Questions tagged [nuclear-engineering]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
-1
votes
0answers
33 views

The Future of Chernobyl: What is planned? [closed]

The ironic thing about Chernobyl is that wildlife and vegetation make the area, which will be dangerous for thousands of years for humans, look very inviting. What are the plans to warn future humans, ...
0
votes
1answer
98 views

Chernobyl - why didn't they power their own circulation system?

The test that led to the Chernobyl accident was to see if they could keep cooling water circulating long enough in the event of a power cut for the generators to kick in. So, why didn't they just ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

What are the design differences between a hydrogen bomb and a neutron bomb?

Are the presence of neutron reflectors the only difference between a hydrogen bomb and a neutron bomb? Many sources go into the bombs' different effects but I couldn't find the differences in how they'...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Relevancy of (neutron energy loss and atomic weight) and the material selection of fast and thermal nuclear reactor

From this https://www.nuclear-power.net/glossary/neutron-moderatoraverage-logarithmic-energy-decrement/, I have found that the relationship between atomic weight and neutron energy loss can give the ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Half-life Unit Notations

I was looking for some element's half-life, on the following website: http://nucleardata.nuclear.lu.se/toi/listnuc.asp?sql=&A1=214&A2=214&Z=88 For 214,88-Ra, the half-life is shown to be: ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Where can I find a database of (n,n' gamma) and (n,gamma) reactions sorted by Isotope and Q value

I have some MCNP spectra with interesting gamma peaks. I can not for the life of me find a database that allows me to search for reactions by Q value or isotope, or both. I can't even find the Q value ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

What is the *typical* quantity (in kg) of uranium-235 present at a given moment in a nuclear plant?

What is the typical quantity (in kg) of uranium-235 present at a given moment in a working nuclear plant? How does this compare to the typical amount of uranium-235 in a typical nuclear bomb (...
1
vote
3answers
75 views

How is nuclear fuel dealt with?

Not sure if anyone would know this, but was discussing it with friends, and it seems like quite the puzzle. In short, how is nuclear fuel in reactors handled? Logically, the nuclear fuel must be ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

What are the key technical challenges to development of traveling wave reactors?

I recently learned about traveling wave reactors (TWRs) on the Netflix Bill Gates special, as an example of a cutting-edge technology Gates is funding which has the potential solve several ...
2
votes
2answers
80 views

How do nuclear power plants prevent fuel rods from depleting nonuniformaly?

Power output of nuclear reactors is controlled by control rods that sit in between the fuel rods: These are pulled out to increase fission rates - and lowered to decrease them. The control rods are ...
0
votes
0answers
68 views

Is my understanding of the Chernobyl explosions correct?

I have been reading technical reports and whatnot about Chernobyl for some time, and I'm feeling that they-or their wording-is not quite letting me understand it. For lack of a better way to present ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

How does a nuclear powered rocket engine work?

Nuclear power always require some way of converting the energy from nuclear to electrical or mechanical to be useful. For example, in a nuclear power generation facility, this is done through heat/...
-1
votes
1answer
342 views

Is the core of an RBMK reactor submersed in coolant?

I have looked at many diagrams of the Chernobyl reactor and am wondering where the coolant comes from that enters the control rod channels when the control rods are raised. All the diagrams show ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

How to code this iterative scheme for solving 2-group diffusion equation?

I am trying to write a python code to solve the neutron diffusion equation to model neutron flux distribution in a one-dimensional two-group setting. The governing equations of the system are: $$-...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Which Gen IV reactor types use nuclear waste as fuel?

I have read the Wikipedia article on Generation IV nuclear reactors, but from that article it is not clear to me which of the main reactor types that use nuclear waste to fuel the process. As far as I ...
2
votes
2answers
85 views

Why aren't nuclear reactors designed to handle the loss of the heat sink?

I always wonder why nuclear power plants aren't designed to handle a loss of the heat sink. At the point at which hydrogen is being made from the water, can't you just remove the water and catch the ...
0
votes
3answers
71 views

How is the neutron capture cross-section increased in thermal breeder reactors?

The related Wikipedia article says: A breeder reactor is a nuclear reactor that generates more fissile material than it consumes. Breeder reactors achieve this because their neutron economy is ...
1
vote
2answers
115 views

Critical mass in a molten salt reactor

In a conventional nuclear reactor the amount of neutrons 'flying around' is maintained with control rods and water is usually used as a moderator. From a certain point of view the control rods keep ...
4
votes
3answers
6k views

How did the RBMK control rod design cause an increase in reactivity when moved downwards?

I have been trying to understand a particular aspect of the Chernobyl accident - the role of the graphite displacers on the end of the control rods. The basic story is that the graphite displacers ...
2
votes
1answer
366 views

Was the explosion of the Chernobyl nuclear reactor a 'true' nuclear explosion?

Was the second - the big - explosion of the reactor core in the Chernobyl catastrophe a true nuclear explosion? There have been those who have said that it was ... but sayings to this effect do not ...
-1
votes
1answer
122 views

Can fusion be used to synthesize precious metals? [closed]

According to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Synthesis_of_precious_metals, precious metals can be synthsized using fission. I think that if we found a way to do it with fusion, it would be more ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Dose rate through shielding from Co-60 to verify Monte Carlo result?

I need to calculate the dose rate leaking from sealed Co-60 sources. Let's say the activity of a source is 7 TBq. The source is tube shaped, 2 mm radius and 10 mm in height. There is 5 cm of tungsten ...
0
votes
2answers
69 views

Would a large dome structure prevent widespread effects of nuclear plant explosions?

In both the Fukushima and Chernobyl incidents, widespread contamination would have been prevented had both facilities been enclosed within a larger structure. While existing plant designs call for ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

Why didn't the Fukushima turbine supply electricity to the residual heat removal system? [closed]

Instead the pump relied on the diesel generators, why didn't it just use the residual heat to generate electricity? P.s. The question is very specific to the residual heat generated after inserting ...
3
votes
2answers
54 views

Nuclear wastegate thermal dissipation systems?

How do shoreline nuclear facilities lower the temperature of wastewater generated by their cooling systems before it enters the ocean?
4
votes
2answers
157 views

Do ships powered by nuclear reactors use water for shielding?

On a different Stack, I encountered an answer that was making a comparison to nuclear powered naval ships. It was stated that the physical shielding being used was various kinds of metals. This seems.....
0
votes
2answers
113 views

When backup cooling fails in reactors without passive safety, what is the risk of radioactive contamination?

Most/all nuclear fission reactors require cooling. Due to radioactive decay heat, this is true even when the reactor is switched off. Hence, there are requirements for nuclear plants to have power ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

How does a nuclear reactor initiate nuclear fission? [closed]

How do we start a nuclear chain reaction? For example, if we wanted to do it this weekend, what would we need, and what are the basic steps? I'm not looking for a text book response or highly detailed ...
6
votes
2answers
103 views

Summary of major outage management works needed in the 4th decade of a nuclear reactor?

I've noticed that quite a few commercial nuclear reactors have an extended outage (they close down for several months) some time late in their third decade, and the maintenance works during the ...
7
votes
2answers
377 views

How does thermonuclear warhead yield scale with size?

The Tsar Bomba packed a yield of 50 megatons into a package 2.1m in diameter by 8m long. Assuming that the lead tamper modification was not used (which boosts the yield of the Tsar Bomba design to ...