# Questions tagged [structural-analysis]

Structural analysis is the determination of the effects of loads on physical structures and their components. Structures subject to this type of analysis include all that must withstand loads, such as buildings, bridges, vehicles, furniture, soil strata, prostheses and biological tissue.

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### Names for 3d tensile structure

A naive natural language description might be 'pole supported by tent-like 3d wire net' for the depicted playground climbing arrangement made of rope with a pole in the center. Is there a more precise ...
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### How to calculate the material and thickness I need for a certain force on it?

I am trying to figure out how to design how thick a material has to be so that the bar shown in picture 1 stays intact when a user is running on it. Background: The project is a treadmill and the user ...
1 vote
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### Wind Pressure on Chimney

I have this question that I am trying to solve. I will explain problem as best as I can. A brick chimney has parallel sides and a height of 18m. It has a square sectional plan with dimensions of 2....
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### Is there any standard procedure or guideline to solve complex asymmetrical trusses such as saw tooth type of truss used for polyhouse construction?

I want to solve for the dead load,live load as well as wind load for a saw tooth type of truss, which is asymmetrical in nature....generally used for the construction of greenhouse. I also want to ...
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### Case studies in Carbon Fiber composite tubes to verify FEA

Whenever I build a model of something new, I like to have some analytical results that I can compare with my model so I can reassure myself the model is correct. I have some resources that show me ...
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### Analyzing shear stress of plate

I would like to conduct a nonlinear analysis to obtain the stress-strain curve of a plate subjected to shear force, as depicted in the figure below. However, I am encountering difficulties in setting ...
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### Analysing Bending in a Linkage Member

Context: I'm designing a linkage mechanism as part of a university robotics design project. From previous analysis, I have determined the forces and torques applied to each member at all points in ...
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### I have a question about INISTATE Code (Analyzing a curved plate)

I'm studying welding-induced residual stresses for curved steel plates. So, I need to use the INISTATE code taking initial stresses. This is the picture that I want to analyze. I divided a curved ...
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### How accurate is axisymmetric beam theory for modeling plate bending?

I often have to do a quick estimate of circular plate deflection and max stress under simple loading scenarios – uniform distributed pressure, central point load, line load, distributed annular ...
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1 vote
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### Determining the suitability of a timber joint in a given situation

There seems to be a lot of information around calculating the forces exerted on a structure. When joining wood, once the structural analysis is done, how is the performance limit of a certain type of ...
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### Why do we include the fixed-end moment when calculating the bending moment at another point on the beam?

When we calculate the bending moment in a beam with a fixed end using the the method of cuts (determining the moment at a point $x$ by making a cut at that point in the beam) we usually include the ...
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### Ideal axle diameter function derivation

I am interested in the reference of and any papers that discuss the derivation of the "ideal axle". By an ideal axle I mean an axle that has the same strength along all its cross sections. I ...
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### Derivation of the fundamental principle in the mechanics of beams

Can someone provide the derivation for the following equation: $$\int_l Q_Z(x) dx = M_y (x) \tag1$$ or equivalently : $$\frac{dM_y}{dx}=Q_Z\tag2.$$ I am interested in the $1D$ isotropic material ...
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### $𝛕_{xz}$ in the flanges of T and I Sections

When we have a T or I section under a shear force $V_y$ I usually must account for a horizontal shear force across the section's Z axis ($𝛕_{xz}$). I understand why a transverse shearing force would ...
1 vote
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### Structure's equlibrium state

The state problem of a structure at equilibrium is generally expressed as: $K(x) ~u = F(x)$ where $K$ is the stiffness matrix, $u$ is the displacement vector, $F$ is the force vector, and $x$ is the ...
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### Find the internal bending moment, Mc

A 7meter,m, long cantilever beam whose weight per meter is 19Newton, N, carries a load that varies uniformly from 43N/m, (Newton/meter), at the inbuilt side, point A, to 0 at the free end, point B. ...
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### Counterweight requirement and platform design for motorised speaker stand stability

I recently bought my dream speakers (Dutch & Dutch 8c), but at the cost of having to preserve a minimalist interior for the sake of household peace. To that effect, I plan to construct motorised ...
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### How much weight can aluminum square tube support?

I'm building a bed platform in a campervan and trying to determine what type of aluminum tube to buy. I'm thinking to purchase 6061-T6511 aluminum Square Tube with 1.5" width, 1.5" height ...
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### In a pre stressed concrete? Why is the top fiber considered as under compressive stress?

I have been solving problems involving pre stress concrete, i want to clarify why is the top fiber always considered as under compressive force, in my understanding the concrete would bend positively ...
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### Some questions about linear rail systems

there are many linear rail system configurations. Some with only one lead/ball screw in the middle and a moving platform with wheels aligning outside/inside/on top of one/two framing rail(s). Others ...
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### Tensile Strength of Shear Strength for a fully supported member

I have an extrusion that is fully supported and will bear a wheel load. Considering its fully supported, should I utilize the shear flow equation to assess it against factors such as tensile strength ...
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### Uniform Direction for Line Directions

Despite several similar questions and my efforts, there is still no solution so far. Presently, ANSYS gives Directions to Lines on its own which are flipped even for two collinear lines. As a results ...
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### How to calculate the direction of shear stress due to shear force on a circular cross section?

For a circular cross section, we know that the shear stress due to a shear force at the boundary (the radius of the circle) has to be tangent to the curvature. This is so that we have no radial shear ...
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### Force Required To Stop A Freely Rotating Wheel With Attached Falling Object With A Spring

I have a wheel with a diameter of 2m and a weight of 67kg. The wheel has a radius of gyration of 0.82m. From this wheel a weight of 35kg is suspended. The weight will fall for 10m and accelerate the ...
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### Need to find beam deflection of a steel tube

So I have a square tube of 40mm, 3mm wall thickness with a length of 1 meter. Both ends are fixed 25mm inwards. Load is 3kg centerpoint. Steel is SJ235. I need to know the deflection of this beam. ...
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### what are the compression forces in a strut if the strut is fixed

i am trying to match an experiment i have done and i dont know how to compute the force in the strut in terms of F given these boundary conditions. i have attempted to use fixed end moment equations ...
1 vote
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### Why is FEA used for structural analysis?

Is there a reason for using FEA to perform structural analysis over for example Finite volume method for example?
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### Finding zero-force members of truss system

My instructor gave the below example for identifying zero force members in truss. The members marked with the green zeros are the zero-force members, according to his solutions. I cannot understand ...
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### How would I do stress analysis on a fuselage like this?

This is a frame for an RC plane that I have designed using balsa wood and prefabricated carbon fiber flat bars. It will have a balsa wood skin on the outside, but I have yet to figure out how to ...
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### When something undergoes angular acceleration (like a bar) how does the distribution of forces look along the bar?

This is something kind of explained with propellers and turbine blades but I'd love some good explanations. Thank you!
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### 2D frame analysis by open-source Lua code

There are great apps for 2D frame analysis like the one mentioned here: https://engineering.stackexchange.com/a/50967/15178 I'm just wondering if anyone knows an open-source Lua code for 2D frame ...
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1 vote
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### Pumping water from under concrete slab basement

I have this situation, and wanted someone's opinion. Info: Concrete foundation basement, slab floor Weeping tiles and a sump pump is present / operational The house is near a pond. Grading is alright,...
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### Are "Tresca yield surface" a type of failure mechanism?

A non-rigid solid was given a x-direction point load, and von Mises yield criterion is used to check whether the solid would fail or not. I was also asked: "(the previous question asks us to ...
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### Justification for choice of beam stiffness at pinned far-end member

I’m reading off an example provided by the ICE structural analysis book, specifically example 4.7 (moment distribution method) I dont seem to understand why the stiffness from member D-C is 4EI/L ...
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### Beam deflection for FEA model validation

I'm trying to validate an FE model that I'm using by comparing to a simplified analytical solution to the problem. The part I'm analyzing is a lug that is constrained on one end and has a point load ...
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### Calculating the plastic section modulus, Z, of an arc of a circle

I am trying to find a simplified formula for determining the plastic section modulus, Z, of an arc of a circle. In my case, I have a 20" diameter 0.375" thick pipe and I am cutting a 6" ...
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### Why does/doesn't this structure qualify as a truss/frame?

I am learning about the basics of truss analysis in mechanics. As part of this, I learnt that a truss/frame is composed of at least 3 members, its joints are pinned and that any loading is applied at ...
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### Unexpected inconsistency in modelling of load propagation in Icosahedron struts

My intent is to build a program dedicated to analysis of geodesic structures. My proof-of-concept spreadsheet is intended to help me clarify the interactions at each node, so that when I approach the ...
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### Trying to define proof-of-concept for structural analysis of geodesic grid

I would like to create a spreadsheet as a "proof-of-concept" for clarifying the relationships and equations involved in doing the structural analysis of a geodesic dome. I then plan to ...
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1 vote
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### Lateral load calculation at the bottom of an arch

I am trying to find out how much lateral thrust an arch produces when applying a load evenly distributed across its span. There are a lot of 'complex' models around and full analysis done case by case ...
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### structural engineering - calculating moment & shear forces for a custom floor mounted hangman's style heavy bag stand?

I own a martial arts facility and I have a few hangman's style (single arm) heavy bag stands that a fabricator friend made for me. These will be used to hang 6' heavybags (100lbs each) attached to a ...
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### Ratio of length to baseplate bolt pattern to assume that a joint is pinned

I have a truss tower that is attached to a hoist arm by a baseplate. The truss tower is 80ft long and the bolt pattern of the baseplate is a 1ftx1ft square. Is it valid to assume that the joint ...
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### Maximum deflection of PSL + steel beam

I'm an amateur structural engineer, and I'm not understanding how to calculate multi-material beam deflection in my particular scenario. I start with a simply supported PSL (wood) beam that is ...
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1 vote
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### Is there an equivalent of node voltage analysis in mechanical and civil engineering?

When analyzing the behavior of an electrical circuit, the core of the work often involves performing node voltage analysis. This allows you to determine voltage drops and currents of interest in the ...
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### How long would it take for the Brooklyn Bridge to collapse if the four main cables were cut where they connect to the ground? [closed]

How much time would the people on the Brooklyn Bridge have to get off if all four main cables failed simultaneously? Are we talking about an immediate collapse the second the cables are severed, or ...
1 vote
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### Finite Element Method for Spherical Objects

I am familiar with the procedure of the FEM for simple planar objects like truss and etc. but my question would be whether it would be possible to use this method to calculate the stiffness or ...
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### Iterative Method through FEM

Due to reasons, I can not fully describe the process explicitly so I will be using substitutes to represent the variables. Nomenclature: x - an independent variable y - another independent variable Fz ...
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### How to determine whether a threaded rod will rotate under load

A part of a structure I am designing incorporates a large threaded rod (1") diameter mounted vertically both for structural strength and for the potential to adjust the height of the top mounted ...