Questions tagged [pressure]

Questions pertaining to pressurized systems and their applications, from containment to system losses to using as a benchmark for measurement.

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1answer
250 views

Pneumatic cylinder: Pressure rating

I want to create a Pneumatic cylinder, The purpose is, Inside it will will contain a Nylon piston, and one end will be filled with clay. Cylinder will be closed from either side using end caps, which ...
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1answer
44 views

Energy required to liquify gaseous oxygen?

Does anyone know where I can find some documentation of a real-world liquification process, and the energy costs? I can calculate the heat that must be removed from O2 gas to get to liquid, but how ...
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1answer
36 views

How could you produce large quantities of metallic hydrogen?

Could you somehow crush hydrogen atoms with magnetic fields in order to produce it? Or maybe someday someone will invent a material capable of withstanding 500GPa and we'll have giant machines that ...
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1answer
312 views

using air pressure as a liquid pump

I have a $100\ \text{psi}, 300\ \text{cfm}$ air compressor that we use for running power tools, I need a way to inject mortar deep into a small opening and was wondering if anyone had experience with ...
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1answer
669 views

Estimate PSI from pipe diameter and GPM

Many consumer grade pressure washers specify a minimum pressure for the supplied water, which is sometimes well above the low end of household water pressure. Our water pressure is often low and I'm ...
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1answer
63 views

Reduce and compute flow in self designed pen

I am currently designing a simple pen for drawing with different types of liquid varnishes. My current design has a tip at the bottom side of the pen (blue) and a tank at the top side where the ...
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3answers
82 views

Can you shape a buoyant object stuck to the bottom of a body of water such that it floats?

I understand that an object, say a closed plastic cube full of air, stuck to the bottom of an aquarium with a smooth glass bottom will not float if you firmly place it such that no water can get ...
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1answer
39 views

How would a w shaped tunnel system drain water?

My DnD group recently had a scene where we were escaping a tunnel system under a lake. My character used a bag of holding to slow drain the lake until we were at the bottom near the entrance of a ...
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1answer
133 views

Equivalent Force: Hydraulic rams in H frame machine press

A 100ton H frame machine press can use 1x100 ton ram to exert this amount of force. Can 3x33 ton rams do the same job if they are applied to same area as the 100ton ram? Also in relation to a H ...
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2answers
163 views

How to calculate flowrate of water through a crosssection of pipe?

Assume we have a pipe with a diameter of 10mm. Water is flowing through that pipe and we know that the water pressure at the 'open' end of the pipe is 2 atm. How would one go about calculating the ...
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1answer
33 views

Does pressure in a centrifugal compressor increase along the path of the flow?

Euler turbomachinery equation doesn't include a term for changes in flow area. But, an centrifugal impeller (not the volute) has increasing flow area along the path of the flow. Is the pressure ...
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1answer
38 views

Calculating Minimum Pipe Pressure Requirement for an Irrigation System

I am setting up an irrigation system for my ranch and I have a hard time calculating the minimum pipe pressure requirements to reduce cost. I need to know the maximum pressure the pipe has to cope ...
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1answer
54 views

Ceramic pressure measurement - piezoelectrical or capacitive?

Context: I'm writing about an old industrial training facility used for a petrochemical process. In this training facility, there is a 3-phase separator. On that separator is a pressure measurement. ...
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2answers
24 views

how to find torque from force due to pressures that change as a function of z

My teacher is very strict about copying his work so I will have to explain it. We have a wall with two fluids of different constant densities and depths. The wall is 'L' long. The wall has a section ...
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0answers
20 views

Motor Torque Required in a Reciprocating Compressor

I am working on a Univerity project involving a reciprocating compressor and I am having trouble verifying the motor's torque requirements. I am relatively happy with my calculation method, however, ...
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1answer
41 views

How to make a 500+ psi water gun staff

I would like to create a life size lego Bionicle Aqua axe(gali nuva Type or gali master of water Type). The problem is unlike The trident in this video: https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=NK6MWt7vpVE&t=...
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0answers
43 views

Which of these propeller configurations is most efficient?

All propellers shown in the figure above are identical and are operated at identical speeds with four separate (numbered 1 through 4 vertically) configurations illustrated. The physical distance ...
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1answer
96 views

Liquid delivery to a pump based on viscosity

I have a tank that is filled with a viscous liquid (~3000 CPs). At the bottom of the tank there is a pipe that leads to a gear pump. There is 22" of pipe straight down from the tank followed by a ...
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1answer
27 views

If an airfoil underwent horizontal loading, would it stiffen the airfoil? [closed]

I am designing a wing for a Vertical Takeoff and Landing aircraft. I am trying to choose a wingtip winglet for my aircraft. One of the option is a aft-swept wingtip winglet. However, this structure ...
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2answers
2k views

Is a metal Prince Rupert's drop possible?

Can a Prince Rupert's drop be made of metal instead of glass?
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0answers
28 views

Why can't I find a small vacuum fryer?

I'm looking for a vacuum fryer and so far the only ones available to buy are large, industrial machines. Is there some technical consideration that makes small scale machines economically unfeasible? ...
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1answer
96 views

Pressure recovery in turbomachinery

Diffusers in turbomachinery are used to transfer some of the kinetic energy of the fluid to pressure energy and to direct the fluid to the ducting/second stage/... I understand this and the mechanism ...
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2answers
231k views

How to calculate flow rate of water through a pipe?

If a water pipe is 15 mm diameter and the water pressure is 3 bar, assuming the pipe is open ended, is it possible to calculate the flow rate or water velocity in the pipe? Most of the calculations I ...
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1answer
36 views

Running a hydraulic pump below minimum RPM

If I had a pressure compensated, hydraulic piston pump, how might the performance look in terms of pressure if I were only looking in the regime of 0 RPM and the minimum ratedRPM? I.E If a pump was ...
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0answers
14 views

What types of materials can be tested in a split Hopkinson pressure bar?

A split Hopkinson pressure bar can test different types of specimens, I would like to know what types of materials that are suitable to be tested with this method?
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3answers
97 views

I cannot properly understand the “pressure” referred to in Bernoulli's Principle despite my efforts

I get that with Bernoulli's Principle an increase in area = a decrease in velocity = an increase in pressure. I also understand the concept of pressure being force per unit area. My difficulty is with ...
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1answer
44 views

Need help with reverse engineering a sensor

I have a pressure/temperature sensor for a vehicle, which I decided to tear apart to see exactly how the sensor works. This sensor as designed by the manufacturer it is meant to be immersed in oil to ...
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1answer
103 views

Manually Attempting Empirical Measurement of Flour Dough Compressive Strength

I want to make a DIY dough press, so need to know how much pressure I would need to apply. I don't have mechanical engg background, so based on some googling, I think this is what I need to do, but ...
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1answer
30 views

Strong resin for fibreglass

Is there a binding material that could be reinforced with woven glass fibres cloth for tensile strength, but which offers reasonable containment against high pressure when used minimally? Ie ...
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1answer
58 views

How to cut a pipe such that water comes out evenly across the length?

I am trying to build a wetland filter for a pond. Basically, you dig a big hole, fill it with rocks (large at bottom, small at the top), and pump water deep under these rocks, so the water slowly ...
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2answers
23 views

Using a Threaded Rod and Internally Threaded Tube as a Piston Pump

Im looking for a low cost, high pressure pump with good flow/pressure control for an espresso machine (a lot to ask, I know). My first thought was using a screw-driven piston. This will work, but Im ...
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1answer
61 views

deformable object squeezing

I have the problem following. There is a deformable sphere with radius r. It goes inside a constriction channel with d*d cross section. Assuming that the sphere volume is constant and the sphere shape ...
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1answer
96 views

Kinetic energy of a balloon

How do I quantify how much kinetic energy would be released from popping a balloon? I believe that any additional kinetic energy that results from the balloon will come from it being pressurized, but ...
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4answers
7k views

Would engineering bricks explode if used to build an oven?

I'm building a pizza oven and, to do so, I bought a whole load of engineering bricks (not these but similar). They've got five holes vertically through them, each hole is 2x6x6.5 cm (80 ml) and the ...
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4answers
108 views

Understanding Pressure

Ok so what happend is that i started to think about Submarines and why exactly you cannot open the bottom heatch at lets say the Challenger Depth. At least i am pretty sure you cannot do that. Right ? ...
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0answers
12 views

Can't Find Regulator for 16G CO2 Cartridge (800 PSI to 400-200PSI)

I am trying to make a Paintball Gun that works off of 16G CO2 Cartridges(800 PSI). I can't find a compact regulator that drops 800 PSI down to 400-200 PSI. If anyone knows of such a regulator could ...
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2answers
203 views

How does placement of a pressure gauge in a tank of fluid affect the pressure readings?

This is not a real system but rather something I made up to understand how the placement of pressure gauge in a tank takes its readings. Here’s a diagram of it- The pressure gauge placed in the ...
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0answers
23 views

Possible to suck water through manual bilge pump using a transfer pump?

I dug a shallow well (12' deep) on a remote off-grid Florida Property I own. The well is a simple 1-1/4 PVC Sand Point well I hammered in the ground. I then used a rubber coupler to attach a cheap ...
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2answers
44 views

Sunlight-powered device set to change world: will it work? [closed]

Vast areas of desert sand are being shone on upon by the sun. Now that's some ENERGY! Using this proposed apparatus: Sunlight over large area is concentrated on steam chamber, where water turns into ...
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0answers
28 views

Is there a relationship between temperature and pressure of a refrigerant?

When searching for a pressure temperature relation for a refrigerant a chart appears. But I was wondering are these charts made by experimenting on the refrigerant or is there a relationship which can ...
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1answer
124 views

Head loss for T junction diverging water pipes

I am writing to ask for help with a T-junction pipe problem. Attached picture shows the pipe configuration. The schematic shows a large pipe with ID 16.5mm and smaller 4mm ID tubes connected to it. ...
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0answers
46 views

Explain pressures created by fluid flow through small orifices

So my question is in relation to fluid flow and pressure. In my pictures below you can see that i have two similar situations. Fluid flows in from a large reservoir at a constant rate through a ...
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0answers
40 views

Part to pierce the valve on a 16g CO2 cartridge and connect to a Solenoid valve

The specific part that I’m after is something that can connect to a solenoid valve and a CO2 cartridge that will break the seal on the end of the CO2 cartridge. The solenoid valve connection is ...
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0answers
20 views

How to sanitarily measure vacuum in milk?

I would like to measure the vacuum inside of a tube which will contain air and milk. A vacuum pump attached to the tube will maintain a vacuum of around 15 inHg. Are there inexpensive sensors I can ...
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2answers
175 views

Making a radial (only) seal inside a small tube

I'm trying to make a adaptor to fit a nozzle about 5mm wide which only applies pressure radially during insertion. Pushing in a standard O Ring would apply some force axially up or down the inlet due ...
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0answers
55 views

Using Density Correction Factors for Fans and Blowers

I've been researching fans/blowers and their use in pneumatic systems (particularly conveying systems), and I'm confused by the application of density correction factors. Let me describe a sample ...
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1answer
15 views

Detect treadle press

I need to detect if a foot treadle has been pressed and send a signal to a Microcontroller unit notifying of that press. What is the best method to achieve this? What kind of sensor can be used and ...
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1answer
27 views

Hydraulic lift connected to two pistons

I just finished a problem, and got the correct answer, however I am confused on one of the mathematical operations that must be performed in order to get the correct answer. The problem is as reads: ...
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3answers
57 views

How can I keep my soda bottle at atmospheric pressure while dispensing the liquid via a sealed system pump?

I am making a "bar bot" and I am trying to figure out a way to dispense soda without it going flat. I am using a bunch of peristaltic pumps: Which luckily remain sealed at rest. I was ...
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4answers
204 views

How to quickly equalize pressure in a low pressure container?

Background: This is for a science project I'm creating where I use an airpump connected to a sealed 5gal pail bucket to create a vacuum. That vacuum is then connected to water source to "suck" liquid ...

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