# Questions tagged [temperature]

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### What are the effects of temperature on optical fiber waveform

I am attempting to measure temperature using a signal through an optical fiber. If I send a waveform through an optical fiber, how would temperature affect it? I've looked here (Calculating ...
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### High Fan Speed Not Cooling As Expected (PWM, Arduino)

We have a system involving a fan blowing air through a box which contains a small (but constant) heat source and a temperature sensor. The fan speed is controlled with PWM. As PWM (and hence fan speed)...
43 views

### Resources for strength calculation for an outside aluminium loft ladder and what about it becoming brittle in cold weather?

I have been thinking for years about building an outside stair / loft ladder to climb from a platform to another one, one stair higher (3 meters). However, I never studied material strength, and I don'...
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### Up to what temperature, can titanium be safely used?

I was thinking about the realization of a pottery oven, and I wondered which material I could to make the inner walls. Most often the inner walls seem to be made of some kind of hard mineral wool. I ...
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### Temperature distribution using Laplace transform

Consider room that occupies quarter space That is formed by two walls. One wall is fully insulated and has a constant temperature $0$. Another wall has a window of length L that with one edge at the ...
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### Using an NIST Calibrated Thermistor Meter with uncalibrated or unknown probes

Background: I recently purchased a NIST calibrated thermistor meter for measuring temperature at work. This Digisense (20250-94) meter came from a seemingly reputable company, Cole Parmer, and we ...
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### Why materials with preferably a negative temperature coefficient for heating elements?

As far as I understood heating elements make use out of Joule heating. Hence, I wonder why one would preferably use materials with a negative temperature coefficient, therefore? Isn't it, that, the ...
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### Mollier diagram and reading the relative humidity when knowing the dry- and wet bulb temperatures

I initially put this one on the physics-side, but this might be a more appropriate place: https://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/666116/mollier-diagram-and-reading-the-relative-humidity-when-...
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### In what way does plating a bimetallic strip affect its displacement?

I've got a mechanism that uses a bimetallic strip; for aesthetic reasons I'd like to electroplate it with a thin layer of gold - how does this affect the relative displacement of a bimetallic strip in ...
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### Why is a throttling valve isenthalpic whilst a nozzle is not?

From my understanding, Nozzle's and throttling valve are devices which both trade pressure for velocity, so they increase velocity at the expense of having to decrease the pressure. If we examine ...
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### What does it mean by average kinetic energy of molecules as temperature?

We say kinetic of molecules as a function of temperature from the equipartition theorem. This means that more is the velocity or mass of the body , more the is the temperature. My Q is why does ...
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### Solidworks flow simulation temperature drop

Using Soldiworks flow simulation, I want to calculate the temperature drop of water (40 degrees) which flows in 10 m steel pipe. How should I manage Wizards setting and goal?
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### PV Diagram Pressure temperature volume increasing what is net effect on output?

I am not properly understanding this question. please help! Most of the process on PV diagram have this kind of curvature But in the question above, its bit weird. My thoughts: Pressure, temperature ...
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### I want to dissipate 3 kW of heat with an air conditioner. How big of an air conditioner do I need?

So the title says it all. I have a room (4 m x 4 m x 2.5 m) which is closed.(Actually there is a window and I could add a 50 cm panel fan if needed as an exhaust if that will help.) I have some ...
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### Hack a kitchen freezer for lower temperature

Common home freezers usually have the lowest temperatures of about -24 degrees Celsius. Freezers that go lower exist but these are much more expensive (times much). I wonder whether a common kitchen ...
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### How can I trust a K-type thermocouple purchased from a no-name company?

I am doing some temperature measurements for reliability testing, over an expected range of 16C to 45C. I have an NIST traceable thermocouple thermometer (S220-T8), however it does not come with ...
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### Lowest temperature at which a spring powered mechanical wrist or pocket watch will stop operating

In the Wired article 9 Russian Adventurers Mysteriously Froze to Death. A New Theory Explains Why, it is stated that: Without body heat to keep it warm, in such cold weather—estimated to be –13 ...
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### Kiln design, heating element holders

I intend to build a kiln in my free time over the next few months and am trying to avoid my past mistakes (heated too quickly, the kiln started cracking, the kanthal element melted and it was just ...
324 views

### At which temperature and humidity should outside air be drawn inside?

I have a greenhouse that get’s mold in the winter because it’s to humid. I have now installed a heater and a ventilation system drawing outside air into the greenhouse. I wish to start the vent based ...
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### Glue a sample at -40 Degrees

I would need to stick two opposite edges of a sample on two small metallic plates (as it were a bridge). The sample is Silicon and on top an high temperure superconductor which is Temperature ...
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### Networked Control

Considering the air conditioning system for three rooms B, A, and C. Room A is in the center while rooms B and C are on the left and right sides respectively. What is the coupling value (N) I should ...
1 vote
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### Why does use with air or water reduce the maximum temperature of certain high temperature / pressure hoses?

This example is a Parker Hannifin model 426/436 "SAE 100 R1 AT / SAE 100 R16 High Temperature Hose". Here are the temperature specifications: (Full data sheet) Although there is an asterisk ...
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### How to calculate Average temperature from area under the curve?

Let us say I have a graph of temperature against time for a material as shown here. I want to calculate the average temperature. Will it be simple mean of the curve or rms of the curve? Edit: The ...
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### How to calibrate an oven thermometer?

Is there a DIY method for calibrating thermometers in the 200 to 250 degree Celsius range? In a moment of boredom I decided to put all five of my wife's oven thermometers side-by-side in the oven and ...
167 views

### How you calculate the temperature scaling factor?

Used to obtain the corresponding pressure at ambient temperature. Example when testing Proof or burst pressure to a given value at 300°F, but you will test with corresponding pressure (higher) to ...
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### How to increase temperature in a wooden box up to 350 degrees F?

How can I significantly increase the temperature in a relatively medium sized wooden box effectively to 300∘ 𝐹? The box is 3.5 feet in height, 2.2 feet in width, and 9 inches in length. Also I put ...
1 vote
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### What's the thermal bounds of a typical computer case fan?

I'm thinking of repurposing computer fans (case fans and/or CPU/GPU fans) for a hobby steam turbine project. So the idea would be to use the fan rotors in the turbine to drive the shaft (discarding ...
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### Need help with reverse engineering a sensor

I have a pressure/temperature sensor for a vehicle, which I decided to tear apart to see exactly how the sensor works. This sensor as designed by the manufacturer it is meant to be immersed in oil to ...
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### Heat transfer for a copper rod

For a copper rod heated by a heat gun, why might the temperature of the rod continue to increase for a short time after the heat gun has been removed as the heat source? With reference to transient ...
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### I hope this is the correct forum for temperature related question

I have about (this is experimental) 0.75 to 1 liter of water. Ive found I can use 400W of power through peltiers to reduce water flowing through at 1L/minute from 32C to 20C in about 1 to 1.5 minutes ...
1 vote
28 views

### Demagnetize neodymium permanent magnets at < 60 degrees C

I have 10 cylindrical neodymium permanent magnets about 5mm in diameter, 5 mm long, embedded in a thermoplastic polymer. I want to demagnetize them without removing them, or heating them above 60 C ...
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### How does indoor temperature factor in when determining ideal relative humidity in a home?

I am having trouble understanding how indoor temperature plays into what a healthy indoor relative humidity level should be. Most sources I have come across searching the topic online provide a range ...
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### How can I establish as much airflow from my house to outdoors as possible?

I live in a small flat with all doors and windows sealed. The temperature outside is moderately cold. I assume the temperature in my flat is hotter because my body and the computer are emitting ...
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We got a bunch of yellow thermocouple wire which the Omega web site says is type K extension grade wire. They also sell thermocouple grade wire which looks to be brown. What's the difference? I ...
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### How do I determine the temperature inside a transformer vault?

I am trying to determine the temperature of an underground concrete vault buried 10m underground. The vault has the following dimensions: 2640mm x 5995mm x 2640mm with a wall thickness of 250mm. The ...
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### Cooling Down Fridge Encased in wooden box

I'm currently working on a project which involves a small fridge encased in a wooden box. It's designed for hotels and the boxes vary slightly, but one common trait is that the box has an open vent ...
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### How to calculate adiabatic air temperature loss caused by increase of humidity?

I'm searching for an approach on how to calculate the adiabatic temperature loss of air when increasing its humidity by a humidifier. Assumed we have the following setup: Air measuring position 1 (...
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### Save money with using a refrigerator correctly - blowing cold air to the back of it?

We are heating up our houses in winter to ex.: 21C to then have an insulated box inside the house, which we cold down to 5 and -15C, and we call it a refrigerator.. :) The situation: we would buy a ...
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### Easily compute a good approximation of heat conductivity of cooled semi-vacuum (water vapor + air)

I am preparing a classroom demonstration about heat, including a demo of how a satellite loses heat only radiatively, since it's flying through a vacuum. I'd like to make the vacuum-production ...
1 vote
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### Epoxy that can withstand up to 800C and is optically transparent?

I'm looking to use an epoxy in a high-temp environment like 800C, and one that is optically transparent at 450nm (not below 90% transmission). But i'm having trouble finding one. It can be made of any ...
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### Tempreture distribution in a furnace

I am simulating a furnace as follows: Is it possible to capture temperature distribution in this furnace without designing intake fan? Which kind of boundary conditions can replace with intake fan? ...
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### Is there an optical technology able to measure the temperature of dry air?

Optical IR sensors are able to measure the surface temperature of solids. But is there a range of the EM spectrum that can accomplish the same for measuring the temperature of nitrox (dry nitrogen, ...
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### How can we control the output temperature of a multi-input single-output pipe air-flow system?

I am trying to optimize the heat control of a test bench at our facility. The test bench is basically a pipe with an air flow that can be heated up to desired temperature. To heat the air flow up, ...
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### What happens when pumps are blocked off?

What will be the result if the pipe losses is greater than head produced by the pump? What will be the result if outlet is closed?
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### Can a chain of nested thermal heat pumps be used to to gain thermal energy out of the environment?

Assume the following setup: ...
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### Heats affect on material permeation?

I know that heat affects material permeation (increasing it); but I have not been able to find much in the way of data other than biologically, on how it effects materials such as plastics. Does ...
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### Ventilation setup high sleeper night cooling

I have a high sleeper in my room (width 3,70m, length 4,50m, height 3,30m) consisting of one large plane (yellow) and one window (darker grey). The plance leaves about 80cm space to sleep. The door (...
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### What does "+- %/K" mean?

On a datasheet, sensitivity temperature drift (TCs) is specified in %/K. I read this as "the percent change per kelvin". Is this is simple as this sounds, or is there a reason for using kelvin over ...
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### How would you seal a hole in an HDPE container that's in -20C environment

I have a temperature sensor in a -20C freezer. The probe is going into a bottle filled with propylene glycol solution. I want to seal the hole where the probe is inserted into the bottle. What's a ...
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