Questions tagged [steel]

For questions related to the alloy steel: Its production, material properties and applications. The carbon content of steel is between 0.002% and 2.1% by weight for plain iron-carbon alloys.

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72 views

Exactly what makes steel-concrete composite beam better than pure steel?

A composite action beam may have a concrete section the top, carrying the compression load, and steel at the bottom, carrying tension. But I have always thought that concrete had lower strength for a ...
34 views

Why is the yield strength of steel assumed to be less for a thicker element?

The above image is part of table 3.1 of Eurocode steel design standard. Looking for example at the first row (steel grade S 235), we see that there are two values for yield strength $f_y$, one for ...
75 views

A Steel post and base question

I make solid curved wood furniture and frequently need something like a metal plate (1/8") with a (3/4" about) supporting pipe attached at 90 degrees. Welding is a little too cumbersome but I was ...
30 views

Reasonable expected yield strength of A513 steel

I'm looking to build a fish-tank stand for a decently large fish tank (300 gal). I'm looking at building it out of A513 steel because that is easily available locally. However, I am having trouble ...
687 views

Is it possible to determine how the steel was made, having its microstructure (for example, to distinguish forging from rolled products)?

How do you think the steel in these images was made? Example1 (https://i.stack.imgur.com/oZLRM.jpg) Example 2 (https://i.stack.imgur.com/jrDE7.jpg) Example 3 (https://i.stack.imgur.com/fpl2d.jpg) ...
184 views

Most of finite element calculations are performed with an orthogonal mesh (Cartesian coordinate system). From this calculation, we get two values of required steel area per linear meter: $Ax, Ay$ (\$cm^...
263 views

What does the D stand for in the steel grade 16MND5

I would like to know what does the "D" means in steel grade 16MND5. According to the standard EN 10027: 16 means 0.16 % C MN 5 means 1.25 % Mn (5 must be divided by 4 to get the Mn mass fraction) ...
27 views

Production methods for AC mains power plug pins?

What are the production processes and steps involved in producing a mains powered device that plugs into a standard mains socket (like a smart plug for example). Mains plug pins are usually made of ...
71 views

Steel frame connection

this is a steel frame , top beams sitting on top of column with steel plate cantilever at both sides (one side longer than the other) , so there will be hogging moment at the center support. However, ...
230 views

Compression members with moment to BS 5950-1:2000

According to clause 4.8.3.2 the cross-section capacity for non-slender section is: $$\frac{F_c}{A_g p_y}+\frac{M_x}{M_{cx}}+\frac{M_y}{M_{cy}}\leq 1 \qquad (1)$$ According to clause 4.8.3.3.1 ...
28 views

Tempering 1095 steel

I have some laser-cut filing templates, about the size of a business card, made from 3mm-thick 1095 carbon steel. These parts will be used to guide a round metal file when filing odd shaped holes in ...
427 views

what actually cause quench cracking ? non-uniform cooling or rapid cooling?

It’s well known that quenching most alloyed steels starting from AISI 4140 to high speed steels in water, brine , or sometimes oil will cause cracking and distortions. in industry oil quenching ...
546 views

Could a bolt this size actually be used on a project?

could there ever be a structure that would require something like this?
89 views

Chamfering with a conical bit makes a table drill vibrate

I have a slow-speed drill press which seems quite solid, the play is minimal. Normally, it does not cause problems. This conical bit: when applied to this 8 mm hole: is an exception: the bit jumps ...
50 views

classes and grades of steel and stainless steel

I'm trying to learn the standard nomenclature for the steel and stainless steel mainly used in the bolts, screws, nuts, and other fasteners in general. So far I have created this table: | Metric ...
38 views

How to build a steel flat bar rotating mechanism using an axle hollow shaft?

I aim to build a system of a steel flat bar rotating around a pivot point with the help of a couple of dc motors mounted on the edges of the bar. After doing some search I decided to build it using a ...
74 views

How to estimate the tensile strength of inch diameter steel round?

The tensile strength for 1045 TGP Precision Steel Round is said to be 91 ksi. Although, different diameters must be a factor, right? Would a 1" diameter rod be 104.5 ksi or 1045 ksi? Say I want ...
165 views

How to optimise feed-forward control of a process based on a prediction using the prediction confidence?

I'm looking for a control method for a production process with the following characteristics: 1 control variable many process parameters (+-50) 1 resulting variable continuous measurement of ...
4k views

Is it structurally sound to cut an I beam to a T on one end?

I'd like to confirm whether the replaced beam in the attached picture is structurally sound given the end was cut to a T instead of an I. I had a qualified structural engineer approve the work but I'm ...
24 views

Practical estimation of magnetic force

I'm trying to estimate the magnetic force which develops on a truss-like ferromagnetic structure (I want to estimate the motion of the object) in a uniform magnetic field, and I came to realize that I ...
79 views

Calculating Bending Force on a Fixed Metal Plate

At work we've had a steel pipe support break on us, and I can't for the life of me figure out what happened. Here's some background info: A long (125m) steel heating pipe (ø51mm) is suspended, resting ...
164 views

Optimal size and shape for a steel target?

Problem I'm building a steel target for long-range rifle shooting. For those unfamiliar, the purpose of the steel is to produce a loud "PING" when the bullet strikes the target. It's very fun. Since ...
89 views

determine if the flow is laminar or turbulent [closed]

what would be the the type of flow if the water flows through stainless steel channel? would it be a laminar flow or turbulent flow. I assume the adhesive force of water to stainless steel is minimum.
4k views

Calculating shaft diameter

I'm designing a circular shaft that's going to carry a spread radial load of about 200kg and also transmit a 160Nm torque. I'm not very familiar with materials but what I'm guessing I'll be able to ...
36 views

steel beam type and size for a clothesline

I have four posts in a square formation. Posts are also square. I want to bolt a beam between two posts on the left and a beam between two posts on the right, and than run some wire between the beams. ...
18k views

Steel selection for building a trailer

I'm thinking about building another trailer. I've built lots of smaller trailers in the past, but this time I'd like to build myself a small tandem axle gooseneck rated for 7,500 lbs. I am a ...
682 views

What is the difference between W, S, I, H sections?

W and H sections look pretty much the same. S and I sections have their flanges rounded. What difference does this rounding make, why would an S-section be used instead of W-section for example?
29 views

Galvanic compatibility with mild steel

Let me just get this out of the way: this is a total newbie question. But I appreciate any advice I can get! I'm rebuilding / retrofitting a wood-and-steel trailer, and trying to identify affordable ...
49 views

I have a small piece of stainless steel that I need to remove 1-2mm of material. The hardness is 200. What type of file do I need to get?

This is a part of a mounting system for an Olight pistol flashlight. The universal adapter that they include isn't so universal when it comes to a Canik handgun. I've talked to the people at Olight ...
175 views

Can high alloy tool steels be quenched in brine?

It is will known that most of tool steels are quenched in oil to prevent cracking and distortion which appears when quenching in water due to non-uniform cooling caused by formation of insulating ...
51 views

What is the purpose of the steel plate in this coupler?

I've found a shaft coupler that has a steel plate in between, but it's not clear what its function is: If it is to add strength to the coupler, isn't the coupler as strong as the weakest link, i.e. ...
28 views

What are good color coatings for a steel surface?

I need to decide upon a color coating for a steel surface. This will be a grill top accessory and will be in contact with flames. I would prefer a black/brown coating color. I was considering teflon ...
482 views

Can a plate under bending be designed using its plastic section modulus?

I am designing an end plate connection. My lecture notes show its bending capacity is calculated using elastic section modulus. For class 1 I-beams, we can use its plastic section modulus. I wonder ...
8k views

Benefits and disadvantages of aluminium alloys as a replacement for structural steels in ships

My Answer. Benefits: The major advantage of aluminum in ship building is its strength to density ratio. Aluminum has high tensile strength with less weight, which results in lowering the weight of ...
52 views

Soapbox - GoKart material - Bamboo or steel?

I am building a soapbox (go kart) and I am planing on what materials I could use for the frame and the chassis. I have thought about using bamboo or steel. Steel is normally the go to material when ...
18 views

Elongation values for materials

According to EN standards, elongation for each material type has been defined, and it varies with different range of thicknesses for the same material. Why is it so? How is this value calculated?
4k views

Is it possible to make AR500 steel at home by just melting its components and applying appropriate heat treatment?

Would it need hot forging or hot pressing before heat treatment to be equal in strength and toughness to commercial AR500 steel plates?
2k views

How to rate a davit beam?

What forces are relevant when it comes to a davit lifting arm with a support? I'm not sure how to take the weight of the davit into account or how to calculate the max stress/strain on the system. ...
358 views

How much weight can this aquarium stand hold?

I purchased this aquarium and stand secondhand, and a few people I’ve spoken to have been suspicious of the stand’s ability to hold the aquarium when filled with water. The tank holds roughly 55 ...
27 views

Electric Arc Furnace Steam Production

How much steam is emitted from an electric arc furnace in a unit of time? I have not been able to find any data on this which is strange considering the amount of water that is used to cool an ...
276 views

Spring degradation in hand grip trainer

Consider a spring like this (this one CoC hand gripper): They claim on their web site, that the spring will not degrade during time: Do your grippers get weaker with time? No, so don’t worry if ...
4k views

Can I weaken a coil spring consisting of spring steel?

I have a steel coil spring that is used by compression. It is too strong, and I would like to reduce its strength by some fraction, ideally keeping its length. Reducing it to roughly half would be ...
23 views

Overextending and cutting a coil spring

This is related to my recent question Can I weaken a coil spring consisting of spring steel?. The answer here could create an additional answer there, but I do not expect that. The difference to that ...
105 views

Which post would be stronger?

Just a quick question for you. Well hopefully. A contractor has installed a retaining wall with colorbond fence on top. In the contract he stipulated that he would use 65mm x 65mm x 1.6mm powder ...
62 views

Simple steel column buckling calc - where am I going wrong? (Eurocode)

I'm trying to follow an example of this, but I get a wildly different answer than expected and I can't see where I'm going wrong. The example I've got, is for a 2.8 m steel column (RHS 150 x 100 x ...
132 views

Press brake tooling for 360 tube?

I’m trying to find out if it’s possibly to form a cylinder or tube with a diameter of 1 inch using some kind of curling die for a press brake. I’ve seen dies that make small 360 degree bends like that ...
205 views

How do I calculate the compressive strength of a wall?

I literally just have a thin steel wall that stands vertically with a load on top. The thin edges of the wall are oriented vertically with the load applied on top of the top thin edge, with the large ...
698 views

What are the design difference of a steel tank that would withstand 136atm inside and 1atm ambient compared to 1atm inside and 136atm ambient?

Let'say the steel tank would be submerged deep in the ocean with 136 atm ambient pressure then the other tank with the same material would just be used to contain 136 atm pressure. How would the ...