Questions tagged [metals]

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Cutting method, where shaving stays attached from one side

Usually shaving goes out in front of the tool, being connected only along the cutting tool width. Im interested in another case, when shaving is moved to one side and it stays connected to the ...
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2 answers
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Building up worn steel via plating or other method?

I've asked several people and gotten mixed answers, so I've decided to post the question here. Can steel be electroplated onto steel to build up worn surface areas (I'm talking about less than a ...
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Consumable arc welding Polarity Effect on heat input

why DCEP is generally used in consumable welding process? As per my understanding more heat is generated where the electrons collide(anode), so in consumable welding,we want deposition and also want ...
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Iridium carbides in high carbon stainless steel

Has there ever been any high carbon stainless steel made with iridium as one of the alloy components? Is there any research in this direction? There is a paper from 2016 comparing various iridium ...
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What is the difference between AISI 1015 and SAE 1015 steel? Are they the same?

I've been trying to understand the differences between the AISI and SAE naming systems, but haven't been able to completely figure it out yet. It seems like sometimes they are considered the same, but ...
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Alternatives to zinc die cast (Zamak)

I am working for a small domestic home appliance manufacturer and we are looking at ways to reduce our appliance's carbon footprint. Currently we use a lot of die-casted zinc-aluminum alloy (Zamak, ...
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What material property (Young's modulus, HRC hardness, Max yield strength, etc) affects how easy it is to cut sheet metal?

Our team is looking for sheet metal that is easiest to cut (and paint over), so I was wondering if there was a specific material property (such as those listed in the title) that affected the ...
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Are rusty stains allowed to happen with hot dip galvanized steel construction?

I ordered a fence and the provider agreed to deliver it made from hot dip galvanized steel covered with powder painted finishing. The price was significantly bigger thank with the electro ...
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1 answer
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Choosing metal plate to spread point load

I have a heavy object standing on 4 legs (about 30 mm in diameter each) on a wooden floor. The object is soon going to become even more heavier and I am concerned the legs could penetrate the floor. ...
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1 answer
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Fire rated EN 13501-1 B-s1/s2, d0 sheets

I'm trying to learn more about the type of sheets I can get for a project, I would of course go for polycarbonate if not for its price, currently the project with PC will cost \$600-\$700 but I'm ...
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Aluminium Bolt in Titanium Casing: Any Dangers of (Contact-)Corrosion?

Assumed we have a fuel flask that is made of titanium. The bottle will be filled with white gasoline when used. At the bottleneck there is a standardized thread manufactured into the titanium. Are ...
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Is it possible to estimate the young's modulus of an aluminum alloy purely based off its alloy designation?

I recently had an interview where the interviewer asked what the young's modulus would be like for an alloy like 5052 versus 6061. was a bit stumped on this one, saying that 5052 might be lower ...
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What is the Specific Heat of Molten Bronze?

I have sources giving the specific heat capacity of bronze as 382 to 385 J⋅kg⁻¹⋅K⁻¹, or as 435 J⋅kg⁻¹⋅K⁻¹. I'm assuming the variation is due to different alloys being considered, which are not ...
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How long will it take to anneal at a lower temperature?

Someone is trying to anneal a brass casting to minimize the segregation of Zinc. He likes the results of annealing at 400 Celsius for 3 hours, but the high temperature produces problems with residual ...
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11 votes
1 answer
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What kind of metal are eye glasses frames made from?

I've noticed that prescription eye glasses frames are often made from metal that is quite rigid. It's surprisingly difficult to bend the metal, despite how thin it is. And if it does bend, it doesn't ...
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What type of drill bits are these?

https://drive.google.com/file/d/1JPV6dRqB6f__N1eCcmn6QkOStLpVdc-U/view?usp=drivesdk Here's an image for bits Head. https://photos.app.goo.gl/HS8hFqLeWn8jecka7 In the image above (Google Images & ...
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What is the difference between wrought aluminum and cast aluminum? Is it possible to cast 6061 aluminum?

I'm currently learning about material properties and I'm not certain what the main differences are between the different types of aluminum. The aluminum I'm most familiar with is 6061-T6 aluminum and ...
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2 answers
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Software for designing products made of aluminum extrusions

I'm going to build a storage cabinet out of aluminum extrusions. Something that looks like that, except lighter and less intricate: So yeah, my cabinet will be a lot lighter and without moving parts. ...
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In what way does plating a bimetallic strip affect its displacement?

I've got a mechanism that uses a bimetallic strip; for aesthetic reasons I'd like to electroplate it with a thin layer of gold - how does this affect the relative displacement of a bimetallic strip in ...
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How does the magnet sheet sliding metal mechanism work?

I was watching this video - at 10:23 mark where the person was using a hook mechanism for sliding the metal sheets together and noted that sometimes the hook would get caught on a bad angle. To solve ...
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1 vote
3 answers
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What is the cheapest way to build a fireproof box?

I'm breaking my brain for a two weeks trying to find a way to build a fireproof box 100 cm × 100 cm × 100 cm with 1 door at the cheapest price. The immediate candidate is sheet metal, which needs to ...
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Unknown metal-piece connected to the case of an iPod Nano 2

I disassembled an iPod Nano 2 yesterday and was surprised to find a round brass-coloured plate glued to the back. I didn't find any mention of it at the teardown over at ifixit.com, as they didn't cut ...
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1 answer
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What is meant by soaking time in heat treatment?

After heating at 950°C and holding the temperature for 3 hours there is a soaking time that is provided for 12 hours. What is the soaking time being referred to here? A detailed reply to this will be ...
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A question on how heat treatment is done in bogies

During heat treatment of metals I find that Normalizing is done in railway bogies and tempering is done following normalizing only for the CP top and bottom. Following the tempering process quenching ...
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Adhesive to connect metal with a coating to plastic that resists mineral oil

I have a peristaltic pump that was having some leaks because of connections between the tubing so I decided to replace it all with a single piece of tubing. Upon doing this though, I observed that the ...
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1 answer
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How to evenly heat stainless type 304 steel bar to approximately 200F?

I need to heat stainless bar stock prior to bending in a forming machine. I would like to reach approximately 200 degrees F. The material is stainless type 304/304L, 3/16" thick. We are heating ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Can Rotary Friction Welding be used to join metals and ceramics?

Is Rotary Friction Welding a good method to join cylinders of a metal (such as Ti alloy) and a ceramic (such as SiC). I know that Diffusion bonding can be used in such cases. However, it has its own ...
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Salt grinder and corrosion

I am looking for a kitchen salt grinder. I know salt is an aggressive compound and it needs a little bit of attention when we design products. Since most of grinders have plastic-made or stainless ...
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1 answer
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I need something similar to a 3" to 5" curtain tension rod to fix my popping air ducts

The air ducts in my house have a couple of places where they make popping sounds as they expand while heating, one of the loudest ones is annoyingly in my bedroom. I know by pressing around where I ...
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4 votes
2 answers
529 views

Why does corrosion take place at certain stressed regions?

Why does certain parts of metal show more corrosion at the place where there is high dislocation density in comparison to the place where the dislocation density is less? I do sincerely feel that this ...
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1 vote
2 answers
245 views

Mirror without glass?

I just noticed "mirror" was actually created by applying thin layer of metal on top of glass. In fact, the polished metal is exactly how mirror gets its properties - while glass itself is ...
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Glue a sample at -40 Degrees

I would need to stick two opposite edges of a sample on two small metallic plates (as it were a bridge). The sample is Silicon and on top an high temperure superconductor which is Temperature ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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What material might by used to 'staple' coils down in this stovetop element?

I have the stovetop element shown in the image below. If you look at the coils, they're fixed down by what look like little staples. I'm wondering what material those staples might be. The surface ...
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3 votes
4 answers
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The behavior of the stress-strain curve of metal, containing a void

Let's assume that in a metal sample without any dislocation, there is a void. Then we conduct a uniaxial tensile test.
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1 vote
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Should I use brass compression fitting on brass tube?

I would like to use brass compression fitting on brass tube, I am confused because I have seen all the fittings that are used for copper and steel tube only. Is there and disadvantages?
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1 answer
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Hansel-Spittel equation parameter determination

I am currently learning how to determine the Hansel-Spittel equation parameters. The equation has following form: $$\sigma= A \cdot e^{m_1\cdot T}\cdot(\epsilon^{m_2})\cdot \exp\left(\frac{m_4}{\...
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1 answer
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Thermal expansion during the course of melting (in metals specifically)

The question is with regards to Thermal Expansion at the point of melting. My basic understanding is that a material will generally undergo linear thermal expansion until some phase change occurs (...
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1 vote
1 answer
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How can we tell if a press mold need more stages?

I was asked to design a simple press mold for a 0.5mm sheet metal part. It has some small but rather deep sinks (5-7mm) which has made me wondering if it can be done in a single stage or it needs more ...
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1 vote
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How were these candlesticks made in the 1800s?

"Candlesticks" for this question are really just a stand-in for axisymmetric silver, brass, etc structures, possibly hollow and made of thin sheet material? Examples: From my research, today we ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Bendable flaps on sheet metal

I'm trying to cut some bendable flaps on aluminium sheets for hooking/clipping onto some fabric. The flaps I have in mind look like this: Are these common features? Does anyone know the geometry of ...
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Metallic flow behavior under eccentric loading conditions

So, I did a quick search around and didn't seem to find anything regarding this, so I thought perhaps I should just ask a question. Metals are malleable and will generally flow/deform if you roll it ...
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Will expanding metal disrupt my motion sensor?

I am trying to install a door motion sensor in a environment that will get very hot for our work. So the door could heat up to temperature of 150-200°F. We built the frames and door to handle the ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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what design features allow a milling machine to withstand lateral pressures against the bit

I need to cut a slot 4mm wide by 25mm long in aluminum tube with a 2.2mm wall thickness and a 35mm O.D. The tube is 250mm in length. It seemed a drill press with a fluting bit might suffice for this ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Effect of annealing on the defects

What is the effect of annealing on the defects present in the sample? Does it remove defects in the sample? Is there any chance that due to annealing the point defects present in the sample combine to ...
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2 answers
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Mounting an antenna base on a roof using only double sided tape?

I want to put a vertical antenna on top of my roof. The antenna is basically 4 meters of PVC pipe and 5 meters of 19mm aluminium tubing. The roof at my house is corrugated sheet metal, and I want to ...
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Creep behavior in metals

If creep behavior can begin at 0.6T(melting) but, hot working for a pure metal starts at 0.4Tm, what is the explanation for this?
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2 votes
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What mechanism is available to rotate a metal piece on another metal piece?

I am trying to find some type of mechanism where I can have a smooth but not too stiff rotation between two metal pieces. I was thinking of putting a shoulder screw through the pieces (the pieces will ...
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How to produce aluminium powder by E. J. Hall method

I have watched videos on YouTube producing Aluminum powder by mechanical methods. Like this one. It uses Aluminum foil and coffee grinder: There are similar videos which use the same basic method but ...
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1 answer
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Arc-welding 2mm thick steel at an angle without burning-through

I'm learning a bit of stick welding since I keep needing it for certain projects. Total beginner. The latest thing I decided to make is a table similar to this one: The material is 2mm thick ...
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Steel Worm/Steel Wheel vs Steel Worm/Bronze Wheel

I have a question regarding worm drives, specifically double-enveloping types: Do steel worm/steel wheel combinations last longer than steel worm/bronze wheel or steel worm/brass wheel combinations? ...
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