# Questions tagged [signal-processing]

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### Why do color TVs make black and white snow?

If you let a color TV display something from an unplugged display port, it displays snow, right? Randomly varying black or white pixels on the whole screen. My guess was that the television was ...
• 943
578 views

### Does a Faraday cage effectively act as a notch filter?

In reading about Faraday cages, I have found that most "real world" designs incorporate multiple layers of mesh. For example, this article from the National High Magnetic Field Lab discusses several ...
643 views

### Response of a system to a step function (Heaviside function)

I'd like to compute the response to a step function of a electrical/thermal system. Generally I can "easily" compute the transfer function $H$: $$H(\omega) = \frac{V_{out}(\omega)}{V_{in}(\omega)}$$ ...
• 373
177 views

### How can I filter out a signal while extracting only the desired one?

I know that my input signal contains a main sinusoidal signal, and I know its frequency but not its amplitude. Until now, I have been successfully using the least-squares method to generate a ...
• 161
137 views

### How were the tones for DTMF chosen?

In my limited engineering knowledge, and limited research skills, I couldn't find a complete answer for the reasoning behind the chosen tones for DTMF. I did find a hint that said something about ...
129 views

### Finding the sampling period to avoid loss of signal

We have: $$s(t) = 4u(t)−u(t−1)−2u(t−2)−2u(t−3.5)+2u(t−4)$$ where $u$ is the Heaviside function. I had to draw the graph and find the minimum sampling period so we wont have loss of signal. I have ...
263 views

### Arduino DAC to Speaker

I'm working with an Arduino Due's two DAC pins. I want to output to a single 4W 5.7Ohm speaker to test my code, with the intent of eventually outputting to a set of speakers (woofer, mid-range, and ...
25 views

• 33
1 vote
27 views

### How do I calculate the delay of two signals from different sensors?

Suppose: I have two sensors attached to a vehicle I have recorded the output of these two sensors (for example GPS) during a test ride each sensor has a different frequency one sensor is way more ...
1 vote
161 views

### What are the conditions for a signal to be an energy signal and a power signal?

I know how to find the power and the energy of a signal. What I have a problem with is knowing whether a signal is an energy signal or a power signal. According to my teacher, a signal is a power ...
1 vote
80 views

### Filtering Long-duration Signal

I have a long-duration EMG signal (~4 hours long) with a sampling frequency of 1 kHz. If I want to filter the data with a low-pass filter in 10 Hz in MATLAB, should I filter the signal with ...
• 11
1 vote
29 views

### Finding force distribution using accelerometer data

The team I'm currently working for is trying to compare bushings with different durometer ratings in the front suspension using single axis(z) accelerometer data during curb impacts. The current ...
1 vote
31 views

### How to determine data size created by sensor for calculation of signal processing and transmitting over wireless communication?

I want to build some sort of SAR sensor. Since radar works high speeds and creates loads of data this should be processed faster. I am trying to find algorithms to be used for this purpose. I am at ...
• 161
1 vote
57 views

### classify ECG signal using neural network

I am looking to classify ECG signal using with neural network. I have never done signal analysis before. From the samples of data I have, I have noramlised, transformed using the FFT , get the pics, ...
• 113
1 vote
523 views

### How to use VBA on Aspen Hysys? [closed]

I am trying to write a program on Aspen Hysys. Hysys has a script manager to write scripts using Visual Basics for Applications syntax. Having no background in VBA, I'd like some help to: Import the ...
• 19
1 vote
31 views

### Why does Experimental Modal Analysis need a reference signal?

I need to conduct a vibration experiment with 3 accelerometers for a gear box. I'm reading the theory of mainly how to perform the vibration analysis but I don't understand why EMA needs a reference ...
• 399
149 views

### PED or DSP for mechatronic student [closed]

I am doing mechatronics engineering and i am to choose an elective module. We have the choice of taking up Digital Signal Processing or Power Electronics and Drive. Majority of my friends are taking ...
• 13
973 views

### Difference between Hysteresis, low pass filter and deadband in control theory?

I am trying to understand the fundamental difference between the following terms in the context of control systems: Hysteresis Low pass filter Deadband Are these just fancy names that can be ...
4k views

### How to get natural frequencies from accelerometer measurements?

I will be performing some tests and measuring the vibrations of a planetary gearbox. The accelerometer I will be using stays attached to the gearbox and saves the data into a log, which is available ...
• 399
208 views

### Is it possible to make a tunable coherent light filter with 1.8 nanometer bandwidth for visible light?

On January 1991, the esteemed Swedish professor of optics filed a patent titled "Coherence filter", that blocks coherent light regardless of laser light wavelength using destructive interference and ...
• 179
63 views

### Is it possible that room noises could end up on the recording when recording audio from an analogue source?

I have a VCR with a tape cartridge playing in it. The video output (SCART/RCA) goes from the back of the VCR into my Elgato video capturing device's RCA cables. The Elgato device is then connected via ...
47 views

### how to filter model-free observations (e.g. Kalman filter)

Before asking a question, I have no background knowledge of engineering. So I have no idea about these issues like control or signal engineering. (Also, I'm not good at using English. sorry for that.) ...
51 views

### Operating a load cell below excitation voltage

I currently have this load cell, which has a 10V excitation voltage. However, there is a very nice/convenient load cell amplifier that works with an excitation voltage of 5 VDC. What are the ...
• 323
64 views

### dB/s/Hz in spectrum efficiency

Here is link of research paper in which spectrum efficiency is given in terms of dB/s/Hz. How can we define it? https://jwcn-eurasipjournals.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s13638-016-0792-0
16 views

### Calculate Noise spectral density and rms noise from voltage signal data

I'm trying to come to grips with calculating noise figures starting from a generic electrical signal but I feel like even if the concept is theoretically in my head I'm not able to move forward. I ...
• 1
31 views

### What is the best way to enhance an existing LTE signal on a mountain hut?

I'm traveling to a mountain hut in Austria every year which is in the middle of nowhere. If you're lucky you can sometimes get one bar and a weak Long-Term Evolution (LTE) or Edge connection for a few ...
50 views

### How to get difference equation from this block diagram

I was posed a very similiar block diagram in my exam from this book (Alan V Oppenheim Ronald W Schafer - Discrete-Time Signal Processing-Pearson Education) but couldn't solve it: I want to solve for ...
53 views

### Calculating the transfer function of this block diagram

I'm not really sure what steps to take to solve the problem. I tried with G4 and G2 first but I'm not sure if that is the correct way.
• 1
7 views

### NFC chip to directly compare sent to stored value

I had an idea for an application using NFC chips / tags. The idea would require me to store a value on the chip. Later, during usage, an active device like a phone should send a value and the NFC chip ...
57 views

### how to interpret plots in ISO 10816-8?

In ISO 10816-8 for reciprocating compressors, there are some plots that show the allowable RMS vs. frequency for every part of a compressor. However, in the text of the standard, it is mentioned that ...
This is my signal; $y[n]=x[n]+0.8x[n-0.2]$ When I take Z-transform I get; $Y[z]=X[z]+0.8z^\frac{-1}{5}X[z])$ Then I found the Transfer function as; $H[z]=\frac{Y[z]}{X[z]}$ $H[z]=1+0.8z^\frac{-1}{5}$ ...