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Questions tagged [structures]

Questions relating to or the engineering application of a device that must withstand a loading via deflection, stresses, resistance to buckling, or natural frequencies.

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14 votes
8 answers
12k views

What are those large poles for that are always in front of US stand-alone store buildings?

Screenshot of a video where they are featured in the background: They appear to have no electronics built in, such as an electric charge station, or a parking ticket dispenser or something like that....
Elijames Gosha's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
77 views

Why is a paraboloid hyperboloid shape preferred on some structures?

Why is preferred on the construction of big stadium roofs and of cooling towers, per example? What is the advantage of this geometric figure that makes it more economical?
veronika's user avatar
  • 213
1 vote
1 answer
52 views

column yielding under earthquake

In the buildings designed with strong column weak beam concept, the columns will remain elastic, their plastic deformation will be limited. but this is not true at the base of the building. i mean i ...
upstream's user avatar
  • 462
1 vote
1 answer
1k views

Is it safe to slightly cut the edge of RCC column for passage of pipe in bathroom?

The RCC column was cut in my absence due to passage of pipe for bathroom fittings. The thickness is about 1.5 in. Will it hamper the stability of structure?
Shahidul Islam's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
556 views

Vocabulary: NYC Elevated Highway & Trains, Industrial Park

I'm writing a story set in NYC and trying to describe certain industrial objects. I'm having trouble with specific technical terms for the items that I've marked w/ arrows. E.g. I don't want to use ...
romebot's user avatar
  • 113
-1 votes
1 answer
466 views

Flexure Deflection - Both ends fixed (one translation free)

I have a flexure problem. One of its ends is fixed to a frame (say F1) which is stationary (no rotation & no translation) and the other end is also fixed to another frame (say F2) which can move ...
Sai Krishna Dittakavi's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
31 views

Could a string of large offshore wind towers support a Hyperloop tube? [closed]

I live on the east coast of Australia, where a Hyperloop faces the challenges that we have a mountain range pretty much right up against the coast, where most people live. There's very little flat ...
Austin's user avatar
  • 1
-1 votes
1 answer
42 views

Elastic waves in very thin plate

Elastic waves in structural elements are described by \begin{align} \rho \frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial t^2} &= (2 \mu + \lambda) \frac{\partial^2 u}{\partial x^2} + \mu \left( \frac{\partial^2 ...
Frederic's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
174 views

Maximum I-beam girder S12x31.8 span

Does 200lb/in of load on a S12x31.8 over 15 feet seem reasonable? I'm having a tough time trusting the numbers. Two story house with an attic as below. Dotted lines show load bearing walls W1 and W2. ...
Justin C's user avatar
  • 101
1 vote
4 answers
4k views

Buildings sinking into the ground

My friend has proposed that the buildings in the images below have been sinking into the ground over time and that they're not planned with basements. He thinks that the bottom of the building was ...
halikular's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
729 views

What calculation to find how much force before tipping over?

I was thinking of building a free standing structure out of plumbing pipe that would go flush against the wall to hang jackets and other items. Attached is a sketch of the general thought of what the ...
Michael's user avatar
  • 123
2 votes
1 answer
71 views

Boring through joist

I just started my BEng, so I actually don't feel ready to assess real cases. Upper floor of my quite standard British terraced house. We would like to hide an existing drainage pipe which is ...
anon's user avatar
  • 121
0 votes
2 answers
485 views

2nd Moment of Area of a ring

This is my first question here. I am having trouble finding the 2nd moment of area of a ring with a thickness 't' and radius 'r'. I seem to be a factor of 2 out. What I do is I consider an area like ...
Matt's user avatar
  • 9
1 vote
1 answer
74 views

Mounting outdoors camera using aluminum 5052

I designed a simple U shape 2mm sheet metal bent mount for a 4kg outdoors CCTV camera. The mount was accidentally produced from 5052-H32 Aluminum instead of 6061-T6. Is it common to use 5052 ...
Eli's user avatar
  • 19
0 votes
2 answers
195 views

Why does stress act a point instead of on an entire area normal to the stress?

I've often heard stress acts at a point and not on an entire cross-sectional area to which the load is applied normally. Im a little confused here, Let us consider an area of cross-section ...
Somanna's user avatar
  • 159
0 votes
0 answers
576 views

Deflection Of Beam In Structural Rigid Jointed Frame

This is a recommended follow on to one of my previous questions. It was stated that I could find the deflections of a beam by idealising it as a simply supported beam and then calculating accordingly. ...
Amit 's user avatar
  • 135
0 votes
1 answer
521 views

Deflections Of Statically Indeterminate Structures

When analysing and then designing a rigid jointed, statically indeterminate structure, I can solve for all the forces and moments using the Hardy Cross (Moment Distribution) Method. However, I am ...
Amit 's user avatar
  • 135
0 votes
2 answers
383 views

Pin joint system displacement question

A pinned system comprising bars of the same material and cross-sectional area is subjected to a vertical load P. I am required to form a relationship between FAB and P. The first part of the ...
Wb10's user avatar
  • 45
2 votes
2 answers
240 views

Can a speedbump safeguard a pipeline located below?

Recently I noticed a concrete speed bumper created near my parking. On enquiring the purpose, the committee who took the decision told me that the purpose of the bumper is to safeguard an existing ...
Mohit Jain's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
185 views

Drop Panel Design Above Columns?

How to design a drop panel at a column in case the column above is rotated or not aligned to the below column (see image below), the code that i am using is the ACI Code if any reference for the ...
J.Daou's user avatar
  • 503
1 vote
2 answers
114 views

Design a part to straighten moment and reduce torsion

I have a configuration with two bolts and a point of force application (see figure). I understand that, if perfectly rigid, the two parts depicted in the figure will behave identically in how they ...
Pa_'s user avatar
  • 111
0 votes
3 answers
377 views

How to get corrugated plastic roofing strips to span 3m for rainwater exclusion experiment without building additional ground supports?

I'm trying to build structures to exclude some percentage of rainwater on experimental plots. I have three 20ft beam supports across the plot, spaced 3m apart and held in place by 4x4 posts that were ...
Julie's user avatar
  • 1
0 votes
1 answer
168 views

Looking to design a cantilever support to hold up an 80kg projector

I need to make a support (preferably metal) for a projector to be fixed on the wall. The projector size is: Width: 0.7m Length: 1.1m Weight: 80kg If anyone knows how i can solve this please let me ...
Kit Sithinun's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
2k views

Why do some guyed towers come to a point at the bottom?

Why do some guyed broadcast towers come to a point at the base. It seems that it would be more stable if each vertical bar was anchored separately rather than being balanced at one point.
Tom's user avatar
  • 153
1 vote
3 answers
4k views

Pin support, why is there no horizontal reaction force?

I am trying to understand this problem: If we break down the 10T, they behave like this: The right end of the beam can move as much as it wants, but the left end is pinned. Why is there no ...
UniversidadDeSevillaEsBasura's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
2k views

Can pinned support / pin joint transfer moments in 3D?

What's an authoritative definition of whether the idealized pinned support and pin joint can transfer moments in 3D? Most sources say both of them cannot transfer moments but are apparently only ...
user1318499's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
55 views

Shock/Isolation mounting under tension

I want to secure a box (roughly 20kg in total) that contains electronic equipment to the underside of a flat steel structure. We can weld onto the underside. The steel structure has a high chance of ...
JKSH's user avatar
  • 103
0 votes
0 answers
93 views

Need help with FEA bar analysis problem

I'm trying to solve this which is to find the total deformation of the bar. I'm trying to implement the finite element approach, but I am getting way too large of numbers. Here is what I did in ...
Alex M's user avatar
  • 21
2 votes
2 answers
166 views

Need Help to Remove Sway from Steel Post + Glass Panels

I have spanned ~15' with 2x 10mm tempered glass panels. They're connected in the middle with a 1.5" x 1.5" 16-gauge, 316 stainless steel post filled with concrete. This post has a 316 base welded on ...
pennstump's user avatar
  • 121
0 votes
1 answer
125 views

Optimal method of attaching commercially-available heavy bag mount to finished ceiling with least risk of structural damage

Admittedly, this question is related to an earlier one on the same subject. I would like to mount a heavy bag using a system detailed in the attached picture (FirstLaw Fitness Shock Mount). The ...
Steve H's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
341 views

Calculating diameter of steel rod required to not bend over a given length

I want to use steel (or other material) rods to support weight over a 900mm cavity. The weight that needs to be supported is technically unknown, but I'd specify some rough guidelines as: 100KG (max) ...
aaronrhodes's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
80 views

Vibration table for tests (7-200Hz) from extruded aluminium profiles bolted together - good idea (?)

I need to design a vibration table (approx. 1000mx1000mm) to test products between 7-200Hz. I was wondering if it is recommended to make the table structure from standardised, extruded aluminum ...
filiply's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
2k views

How does one build a waterproof basement?

I have been doing a bunch of research online into how to build a basement that is below the water table. The common wisdom is to "not waste the money doing that" but as someone who doesn't like to be ...
Micah Zoltu's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
128 views

compression buckling under lateral load

I'm trying to figure out what size of round tube to use for a tensegrity structure that'll probably have people climbing on it. The rigid elements are 21' steel tubes, and in normal cases they ...
machinaut's user avatar
  • 101
0 votes
1 answer
437 views

Is a bridge more stable on concrete or soil?

I understand that foundations are used in structures to support and spread the weight of the bridge over a large area. However I am struggling to understand why certain materials such as concrete are ...
IK-_-IK's user avatar
  • 101
1 vote
1 answer
123 views

A Steel post and base question

I make solid curved wood furniture and frequently need something like a metal plate (1/8") with a (3/4" about) supporting pipe attached at 90 degrees. Welding is a little too cumbersome but I was ...
Paul Brooker's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
347 views

Stiffness as a function of thickness

Let’s say we have a thin band (made out of PLA, 3D printing material) with a rectangular cross section. In drawing, it would look something like this: Let’s say a force of 15 N is to be applied from ...
Kwun's user avatar
  • 21
1 vote
0 answers
37 views

What does 'Analysis Model Value' in NASTRAN optimization mean?

I am new to MSC NASTRAN and PATRAN. I am running a simulation on composite laminate optimization. While creating the design variables for the study, I noticed that there is a parameter called '...
TV Raghav's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
48 views

What is the 'application standard' referred to in EN 1993-1-7

I'm using the Eurocodes for some structural analysis and am looking for the limiting value of deflection of a plate. EN 1993-1-7, Section 8.2 states: For limiting values of out of plane deflection w ...
richyo1000's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
99 views

Disguising tall exhaust stacks

While architectural features are oftentimes more aesthetic than they are technically complex, this still seemed like a suitable question for here. I am working on a project for an industrial type ...
Secundus's user avatar
  • 571
0 votes
2 answers
102 views

Loadcell / strain gauge sizing for a joist

I am looking to use some load cells (foil based type) to detect presence for home automation within in a room. I was looking to mount some loadcells to the joists for the floor (UK Based house so ...
David Wallis's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
6k views

What exactly is the thin wall assumption in regards to beam cross sections?

What does it mean with respect to calculating stresses on a beam undergoing loading and when should it be applied?
skyarex's user avatar
  • 33
2 votes
1 answer
125 views

strength of eggshell

It is a known fact that beams and spheres have the ability to carry relatively high loads. Beams are seen in bridges and other structures even since the days of ancient roman architecture. Spheres ...
Yaniv Ben David's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
55 views

What is symmetric?

What is symmetric?Please explain geometrically and in terms of displacements. I have encountered this while looking up for engineering strain and true strain values have totally different compression ...
gateprep's user avatar
  • 123
0 votes
0 answers
34 views

Independent constraints - Procedure to verify it

I am wondering if there is a procedure to verify that the constraints of a system of rigid bodies are independent. Here there is an example of a system with dependent constraints: L beam - Strange ...
Gennaro Arguzzi's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
3k views

Is it safe to slightly cut the edge of RCC beam for passage of AC Vent and wiring? [closed]

My electrician made a cut in the wall and the beam as in the image in my absence. The cutting is done with hammer and chisel and it is around 1.5inch deep..I'm really worried that it might impact the ...
user2523796's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
1k views

How to provide lateral support for adjacent masonry during installation of steel UC in an old cavity wall?

I've got a structural engineer ready to provide calcs on this job, but there is a specific aspect where I'd like a heads-up what the normal approach would be, before I raise it with him, in case he ...
Stilez's user avatar
  • 571
0 votes
1 answer
945 views

Using strain energy to calculate deflection

I have a solids problem I cannot solve, I have the answer and I have attempted the question. I just need to know where I am going off track, (perhaps there was an issue setting up my deflection ...
gunter's user avatar
  • 321
0 votes
1 answer
267 views

Torsion on thin walled members

Is the formula $T=2qA$ valid for both open thin-walled and closed thin-walled members, where $T$ is torque, $q$ is shear flow, and $A$ is the area?
user10571's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
238 views

Distance of Pivot from the Rear axle

I am designing an NSAM crane. I have encountered the following issue when designing the vehicle: Generally the pivot(or the point about which the NSAM crane rotates) is in the center. But from two ...
Ait Peti's user avatar