# Questions tagged [pressure-vessel]

Containers that are designed specifically to retain internal pressure or a vacuum

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### Are you able to compute the bending moment exerted on the inner edges of parallelepiped box under inner pressure?

Suppose you have a parallelepiped box of dimensions $a\times b\times L$ with $L\gg (a+b)$, filled with simple distilled water exerting a uniform and constant inner pressure $p$ as reported in figure. ...
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### How to calculate the logarithmic mean temperature difference of a jacketed vessel?

I'm a bit confused on how to calculate the $\Delta T_{LM}$ of a jacketed isothermal CSTR. Because the formula for the logarithmic mean temperature difference is:  \Delta T_{LM} = \frac{\Delta T_{...
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### Relief valve for "semi-closed" loop system (non-engineer warning :-)

My excuses in advance for the probably-bad wording of the question, I'm just an hobbyist without much knowledge in engineering. To the point I can't google for information on my problem since I don't ...
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### A query regarding constructing vacuum sealed vessels

The atmospheric pressure at the surface of the earth is about 101 $kPa$. For Carbon fiber reinforced plastic (70/30 fibre/matrix, unidirectional, along grain): Young's Modulus is: $181\ GPa$ Density -...
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### Is there any way to quantify the rate at which pressure is relieved in a reactor?

If a pressure relief valve is open, is it somehow possible to quantify the rate at which the pressure in the reactor will decrease?
1 vote
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### Why can't I find a small vacuum fryer?

I'm looking for a vacuum fryer and so far the only ones available to buy are large, industrial machines. Is there some technical consideration that makes small scale machines economically unfeasible? ...
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### Making a radial (only) seal inside a small tube

I'm trying to make a adaptor to fit a nozzle about 5mm wide which only applies pressure radially during insertion. Pushing in a standard O Ring would apply some force axially up or down the inlet due ...
459 views

### Why is the thin-walled cylinder more likely to experience failure along its axis than along its hoop/circumference?

I was watching a YouTube video to understand the concepts of hoop/circumferential stress and axial/longitudinal stress in thin-walled cylinders and their formula derivation. So the formula of the ...
338 views

### How do I limit the pressure of a tank to a fixed PSI?

I previously asked about the safety of connecting my 150 PSI air compressor to my auxiliary 120 PSI tank. I was warned of possible compromise of the tank which can lead to injuries and even death. It ...
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### How does a pressure vessel fail when the interal pressure exceeds the yield stress of the material?

When we design a pipe or pressure vessel, we look at hoop stress and longitudinal stress and then look at the material properties. We assume that the material reacts to the load as a solid. However ...
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### Is it safe to use a 125PSI rated auxiliary air tank with a 150PSI air compressor?

I have a small, 5 gallon, pancake compressor which has a maximum 150PSI rating. Unfortunately, it doesn't have the air capacity to power the demands of an HVLP paint sprayer or a die grinder without ...
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1 vote
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### Can I increase the range of a howitzer by using more propellant?

The muzzle velocity of a firearm can, all else equal, be increased by lengthening the barrel of the weapon which can theoretically be extended up to the point that friction and air resistance would ...
1 vote
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### Analytical solution of thermal stress in a bi-metallic cylinder

As a side project I have looked to solve using Python an analytical solution for one-dimensional transient heat transfer in a thick cylinder with cladding on the inside surface, wherein the fluid in ...
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### Should pressure vessel head be thicker than wall [closed]

I wondering should the head of a rectangular pressure vessel cylinder be thicker than the wall ?
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### What's the best type of steam Trap for Superheated Steam?

Process Engineering Newbie here. What kind of Steam Traps are best suited for condensate removal in super-heated steam line or manifold? The super-heated steam is to be supplied to a process reactor ...
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1 vote
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### Regulating pressure down inside vessel as it increases

I want to keep the pressure inside a balloon (effectively - a rubber vessel) constant, as the balloon is compressed. I'm wondering if a regulator like this (wiki page here showing mechanism - I ...
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### How to remove protective valve cap from CO2 cylinder?

I have received a CO2 cylinder from an online seller fitted with a protective cap over the valve: I understand these should unscrew, but this one appears to be stuck very firmly. Is there a standard ...
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### How to determine minimal wall thickness for a rectangular pressure vessel?

I know this is a basic question but google only gives formulas for more "rounded" shapes. How to calculate the minimal thickness for a flat wall knowing tensile strength of the material and the ...
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### Trying to understand water pressure / air pressure

i have been researching deep dives. I understand that deep-divers have the same pressure inside of their bodies as there is outside. Yet i still cannot understand how they do it. Even if they have the ...
1 vote
50 views

Can I use a conical head at the bottom for a small diameter steam manifold ( Schedule 40- 3 inch dia. and 2 inch dia. ) that needs to operate at high temperature (~450 deg Celcius) and High design ...
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### Kinetic energy of a balloon

How do I quantify how much kinetic energy would be released from popping a balloon? I believe that any additional kinetic energy that results from the balloon will come from it being pressurized, but ...
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### Wall temperature of pressure cylinder - Boundary condition

I have a thick-walled pressure cylinder, that transports fluid and experiences only internal pressure. During the process, the outer wall temperature is measured. And I have no clue about the inner ...
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### Ideal gas law, theory vs reality

I am trying to get an idea of the amount of hydrogen that I can store in some pressurized steel tanks underground. Based on the ideal gas law PV=nRT I did a simple calculation pressure = 200bar ...
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### Plane Strain examples

Trying to find examples of structures, components etc. in plane strain (under normal loading conditions). Is a thin-walled-pressure-vessel in plane strain? (I thought it was plane stress but could ...
1 vote
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### Are tube fittings a feasible way to create tight seal?

I'm doing an experiment where 2 electrodes are inserted into 2 openings in a cylinder holding electrolytes to measure its impedance. We want the openings to be tightly sealed because the cylinder ...
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### hydrostatic storage of gasses

This question is a bit general but hopefully someone can point me in the right direction. If you have a metal container, welded shut that's fitted into a hole that is say 10 meters wide and 30 meters ...
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### Flange EN1092-1 Type 21 Bore Diameter

How is the bore diameter of a flange Type 21 - acc. EN 1092-1 determinated? In the standard: NOTE 5 The bore diameters of flanges type 21 are not specified in this standard, the effective bore ...
1 vote
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### When calculating the deformed radius of a pressurized thick-walled cylinder, why is the hoop strain used rather than the radial strain?

The context I’ve taken an interest in the design of pressure vessels for use in submarine applications. From a cursory survey of what is used in industry, it seems the de facto standard housing is a ...
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### Thin or thick wall for expanding rubber pressure cylinder

If I want to expand a rubber cylinder by a certain internal volume - with all else held constant (type of material, length and radius (without constraining it), etc.) will a thinner or thicker walled ...
1 vote
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### What is this part called, and where could I get one?

I'm fairly illiterate when it comes to Engineering, so please understand I have pretty much 0 idea what I'm talking about. I'm having to build a seawater distillation device for school, and we ...
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1 vote
277 views

### Check valve with precise cracking pressure

I have two containers of air, one at 100 kPa and rising, the other at 30 kPa and decreasing. I need a valve that lets air through when the pressure difference is >70 kPa. Where would I find a valve ...
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### Easily compute a good approximation of heat conductivity of cooled semi-vacuum (water vapor + air)

I am preparing a classroom demonstration about heat, including a demo of how a satellite loses heat only radiatively, since it's flying through a vacuum. I'd like to make the vacuum-production ...
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### How much pressure would I need to push water out of tank?

How much pressure would I need or, better yet, how do I compute for the pressure required to push water out of a submerged tank? Do I use 1 meter as head or 7 meters? (Please just bear with the ...
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### Minimum thicknesses of an elliptical cylinder pressure vessel

For pressure vessels in the shape of circular cylinders, we can use $\sigma_{hoop}=\frac{pr}{t}$ to find the minimum skin thickness by setting the hoop stress the maximum allowed value, and then ...
1 vote
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### Designing a horizontal pressure vessel

The question reads Design a horizontal pressure vessel with hemispherical head supported by saddle support and fitted with 2 nozzles welded to the head. It's used for storing and delivering fuel ...
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### How to apply the permeability value found from an experiment?

I have done a permeability experiment on LDPE in the presence of air using a 25mm circular specimen. At 30'C, the permeability was found to be 1.846 barrer. Now I am trying to apply this permeability ...
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### using air pressure as a liquid pump

I have a $100\ \text{psi}, 300\ \text{cfm}$ air compressor that we use for running power tools, I need a way to inject mortar deep into a small opening and was wondering if anyone had experience with ...
1 vote
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### What is the criteria for bubble entrapment in a closed headspace tank set to drain?

Suppose a closed tank does not have any pressure relief system and is set to drain from the bottom. It is said that because the headspace pressure drops as the liquid level goes down, the tank will ...
1 vote
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### Why is gas pressure specified instead of mass flow?

Clarification: This question is all about the gas supply to the water heater. It has nothing to do with the water supply. My hot water heater specifies 5.5-10.5 W.C. (water column inches) of pressure....
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1 vote
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### Equations for stress in a hollow prolate spheroid under external pressure

Are there analytical expressions (functions of geometry and applied pressure) for the stress in a hollow prolate spheroid, like there are expressions for the stress in a hollow sphere/cylinder?
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### How to calculate the pressure loading of a vented silo explosion?

I would like to independently check a vendor's silo design for proper explosion venting. Worst case, it is essentially cylinder filled with a stoichiometric mixture atomized sugar dust and atmospheric ...
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### Thin walled pressure vessel

What is the NORMAL STRESS in a thin walled pressure vessel? I am aware of only 2 types of stresses in thin walled pressure vessels: Longitudinal & Tangential. Is any one of these 2 is ...
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### Determine force distribution from a bolt pattern

Need some help designing a bolt pattern for a pressure tight enclosure. How do i determine the force applied at a distance from a bolt location so that I meet the minimum force to compress the ...
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### How do you get a closed vessel to >90,000 psi internal pressure

Im trying to build a cold isostatic press with a internal vessel area of 300mm3. A cold isostatic press forms green metal components using pressures greater than 90,000 psi. Using an oil or water/...
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### Can a water pressure switch be used as a low-water cutoff means for a steam boiler?

Steam boilers obviously need to be protected from the catastrophe of running out of water -- you then either get a meltdown if the boiler is fired unwatered for an extended period of time or a boiler ...
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### How to calculate external pressure resistance in spheres and cylinders?

Although I have seen a lot of literature online about how internal pressure resistance is calculated (i.e the pressure in a gas tank) I haven't found anything about the opposite scenario (i.e the ...
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1 vote
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### Tubing for explosive gas or hydrogen transfer

Recently, I heard that there is a law/ OSHA/ ASME piece of regulation dictating that hydrogen should be transferred (suppose from a tank of hydrogen to another location) by using specially approved ...
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### Liquid vs. gas check valves

Suppose that I want to transport gases in a tube in only one direction. Can a liquid check valve be used in place of a gas check valve or is there a specific reason to use only a gas check valve?