Questions tagged [pid-control]

The tag has no usage guidance.

35 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
5
votes
1answer
229 views

PI-Controler: Comparison of characteristic equations

I have to design a PI-controller with zero order hold for the plant $G_s(s) = \frac{0.24}{(s+4)(s+12)}$ to meet the specifications of $\omega_n=5\,s^{-1}$ and $\zeta = 0.6$. I choose a $T=0.12\,s$ ...
4
votes
1answer
228 views

what's wrong with this robust control scheme?

I'm learning how to control a double integrator with $H_\infty$. my model is simply $$\begin{gather} \dot{r} = v \\ \dot{v} = F/m \\ r(t_0) = 0\text{ m}, $v(t_0) = 0\text{ m/s}, m = 1000\text{ kg} \...
3
votes
0answers
48 views

PI or PID-regulator for control system with hysteresis relay in inner loop

I have such control system (sorry for rough drawing :) ) $G(s)$ - stable object with proper transfer function. $1/s$ - integrator. I need to clarify, how synthesized PI or PID controller for such ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

Is this function common in PID controllers?

I'm reading some old microcontroller code for a PID algorithm. There's a strange function (to me) that seems to work like this: $output = \frac{1}{n}input + \frac{n-1}{n}previous\_output$ The value $...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

How to control an underactuated platform with a single servo

What's the best way to control the following type of platform so that it remains balanced and upright? It's a box supported by a single leg that can pivot at the foot (F) and at the hip (H). The foot ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

(Dominant) Poles very close to zeros in PID control

I have a plant transfer function $G(s)$: $$ G(s) = \frac{1}{s^2(0.1s + 1) } $$ I want to control this with practical PID control: $$ C(s) = k_p + k_i \frac{1}{s} + k_d \frac{N}{1 + N \frac{1}{s}} $$ ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Servo Motor Input Voltage Equation

I'm working on a Ball & Beam project. As I'm doing it for an engineering project, I'm supposed to model the system mathematically, calculate the PID parameters, etc. to center the ball in the ...
1
vote
0answers
213 views

How to get the performance index ISE and IAE for a Matlab-Simulink designed Line Follower Robot with PID control?

I am researching a method to determine the optimal PID gains for a line follower robot. The problem is, I don't know how to setup the performance index IAE and ISE in the matlab. Any tips on how to do ...
1
vote
0answers
52 views

What are some techniques for improving stabilization given a mechanical time constant?

Problem: I have a self-stabilizing system that utilizes an intertial measurement unit (IMU) attached to the hull of a vessel. The system self stabilizes by performing matrix rotations based on the ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Discrete measurement - continuous observer design

I have to design a controller for the above system where the two pulse generators (red blocks ) are synchronized (measurements are only available at discrete points). However, my understanding is that ...
1
vote
0answers
157 views

Designing a PID Controller for Satellite Control

As an Aerospace Engineering Student, I have been trying to make a project of a PID Controller to control the attitude response of a satellite using the parameters from a project called Kufasat. The ...
1
vote
0answers
200 views

Is there a maximum phase margin a PID controller can give?

I'm having trouble understanding the plot attached. The bode plot here shows the bode plot of a plant to be controlled with PID. So, if I want a phase margin of 30 degrees at the bandwidth frequency, ...
1
vote
1answer
112 views

Control: control action of a PID controller with feedback

I'm programming the controller for a drone and I've got a question that may be basic, but I need to understand this perfectly to continue with the most interesting part of the project. The sensors of ...
1
vote
0answers
759 views

FOC algorithm for BLDC motor and rotor position estimation via IMU

I would like to implement the Field Oriented Control (FOC) algorithm on my STM32 board for controlling a 3 phases sensorless BLDC motor. By googling I found a very interesting Application Note from ...
1
vote
0answers
220 views

Theory of steady state error and dynamics of error for automatic control systems

I'm currently studying control systems specifically the mass-spring-damper system. Which is described by: $$\ddot{y}=(b/m)\dot{y}+(k/m){y}=(b/m)\dot{u}+(k/m){u}$$ Where $b:$ coeffiecient of ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Best Techniques to design a cascaded precision position controller

I'm looking to design a cascaded controller to transform a BLDC into a servomotor. The system has a motor current controller in the inner loop, which is controlled by a torque controller, which is ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Limitations to consider when picking a cut-off frequency low-pass filter for PID control?

Considering a first-order low-pass filter transfer function: $$ \frac{\omega_c}{s + \omega_c} $$ Where $\omega_c$ is the cut-off frequency. Are there any limitations on where to place this pole? For ...
0
votes
0answers
30 views

Block-diagram combining two controlled subsystems

I have two subsystems which are shown in the picture below. One of them is a system of stable and controlled differential equations of a mechanical system. Second is a block that implements a function ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Linearizing nonlinear system for PID control

I have a system where y = 1/x. (y=output, x=input) If I calculate the PID error not by reading y, but by reading 1/y (so linearizing the system), will my system be nicely linearized, and the PID ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

How to determine time constant/cutoff frequency of the filters in the controlled loop

I was told to be careful to use filters in the control loops as it will add extra time delays in the system and degrade the system dynamic response, but I also saw there are lots of filters in ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Is there an equation that can automatically tune a PID controller?

Is there an equation that can automatically tune PID controllers? or do I have to do manually/make an AI to do it for me?
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Controller to maintain a stable amplitude

I am recording a channel before and after injecting current into that channel. I control the current injection using a switch, when the switch is on current goes to the channel, when the switch is off ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Process disturbance in PI controller help

This is the project i'm working on and i'm struggling to understand one sentence which is stopping me from progressing the project. I'm struggling to understand what it means when it says to add +/- ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Finding Derivative Gain for PD Controller

I am trying to design a PD controller $G_c(s) = K_d(s+z_c)$ with the following requirements: No overshoot, $\zeta = 1$ Settling time $T_s = 0.0002s$ The transfer function that I am currently working ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

how derivative gain in PD controller influences tracking error

List item For a proportional and derivative feedback control, the the response and tracking error in frequency domain can be represented as $Y(s)=\frac{KG+K_dSG}{1+KG+K_dSG}S_p \\ e(s)=\frac{1}{1+KG+...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

PID Control: Is adding a delay before the next loop a good idea?

I am implementing PID control in C++ to make a differential drive robot turn an accurate number of degrees, but I am having many issues. Exiting control loop early due to fast loop runtime If the ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

P&ID questions on reports, connection, etc

Good day to all of you. I got some questions in my mind regarding on P&ID: In electrical, symbol will have their own default reference name for example "Motor" will use "M" , ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Design op-amp circuit from transfer function

What is the best way to design a circuit based on the following transfer function: $$T(s)=\frac{9216}{(s^2 + 48s + 9216)}$$
0
votes
0answers
70 views

How do I get the closed-loop transfer function of the system, fitted with a PID controller, if the input valve has a transfer function?

How do I get the closed-loop transfer function of the system, fitted with a PID controller, if the input valve has a transfer function given by: $ \frac{Q(s)}{P(s)} = \frac{Kv}{(Tv*S+I)} $ Where Kv ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

How does a digital controller's sampling period dictate the system's actuation requirements?

When selecting an actuator for a controls application - e.g. choosing a servo motor for a self-balancing robot - I understand that it's important for the actuators to have fast enough dynamics that ...
0
votes
0answers
163 views

Derive a Transfer Function from first principles (PID, system identification, statics)

I want to derive a transfer function of my system so I can plug it into MATLAB and use the PID tuner tool. My system is a balancing beam with a motor on each end of the beam. My first principles ...
0
votes
1answer
116 views

How to tune PID for a step response

I am very much confused finding the time constant and DC gain for the below step response. The idea is to find PI gains for speed control and I am following this tutorial online Tutorial Link Motor ...
-1
votes
1answer
44 views

Tuning a cascaded attitude and attitude rate PID controller

Assume that I have an object in 3D, and I want to have a controller that stabilizes its orientation (also referred to as "attitude"). To be sure we are clear: attitude is measured in "degrees" or "...
-1
votes
1answer
35 views

Any idea about what does this image represent in control systems?

I just need a hint , I know it's out of context but that's how I found it in a Facebook group, I thought someone might have seen this before, I study automation and I know that Kp is the proportional ...
-2
votes
1answer
87 views

Limiting PID controller's output making the plant unstable and untunable

I am using the PID block in Simulink and limiting the output to (+/-)5. The plant becomes unstable and untunable after putting these limits. The plant is stable and tuneable otherwise if no limits are ...