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Questions tagged [pressure]

Questions pertaining to pressurized systems and their applications, from containment to system losses to using as a benchmark for measurement.

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12 views

N2O/Kerosene Rocket Fuel

I am interested in building a small liquid fuel rocket and I have decided to use nitrous oxide and kerosene as the oxidiser and fuel respectively. I would like to know if anyone has any advice ...
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Choosing Pressure Vessel head

Can I use a conical head at the bottom for a small diameter steam manifold ( Schedule 40- 3 inch dia. and 2 inch dia. ) that needs to operate at high temperature (~450 deg Celcius) and High design ...
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26 views

Can Flowmaster be used to model an entire pipe run?

I just started using the Flowmaster program (ver 08.11.01.03 if relevant) to model a series of stormwater pipes which are almost certainly in a pressure flow situation based on a first round analysis ...
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Injecting CO$_2$ into water: how does injection work?

I've been wanting to design my own water carbonation device for a while. For reference, I've been looking at devices like the Sodastream, which injects pure CO$_2$ into water to dissolve it with up to ...
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41 views

What is the idea behind an expansion valve?

I am watching this video(https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gVLhrLTF878) and beginning at around the 2:20 mark, it explains the significance of an expansion valve with the following ideas: Restricts ...
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15 views

How to calculate flow coefficient to choose a pressure regulator

I'm attempting to choose a pressure regulator(for use with an inert gas) for a personal project I am working on. I know that the inlet pressure will be 2000 psi and outlet pressure of 300 psi. I also ...
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17 views

Determining the minimal needed wall thickness between two bores in a control block

Given a control block of simplicity with only two bores. These two bores could be parallel or just could be very close to each other at a specific point in the control block. The material of the ...
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2answers
688 views

What are the design difference of a steel tank that would withstand 136atm inside and 1atm ambient compared to 1atm inside and 136atm ambient?

Let'say the steel tank would be submerged deep in the ocean with 136 atm ambient pressure then the other tank with the same material would just be used to contain 136 atm pressure. How would the ...
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1answer
57 views

Pressure recovery in turbomachinery

Diffusers in turbomachinery are used to transfer some of the kinetic energy of the fluid to pressure energy and to direct the fluid to the ducting/second stage/... I understand this and the mechanism ...
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1answer
24 views

doubling the existent two brackets - will it help with my grape press?

Here is how the top of my grape press twists as I pull the car jack downwards (marked blue). I was wondering if adding another bracket (marked purple) on each side would solve the twist issue. Thanks! ...
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23 views

Why does Bourdon tube measure relative pressure?

From Wikipedia: Bourdon tubes measure gauge pressure, relative to ambient atmospheric pressure, as opposed to absolute pressure; But looking at pictures such as the one above, it seems there is ...
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1answer
27 views

Liquid delivery to a pump based on viscosity

I have a tank that is filled with a viscous liquid (~3000 CPs). At the bottom of the tank there is a pipe that leads to a gear pump. There is 22" of pipe straight down from the tank followed by a ...
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1answer
30 views

Does this soil get compacted by occasional heavy vehicle traffic?

Soil compaction can occur through heavy vehicle traffic. I attached a picture (see below). There are three samples approx. to 5m distance to each side of a paved road. Vehicle traffic is sprodically (...
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10 views

Minor losses in a header

I need to calculate the minor losses in a steam header. I have calculated the major friction losses. But I can't figure out how to find the minor losses since the header has multiple tappings and not ...
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15 views

Pressure Change and Tractive Force between Two Plane Surfaces

just wondering if someone has any ideas, as to how I can solve this question. I am just a bit stumped as to where to start with this one. Question Two plane surfaces, one being fixed and the other ...
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18 views

Turbocharger boost control using two valves with a vac and boost reference for wide boost control range

Can someone explain how the above boost control setup would work. The valve on the left uses a vac source applied to the top of the diaphram which would effectively help hold the spring closed at high ...
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1answer
34 views

What Is The Liquid Depth Inside The Tank?

I know that $P_{total}=P_{gauge}+P_{atmosphere}$, so $P_{gauge}=P_{atmosphere}-P_{total}$ $P_{atmosphere}=101.325 KPa$ and $P_{gauge}=0.2 psig=1.38 KPa$. $P_{gauge}=(0.8 \times sin{30})(900)(9.807) -...
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Matching Air blower CFM vs HEPA filter CFM, and ΔP in WG, for laminar flow design

I am trying to build a laminar flow box using instructions at these YouTube links for design and build. They recommended getting a Dayton squirrel cage air blower model 1TDU2 rated at 1202 CFM. The ...
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1answer
57 views

Kinetic energy of a balloon

How do I quantify how much kinetic energy would be released from popping a balloon? I believe that any additional kinetic energy that results from the balloon will come from it being pressurized, but ...
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1answer
10 views

How to ensure uniaxal and uniform force application on uneven samples using pressurized fluids

I am trying to apply a compression force to samples using air. I do not want to directly apply my loading since my samples are irregular. I do not wish to process them with a flattening step. I hope ...
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16 views

Valve advice for chiller test rig

I am in the process of designing a chiller test rig, of which a very simplified diagram would be (the quick coupling might just be replaced by a non-return valve): I am struggling to find the type of ...
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2answers
48 views

Ideal gas law, theory vs reality

I am trying to get an idea of the amount of hydrogen that I can store in some pressurized steel tanks underground. Based on the ideal gas law PV=nRT I did a simple calculation pressure = 200bar ...
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1answer
36 views

Are tube fittings a feasible way to create tight seal?

I'm doing an experiment where 2 electrodes are inserted into 2 openings in a cylinder holding electrolytes to measure its impedance. We want the openings to be tightly sealed because the cylinder ...
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2answers
45 views

Calculate engine oil pressure

How you would calculate engine oil pressure of an engine? I've noticed on my car I just got, it uses a pressure switch in the oil system to measure engine oil pressure it seems in my case the switch ...
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1answer
27 views

hydrostatic storage of gasses

This question is a bit general but hopefully someone can point me in the right direction. If you have a metal container, welded shut that's fitted into a hole that is say 10 meters wide and 30 meters ...
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1answer
35 views

What is the optimal building material for a submarine pressure hull?

I have a difficult and interesting design project to work on and I am trying to get my hands on some ballpark figures from people who know engineering a little better. Help is appreciated! I am ...
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26 views

Low pressure Diesel pumping with High pressure Gasoline pump?

We are in desperate search of suitable pumps for one of our applications. We need to be able to pump Diesel fuel in a range going from 5bars to 125bars. To do such thing, I've been looking at Bosch ...
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1answer
33 views

What's a good way to equalize pressure between 2 spaces without allowing gas exchange under normal circumstances?

I have a reaction chamber where gasses are injected to maintain a certain mixture. The container is sort of like a bell, where the bottom is submerged in water to make a seal. The issue I have is ...
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1answer
25 views

How to determine ideal flow path length for specified pressure drop

I have designed a flow resistance element and I would like to be able to keep the total pressure drop across the element to < 5.0 inches of water (from 5cc/min to 5,000 cc/min). I have run some ...
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Parts needed for controlling vacuum line pressure with pressurized nitrogen

I'm trying to assemble a simple setup where a line which is typically under vacuum can be pressurized by an external nitrogen supply, with this pressure regulated to less than 1 bar absolute (let's ...
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1answer
135 views

Is Scrooge's giant glass dome feasible in real life?

In an Uncle Scrooge (or Scrooge McDuck, not sure of the translation here) comic named "Treasure Under Glass", Scrooge orders a giant glass dome to be manufactured in order to aid his endeavours ...
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4answers
66 views

Unusual idea for fish tank design. Unsure if plausible or not

I looked through the stack exchange list of sites, hoping to find one more suitable for my question, but decided that this was the most likely place to get the answer I'm looking for. I'm not an ...
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51 views

Cylinder Pressure vs Crank Angle - How to read chart

Can anyone explain to me how to read a Cylinder Pressure vs Crank Angle chart? HE- blue line, CE - orange line, Ps Line - grey line, Pd Line - yellow line HESV -Head End Suction Valve HEDV - Head End ...
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25 views

Use of Absolute vs. Differential Pressure Transducers to Calculate Flow Through Annular Restriction

If using a laminar flow element, in conjunction with Poiseuille's equation, to calculate mass and volumetric flow rate, what would the benefit be to using two absolute pressure transducers to measure ...
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14 views

What pressure value to use for Poiseuille's equation?

If using a mass flow meter with a annular gap to produce laminar flow and the reading across the restriction is 871 Pa, is this the correct value to use for dP in the Poiseuille equation? Or must that ...
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55 views

Fluid Mechanic Buoyancy problem. How to determine the height?

I tried to solve it but I don't know how to bring the Area A in this equation. I used the area of the small vessel, but this one shouldn't be in the equation. Thanks a lot
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How to obtain the radial strength of a stent model in ABAQUS

I am simulating the crimping of a stent in ABAQUS/Standard using a 3D deformable cylinder on which I impose a displacement in order to crimp the stent from an initial diameter of 2.5 mm to a final 1 ...
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11 views

Create low velocity pressure drop?

I need to create a variable 3-7 psi / 0.2-0.5 bar in a low density gas running through some piping. I can calculate the required Cv factor to do this with a valve would be in the 30-200 range. Looking ...
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1answer
22 views

Pressure delivered to an object under a pneumatic press

I'm hoping some kind person can tell me if I have this right or not. I swear this isn't a homework problem. I'll be using a heated pneumatic press to heat seal lidding to plastic containers (...
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1answer
34 views

How to adjust power requirements for a propeller working against a pressure head

I'm in the process of building a hovercraft. In order to lift it, I'll need a motor directing the flow of air into a skirt. The specs for the motor I'm looking at say that it can turn a 15x5 dual-...
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1answer
27 views

Will the pressure inside a pressing mold will be constant if I'm working with a fluid inside?

I'm pressing glass and I want to know if the pressure that the walls of my mold feel is the same through all the internal surfaces. I'm willing to assume that glass will behave purely as a fluid (very ...
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4answers
110 views

A latch that’s easy to open under lateral pressure

My middle schooler is building a catapult that’s supposed to hurl a ping-pong ball 5 meters: The problem is that the pressure on the latch is so high that the kid just cannot trigger it: The door ...
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50 views

Hydraulic motor sizing

16 Examples of Tensile Strength has a list of items and their tensile strength. bamboo has these tensile strength ratings Bamboo MPA 350 PSI 50,763 If I needed to have a hydraulic motor to shred ...
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1answer
64 views

Manually Attempting Empirical Measurement of Flour Dough Compressive Strength

I want to make a DIY dough press, so need to know how much pressure I would need to apply. I don't have mechanical engg background, so based on some googling, I think this is what I need to do, but ...
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1answer
39 views

Issues creating a high pressure chamber for corrosive solution

I'm trying to do an experiment on high pressure's effect on the electrical impedance of a really corrosive solution. I'm aiming for at least 2,000 psi with a pressure chamber but the only material I ...
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1answer
45 views

What is the difference in CFM, at a given static pressure, between a CPU fan and a Squirrel Cage Blower fan when moving air through ductwork?

I have a Delta ASB0912L DC Brushless fan. PDF here. In the datasheet it says, RPM 3800 CFM 67.80 IN H2O 0.302 On the blower, squirrel cage fan, Dayton from ...
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26 views

Head loss curves for PEX tubing?

Is there a reliable online reference for head losses of PEX tubing at various nominal sizes and flow rates?
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63 views

Strength of Plastic Underwater Domes with various thicknesses

I'm currently researching the strength of domes underwater and I went down the rabithole of material science. The basics of this research (or though experiment) is to bring a dome filled with air to ...
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34 views

Choosing a blower for a Pneumatic Conveyor

Basically we are designing a pneumatic conveyor system for transferring 11 tons of beans per hour. We need to decide on the specifications of the blower. What are the calculations necessary to decide ...
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1answer
107 views

Pneumatic cylinder: Pressure rating

I want to create a Pneumatic cylinder, The purpose is, Inside it will will contain a Nylon piston, and one end will be filled with clay. Cylinder will be closed from either side using end caps, which ...