Questions tagged [springs]

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13
votes
1answer
741 views

What are the lightest springs?

I am wondering if there is a spring strong enough and light enough to inflate an airtight membrane so that it floats at Standard Temp & Pressure. As an example, a 10cm cylinder would displace ...
9
votes
9answers
7k views

Why aren't counterweights used more for garage doors?

One of my garage door torsion springs broke again. It makes me wonder why some sort of counterweight system isn't used instead. Torsion springs seem to have a 90 day warranty generally and are "...
9
votes
4answers
1k views

How does load force impact load inertia?

I am trying to simulate a winch as a speed-regulated motor that works through a gearbox to lift a mass. The output of the gearbox is a drum, which rotates to accumulate cable. I feel comfortable ...
8
votes
8answers
5k views

Can I weaken a coil spring consisting of spring steel?

I have a steel coil spring that is used by compression. It is too strong, and I would like to reduce its strength by some fraction, ideally keeping its length. Reducing it to roughly half would be ...
7
votes
2answers
6k views

How to calculate tensile strength of braided steel wire?

I am working on project involving designing a recoil spring coil of diameter 10.2 mm and wire diameter 1.25 mm. I tried using a solid core wire but it failed due inadequate tensile strength. ...
5
votes
6answers
985 views

Mechanical mechanism that regulates gear's rotational velocity

Please do note that I am a civil engineer not a mechanical engineer. I have a gear that rotates at a speed that varies with time. Usually, it rotates at speeds higher than the desired speed. Is there ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Metal spring thermal expansion

I am attempting to figure out why a laser layout tool I have is drifting over time. It was designed with a small adjustment mechanism that relies on a spring to apply pressure to a fulcrum that ...
5
votes
2answers
5k views

How is the long-term creep of a spring determined?

Spring Design In spring design, there a a variety of parameters to consider. Some of the parameters are solely physical (wire diameter, coil diameter, length, etc.) and some are determined from the ...
4
votes
2answers
59 views

What is the purpose of dead coils in the middle of a compression spring?

What purpose do dead coils in the middle of a spring serve? For example, this spring from a ballpoint pen has two dead coils at each end and two in the center of the spring. Why add dead coils in the ...
4
votes
3answers
339 views

What is the [PVC] tube or foam in metal springs for?

There are plenty of springs out there which have either a little PVC tube or a foam inside, when I first saw the tube I thought it was probably to prevent the metal spring from bending, but that ...
4
votes
1answer
76 views

How does non-electrical ATEX apply to springs?

This question relates to the ATEX directive, which is the European regulation governing the design of products to be used in explosive atmospheres. In particular, I am asking about the part relating ...
4
votes
2answers
104 views

Dominant parameters in the dynamical response of a linear oscillator

I am working with a very simple 3-DOF damped LTI spring-mass system. As an exercise I am altering two parameters simultaneously (stiffness and damping coefficients connecting mass 1 to mass 2) to see ...
4
votes
1answer
127 views

Is an Adjustable Stiffness Flexure Spring possible?

I have recently discovered flexure springs (see image below), and I am interested in using one in an amateur project I am building. However, I would prefer if I am able to adjust the "stiffness" of ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

What kind of spring exerts a constant force but is also adjustable?

I'm trying to make a lifting mechanism that will support variable weights, similar to this product: http://www.humanscale.com/products/product.cfm?group=quickstand On the quickstand there is a screw ...
4
votes
0answers
83 views

Equation for the spring constant of an orthotropic, rectangular wire spring

I hope I can get some help with this problem as I've been struggling with it for a long time. I have a helical tension spring with radius $R$ and a square wire cross section and made of orthotropic ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

Rotary energy storage mechanism

With a normal spring, you compress it using a linear force to store energy and then it decompresses and releases the energy, again in a form of linear force. Is there a mechanical mechanism that ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Why do springs get harder to compress?

I was playing with a spring, and realized that I've never wondered why a spring gets harder and harder to compress the more you try to compress it. It seems easy at first though. What is the ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

How to push an endoscopic camera upto 20 meters in a horizontal pipe?

I have a small endoscopic camera (custom made). I wanted to push the camera inside a horizontal pipe of dimensions varying from (25 mm to 65 mm ID). But the wire attached to the camera is not stiff ...
3
votes
2answers
322 views

Spring - Piston with different extension and compression rate

I am in need of a device that extends freely without much resistance but compresses slowly. I can provide a door closer analogy.The door should open fast but close slowly.... Do you think this can be ...
3
votes
4answers
113 views

How can you make a solid box jump up with no external forces?

Let's say I have a box lying on a flat surface. Inside the box, I make a heavy mass hang from a spring attached to the top of the box. If we pull the mass all the way down and let it go, I believe it ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Quick release for spring-loaded rod

I have some doubts about a quick-release mechanism that I'm working on and I'd like to run it by you. I have hollow tube in which there's a spring-loaded rod. Part of it is made wider and there's a ...
3
votes
2answers
57 views

Reverse Suspension Spring

So, in a car either a liquid or a gas gets compressed when force is applied to the suspension, and when the force is removed the gas/liquid tries to expand again which makes an effect like a spring, ...
3
votes
3answers
89 views

Common spring materials

I am attempting to determine which material has been used in a spring. I know that the spring is ferrous. However, I would like to know whether the spring would have been heat treated.
3
votes
2answers
574 views

Specification of linear speed dampers

I'm looking at linear compression dampers and finding them most commonly specified only with a "Max Force" – e.g., 270 lbs. However, since the damping mechanism is provided by hydraulic or pneumatic ...
3
votes
1answer
884 views

How much force does a lock's pin have due to the spring?

I found this gif, and I was wondering how much force is applied on the pin due to the spring from the top? Also, is there an industry standard for the amount of force exerted?
3
votes
1answer
666 views

Torsional rigidity D vs torsional rigidity factor k vs torsion constant J

I have a physics background so apologize my ignorance. I'm confused by the constants $D$, $\kappa$, and $J$ when it comes to torsion of beams. From what I understand $\kappa$ and $J$ are the same ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Difference between a spring's k-value and rate constant?

As everyone learns in physics class, Hooke's law states that a spring's force is proportional to the distance it is stretched/compressed. The constant of proportionality is usually referred to as $k$....
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Is strain energy the same as potential energy, or something differen?

Sorry for this stupid, basic question. But I got hung up on it. We know from Clapeyron's theorem that the strain(internal) energy of an elastically deformed body is equal to half the work $$ U=\...
2
votes
4answers
482 views

What is the Technical Term for this kind of slot?

I am looking for the technical term which describes the kind of slot one finds commonly in modern phones to hold SIM cards. More specifically, what does one call a slot that one pushes the SIM card ...
2
votes
1answer
675 views

Are spring constant and rate constant the same thing?

I am shopping for a spring on McMaster and there is a quantity listed as "rate constant". Is this the same thing as spring constant? If so, what are the units of this value? (lbs/in, lbs/ft, other)?
2
votes
3answers
123 views

Spring-like device with anisotropic k value

Is there a device that acts like a spring (i.e. $F=kx$) but the spring constant, $k$, has different values in compression and tension? For example, if $k_c > k_t$ (where c and t refer to ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Would a double helix spring be more or less effective than two springs?

Say I have a spring in the shape of the backbone of DNA. If I unwind the two parts which would have more potential energy when pushed all the way down, the double helical or both of the individual ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

Spring Industry Naming Convention

I am currently prototyping a part for a personal project. My CAD design was contracted out and there are some off the shelf parts that I need to order per the design (springs, screws, etc.). My ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

Repairing blind in bathroom: How do spiral springs with 3 revolving drums work?

I am trying to repair a plissee blind, that does only fold up until half, then stops, no matter how high you push it. It has a metal-thing holding three metal spirals that can be connected to the ...
2
votes
0answers
224 views

Advice on spring launcher project

I found an ingenious design of a spring ball launcher on grabcad and I'm interested in adapting it to accelerate a $43.7 \mathrm{~mm}$ diameter, $45 \mathrm{~g}$ golf ball enough to reach $65.5 \...
2
votes
0answers
140 views

Modifying coil spring to alter rate progressively

I want to modify the coil springs in my car to lower it 1" without raising the spring rate, so simply trimming the overall length is not an option. My idea is to remove material from along the top ...
2
votes
0answers
326 views

Designing a clamping mechanism for linear sliding stick

the problem I'm prototyping for a musical instrument based on sliding sticks (see https://vimeo.com/170450482) but I'm struggling to make a robust, yet smooth clamping mechanism for the sticks. The ...
2
votes
0answers
95 views

What type of spring is used in this antique receipt holder?

Pictured is an antique McCaskey Register Co Receipt Holder. I have tried to find a modern equivalent, but I have not had much luck. I am considering building my own, is the spring used a readily ...
1
vote
2answers
347 views

Questions about newton metre units

I have a few values in Newton metres and I need to make sure each value is an SI unit for calculations. However when I try to search for the units I am given, I can only find similar, but not quite ...
1
vote
3answers
108 views

Axially loaded member with a spring / Mechanic of Materials

i've been struggling with this problem i made up. It is about a cylindrical copper member (diameter $d=20$ mm and length $L=250$ mm) with a spring (stiffness $k=166,5$ kN/mm) fixed on a wall, as the ...
1
vote
1answer
689 views

How to mechanically attach a compression spring to a flat surface

I am working on a new project right now and I was wondering if anyone had any ideas on how to keep a spring fixed and connected to this flat plastic piece [image shown below]. Our goal is to keep the ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

Are recoil operated crossbows/ballistae feasible?

This question is specifically about stationary or vehicle mounted crossbows, not man-portable ones The projectile size would measure about 1.8 - 2 meters in length, so the crossbow would have ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Help with linear rod drill press like design/materials

I am putting together a basic machine for “pad printing” extremely small and precise parts. The design is very much the same as most homemade drill presses and consists of linear rods, flanged ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Overextending and cutting a coil spring

This is related to my recent question Can I weaken a coil spring consisting of spring steel?. The answer here could create an additional answer there, but I do not expect that. The difference to that ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

How are tight coiled springs made

Some tight-coiled springs are made so that they are already under tension - how are they manufactured?
1
vote
1answer
760 views

How linear motion is getting converted into rotational motion in this early toy?

Can someone explain about the mechanism in this folk toy: See Video here: A "penny toy" of around 1900. It has a spring and it converts linear motion in to rotational motion ( that drives the ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Calculating pretension of a spring with an initial tension

Simple one. Some extension springs are wound with an initial tension which acts to pull the coils together, even when not under external loading. When calculating the preload in the spring, should ...
1
vote
3answers
293 views

Why are automotive brakes set inside the wheels, and not on the axles?

In most (maybe all?) automobiles, the drum or disc brakes are positioned at the end of the axles, inside the wheel. This increases unsprung mass, which reduces handling performance. Would it not be ...
1
vote
3answers
135 views

Material for suspension that stiffens in higher speeds?

I was hoping there exists a material like hard rubber used in bushings, but has the property to stiffen when exposed to vibration with high frequency. So, my application is something like a small ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

How to build an Adjustable Tension Spring?

Is there such a thing as an off-the-shelf adjustable tension spring? I've searched extensively without success. The problem I'm trying to solve is as follows: I have a tension spring hanging from a ...