Questions tagged [sensors]

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27 views

Low accuracy current feedback measurement in motor control

Given a very low accuracy current sensor in a 3 phase inverter (in my case used for motor control) what is the best way to tackle the issue and keep reasonable performance and robustness at the same ...
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1answer
29 views

Is there an industry consensus standard for storing sensor data?

I would like to know what standard(s) may exist for formatting log data from sensors that record information such as: temperature pressure humidity vibration acceleration vector magnetic field vector ...
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44 views

What is meant by “accuracy within factor of 2” in sensors?

I've spent quite some time googling the meaning of "factor of (number)" in sensor accuracy but could not find any document explaining the meaning of this expression used to describe sensor accuracy. ...
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2answers
41 views

How do fiber optic sensors detect strains in a structure?

I am working on a project on detecting damage in structures using fiber optic sensors. I read the paper Structural Health Monitoring in Composite Structures by Fiber-Optic Sensors and found out that ...
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47 views

Making a machine to sort out old bolts, washers, nuts etc in workshop

I spend a lot of time in my workshop sorting out and putting back into their boxes bunches of screws, washers, nuts and other assorted niknaks and I want to make a machine to take this chore off my ...
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2answers
40 views

H2 Sensor in N2 environment

We develop a test station where we might have H2 leakage. To prevent explosion we are considering intertisation using N2 gas (primary explosion protection). However we also want to detect leakage ...
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1answer
36 views

Need help with reverse engineering a sensor

I have a pressure/temperature sensor for a vehicle, which I decided to tear apart to see exactly how the sensor works. This sensor as designed by the manufacturer it is meant to be immersed in oil to ...
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1answer
21 views

Design of a hydrogen and corrosion sensor query

I’m designing a hydrogen and corrosion sensor. A thin film changes resistance based on hydrogen concentration. Then the capacitance between two electrodes will change depending on substrate thickness (...
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25 views

How to design a method to estimate vx=speed in direction of swimming

We have a body that goes underwater (let's say a whale) with magnetometer and accelerometer data. I also have GPS, date, depth, pressure and temperature data. I want to know if there is any simple way ...
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38 views

What are the simplest available methods for monitoring pressure and airflow in a 22mm diameter pipe?

In the emergency case that more than one person must share a mechanical ventilator, the medical professionals lose per-patient monitoring of pressure and airflow. To that end, what are the simplest ...
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1answer
48 views

How to reduce oscillations (rapid changes of control signal) when controlling a real system, which occur due to noise in measurement from sensors?

I have a real mechanical system (ball & beam) which I want to control. The system is approximated by the second order transfer function: $$ T(s) = \frac{b_0}{s^2+a_1s+a_2} $$ and in state-space ...
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5answers
101 views

What sensors/methods can be used from the roadside to determine if a truck is loaded or empty - without weighing it?

What sensor, using what physical principle, can penetrate a closed rectangular object like the trailer of a truck and tell if the space is empty or loaded? Why is this question relevant? One of the ...
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34 views

What is the gel used for covering the strain gauge in the load cell?

We have one imported strain gauge load cell, which shown open circuit in the input impedance. I removed the protective gel and corrected the wiring. Now the load cell is working. But I want to cover ...
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22 views

Moisture sensor for Mixers

I'm looking for alternatives to measure the moisture content in a concrete mixer machine. The ones on the market are expensive, like Hidro-Mix for apparent reasons; mixers are a hostile environment ...
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1answer
50 views

Kalman filter for sensor fusion — what is the advantage?

Is there any meaning of using Kalman Filter for cases when you do not have good statistical model of the system? For example, if you have a drone and it has IMU sensor and GPS sensor. You do not have ...
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0answers
17 views

Accurate distance sensor via soft materials

I'm trying to find a sensor that can measure distance between sensor and some sort of detectable material (metal or small wireless chip) size of no more than a penny. It should be able to measure ...
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18 views

What object characteristics may cause significant distance measurement deviations in Sharp optical sensors?

Not sure if this is the right place to ask this question, but anyways. I'm not very fond of circuits and stuff, but I've got a test question I really need to answer. The question is in the title, ...
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14 views

How to measure rack-like construction structural integrity?

I need to measure structural integrity of quite big rack-like constructions (size of tens of meters, indoor conditions). The construction is already built and the additive sensor and processing system ...
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11 views

Will expanding metal disrupt my motion sensor?

I am trying to install a door motion sensor in a environment that will get very hot for our work. So the door could heat up to temperature of 150-200°F. We built the frames and door to handle the ...
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1answer
50 views

Can a sensor tell the difference between gravity vs. acceleration?

Are the effects of gravity and acceleration identical to the point that no sensor can tell the difference?
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0answers
56 views

How to compare two acceleration sensors side-by-side?

I have a single axis analog capacitive acceleration sensor (from PCB Piezotronics) which is very reliable but expensive. Now I need more axis, unfortunately can not afford buying anymore. So I have ...
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29 views

How to connect RFD77402 (sparkfun) proximity sensor to Arduino?

I am currently working with distance sensor (sparkfun) RFD77402, does anyone have experience with this sensor, or know how to connect this sensor with arduino? I'm confused about the wiring honestly ...
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28 views

Can GPS measure speed components?

I know that the RMC sentence contains the 'Speed over the ground in knots'. I'm not sure if this speed data includes the vertical component of the speed, but probably not (this is also a part of my ...
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1answer
32 views

Typical IMU accelerations and angular velocities for lower limbs

Is there a dataset out there right now that shows the typical acceleration and angular velocity values for sensors attached to the thigh, shank, and feet for standard walking? Or literature/textbook ...
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0answers
23 views

How to choose order and cut-off frequency for low-pass Butterworth filter?

When using IMU data (accelerations and angular velocities), many papers use a 4th order low-pass butterworth filter with a cutoff frequency of 5 Hz. However, none of them really justify why those ...
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1answer
65 views

Why are FBG sensors recalibrated every 10 years?

So, I am working with FBG sensors and I have read that those sensors need to be re-calibrated every 10 years to get accurate measurements. But no where on the internet (AFAIK) is it explained why ...
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23 views

How do cordless lawn mowers determine lawn density?

Some cordless lawn mowers have a feature that causes the motor to cut off when the mower is rolled over a driveway or over a section of lawn where the grass is very sparse. How does the mower sense ...
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2answers
3k views

What is the difference between washer and O-ring? what is their advantages over the other?

I am designing a hydrophone, from the piezo buzzer. To hold the circular piezo plate, I have designed a mechanical fixture. I need to use washer/o-ring to make it leak-proof. I am confused about which ...
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19 views

How can I confirm nL Volume Measurement for Pump and Sensor Calibration

I'm dispensing around 1uL of volume with 1% accuracy. Although I'm confident in my pump, I'd like to be able to routinely confirm that I'm getting the exact volume I'm requesting every time. How can ...
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0answers
16 views

motion gesture and axis definition

I read something about defining hand gesture, which include mid-air hand gesture (e.g a peace sign with the two fingers moving one after another), touch-based gesture (e.g. on touch screen), and ...
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1answer
38 views

What's the most practical way to measure angular velocity for small rotations?

I'm looking to measure the angular velocity of an arm as it moves. It seems to be a difficult thing to research, since the term 'angular velocity/frequency' is usually reserved for other areas of ...
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38 views

How much does loading a load cell in other directions than the direction it was designed for effect the readings?

I am looking into using this TAL230B miniature type load cell to measure forces in x and y direction. The normal sensor loading is displayed in image 1. What is the effect of loading them as in image ...
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1answer
47 views

How to create a Liquid tight cable seal in a fuel storage tank

I am working on a telemetry system where a liquid level sensor (Hydrostatic pressure sensor) is used to monitor the volume of fuel (gasoline / diesel) in an underground storage tank. The sensor has ...
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2answers
69 views

What is the name and purpose of this Instrumentation / Mechanical fitting

The component I am interested in is the blue "head" in the attached image. I call it the sensor head but will like to know if it has a specific industry name
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2answers
91 views

Activating lights using a motion sensor?

I was wondering how I would configure some sort of setup to get lights like this turn on a timer once activated by a motion sensor. I want them to turn on for about 15 seconds and then turn off once ...
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1answer
32 views

Weight Sensor module needed

I'm looking for a low-power weight sensor which can withstand impacts of up to 1000 pounds. Is there a go-to supplier or brand for this sort of product? I want it to give its output digitally; my end ...
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1answer
78 views

Is there a difference between piezo ceramic disc transducer and a piezo ceramic bender

I really do apologise if this is a stupid question but I for the life of me can't find an answer. I need to do a project where I measure the liquid of water in a tank using ultrasound and am planning ...
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1answer
29 views

Breath Sensor: A low range pressure sensor that won't be affected by humidity

I am designing a device that will measure the force of a breath through a tube. A small differential pressure sensor like this https://www.digikey.ca/product-detail/en/MPX10DP/MPX10DP-ND/464046 would ...
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0answers
19 views

Referencing for Air Quality Monitoring

I asked the same question in electronics sub, but since it is more general I am asking it here again. I bought the Sharp dust sensor GP2Y1010AU0F. Below are the graph of readings indoor for ~5 minutes,...
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475 views

Conversion from LSB to mg not making sense for accelerometer

I have a BMI088 and am trying to get an accelerometer reading. The data sheet and specs for Bosch Sensortec are here: The sensitivity per range is this (its a 16 bit signed integer): ± 3 g: 10920 ...
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2answers
79 views

Compensating for a magnet in a device with a magnetometer

I'm working on a device that relies on data from a magnetometer. Unfortunately, the device also needs to have a fairly powerful magnet on it. Given that the design is fairly flexible, and within ...
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1answer
20 views

Contact Motion Analysis (CMA) [closed]

In this solution Helicoptor Fire Control System CMA is used. For motion analysis we use computer vision and image processing. But what is special about CMA.
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2answers
42 views

Temperature sensor for PI3 thermostat

I’ve been looking for a temperature sensor for my PI3 home thermostat. I’m to the point where my app is stable and running for over 20 days with the only issues relating to the temperature sensors. I ...
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0answers
332 views

Build and visualize Pitch, Roll and Yaw from 9dof data offline

I am trying to build pitch, roll and yaw from sensor readings of a 9 degree of freedom sensing device. The data look like that (in a .csv file): ...
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2answers
61 views

High impact force sensor?

I have a small table-like platform with two legs. Underneath each, I need to measure the amount of force. I want to use the difference between the two force measurements to estimate the platform's ...
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3answers
285 views

What is a Butterworth filter?

What is a Butterworth filter? I have raw X, Y, Z acceleration sensor data that I need to smooth them from noise. I have read that a Butterworth filter is one of the most appropriate for the specific ...
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1answer
280 views

Strain gauge placement to measure a twisting beam

Where is it best to place a strain gauge to measure the twist of a beam? And what type of gauge is best? In my application, I have a small metal part which experiences a twisting and bending force. ...
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1answer
91 views

Which type of sensors to analyze polluting gas from vehicle emissions

I am thinking to develop a remote-sensing applications for vehicle pollutions. In such cases generally expensive optical IR and UV devices are used because more precise. These devices are generally ...
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0answers
39 views

Oxygen sensors in trace gas environments

Do Oxygen lambda sensors (used in automotive applications) work in trace gas environments? My requirements for a trace Oxygen gas sensor: The sensor must be capable of working in an inert gas ...
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1answer
433 views

MQ3 Alcohol sensor

I have done my project on alcohol detection for drivers, but I don't know the minimum and maximum distances between the alcohol sensor and the driver. What are the maximum and minimum distances?