Questions tagged [steel]

For questions related to the alloy steel: Its production, material properties and applications. The carbon content of steel is between 0.002% and 2.1% by weight for plain iron-carbon alloys.

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15 views

Structural steel standard S235, is it average yield strength or some fractile?

Question is in the title. There are many structural steels like S235 and S355, but are these values average values or 5 % fractiles for example (assuming some distribution of values found in tests), ...
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2answers
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Why is the yield strength of steel assumed to be less for a thicker element?

The above image is part of table 3.1 of Eurocode steel design standard. Looking for example at the first row (steel grade S 235), we see that there are two values for yield strength $f_y$, one for ...
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4answers
90 views

Exactly what makes steel-concrete composite beam better than pure steel?

A composite action beam may have a concrete section the top, carrying the compression load, and steel at the bottom, carrying tension. But I have always thought that concrete had lower strength for a ...
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Reasonable expected yield strength of A513 steel

I'm looking to build a fish-tank stand for a decently large fish tank (300 gal). I'm looking at building it out of A513 steel because that is easily available locally. However, I am having trouble ...
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1answer
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Production methods for AC mains power plug pins?

What are the production processes and steps involved in producing a mains powered device that plugs into a standard mains socket (like a smart plug for example). Mains plug pins are usually made of ...
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3answers
71 views

Steel frame connection

this is a steel frame , top beams sitting on top of column with steel plate cantilever at both sides (one side longer than the other) , so there will be hogging moment at the center support. However, ...
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1answer
688 views

Is it possible to determine how the steel was made, having its microstructure (for example, to distinguish forging from rolled products)?

How do you think the steel in these images was made? Example1 (https://i.stack.imgur.com/oZLRM.jpg) Example 2 (https://i.stack.imgur.com/jrDE7.jpg) Example 3 (https://i.stack.imgur.com/fpl2d.jpg) ...
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1answer
29 views

Tempering 1095 steel

I have some laser-cut filing templates, about the size of a business card, made from 3mm-thick 1095 carbon steel. These parts will be used to guide a round metal file when filing odd shaped holes in ...
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1answer
89 views

Chamfering with a conical bit makes a table drill vibrate

I have a slow-speed drill press which seems quite solid, the play is minimal. Normally, it does not cause problems. This conical bit: when applied to this 8 mm hole: is an exception: the bit jumps ...
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0answers
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classes and grades of steel and stainless steel

I'm trying to learn the standard nomenclature for the steel and stainless steel mainly used in the bolts, screws, nuts, and other fasteners in general. So far I have created this table: | Metric ...
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1answer
38 views

How to build a steel flat bar rotating mechanism using an axle hollow shaft?

I aim to build a system of a steel flat bar rotating around a pivot point with the help of a couple of dc motors mounted on the edges of the bar. After doing some search I decided to build it using a ...
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1answer
75 views

How to estimate the tensile strength of inch diameter steel round?

The tensile strength for 1045 TGP Precision Steel Round is said to be 91 ksi. Although, different diameters must be a factor, right? Would a 1" diameter rod be 104.5 ksi or 1045 ksi? Say I want ...
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7answers
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Is it structurally sound to cut an I beam to a T on one end?

I'd like to confirm whether the replaced beam in the attached picture is structurally sound given the end was cut to a T instead of an I. I had a qualified structural engineer approve the work but I'm ...
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0answers
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Practical estimation of magnetic force

I'm trying to estimate the magnetic force which develops on a truss-like ferromagnetic structure (I want to estimate the motion of the object) in a uniform magnetic field, and I came to realize that I ...
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1answer
80 views

Calculating Bending Force on a Fixed Metal Plate

At work we've had a steel pipe support break on us, and I can't for the life of me figure out what happened. Here's some background info: A long (125m) steel heating pipe (ø51mm) is suspended, resting ...
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92 views

determine if the flow is laminar or turbulent [closed]

what would be the the type of flow if the water flows through stainless steel channel? would it be a laminar flow or turbulent flow. I assume the adhesive force of water to stainless steel is minimum.
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1answer
712 views

What is the difference between W, S, I, H sections?

W and H sections look pretty much the same. S and I sections have their flanges rounded. What difference does this rounding make, why would an S-section be used instead of W-section for example?
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1answer
29 views

Galvanic compatibility with mild steel

Let me just get this out of the way: this is a total newbie question. But I appreciate any advice I can get! I'm rebuilding / retrofitting a wood-and-steel trailer, and trying to identify affordable ...
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1answer
49 views

I have a small piece of stainless steel that I need to remove 1-2mm of material. The hardness is 200. What type of file do I need to get?

This is a part of a mounting system for an Olight pistol flashlight. The universal adapter that they include isn't so universal when it comes to a Canik handgun. I've talked to the people at Olight ...
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1answer
36 views

steel beam type and size for a clothesline

I have four posts in a square formation. Posts are also square. I want to bolt a beam between two posts on the left and a beam between two posts on the right, and than run some wire between the beams. ...
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1answer
51 views

What is the purpose of the steel plate in this coupler?

I've found a shaft coupler that has a steel plate in between, but it's not clear what its function is: If it is to add strength to the coupler, isn't the coupler as strong as the weakest link, i.e. ...
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1answer
28 views

What are good color coatings for a steel surface?

I need to decide upon a color coating for a steel surface. This will be a grill top accessory and will be in contact with flames. I would prefer a black/brown coating color. I was considering teflon ...
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2answers
52 views

Soapbox - GoKart material - Bamboo or steel?

I am building a soapbox (go kart) and I am planing on what materials I could use for the frame and the chassis. I have thought about using bamboo or steel. Steel is normally the go to material when ...
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Elongation values for materials

According to EN standards, elongation for each material type has been defined, and it varies with different range of thicknesses for the same material. Why is it so? How is this value calculated?
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552 views

Could a bolt this size actually be used on a project?

could there ever be a structure that would require something like this?
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362 views

How much weight can this aquarium stand hold?

I purchased this aquarium and stand secondhand, and a few people I’ve spoken to have been suspicious of the stand’s ability to hold the aquarium when filled with water. The tank holds roughly 55 ...
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2answers
27 views

Electric Arc Furnace Steam Production

How much steam is emitted from an electric arc furnace in a unit of time? I have not been able to find any data on this which is strange considering the amount of water that is used to cool an ...
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1answer
23 views

Overextending and cutting a coil spring

This is related to my recent question Can I weaken a coil spring consisting of spring steel?. The answer here could create an additional answer there, but I do not expect that. The difference to that ...
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8answers
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Can I weaken a coil spring consisting of spring steel?

I have a steel coil spring that is used by compression. It is too strong, and I would like to reduce its strength by some fraction, ideally keeping its length. Reducing it to roughly half would be ...
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1answer
62 views

Simple steel column buckling calc - where am I going wrong? (Eurocode)

I'm trying to follow an example of this, but I get a wildly different answer than expected and I can't see where I'm going wrong. The example I've got, is for a 2.8 m steel column (RHS 150 x 100 x ...
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4answers
105 views

Which post would be stronger?

Just a quick question for you. Well hopefully. A contractor has installed a retaining wall with colorbond fence on top. In the contract he stipulated that he would use 65mm x 65mm x 1.6mm powder ...
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2answers
184 views

Orthogonal to Orthoradial reinforcement

Most of finite element calculations are performed with an orthogonal mesh (Cartesian coordinate system). From this calculation, we get two values of required steel area per linear meter: $Ax, Ay$ ($cm^...
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2answers
699 views

What are the design difference of a steel tank that would withstand 136atm inside and 1atm ambient compared to 1atm inside and 136atm ambient?

Let'say the steel tank would be submerged deep in the ocean with 136 atm ambient pressure then the other tank with the same material would just be used to contain 136 atm pressure. How would the ...
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2answers
4k views

Calculating shaft diameter

I'm designing a circular shaft that's going to carry a spread radial load of about 200kg and also transmit a 160Nm torque. I'm not very familiar with materials but what I'm guessing I'll be able to ...
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1answer
43 views

How to size a rectangular steel tube to hold certain weight?

I would like to build a shelf (1m width and 0.5m depth) using only four rectangular steel tubes on for legs. Each legs are at the end of the rectangular tube. I would like to put 500kg on the tubes, ...
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1answer
55 views

Plate thickness for repair of completely corroded web

The web of a H-section column has been completely corroded at the air-moisture interface with the concrete encasement leaving a hole in the web. The proposal is to break out the existing concrete and ...
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1answer
207 views

How do I calculate the compressive strength of a wall?

I literally just have a thin steel wall that stands vertically with a load on top. The thin edges of the wall are oriented vertically with the load applied on top of the top thin edge, with the large ...
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3answers
133 views

Press brake tooling for 360 tube?

I’m trying to find out if it’s possibly to form a cylinder or tube with a diameter of 1 inch using some kind of curling die for a press brake. I’ve seen dies that make small 360 degree bends like that ...
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2answers
59 views

What is the Brinell hardness of ATSM A786 steel?

This steel is often used as a floor plate. I could not find the Brinell hardness rating.
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1answer
28 views

Steel tube wall thickness for moving a machine

I need to move a machine, approx weight of 900Kg I will put 3 tubes under the machine and roll the machine on the tubes Holidays season, all industrial suppliers are closed around me and only have ...
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1answer
37 views

Carefully attaching Pt-wire to mild/carbon steel surface

Problem: I have a near 100% Pt wire (25 AWG / D ≈ 0.45mm) that I would like to attatch to a cold rolled steel (E235 / EN 1.0308) surface. Assume this surface is flat. Goal: Keep wire attached to ...
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0answers
22 views

Will a cyclic heat load transform my martensitic steel? How fast?

I have a plunger - that I'm using for glass forming - made out of a martensitic steel. Glass is at 1000°C and since martensite is a metastable phase, should I expect the properties of my plunger to ...
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1answer
64 views

How do old wind turbine towers pickup magnetism overtime?

I was conducting some robotics tests on a old wind turbine today, and noticed strong magnetic fields around the steel tower. This magnetic field does not exist on other modern wind turbines at the ...
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When were the japanese yellow/white/blue/silver paper steels introduced?

The steel series called kigami/shirogami (yellow/white paper steel, high purity carbon steels in different grades), aogami (blue paper steel, a tungsten alloyed tool steel series), aogami super (a ...
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1answer
44 views

Is there a way to avoid reheating of steel billets in Reheat furnace and directly go from casting to roll milling?

Iron ore and few compounds added will result in steel which are casted to steel billers form. this billet is again reheated to melting point of 1200c and then sent to roughing mill for desired shape. ...
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1answer
44 views

RHS column profile able to replace 3m UC 152x23 column?

I'm having some work done in the UK (Eurocode) which involves a steel column to support a beam at 1st floor (US: 2nd floor?) level. The column bears a very-close-to-vertical total load of 47.3kN (...
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108 views

Is a 1/8" AR400F steel plate strong enough, for 4,000 lbs?

I have a Ford F350 cab & chassis and a gooseneck trailer. For the gooseneck hitch I want to use a steel plate. The steel plate will be BOLTED to the frame, above the rear axle And the gooseneck ...
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2answers
72 views

Influence of a diagonal fold on a web + double fold situation

I need to build a steel frame with a steel web in it, as illustrated below. Flanges of the frame will be welded, as well as the web, along its whole perimeter. Would adding a diagonal fold to the web ...
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2answers
491 views

Can a plate under bending be designed using its plastic section modulus?

I am designing an end plate connection. My lecture notes show its bending capacity is calculated using elastic section modulus. For class 1 I-beams, we can use its plastic section modulus. I wonder ...
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Need Help to Remove Sway from Steel Post + Glass Panels

I have spanned ~15' with 2x 10mm tempered glass panels. They're connected in the middle with a 1.5" x 1.5" 16-gauge, 316 stainless steel post filled with concrete. This post has a 316 base welded on ...

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