Questions tagged [process-engineering]

Process engineering focuses on the design, operation, control, and optimization of chemical, physical, and biological processes.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
-1
votes
2answers
22 views

Safety stock - how to determine how many multiples of the standard error measurement one should use?

I am trying to work out the best formula to use for calculating the safety stock to be used in Heijunka/production levelling. According to this article, the best approach is to use the root mean ...
-1
votes
1answer
42 views

Crossflow HX tube and fin, derive Tout hot side as a function of mdot hot side in

Apparatus: Crossflow Tube and fin HX. (liquid-to-air Intercooler), Hot Side: Tube side, gas flowing internally Cold Side: fin side, water flowing in crossflow Goal: Generate an environment in "...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Reading a value off a screen with a camera

I'm looking to log some information on a piece of equipment I have running at home. It displays the information I want - operating rpm and some other settings - on seven-segment displays. In an ideal ...
2
votes
0answers
13 views

What's the best type of steam Trap for Superheated Steam?

Process Engineering Newbie here. What kind of Steam Traps are best suited for condensate removal in super-heated steam line or manifold? The super-heated steam is to be supplied to a process reactor ...
-2
votes
1answer
42 views

Thrust by turbo fan jet engine

How much thrust can I produce with a turbofan jet engine without injection of fuel and with just compression of air, which will be heated by convection if initial temperature of air of 20 oC and its ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

Custom Models in Process Engineering

I'm using Aspen Custom Modeler to create a model to be used in Aspen Plus and Aspen Plus Dynamics, and I'm having trouble figuring out how to code the mass balance, energy balance, etc. I'm ...
1
vote
2answers
41 views

How to add a controlled amount of a nutrient solution to a water line

I have an existing water supply system for the cattle on my farm whereby 6 troughs located in different fields are all fed from a common header line. The pressure in that line ranges from 3-5 bar (It’...
1
vote
2answers
42 views

Choosing Pressure Vessel head

Can I use a conical head at the bottom for a small diameter steam manifold ( Schedule 40- 3 inch dia. and 2 inch dia. ) that needs to operate at high temperature (~450 deg Celcius) and High design ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Why is it better to filter off several smaller batches than one large batch in a batch filteration

Why is it better to filter off smaller batches than one large batch for wet cake filtration in a peeler centrifuge?
6
votes
2answers
3k views

Block diagram vs flow chart?

I was studying a book of control system where i read that a block diagram is a specialized high level type of flow chart So what will be the difference between a normal flow chart and a block diagram?...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Solving a linear mass balance equation in the form of Ax = 0 with variables in vector x

I have been tasked with solving a series of linear equations in the form of Ax = b, where b is the zero vector. Specifically, I have a matrix E which is 4x7 and a column vector r which is 7x1, as ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

How exactly do noise canceling headphones work?

I purchased a pair of noise canceling headphones today and I was just wondering how exactly they are able to cancel out background noise?
0
votes
1answer
176 views

Custom User Models in Aspen Plus

I'm trying to simulate a purifier in Aspen Plus in a cryogenic system. This purifier is just meant to change the pressure of the outlet stream based on the inlet flow and pressure (we are using the ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

Modelling reactor jacket with or without insulation, how to proceed?

I am currently trying to derive a model to help estimate as precisely as possible how much time can be saved by insulating the jacket of a reactor used for eating and cooling. EDIT: I edited my post ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

When teaching separation processes, which one should be introduced first? Distillation or absorption?

I am preparing a basic course on Separation Processes (5th semester, BSc Chemical Engineering). I can see that many well-known textbooks (e.g. Seader & Henley, Wankat) start by teaching in detail ...
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Entrainers to distill MTBE from Methanol? - Chemical Engineering Question

What have you found to be some effective entrainers to distill MTBE from Methanol, given the azeotropic conditions at 67%. I have tried to simulate 1-butanol, as well as ethanol, and numerous other ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

How to create a Liquid tight cable seal in a fuel storage tank

I am working on a telemetry system where a liquid level sensor (Hydrostatic pressure sensor) is used to monitor the volume of fuel (gasoline / diesel) in an underground storage tank. The sensor has ...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

Designing a Chilled Process Water System for Small Plant

I am designing a new, closed loop,chilled water system for our small injection molding outfit and can use some help where to begin. Here are some of my knowns: Northeast NJ, USA, no air conditioning. ...
4
votes
1answer
107 views

Modelling gas desorption from a still solution (e.g. a beer)

The common way to model or estimate gas (e.g. CO2) desorption rate from a liquid solution is by using an equation similar to this one $J_{CO_2} = -k_L a(H·C^G_{CO_2} - C^L_{CO_2})$ where $J_{CO_2}$ ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

If I replace a flow orifice with a Coriolis flow meter of the same size do I need to worry about pressure drop with the new Coriolis meter?

I have a 3 inch line with a 1.5 inch flow orifice. If I take out the flow orifice and put in a 1.5 inch coriolis meter will the pressure drop be the same or better with the new coriolis meter than ...
1
vote
2answers
648 views

Can Fortran 90 be used with Aspen Plus, or only Fortran 77?

I am attempting to write a user model in Fortran that can be connected to the Aspen Plus process simulator. Can Fortran 90 be used, or does Aspen only work with the older Fortran 77? I have checked ...
0
votes
3answers
109 views

How to find the balance position of valve downstream a tank?

We have a tank which has a constant inflow of water (Qi). The level (h) of water in tank is controlled by opening/ closing (l) a valve downstream of the tank. Overflow height of the tank is 4 meter. I ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

How to identify the time delay of manipulated variables which are important to the final quality of polymer product

In a polymer production process, there are a lot of manipulated variables(MV) such as temperature ,pressure , or level of reactor that affect the quality of my polymer product. However, it usually ...
6
votes
2answers
85 views

Does every engineering design needs to have a complete theoretical backing or may experimental data suffice?

This may sound rather vague on its own so I will explain with examples. The solid booster rockets used by NASA space shuttle used a central bore design because it had a certain characteristic on ...
4
votes
1answer
55 views

Real world applications where one would use a force function in PLC programming?

I'm curious about which scenarios one would use a force function when using a PLC programming interface. Examples pertaining to process engineering, manufacturing, or industrial settings would be ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Industrial machinery and equipment [closed]

I am a mechanical engineer who is interested in learning different processes and equipment mainly used in process industry namely, textile, chemical, sugar mill, and other food process industry. Is ...
1
vote
2answers
53 views

Is there any method to recycle air-pollution into fertilizer?

Vehicles and Factories produce air-pollution like Nitrogen Dioxide(NO2) and Sulfur Dioxide(SO2). Plants use Fertilizer with those same compounds (NO2 & SO2) So, by what method can air-pollution ...
1
vote
0answers
408 views

How to use VBA on Aspen Hysys? [closed]

I am trying to write a program on Aspen Hysys. Hysys has a script manager to write scripts using Visual Basics for Applications syntax. Having no background in VBA, I'd like some help to: Import the ...
-1
votes
1answer
216 views

How does an industrial engineer develop a process? [closed]

I would like to know what industrial engineers use for planning and developing a process: What is the most widely business analysis modeling language used (Think ...
0
votes
2answers
169 views

Valve first,then heat exchanger OR heat exchanger first then valve

In my exam, I was given 2 options to design a process. Assuming a saturated liquid coming out from the separator, A) should the stream pass through a valve to reduce pressure, then to heat exchanger ...
0
votes
1answer
85 views

How do you get a closed vessel to >90,000 psi internal pressure

Im trying to build a cold isostatic press with a internal vessel area of 300mm3. A cold isostatic press forms green metal components using pressures greater than 90,000 psi. Using an oil or water/...
0
votes
1answer
109 views

Boiling Point, Pressure and Distillation

I have a line in my text that states the following: "For systems with low boiling points (e.g. Ethane-Ethylene, propane-propylene etc.), high pressures are used so the vapour leaving the column at ...
3
votes
1answer
202 views

Chemical Engineering Process Analysis - Process Flow Calculations using linear matrices

I am doing a process flow question and trying to calculate the grams of $\text{C}_{10}\text{H}_{14}$, $\text{C}_4\text{H}_6\text{O}_3$, and $\text{C}_{12}\text{H}_{16}\text{O}$ produced during a ...
5
votes
2answers
286 views

What is the correct pipe size for a 2inch pipe?

I'm was looking into the ASME B16.5Pipe flanges and pipe fittings and it has 2 dimension tables metric and inches. What I found was rather strange for me. I was ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

How do you calculate the required power of a disk turbine (Rushton turbine) to rotate a fluid at a given speed?

I am designing a potato peeler which is practically a bucket that has a rotating disk (figure below) at the bottom driven by a motor. Water and potatoes are put inside the bucket and the disk rotates ...
4
votes
2answers
447 views

Can I control latent/sensible heat changes in a counter-flow, induced draft cooling tower using climate?

Some extensive background information to start I'm attempting to reduce water consumption at 25+ production facilities, and I've identified that the largest consumption of water (60+%) comes from ...
7
votes
2answers
164 views

How to optimise feed-forward control of a process based on a prediction using the prediction confidence?

I'm looking for a control method for a production process with the following characteristics: 1 control variable many process parameters (+-50) 1 resulting variable continuous measurement of ...
0
votes
1answer
582 views

What is the gain and time constant of a system with a constant output?

For example, if your transfer function is defined as : $$\frac{H(s)}{Q(s)} = \frac{1}{5s}$$ What would the gain and time constant be in this case (since it's usually in the form of $\dfrac{k}{Ts+1}$ ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Why have cascading vessels in the 'B' part of the 'AB' wastewater treatment process?

The AB process is wastewater treatment process that works like this: 'A Stage': Wastewater is (after mechanical treatment) subjected to a high load activated sludge process where also a lot of ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

Derivation of Overall Mass Transfer Coefficient

The flux in the gas can be written as: $$N_{1}=k_{p}(p_{1}-p_{1i})$$ And the flux in the liquid can be written as: $$N_{1}=k_{x}(x_{1i}-x_{1})$$ And we know that $$x^*_{1}=\frac{p_{1}}{H}$$ How ...
1
vote
2answers
141 views

Second Order Transfer Function Question regarding Overshoot Formula

If I have a closed loop second order transfer function such as: $$T(s) = \frac{10-s}{0.3s^2+3.1s+(1+24K_{c})}$$ Can I still use this formula for overshoot (when a step input is applied) ?: $$\frac{A}...
5
votes
1answer
145 views

Working Out Shaft Torque in a Stirred Tank with a Cylindrical Cavern Formation (using a non Newtonian fluid)

Here is some background to the problem (in a stirred tank): "With yield stress non-Newtonian (viscoplastic) fluids, it is possible to generate an agitated volume around the impeller, defined as a ...
0
votes
1answer
150 views

Mass Transfer from an Oxygen Bubble

I think there is an error in this questions solution and I want someone to check: Example 8.1-4:Mass transfer from an oxygen bubble A bubble of oxygen originally 0.1 cm in diameter is injected ...
3
votes
1answer
637 views

How do temperature and pressure influence the rate of evaporation of water in a closed vessel?

I am trying to solve a fairly simple question but I'm kind of stuck on the technicalities: Imagine that water is evaporating into initially dry air in the closed vessel shown schematically in Fig....
3
votes
0answers
83 views

Purification of wet-process phosphoric acid

I'm doing my senior design class and I have design a chemical plant that produces phosphoric acid by reacting phosphate rock with sulfuric acid. The phosphate rock has a lot of impurities, some of ...
2
votes
1answer
192 views

Problem with process controls/simulink?

I have an issue with simulink, basically it's to do with a second order system, well two first order systems in series. As I understand it as you increase the damping factor (above 1), the system ...
2
votes
1answer
158 views

How can I process plastic to give the impression of a leather finish?

During the '80s and the '90s, a lot of media cases were made of thermoformed PVC. I believe this trend was created by Disney and Blackbourn with their VHS cases. Then with DVDs, industrial standards ...
1
vote
0answers
102 views

Efficiency model for centrifugal pumps, using relations from Europump's Ecopump project

Context: I'm trying to create a mathematical model for centrifugal pumps. This model should describes how the operational variables of centrifugal pumps $(Q, \Delta P, ...)$ related to it's design ...
3
votes
1answer
474 views

Gas cleaning in activated carbon filters - How much moisture is needed and why?

Biogas and sewage (typically around 60% CH4, rest CO2) gas is typically treated in activated carbon (ac) filters to remove H2S and siloxanes. The ac filters need a small amount of oxygen (>0,4%) to ...
10
votes
2answers
506 views

External diffusion: calculation of surface concentration

I am struggling a bit with an external diffusion problem. I am trying to calculate the concentration at the surface (as well as surface reaction rate) and would like some help or guidance. Here is ...