Questions tagged [solar-energy]

Use for questions about non-photovoltaic solar energy applications, such as passive solar heating or concentrated solar thermal power. For PV applications, use the photovoltaics tag instead.

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1answer
27 views

Best metal for solar energy collection in an evacuated tube solar water heater

I am building an evacuated tube array for a solar water heater and I am selecting the materials to use for the tubing and the collectors (the places connected to the tubing that help absorb the solar ...
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1answer
312 views

How large would a solar panel array need to be in order to supply all the world's energy?

This story from 2016 claims that all the world's energy needs could be supplied by covering 1% of the Sahara in solar PV panels. Was (is?) this true, and if not, how would you go about approximating ...
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2answers
60 views

Why are there no propane refrigerator air-conditioning units that run on solar heat?

I was thinking about how hot it was outside, when a thought came to me. There are propane refrigerators, so why not replace the propane as the heat source with solar heat and then change it from a ...
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0answers
29 views

Problem with relationship between shunt resistance and grain boundaries in a solar cell [closed]

Here is the correct answer from another stack website. The higher shunt resistance means that higher the polycrystalline lattice irregularity and many grain boundaries. This means higher current ...
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1answer
111 views

Why do monocrystalline solar cells have rounded/cropped edges?

What is the meaning of this croped part? Why do they crop it, rather than let it be full square?
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0answers
49 views

Why do solar cells need to be square-shaped?

There were circular solar cells 30 years ago. Why do we have square-shaped solar cells now? Why square? Furthermore, Why do monocrystalline solar cells have rounded/cropped edges?
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25 views

Find the irrigation pumping rate (mass flow rate of a pump) versus time

Here is what we are given. Time ranges from 0 to 10 hours, with t=5 being solar noon. $\dot Q = 90Asin(\pi t/10)$ Watts, where A is the solar collector area in square meters and t is the time after ...
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20 views

Alternative materials for reflectors in solar concentrating systems

Other than the usual silvered mirrors, that are expensive to form into parabolas, what can be used as an effective reflector in parabolic troughs/dishes. I saw a few people tried using Mylar and Al-...
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1answer
39 views

Mirror specification used in Solar Fresnel Collector systems

Im designing a Linear Fresnel collector system, and wanted to know what type of mirrors would be suitable for use as the reflectors. Thickness, type, coating etc. I couldnt find a manufacturer of ''...
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1answer
45 views

Use of Cast Acrylic sheets as glazing in a Flat Plate Collector for domestic water heating

I am designing a FPC for heating water. I was wondering about the feasibility of replacing the usual Low-iron tempered glass with Cast Acrylic sheets [owing to non-availability of the former where Im ...
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2answers
34 views

Are cameras' CCDs just elaborate tiny solar cells?

While watching How It's Made episode on CCDs, this just springed to my mind... I always though of CCDs as of some kind of alien technology. Only now I realized that it's just an array of silica ...
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1answer
32 views

explaining ohmic loss and understanding inverter efficiency curve

I'm trying to understand an efficiency curve from PVsyst, using this documentation However, I'm not sure what this sentence means: This production is penalized by an ohmic loss$^1$ of the internal ...
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1answer
32 views

Explanation for photovoltaic circuit

My background is in Environmental Science, although I have recently been taught in the basics for energy engineering especially for solar panels. I'm currently using PVsyst to build solar panels on a ...
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29 views

How does this one-contact solar cell work?

I am unable to grasp how this only-rear-contact solar cell works. From what I understand the solar cell produces electricity by making the top and bottom side of solar cell complementing each other (...
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2answers
49 views

Which kind of thermal oil is used in solar thermal power plants and how are they produced?

I'm currently researching some mechanisms for a simulation game, which also covers several electrical power plant options. As part of this, I'm currently looking at a solar thermal power plant, which ...
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2answers
89 views

Correct wind Weibull distribution for wind+solar system

I'm trying to forecast the peak power output for a wind + solar system. The solar output as a function of time of day and month can be forecasted easily. I also have the historical wind speed for a ...
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0answers
44 views

Internal Tent Temperature

Here is the problem I am working on: "Consider a perfectly sealed polygonal tent with the sun directly overhead. The solar irradiance of a surface 90° to the sun’s rays is 1,000 W/m2. However, ...
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1answer
136 views

Capacity credit vs capacity factor

What is the difference between capacity factor and capacity credit? I know that capacity factor = annual generation / (installed capacity * 8760) but I don't understand how capacity credit is ...
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0answers
20 views

For a given surface area of sunshine are the latest solar panels more or less efficient than a Stirling engine?

I was wondering if the efficiency of current solar panels are better or worse than the current state of the art Stirling engines. I understand the former isn't a static variable and solar panels are ...
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0answers
19 views

Adding a black plastic layer to increase retained heat in compost

I have some invasive climbing weeds to break down into compost. I don't want to discard the biomass, but I do want to thoroughly kill all the weeds and ideally the seeds over a period of months. The ...
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1answer
48 views

Can we use an open expansion tank in solar water heating system?

We all know that in an indirect (closed loop) hydronic system, an expansion tank is needed ,to deal with thermal expansion of the circulating water, that can be either open expansion or closed ...
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1answer
176 views

How do you calculate heat transfer due to solar radiation for a multi-layer wall given the incident solar radiation and wall specs?

Trying to come up with a MATLAB code for calculation of heat transfer due to incident radiation on a building's walls, would the solution involve using the conduction equation only? What would be the ...
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1answer
18 views

Would using activated carbon in a solar air collector help due to increased surface area?

Basically put a light coat of activated carbon on the collector, because surface area is so great, but I cant find info on its ability to collect solar energy, esp. compared to other materials. Im ...
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1answer
24 views

Joining the negative PV wires of 3 solar arrays for 3 MPPT controllers in an inverter?

My Inverter has 3 MPPT inputs. For some design simplifications (Involving ATS), i would like the three arrays to have separate PV+ but join the PV- wires together at a bus-bar and take the Inverter ...
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1answer
306 views

How do multiple enphase microinverters stay synced to the grid?

In a prior question it was established that any string or microinverter that is grid tied must put out sinusodial power. But there is also the task of being in sync with the grid. It seems from ...
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0answers
29 views

Solar power, Battery power to mains voltage

My question is what is the most efficient way to convert 48V D.C. to 220V A.C. Not the easiest or most cost efficient but the most efficient electrically? Also if anyone has any cheats on the best ...
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0answers
74 views

Is it economical to use solar energy to manufacture solar panels?

Estimates of area needed to be covered by solar panels to power all of the US using only solar are about equal to a 100 mile by 100 mile tract of land. But solar panels have a lifespan of only a few ...
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1answer
54 views

What's the name of this parameter?

$ P_m=P_n*{G\frac1{G_{STC}}}*[1-\gamma*(T_c-25)]$ This equation is applied on sollar cells. $ P_m$ is the mean power produced in 15 minutes, $P_n$ is the nominal power [W], G is the insolation [W/m2]...
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153 views

Can a Tesla Powerwall 2 be rate limited?

Can a telsa powerwall 2 be rate limited (discharge/charge)? I have access to realtime electricity rates (30 min update interval) and also access to 12 hour predicted look ahead. So I wish to limit ...
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1answer
30 views

Sonomotors, Sion: Can this electric car really charge up to 30km only from its solar cells?

Maybe you have heard about Sonomotors and its futuristic electric car, the Sion. If not, here is the link to its website: https://sonomotors.com/ Anyway, the manufacturer claims that this car can ...
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1answer
112 views

What is the solar window (solar altitude angle range) of Bangalore? [closed]

What is the solar altitude at Bangalore at solar noon during summer solstice, March equinox, Winter solstice and September equinox? In other words, What is the solar window (solar altitude angle range)...
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1answer
75 views

How are solar panels at equator placed?

Are solar panels placed horizontally at the equators since the solar altitude (solar window) changes direction from north to south?
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1answer
40 views

What is the purpose of the isolated subpanel terminal of a solar inverter?

In a grid-connected (utility-interactive) battery-based PV system, what is the purpose of the 'Isolated Subpanel' terminal of the inverter? EDIT: Found this descriptive image and hence answered the ...
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0answers
31 views

Hybrid Energy Monitoring Systems

I have been doing research on renewable energy systems and I must admit that I am a newbie in this specific area. I have noticed that stand-alone systems have their own specific monitoring system ...
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1answer
38 views

Electronics confusion

I want to build my own off-grid system but confused with what sizes (V, I) to get. I want to run a 24v system powering 4.4kWh/day. I have 4 hours of usable sunlight a day and space for panels and ...
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1answer
43 views

Solar Thermal heat gain formula converted to CO2e and trees saved

We have invented a solar thermal heating system with interseasonal storage, recently patented. I want to display the trees saved and carbon offset on the control display based on temperatures coming ...
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5answers
416 views

Is it practical to make a solar furnace for small scale metal production?

Solar furnaces using mirrors to concentrate sunlight on a small area do not produce much power - perhaps 1kW per square metre of mirror - but can reach very high temperatures. From the earliest ...
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2answers
33 views

Did a RTC solar tracker need any photosensor?

I planned to do a solar tracker for my project and I am going to make a RTC solar tracker(actually still considering). So, do I still need photosensor like LDR for tracking the sun?
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2answers
225 views

Solving heat loss equation associated with solar trough concentrators

My project is about finding the efficiency of solar trough (cylindrical parabola) concentrator that will boil water in a pipe located at the focus (check picture please). In the process of doing so (...
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1answer
66 views

Is it better to heat a heat pump evaporator or the load directly?

I have a heat pump which moves heat from outside to inside. I also have a solar heating array that collects radiant heat from the sun. Given that my goal is to heat the inside (with minimal energy ...
3
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1answer
684 views

CUF v/s PLF of power plants

What is the difference between capacity use factor (CUF) of solar power plant and plant load factor (PLF) of coal based power plant? Can we compare both since they seem analogous?
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0answers
45 views

Charging a Li-po battery (battery output current)

I would like to design a buck converter to use a PV panel to charge a 11.1V 3000mAh 3S 30C Lipo battery. I want to choose the minimum inductance for a CCM ($L=\dfrac{V_{out}T_s}{2I_{out}}$), what is ...
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2answers
208 views

Why not skip inverters and use solar power directly as dc?

To maximize efficiency and reduce cost I am contemplating using the power from solar cells directly as dc without conversion to ac. I plan to wire and connect the solar panels in series and parallel ...
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1answer
270 views

Design of Compound Elliptical Concentrator and Compound Parabolic Concentrator

What is the process in design a Compound Elliptical Concentrator and Compound Parabolic Concentrator if I wanted to achieve 100% optimal concentration ? Let's assume random numbers of: A light source ...
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2answers
784 views

Can solar panels absorb heat for energy?

Solar panels can absorb sunlight and use it for energy, but can they absorb the heat that is generated from their use and use the heat for energy?
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2answers
64 views

What material (preferably relatively inexpensive), can I use for absorber in a fresnel solar concentrator

I am thinking of building a prototype for a solar generator using a fresnel lens to concentrate sun rays to a relatively small area, for the purpose of harnessing the thermal energy. The problem ...
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2answers
100 views

How to extract solar energy from a wall?

I have a vertical wall which faces the sun (North in my case as I am in New Zealand) and it gets hot in Summer.I should like to take some of that heat and transfer it into a nearby swimming pool as it ...
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1answer
89 views

Thermodynamics of an Arctic Greenhouse

QUESTION For a business project, I'm looking into the viability of a greenhouse situated in Canada's far northern town of Iqaluit. The problem is how to mathematically simulate the internal air ...
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1answer
42 views

What tools to use for a solar powered backup? [closed]

Recently, we experienced complete outages for around 8 hours, due to construction on a nearby road. We have decided to install a backup battery and solar array to prevent this from happening in the ...
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1answer
44 views

What happens if current provided to mono phase motor is less than rated power

I have a 0.5 kW single-phase AC motor. What happens if the supply is 220 V but can't supply the full current needed? Will the motor torque be lower? Or will it be slower? Will it be any ...