Russia, there's a special term for a pipe that is not circular in its section: "a profiled pipe" (профильная труба). There's even a Wikipedia page for it: профильная труба. Such pipes come in a ...
2
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4answers
470 views

What is the Technical Term for this kind of slot?

I am looking for the technical term which describes the kind of slot one finds commonly in modern phones to hold SIM cards. More specifically, what does one call a slot that one pushes the SIM card ...
2
votes
1answer
486 views

What is really meant by HW/SW integration?

In many engineering descriptions I come across this term: "Hardware/Software integration" or "Hardware/Software integration testing" I came across couple of articles but they even ...
2
votes
2answers
108 views

What is a "typical" in the context of control engineering?

When talking about control systems I sometimes hear the term "typical", however I have no clear understanding what it is. It's also mentioned in some codes (so far without definition), here'...
2
votes
2answers
47 views

What is a constricting actuator called?

I'm looking for search terms, I'd like to find something like an electric hose clamp - a high-force, low-power, low-speed, motorized constricting mechanism. I already googled some terms various ...
2
votes
1answer
111 views

How do Test Indicator Flexible Holders hold rigidly when tightened?

If one were to search on Amazon for "Test Indicator Flexible Holders" you will turn up many items using this mechanism (please ignore the magnetic base; I'm not focusing on that part, just the red ...
2
votes
1answer
160 views

Terminology: Flexible protrusion for a latch

What is the name for a protrusion of material that's built to be flexible in order to act as a latching mechanism? These show up in all kinds of products, but one of the most recognizable is in a snap-...
2
votes
1answer
101 views

Name of a keel between the bilge keel and the main keel

I'm working on a seaplane and find myself doubting about the specific nautical term for a keel placed between the bilge keel and the main keel. This might be a bit academic in nature since I have a ...
2
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1answer
144 views

Channel or Canal?

This is about navigable or irrigation water ways. Examples: Navigable channel or navigable canal? (it is about approach water ways to sea ports, or artificial inland water ways). Channel dredging or ...
2
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3answers
2k views

What exactly is the sample period?

I thought the term sample period referred to the time interval between one measurement and another. But I've come across this article which says About every tenth of a second, a dataset, $S(i)$, of ...
2
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2answers
53 views

Screw/Bolt to mount PCB with spring

I hope these exist and someone can tell me what they're called. What I'm looking for is screws to mount a PCB where the top of the screw is normal, then there's a smooth length, then a nut with a ...
2
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0answers
12 views

How do I relate Grab Strength and Grab Tear to the real world?

I'm looking at a spec sheet for a high density polyethylene woven fabric and I'm seeing the following parameters on it Tensile Grab Strength: Warp 155 / Weft 170 - tested ASTM D-5034-09 Grab Tear:...
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2answers
788 views

Difference between lead screw and worm screw?

I am confused whether a lead screw and a worm screw are the same exact thing. In my engineering workshop lab, they come up as separate things. For example, a worm screw is there in the indexing head ...
1
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2answers
430 views

How is the table of a 3d printer called?

There is this table, flatbed on the 3d printers. I need such a table which can move up and down, and I firmly believe there are such components on the market, but I can't find anything because I am ...
1
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4answers
67 views

What is the name of this kind of through-hole fastener?

I've seen these before but I don't know what they're called. It's a two piece insert that creates a through-hole between them. I drew a picture to help identity it!
1
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1answer
42 views

What do we call these corrugated board sleeves put upon cardboard boxes to provide additional strength?

This kind of a sleeve from cardboard put upon a cardboard box is called обечайка (obechaika) in Russian. What do we call them in English? I was told on Proz.com that we call them "cardboard ...
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2answers
614 views

What is the meaning of 'clutch fill'?

What is the meaning of clutch fill? See for example this paper.
1
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1answer
76 views

What is the name of a half wall with posts on top that divides a space into two?

I am looking for specific terminology around a half wall that acts as a divider to split a space into two separate uses. The top half of this features a series of wooden posts. It essentially ...