Questions tagged [pressure-vessel]

Containers that are designed specifically to retain internal pressure or a vacuum

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1) how to calculate the thickness of pressure vessel with eliptical cross section for certain amount of pressure

How to calculate the thickness of pressure vessel with eliptical cross section for certain amount of pressure Also how to find the same, if cross section is variable elipse (converging elipse)
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49 views

Kinetic energy of a balloon

How do I quantify how much kinetic energy would be released from popping a balloon? I believe that any additional kinetic energy that results from the balloon will come from it being pressurized, but ...
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Wall temperature of pressure cylinder - Boundary condition

I have a thick-walled pressure cylinder, that transports fluid and experiences only internal pressure. During the process, the outer wall temperature is measured. And I have no clue about the inner ...
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44 views

Ideal gas law, theory vs reality

I am trying to get an idea of the amount of hydrogen that I can store in some pressurized steel tanks underground. Based on the ideal gas law PV=nRT I did a simple calculation pressure = 200bar ...
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Plane Strain examples

Trying to find examples of structures, components etc. in plane strain (under normal loading conditions). Is a thin-walled-pressure-vessel in plane strain? (I thought it was plane stress but could ...
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36 views

Are tube fittings a feasible way to create tight seal?

I'm doing an experiment where 2 electrodes are inserted into 2 openings in a cylinder holding electrolytes to measure its impedance. We want the openings to be tightly sealed because the cylinder ...
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27 views

hydrostatic storage of gasses

This question is a bit general but hopefully someone can point me in the right direction. If you have a metal container, welded shut that's fitted into a hole that is say 10 meters wide and 30 meters ...
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Flange EN1092-1 Type 21 Bore Diameter

How is the bore diameter of a flange Type 21 - acc. EN 1092-1 determinated? In the standard: NOTE 5 The bore diameters of flanges type 21 are not specified in this standard, the effective bore ...
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47 views

When calculating the deformed radius of a pressurized thick-walled cylinder, why is the hoop strain used rather than the radial strain?

The context I’ve taken an interest in the design of pressure vessels for use in submarine applications. From a cursory survey of what is used in industry, it seems the de facto standard housing is a ...
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28 views

Thin or thick wall for expanding rubber pressure cylinder

If I want to expand a rubber cylinder by a certain internal volume - with all else held constant (type of material, length and radius (without constraining it), etc.) will a thinner or thicker walled ...
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1answer
72 views

What is this part called, and where could I get one?

I'm fairly illiterate when it comes to Engineering, so please understand I have pretty much 0 idea what I'm talking about. I'm having to build a seawater distillation device for school, and we ...
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79 views

Check valve with precise cracking pressure

I have two containers of air, one at 100 kPa and rising, the other at 30 kPa and decreasing. I need a valve that lets air through when the pressure difference is >70 kPa. Where would I find a valve ...
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64 views

Easily compute a good approximation of heat conductivity of cooled semi-vacuum (water vapor + air)

I am preparing a classroom demonstration about heat, including a demo of how a satellite loses heat only radiatively, since it's flying through a vacuum. I'd like to make the vacuum-production ...
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109 views

How much pressure would I need to push water out of tank?

How much pressure would I need or, better yet, how do I compute for the pressure required to push water out of a submerged tank? Do I use 1 meter as head or 7 meters? (Please just bear with the ...
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463 views

Minimum thicknesses of an elliptical cylinder pressure vessel

For pressure vessels in the shape of circular cylinders, we can use $\sigma_{hoop}=\frac{pr}{t}$ to find the minimum skin thickness by setting the hoop stress the maximum allowed value, and then ...
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56 views

Designing a horizontal pressure vessel

The question reads Design a horizontal pressure vessel with hemispherical head supported by saddle support and fitted with 2 nozzles welded to the head. It's used for storing and delivering fuel ...
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How to apply the permeability value found from an experiment?

I have done a permeability experiment on LDPE in the presence of air using a 25mm circular specimen. At 30'C, the permeability was found to be 1.846 barrer. Now I am trying to apply this permeability ...
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97 views

using air pressure as a liquid pump

I have a $100\ \text{psi}, 300\ \text{cfm}$ air compressor that we use for running power tools, I need a way to inject mortar deep into a small opening and was wondering if anyone had experience with ...
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What is the criteria for bubble entrapment in a closed headspace tank set to drain?

Suppose a closed tank does not have any pressure relief system and is set to drain from the bottom. It is said that because the headspace pressure drops as the liquid level goes down, the tank will ...
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1answer
67 views

Why is gas pressure specified instead of mass flow?

Clarification: This question is all about the gas supply to the water heater. It has nothing to do with the water supply. My hot water heater specifies 5.5-10.5 W.C. (water column inches) of pressure....
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Equations for stress in a hollow prolate spheroid under external pressure

Are there analytical expressions (functions of geometry and applied pressure) for the stress in a hollow prolate spheroid, like there are expressions for the stress in a hollow sphere/cylinder?
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How to calculate the pressure loading of a vented silo explosion?

I would like to independently check a vendor's silo design for proper explosion venting. Worst case, it is essentially cylinder filled with a stoichiometric mixture atomized sugar dust and atmospheric ...
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157 views

Thin walled pressure vessel

What is the NORMAL STRESS in a thin walled pressure vessel? I am aware of only 2 types of stresses in thin walled pressure vessels: Longitudinal & Tangential. Is any one of these 2 is ...
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681 views

Determine force distribution from a bolt pattern

Need some help designing a bolt pattern for a pressure tight enclosure. How do i determine the force applied at a distance from a bolt location so that I meet the minimum force to compress the ...
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1answer
74 views

How do you get a closed vessel to >90,000 psi internal pressure

Im trying to build a cold isostatic press with a internal vessel area of 300mm3. A cold isostatic press forms green metal components using pressures greater than 90,000 psi. Using an oil or water/...
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48 views

Can a water pressure switch be used as a low-water cutoff means for a steam boiler?

Steam boilers obviously need to be protected from the catastrophe of running out of water -- you then either get a meltdown if the boiler is fired unwatered for an extended period of time or a boiler ...
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430 views

How to calculate external pressure resistance in spheres and cylinders?

Although I have seen a lot of literature online about how internal pressure resistance is calculated (i.e the pressure in a gas tank) I haven't found anything about the opposite scenario (i.e the ...
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139 views

Tubing for explosive gas or hydrogen transfer

Recently, I heard that there is a law/ OSHA/ ASME piece of regulation dictating that hydrogen should be transferred (suppose from a tank of hydrogen to another location) by using specially approved ...
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934 views

Liquid vs. gas check valves

Suppose that I want to transport gases in a tube in only one direction. Can a liquid check valve be used in place of a gas check valve or is there a specific reason to use only a gas check valve?
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38 views

Toy ball check valve functionality and details

In the making of an inflatable toy ball (think of a basketball), a check valve is used to assist the user in the inflation of the ball by preventing backflow of inserted air. Is this check valve made ...
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1answer
147 views

Burst pressure of a sphere

Is there a formula for the burst working pressure of a spherical pressure vessel that takes into account its material peoperties? It should be noted that this is not a concentric sphere design (it has ...
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80 views

A question on mechanical failure

Suppose there is a rod, on the wall or at the centre, in a pressurized vessel, the pressure inside the vessel being P. The rod has a shear strength of S. Is it true that the rod will break, in shear, ...
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Pressure-volume relation of thin-walled shell [closed]

Attempt to edit into a more specific question as suggested by moderator: I would like define the shape and material properties of a 3D thin-walled shell/membrane-like structure (for instance a baloon)...
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25 views

Collapsable Water Tank

I have been wondering, would it be possible to make an 8’x4’x’5 tank that can be put up and taken down as needed, where you would have a base, four removable corner posts, more removable posts as ...
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Long-term storage of a gas?

Can this formula be used to evaluate the minimum thickness of a spherical pressure vessel that holds hydrogen gas at 10 ATM for a long time? $$\sigma = \dfrac{p r}{2 t}$$ I was told, "As long as you ...
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Safety factor for pressurized container at 10 ATM

There is no secondary containment to hold any potential shrapnel. How would this change the safety factor that is standard at 2.5? The consequences of this container exploding would be quite extreme ...
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283 views

Measure stress of gas acting on a spherical container

How can I measure stress in a thin- walled sphere containing a gas? Is there a way to predict what the stress will be without actually needing to fill a sphere with gas? I am talking about hoop stress/...
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400 views

Will helium gas lift more weight in air when it is spread over large volume compared to equal weight heavily compressed small volume?

Is it possible for a weather balloons filled with helium gas to lift the weight of itself and a helium tank(highest psi possible) which can fit the volume of the lifting gas in it? Assuming a typical ...
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Highest pressure helium(lifting gas)can be stored at? [closed]

What is the highest pressure possible today? I have a sketchy idea of using a weather balloon with the lightest possible pressure vessel that can pack as much helium as possible and would like some ...
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Why do we neglect the radial stress in case of a thin pressure vessel?

A cylindrical or a spherical pressure vessel, having inner diameter $d$ & thickness of wall $t$, is called thin if $\large \frac{t}{d}<\frac{1}{20}$. $\bullet$ Thin cylindrical pressure ...
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Is this pressure vessel feasible?

I am intending to construct a small pressure vessel. It needs to be around 7 centimeters in length and width and around 1-2 centimeters in depth. It must be capable of being pressurised to 300 psi ...
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Why divide the dimensions of a pressure vessel by 39.37 when calculating discharge capacity?

For a National Board Exam Review: A 29.53" * 39.37" pressure vessel contains ammonia with f = 0.041. Compute the minimum required discharge capacity of the relief device in $\mathrm{\frac{kg}{hr}}$...
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Calculating maximum internal pressure from maximum rated external pressure?

Is there a calculation / rule of thumb that can determine a containers rough maximum negative pressure (vacuum) from it's rated internal pressure (assuming a single layer construction so there is no ...