Questions tagged [structural-analysis]

Structural analysis is the determination of the effects of loads on physical structures and their components. Structures subject to this type of analysis include all that must withstand loads, such as buildings, bridges, vehicles, furniture, soil strata, prostheses and biological tissue.

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1answer
24 views

unbraced length of the compression portion of a long member

I am designing a truss. the bottom chord in the first two panels at each end or at the supports are in compression and the rest of the bottom chord is in tension. there is no lateral bracing along the ...
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Help sizing of lug attachment flange/plate?

Apologies for the crude drawing attached, but here goes. Given Fx, Fy, and Fz loads applied at the lug hole, I've distributed the loading into each of the 6 fasteners to size them. I've also sized the ...
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1answer
36 views

Linear Motion Stage with Offset Loading Problem

I'm currently developing a linear motion system which will have to withstand a large offset load (see image below). There will be two rails, each with a carriage on, which will be connected by a beam/...
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Finite element welding simulation with commercial software? [closed]

I am looking forward some libraries/add-ons to perform welding simulation (thermomechanical coupling, steel alloys) using commercial software, like Ansys or Abaqus. My aim is to determine better ...
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1answer
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Mesh generation in FEM [duplicate]

When a frame structure is analyzed using a FEM computer software, does the program still generate mesh, even as a line mesh, on frame members, or we must do it ourselves?
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Modeling the structure vs FEM

When you model the structure to be analyzed with a structural analysis program, indicating the beam elements, shell elements, nodes, rigid links etc... The analysis is still called Finite Element ...
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3answers
74 views

Buckling of Parallel rods

I am trying to calculate critical force $P$, if two rods (same diameter and length - rigid fiberglass sandwiched on two steel plates) are parallel to each other. $$ P = \frac{\pi^2 EI}{(KL)^2} $$ I ...
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1answer
61 views

Bending of an L-shaped beam

First post so bear with me: I am designing a frame for a press, which needs to be able to withstand 250 N. I am planning to make the frame an L-shaped beam, turned around. With a side view, it will ...
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39 views

Distribution of Forces into 3D Bolt Group

I'm trying to create an Excel spreadsheet that takes a 3D bolt group with x y and z coordinates, applied loading, and determines the distribution of forces into each bolt based on weighting by the ...
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1answer
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How to solve this displacement problem

I have to solve this question, and I've tried multiple things with the angle and displacement but I just cannot figure it out. I started with a M/EI diagram and i went from there. Any tips on how to ...
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1answer
38 views

Optimal placement of two support points along a wooden beam

Assuming a beam that is supported at 2 points as per attached image, what would be Lc (length center) and Lo (length overhang) for maximum strength. (or load bearing capability) For actual material ...
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What is the amount of force that will cause failure?

What is the amount of force required to cause the beam to deflect, shear or otherwise fail? The force would be generated by a hydraulic piston. Let's call those units PSI. The piston will be mounted ...
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1answer
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Does having a basement level increase overall earthquake resistance of a high rise building?

Does having a basement level increase overall earthquake resistance of a high rise building? Does it also lessen the burden on pile foundations?
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Stress Concentration: Hole in infinite thin plate loaded in biaxial tension vs biaxial compression

Is there a difference in the stress concentration of a hole in an infinite thin plate loaded in biaxial tension vs biaxial compression? I ask because in numerous books (one of them in the screenshot ...
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Should I use ST or LT values for extruded rod?

In MMPDS for AA7075-73511 (extruded rod) the Table 3.7.10.0(g3) show both ST and LT values for transverse directions. For a rod with circular cross section there is really no Short and Long transverse ...
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2answers
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Other than yielding, what type of stress you check for ASD?

ASIC 360-16, in page pdf 330, it says "For any single element, there may be a number of different allowable stresses that must be checked." I can think of yielding. What else? Rupture for ...
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54 views

Question on the determinacy of frame structures

I have been working on a program to solve frame problems, and I have used the following formula for determining whether a frame is statically determinate: $$RD=3m + r-3j-s,$$ where: $m$ is the number ...
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1answer
48 views

Single shear bolt shear force and moment diagrams

I’m trying to determine what the shear and moment diagrams of a bolt in single shear look like. Before anyone says it, I know that it’s rare that a bolt will ever fail first in bending, and this is ...
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2answers
101 views

Unable to obtain closed system of equations using method of joints

I am currently working on some code to solve 2-dimensional truss and frame problems, and I have come into an issue with one of the problems. I need to come up with a system of linear equations that I ...
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1answer
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Analysis Of Braced Frame By Hand Calculation

Suppose we have a rigid jointed, statically indeterminate frame with bracing as shown below: Note: there would also be a distributed lateral load along at least one side of the structure and all ...
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1answer
45 views

What is the meaning of “load case consistent” in stress analysis terms?

I’m a (junior) stress engineer and have been tasked with sizing a lug. Various loadcases have been run through FEM and loads have been distributed into the lug bolt for each. In other words, each ...
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2answers
79 views

What is the significance of hinge in the internal structure of the beam?

I had come across a question on shear force and bending moment diagram where a cantilever beam with a roller support at point C is given and the portion beyond point C in overhang. Does this hinge act ...
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2answers
44 views

How do fiber optic sensors detect strains in a structure?

I am working on a project on detecting damage in structures using fiber optic sensors. I read the paper Structural Health Monitoring in Composite Structures by Fiber-Optic Sensors and found out that ...
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1answer
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Stress Analysis University Report Help

I'm working on a final report for the mechanics of material course, and the project was to choose a structure or mechanical element and carry out stress analysis using solidworks and then confirm ...
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1answer
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Degree of Freedoms in a Node of a 3D Frame/Beam Element

I recently took a quiz for my Matrix Methods of Structural Analysis Class, in which I encountered the following MCQ. My answer of '6' was justified, in my opinion, by the size of the stiffness matrix ...
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1answer
42 views

Solving for stiffness matrix numerically by a set of measurements

Is it in general possible when you have a mechanical structure (in this case I am referring to the structure in this post) and you want to determine the global stiffness matrix of this structure, to ...
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1answer
48 views

Missing items in geotechnical reports [closed]

In your experience, what items that should be in geotechnical reports are sometimes missing, and what do you do in that case, can you provide example? Do we look at codes or make best guess and based ...
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1answer
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Structural design approaches ASD or LRFD

I have several questions regarding terminology as I get confused reading different sources. What I learned so far: ASD is also called WSD (working stress design) LRFD is also called Limit State ...
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2answers
45 views

Representing slabs in FEM

When making structural analysis with FEM, do we normally use plate or shell elements to represent slabs? I checked and did some reading for the difference between shell and plate elements in FEM in ...
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1answer
65 views

Bending behavior of built-up C-Channel

I am analyzing a built-up C-channel for bending purposes (2 point loads of 1200 N each @ 30 cm symmetrically from the CL). The flanges are made of a different material than the web, they are also of a ...
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1answer
33 views

Wind load vs Earthquake load and R factor

I read somewhere that if for instance for a building earthquake forces are expected to be much higher than wind loads, we can increase the R (response modification factor) value, so that we bring down ...
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2answers
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Cybertruck Monocoque body design

For those of you who are following the development of the Cybertruck, the latest modification is a size reduction of the body by 3%. Assuming this is dimensionally and not by volume, do you think this ...
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2answers
41 views

Which would be the most rigid?

I'm trying to resolve a theoretical problem. If I have 2 steel boxes made from the same gauge steel (3mm stainless steel) & one is 7 meters by 2 meters by 2 meters & the other is say 30% ...
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1answer
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What is the difference between base shear and pseudo lateral load in seismic analysis of buildings?

What is the difference between base shear and pseudo lateral load in seismic analysis of buildings or are they the same?
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1answer
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How to make the earthquake response spectrum graph

As far as I understand, there are two ways to make the earthquake response spectrum graph. One by experiment with a set of oscillators with different periods, to which we apply the earthquake's time ...
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1answer
45 views

Plastic hinge locations in pushover analysis

In pushover analysis, why do we force the plastic hinge locations, such as indicating in our model instead of waiting for them to occur naturally? Also, do we usually need to show the spread of ...
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1answer
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names of some earthquake analysis methods

For structure earthquake analysis methods, do these all below mean the same thing, just ways of calling it differently? Linear Response History Analysis Linear Elastic Time History Analysis Linear ...
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1answer
35 views

Modal Response Spectrum analysis

Is "Modal Response Spectrum Analysis" the same as response spectrum analysis? How about modal superposition analysis? This is the same or different? Or all are same?
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2answers
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Earthquake time history analysis

Time history analysis of earthquakes for structures, is a NON-LINEAR dynamic method correct? Then why is there also something called "LINEAR response history analysis"? What is the difference of this ...
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0answers
33 views

Provide stability for a 3D object with a support structure

This is a follow-up to this question. I wonder if structural engineering tools like Finite Element etc. might help create such support structures. If so, how?
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1answer
25 views

How is response spectrum result used for earthquake analysis

For simpler buildings we can use response spectrum analysis. How is this used? The maximum acceleration we get from this , is simply multiplied by the mass of the building to get F=ma , total ...
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1answer
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In structural analysis, does inelastic analyis mean the same thing as non linear analysis?

In structural analysis, does inelastic analyis mean EXACTLY the same thing as non linear analysis? If not what is the difference?
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1answer
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What arrangement of web members is better? [duplicate]

I have a problem regarding following two structures. First one: Second one: What arrangemet is better ? Why ? Actually I have no idea which one is better.
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How does virtual work method relate to matrix method or FEM in structural analysis?

I understand the relationship of force method and displacement method and how we use them in matrices in FEM. How about virtual work? Is it used in matrices and FEM too?
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1answer
56 views

Analysis Of Statically Indeterminate Structures By Hand

When double-checking/confirming results produced by structural analysis software, many engineers recommend verifying and spot-checking key or critical members if the entire structure is not analysed. ...
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1answer
71 views

Which method is better to solve indeterminate trusses, force or displacement method?

For statically indeterminate trusses, which method is better? Force or displacement method? And why? I read somewhere that displacement method is not suitable for trusses but I must verify.
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1answer
23 views

Is shock spectrum always obtained for an undamped single degree of freedom system?

I am reading a textbook on fundamentals of vibrations and it has a very brief introduction to shock spectra. It mentions that For comparison purposes, it is customary to use the response of an ...
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1answer
70 views

Structural Analysis of a TV Mount

I have a simple wall mount I want to analyze using hand calculations (pure beam bending if possible) that looks like this: I want to be able to model it as if it was in a state of pure bending with a ...
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4answers
2k views

What is the maximum angle of a shelf angled brace?

So suppose I want to make a single shelf protruding from a wall and to place a heavy object on it (Figure 1). A shelf like this would fail (assuming no internal mounting that penetrates into the wall)....
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1answer
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column yielding under earthquake

In the buildings designed with strong column weak beam concept, the columns will remain elastic, their plastic deformation will be limited. but this is not true at the base of the building. i mean i ...

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