Questions tagged [pressure]

Questions pertaining to pressurized systems and their applications, from containment to system losses to using as a benchmark for measurement.

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Liquid delivery to a pump based on viscosity

I have a tank that is filled with a viscous liquid (~3000 CPs). At the bottom of the tank there is a pipe that leads to a gear pump. There is 22" of pipe straight down from the tank followed by a ...
87 views

Manually Attempting Empirical Measurement of Flour Dough Compressive Strength

I want to make a DIY dough press, so need to know how much pressure I would need to apply. I don't have mechanical engg background, so based on some googling, I think this is what I need to do, but ...
36 views

Head loss for T junction diverging water pipes

I am writing to ask for help with a T-junction pipe problem. Attached picture shows the pipe configuration. The schematic shows a large pipe with ID 16.5mm and smaller 4mm ID tubes connected to it. ...
163 views

Making a radial (only) seal inside a small tube

I'm trying to make a adaptor to fit a nozzle about 5mm wide which only applies pressure radially during insertion. Pushing in a standard O Ring would apply some force axially up or down the inlet due ...
24 views

Using Density Correction Factors for Fans and Blowers

I've been researching fans/blowers and their use in pneumatic systems (particularly conveying systems), and I'm confused by the application of density correction factors. Let me describe a sample ...
13 views

I need to detect if a foot treadle has been pressed and send a signal to a Microcontroller unit notifying of that press. What is the best method to achieve this? What kind of sensor can be used and ...
20 views

Hydraulic lift connected to two pistons

I just finished a problem, and got the correct answer, however I am confused on one of the mathematical operations that must be performed in order to get the correct answer. The problem is as reads: ...
90 views

Kinetic energy of a balloon

How do I quantify how much kinetic energy would be released from popping a balloon? I believe that any additional kinetic energy that results from the balloon will come from it being pressurized, but ...
42 views

How can I keep my soda bottle at atmospheric pressure while dispensing the liquid via a sealed system pump?

I am making a "bar bot" and I am trying to figure out a way to dispense soda without it going flat. I am using a bunch of peristaltic pumps: Which luckily remain sealed at rest. I was ...
2k views

Is a metal Prince Rupert's drop possible?

Can a Prince Rupert's drop be made of metal instead of glass?
145 views

How does placement of a pressure gauge in a tank of fluid affect the pressure readings?

This is not a real system but rather something I made up to understand how the placement of pressure gauge in a tank takes its readings. Hereās a diagram of it- The pressure gauge placed in the ...
197 views

Pneumatic cylinder: Pressure rating

I want to create a Pneumatic cylinder, The purpose is, Inside it will will contain a Nylon piston, and one end will be filled with clay. Cylinder will be closed from either side using end caps, which ...
182 views

How to quickly equalize pressure in a low pressure container?

Background: This is for a science project I'm creating where I use an airpump connected to a sealed 5gal pail bucket to create a vacuum. That vacuum is then connected to water source to "suck" liquid ...
39 views

How you calculate the temperature scaling factor?

Used to obtain the corresponding pressure at ambient temperature. Example when testing Proof or burst pressure to a given value at 300Ā°F, but you will test with corresponding pressure (higher) to ...
85 views

How do I limit the pressure of a tank to a fixed PSI?

I previously asked about the safety of connecting my 150 PSI air compressor to my auxiliary 120 PSI tank. I was warned of possible compromise of the tank which can lead to injuries and even death. It ...
217 views

using air pressure as a liquid pump

I have a $100\ \text{psi}, 300\ \text{cfm}$ air compressor that we use for running power tools, I need a way to inject mortar deep into a small opening and was wondering if anyone had experience with ...
493 views

Estimate PSI from pipe diameter and GPM

Many consumer grade pressure washers specify a minimum pressure for the supplied water, which is sometimes well above the low end of household water pressure. Our water pressure is often low and I'm ...
57 views

Reduce and compute flow in self designed pen

I am currently designing a simple pen for drawing with different types of liquid varnishes. My current design has a tip at the bottom side of the pen (blue) and a tank at the top side where the ...
30 views

Work required to push an object inside a pressurized dome by using a piston

There is a large dome (pictured on the left side) with an internal pressure of 2 atmospheres. Assume that the internal pressure of the dome will stay constant at 2 atm. The purpose is to move an ...
126 views

Equivalent Force: Hydraulic rams in H frame machine press

A 100ton H frame machine press can use 1x100 ton ram to exert this amount of force. Can 3x33 ton rams do the same job if they are applied to same area as the 100ton ram? Also in relation to a H ...
61 views

Is it safe to use a 125PSI rated auxiliary air tank with a 150PSI air compressor?

I have a small, 5 gallon, pancake compressor which has a maximum 150PSI rating. Unfortunately, it doesn't have the air capacity to power the demands of an HVLP paint sprayer or a die grinder without ...
75 views

Pressure recovery in turbomachinery

Diffusers in turbomachinery are used to transfer some of the kinetic energy of the fluid to pressure energy and to direct the fluid to the ducting/second stage/... I understand this and the mechanism ...
66 views

How to calculate flowrate of water through a crosssection of pipe?

Assume we have a pipe with a diameter of 10mm. Water is flowing through that pipe and we know that the water pressure at the 'open' end of the pipe is 2 atm. How would one go about calculating the ...
1k views

Do flexible water hose cause pressure drop with constant flow?

My dad has a tub by a lake. He has a water pump in the lake to pump up water into a tub. He claims that if he use a flexible hose, the pressure in the hose at the top will be lower than if he use a ...
21 views

Compact way to regulate 3000psi (200bar) down to 30psi (2bar)?

This was originally posted on the Lego page, and closed because it's not actually about Lego itself. I thought I'd give them a chance first, in case someone had done this already and had some ...
8k views

Vacuum Pump Power Calculation

This may be a silly question, but I'm not a mechanical engineering. What's the best way to calculate the energy required to reduce the pressure of a gas stream below atmospheric pressure? Obviously ...
30 views

Can I increase the range of a howitzer by using more propellant?

The muzzle velocity of a firearm can, all else equal, be increased by lengthening the barrel of the weapon which can theoretically be extended up to the point that friction and air resistance would ...
22 views

Should pressure vessel head be thicker than wall [closed]

I wondering should the head of a rectangular pressure vessel cylinder be thicker than the wall ?
42 views

How far can we compress air manually?

I am not sure if such devices even exist, but I'm sure we can improvise. A device in which we could (manually) turn a shaft, screw a screw, or hammer an air-tight follower into a strong walled ...
35 views

Will an empty spray can maintain a vacuum?

If I were to remove all the air from a canister of WD40 so that it was a vacuum inside, and reinforced the walls so that it won't collapse in from atmospheric pressure, what would happen when I pull ...
72 views

Changing (alternating non linear) screw motion

I'm looking to put gradual pressure on a syringe.
77 views

What is the optimal building material for a submarine pressure hull?

I have a difficult and interesting design project to work on and I am trying to get my hands on some ballpark figures from people who know engineering a little better. Help is appreciated! I am ...
34 views

maintenance of steady flow through pressure or mass flow

let's say I have two points in a line, A and B. Between them there is a valve that can regulate the amount of the stream from A to B. Considering that there is a steady flow of the stream between A ...
1k views

Tankless air compressor for electronics desoldering station

I purchased a Weller WSD161V soldering station (similar to this one, at least with regards to the pneumatic system I'm about to describe -- sorry, I was unable to find a manual for my specific model ...
15 views

Best Fan Positions for Airflow in a Duct w/ Two 90° Angles

A similar question was answered here. And while that did help me understand airflow, I have an even more specific question with a little different context. So what I'm dealing with here is pulling ...
36 views

Need help with reverse engineering a sensor

I have a pressure/temperature sensor for a vehicle, which I decided to tear apart to see exactly how the sensor works. This sensor as designed by the manufacturer it is meant to be immersed in oil to ...
3k views

Calculating discharge on the pipe diameter and the pressure?

Is it possible to Ńalculate discharge / flow rate on the pipe diameter and the pressure (for constant pressure)? For example: Pressure_internal = 5 bar, ...
38 views

What are the simplest available methods for monitoring pressure and airflow in a 22mm diameter pipe?

In the emergency case that more than one person must share a mechanical ventilator, the medical professionals lose per-patient monitoring of pressure and airflow. To that end, what are the simplest ...
30 views

Reference book for hydraulic systems design

I'm looking for a good reference book on the topic of fluid dynamics/hydraulics systems engineering. I'd like a reference for simlpe/estimate calculations on things like major losses (pipes), minor ...
42 views

How to calculate flow coefficient to choose a pressure regulator

I'm attempting to choose a pressure regulator(for use with an inert gas) for a personal project I am working on. I know that the inlet pressure will be 2000 psi and outlet pressure of 300 psi. I also ...
15 views

Regulating pressure down inside vessel as it increases

I want to keep the pressure inside a balloon (effectively - a rubber vessel) constant, as the balloon is compressed. I'm wondering if a regulator like this (wiki page here showing mechanism - I ...
1k views

Do bottles leaking due to air pressure in an airplane cargo hold?

Is it possible for essential oils to leak from sealed bottles that are being transported by airplane in the cargo hold?
27 views

Increasing suction air flow with multiple pumps

I'm trying to build a small pick and place system using a suction cup and a 12V vacuum pump. The problem I'm having is that I'm not getting a good enough seal between the cup and the object, and I ...
175 views

How to calculate the flow rate of a gas through a pipe?

I am trying to calculate the flow rate of Nitrogen through a cylindrical pipe. I only need a ballpark value, and the only information I have is the inlet pressure as 15 psig (assuming the same ...
20 views

Oil pressure inside copper tube?

**Background ** I'm struggling finding how to calculate the pressure that occurs within my system and then once calculated I need to reduce that pressure. My system I have a 1 inch copper pipe ...
21 views

Create low velocity pressure drop?

I need to create a variable 3-7 psi / 0.2-0.5 bar in a low density gas running through some piping. I can calculate the required Cv factor to do this with a valve would be in the 30-200 range. Looking ...
116 views

Multi-gas barometric height formula in isotope separation devices?

What is the barometric height formula for a mixture of gases? The main problem I can see, the curves describing the minimal energy (kinetic + gravitational/centrifugal) won't be any more a simple ...
67 views

Fluid Mechanic Buoyancy problem. How to determine the height?

I tried to solve it but I don't know how to bring the Area A in this equation. I used the area of the small vessel, but this one shouldn't be in the equation. Thanks a lot
Injecting CO$_2$ into water: how does injection work?
I've been wanting to design my own water carbonation device for a while. For reference, I've been looking at devices like the Sodastream, which injects pure CO$_2$ into water to dissolve it with up to ...