Questions tagged [motors]

Questions regarding motors. All types of motors, their gearboxes, how to drive an electrical motor etc.

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36 views

Calculation for Motor Selection

I need help with the selection of a motor and a motor driver I need to spin a 700g (65mm radius) round ball at 35,000 RPM. I need to bring it up to speed slowly, so I also need a motor driver/speed ...
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3answers
69 views

Inverting motor polarities automatically to close and open a door

Hi, I need to build a device that opens a chicken coop door. The idea is quite simple, a motor connected to an axle that pulls a string up just like a wench. It would be activated by a relay timer ...
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28 views

Equations of motion in matrix form and energy consumption

I am working on Lagrangian derived high-dimensional motion equations for a robot in matrix form. The structure of such an equation is known: $M(q)\ddot{q}+C(q,\dot{q})\dot{q}+G(q)=0$ In here, $M(q)$, $...
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1answer
43 views

Can peltier modules be more efficiant with a medium other than air?

Peltier modules are said to be less efficient than conventional air conditioners. Can a medium like moving cold water over the heat sink increase the efficiency of a peltier module? By how much? ...
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23 views

How to design an outrunner BLDC motor

I've difficulties to find a good documentation or a book to how to design an outrunner BLDC motor. My propose is, defined RPM and approximative kW and some other parameters, which are calculation ...
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1answer
41 views

Raise/Lower 350lb Sawmill Head 12v Motor Specs

I am new to this site and have a problem to solve in an area that I’m pretty lost in. I can usually figure stuff out with the help of the internet and some digging but not getting real traction so ...
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2answers
41 views

Will a motor with 1,16 Nm rotate a 50 mm gear moving about 12 kg

I'm not an expert in mechanics, so this is my question. I will buy the motor of the image below to move my door. In the motor shaft, there is a gear with 50 mm of diameter which will move the door. ...
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1answer
40 views

how much power is needed to move a linear axis

Ι need help calculating the power usage for a linear axis motor. it must move up and down at a maximum speed of 0.5 m/s a load of 50 kg What I did so far: The load (i.e. weight) acting on the motor ...
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1answer
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calculate torsion in a diffrent sized shaft

first of i know it seems like a homework assignment but it does not, it is calculations i need to do at work and it has been a long time since i studied this material. so I need help to calculate if a ...
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51 views

What are some techniques for improving stabilization given a mechanical time constant?

Problem: I have a self-stabilizing system that utilizes an intertial measurement unit (IMU) attached to the hull of a vessel. The system self stabilizes by performing matrix rotations based on the ...
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1answer
29 views

Connecting a custom 3d-printed part to an SG90 servo

I've very recently got into prototyping as I'm working on a project that I intend on making as simple as possible through conventional methods, just to learn general best practices. I have an SG90 ...
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27 views

How to switch between two cores (inside the coil) in a simple brushed DC

I am going to build a very simple brushed DC motor. The rotor will not be enclosed in a stator (the rotor will be built on a bench with free space around it), and I will using permanent magnets to ...
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2answers
39 views

Mechanically increase motor torque

An electrical engineer here. Using a stepper motor for a robotic arm. A stepper motor at the base of the arm has a max holding torque of 6kgcm. The arm is around 30cm in length from this base motor ...
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1answer
25 views

Making a three phase squirrel cage induction motor in PLECS?

I was just curious if I was to make a Three phase squirrel cage induction motor connected to a mechanical load System Block Diagram in PLECS with a rated frequency of 60hz, 6 poles, 220V rated stator ...
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24 views

Motor Torque Required in a Reciprocating Compressor

I am working on a Univerity project involving a reciprocating compressor and I am having trouble verifying the motor's torque requirements. I am relatively happy with my calculation method, however, ...
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40 views

What is the feedback signal used in the speed control of a brushless DC motor?

In a brush-less DC (BLDC) motor the commonly used speed is sensed using the feedback from Hall effect sensors and the back or counter EMF. The linked article on Wikipedia also mentions that 'Other ...
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1answer
35 views

What is the difference between a single-stage pump and a centrifugal pump?

Here is the small $12 \; V$ pump that I am looking at. The manufacturer called the product as DC brushless centrifugal circulation small water pump but under its description it mentions that it is a ...
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2answers
61 views

Is a pneumatic cylinder in general a linear or rotary actuator?

I've just begun to learn pneumatics and I'm really confused where the pneumatic cylinder falls under in the categorization of what kind of mechanical motion it is suppose to produce. I've seen one ...
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3answers
75 views

What Goes Into Making a Variable Field Magnetic Motor?

(I feel it is necessary to mention that I am not an electrical or mechanical engineer; I just like to build fun things.) I've already got a good explanation of the concepts involved in a variable ...
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1answer
41 views

How does the efficiency curve of a well pump shift with speed?

Well pump manufacturers publish "efficiency curves" for well pumps, such as this one (the curve that is most sharply convex down, whose Y axis is read from the "% EFF" scale on the ...
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1answer
63 views

Is there a difference between a “brushless motor” and a “motor without brushes”?

On the Dyson website they promote their new motor by saying: Dyson Hyperdymium™ motors work very differently to conventional brushed motors. We replaced the brush with digital pulse technology, added ...
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1answer
53 views

Improving ball feeder design

I designed this ball feeder for my robot however I'm experiencing frequent ball jams as the ball is stuck against the wall of the hole entry or just a ball being moved left and right not entering the. ...
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2answers
45 views

Can DC motors be used for regenerative braking only? [duplicate]

I am an engineering student working on a machine to tension steel wire rope for maritime uses. The wire rope (max, ~2000m, diameter 44mm) sits (without tension) on a spool (diameter 2m) and has to be ...
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1answer
42 views

Back EMF from a motor

I have a large DC Motor I ripped out of a treadmill and I'm curious if the back emf generated from manually rotating the motor is a DC output or an AC output. Is it AC only when it's from the power ...
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1answer
19 views

What size of fan requires motors with a transmission? [closed]

I am wondering at what fan size/speed a direct drive motor is no longer sufficient to drive a fan? Phrased alternatively, what size/speed of fan requires motors with a transmission? For an axial fan.
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1answer
57 views

Running Hydraulic Pump with High Torque Motor

It's my understanding that hydraulics are merely a means of gear reduction to move a given object. So then I'm wondering why I can't find a formula or way to determine the following issue: I want to ...
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1answer
58 views

How do I interpret this DC motor datasheet?

Problem summary: I need to produce about 0.289 Nm with a rack and pinion system and compress 24 mm of a 110 mm x 21.6 mm, 0.99 N/mm steel spring. I thought about using with a 10mm pitch diameter gear ...
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987 views

Ways to brake an axle

I am currently studying Mechanical Engineering and am doing an assignment where I have to design a wire rope tensioner where a wire rope is unspooled from a drum, but the wire has to be at a specific ...
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0answers
73 views

Advice on spring launcher project

I found an ingenious design of a spring ball launcher on grabcad and I'm interested in adapting it to accelerate a $43.7 \mathrm{~mm}$ diameter, $45 \mathrm{~g}$ golf ball enough to reach $65.5 \...
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26 views

Mecanum wheels begin to make robot spin around rather than move to the side

I am using mecanum wheels to steer my robot which I am programming using an arduino. The main problem that I am having is that whenever I attempt to make the robot move sideways like this: Instead ...
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1answer
43 views

What would the tension in the cable be?

A subsequent question stemming from here A massless motor is attached to a massless pulley(the blue circle) with a fixed rotational inertia and they are all attached to a mass X (the green platform). ...
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1answer
33 views

How to calculate the Torque required to rotate two bars perpendicular to each other

This question relates to a previous question (How to calculate the required torque in a static equilibrium system) where I have enquired about the start-up torque required to rotate a system. However, ...
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15 views

how does one obtain motion in the theta and phi direction with motors?

I'm not a mechanical engineer,but I'm guessing this is something that is well known by MEs. Say I have a rod and I want to move my pitch one direction, and my azimuth the other direction. How can I do ...
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60 views

VFD or soft start to minimize power consumption on starting a motor?

I want to use the smallest generator possible to run a standard three-phase AC well pump. According to this website and others, it is advisable to use a generator capable of 3x the running kVA if the ...
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2answers
77 views

Torque required to start rotating a wheel about its center

Assuming i have a circular disc of a significant mass and diameter. Neglecting friction, if a motor is put at its center how do i calculate the torque required for the wheel to just start to rotate? ...
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3answers
99 views

how can I control 2 stepper motors with RS-232?

Hello everyone this is my first post to the forum. I want to control 2 stepper motors using RS-232 as a way of directly communicating with step drivers from my desktop. I am new to communication ...
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2answers
41 views

Two 3/4HP / 500W motors to run in opposite directions, at precisely the same RPM, controllable from zero to 5000 RPM?

I am designing a machine where I need two 3/4HP / 500W motors powered from 110VAC to run in opposite directions, at precisely (+/- 0.3% perhaps) the same RPM, controllable from zero to 5000 RPM by a ...
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1answer
58 views

Automatic compression of springs

I am trying to design something for a friend, but am struggling to come up with the mechanics. Can you help? So imagine a long extendable pole, like a bow staff. Imagine after pulling out a "peg&...
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1answer
55 views

controllable low RPM motor

I am looking for a (rather cheap) low RPM controllable motor. If it could turn in both directions (also controlled) that would be a huge plus. Any ideas? Right now I'm using a disco ball motor at 1 ...
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23 views

Can I benefit from using a real axle as a shaft of a brushless motor on my RC car?

I'm designing an RC car and considering two options now. I can put some gears into it, so that I would have a certain gear ratio between motor and axle, or I can remove shaft from the motor and, ...
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1answer
31 views

How to size motor to pull up a slope

I am trying to understand how to size an electric motor to pull a person up a sloped incline. I know that I need to take into account the speed desired, the weight of the person and the friction/...
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2answers
48 views

Selecting the right DC motor for horizontal motion

I have come across a problem that for the life of me I can't seem to figure out. I'm sharing this here in the hopes that the amazing community here can help push me in the right direction. The problem ...
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0answers
42 views

Overcurrent protection, limit for nominal current or stall?

Background: I'm currently working on a robotics design that will drill through soil. I have selected a 48V motor who's nominal current is 3.17A and has a stall current of 42A. I will be driving the ...
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5answers
142 views

Preventing a DC motor from stalling

My team is trying to build a mechanical cannon for a final project for a course and we are running into some problems with our motor stalling. Our motor stalls when the plate hits either side of this ...
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3answers
61 views

Relation between armature voltage and mechanical power in electrical Engineering

I am searching for an effect chain that leads to the mechanical power $P_{mech}$ of a DC motor, starting with the applied armature voltage $U_{A}$. My request also includes all the electrotechnical ...
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23 views

Absolute Digital Encoder Speed measurement

I am using a 16-bit absolute magnetic encoder and I get the position from SSI 3 wire, I mean digital outputs for my position control application. I have a problem with getting accurate speed data. I ...
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10 views

Petrol-Electric transmission drivetrain parameters

Pardon me if this question covers too many elements; I am not yet informed enough to fully comprehend what would be the important parameters which must be matched for such a system to work, which is ...
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2answers
48 views

How to calculate the required torque in a static equilibrium system

I am working on a personal project where I need to select a motor to rotate a system that is in static equilibrium. The motor torque specification is given in kg.cm. This is what I have: Bar : 2 ...
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0answers
47 views

Building a custom indirect actuator, any thoughts?

I’m trying to create a custom indirect actuator, that is controlled by a microcontroller, for a custom robotics project. I have selected motor and gears (according to Fd = W = T2*pi) so that the ...
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1answer
33 views

Fixing a stepper motor by its shaft

Suppose I have a small stepper motor, and for reasons (like wiring considerations) it is advantageous for me to not actually have the motor's body fixed as the shaft rotates, but rather have the shaft ...

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