Questions tagged [metallurgy]

Metallurgy is the science of the production and the processing of different metals and other metallurgic usable elements.

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What is the difference between an alloy and a metamaterial?

Metamaterials are carefully structured materials — often consisting of periodically arranged building blocks — that exhibit properties and functionalities that differ from and surpass those of their ...
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Building up worn steel via plating or other method?

I've asked several people and gotten mixed answers, so I've decided to post the question here. Can steel be electroplated onto steel to build up worn surface areas (I'm talking about less than a ...
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Consumable arc welding Polarity Effect on heat input

why DCEP is generally used in consumable welding process? As per my understanding more heat is generated where the electrons collide(anode), so in consumable welding,we want deposition and also want ...
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Iridium carbides in high carbon stainless steel

Has there ever been any high carbon stainless steel made with iridium as one of the alloy components? Is there any research in this direction? There is a paper from 2016 comparing various iridium ...
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What exactly is an invariant line strain or invariant plane strain in martensitic transformations?

I have been reading about martensitic transformations and came across the terms like invariant line strain or plane strain, glissile interface, etc. I am not able to properly visualize these. Is there ...
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For a given a molten metal (say copper), how do you determine the best material for a 3D printer flatbed? What about circuit board?

Suppose we had a 3D printer that can spew molten metal out of a 0.1mm hot nozzle and that we can control the heat at the last 5mm of the Tungsten hot nozzle's tip. I'm wondering then how would you get ...
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Why do rare-earth permanent magnets need to be recycled instead of just reused?

For years, scientists and engineers have struggled to find ways to efficiently break down and recycle rare-earth materials from various devices, especially permanent magnets.... My question is: Why do ...
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Best way to prepare a rusty metal surface for hardness testing?

I have a hardox #10mm plate that needs to be tested on Rockwell hardness. As hardox is sensible to heat I would like to avoid any heat treatment before the testing. The plate has been water cut. The ...
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Can diamond grinding wheels be used to grind Tantung (non-ferrous High Cobalt, Chromium, Tungsten alloys?)

I've read that when using diamond wheels to grind ferrous metals, at high temperatures the carbon in the diamond becomes soluble in the iron thus damaging the diamond wheel. Is it okay to use a ...
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Can titanium be used as I-beams?

Is titanium capable of being used in I-beams....
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Under what conditions is grinding unnecessary for liquid-solid leaching in mineral processing?

I am a chemical engineering student and I am having trouble understanding a passage in a separation process textbook I am reading. The passage is about the preparing solids for leaching, such as ...
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What is the Specific Heat of Molten Bronze?

I have sources giving the specific heat capacity of bronze as 382 to 385 J⋅kg⁻¹⋅K⁻¹, or as 435 J⋅kg⁻¹⋅K⁻¹. I'm assuming the variation is due to different alloys being considered, which are not ...
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How can I tell if I got counterfeit aluminum?

I recently received an order of extruded aluminum strip 3/32" thick that supposed to be 6061 hardened to specification ASTM B221. However, when we tried to bend it, it broke and the interior ...
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Outline of Various Heat Treatment Processes

I've been trying to sort out some of the heat treatment terms for steel and what they actually mean since there seems to be a lot of interchangeable usage between the two. This is what I have so far. ...
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How long will it take to anneal at a lower temperature?

Someone is trying to anneal a brass casting to minimize the segregation of Zinc. He likes the results of annealing at 400 Celsius for 3 hours, but the high temperature produces problems with residual ...
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How do I calculate the Cr concentration in an Fe-C-Cr alloy?

Say, I have a 0.1 % C and 18 % Cr in a Fe-alloy. At a particular temperature, we have precipitate formation (of Cr23C6), which requires many Cr atoms. At a given temperature , how do I evaluate the ...
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Metal sheet forming - material properties when switching material

What does one have to look out in material properties when changing material grade in cold sheet forming operation (example: from DC04 to DC03 or to DC01). Operation is mostly made of 90°bends and ...
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Springback in carbon/HSLA steel - cold forming

What are the measurements denoted on top of the YS-t steel lines? Material thickness or bend radius? ...
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How to learn CALPHAD?

I am trying to make phase diagram for Cu50Zr50 phase diagram using Opencalphad/pycalphad Is there any explanetory tutorial available for learning the steps such as how to load tdb file, what ...
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In what way does plating a bimetallic strip affect its displacement?

I've got a mechanism that uses a bimetallic strip; for aesthetic reasons I'd like to electroplate it with a thin layer of gold - how does this affect the relative displacement of a bimetallic strip in ...
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Is there a maximum life for things made out of stainless steel or cast iron?

Do steel objects have a maximum lifespan? I read that "316 stainless steel is estimated to last for 1200 years in a “rule“ environment before heavy pitting. In the marine environment this is ...
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Strange old smithing machine, what is it purpose?

Is anyone familiar with such thing? I suppose that is something used in forge. I don't have better photos, but "steering wheel" was placed on shaft with small gear and this small gear is ...
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How do I EXACTLY calculate the k-factor for metal bending?

Introduction I've recently started to work with metals and the process of bending them. There is a lot more math involved than I initially thought. All the break press operators just have a ...
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Heat treatment processes in Nickel-Based Superalloys?

What is the difference in heat treatment process between Wrought Ni-Based superalloys &cast Ni-Based superalloys
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Why is carbon boil even necessary?

Particularly in an Electric Arc Furnace I have seen carbon boil occuring . I understand the reaction is very vital but what is it's utility? A detailed answer to this is most welcome. The internet ...
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What does time temperature specifically give us? [closed]

What is a Time Temperature curve basically? I have come across this a couple of times while dealing with heat treatment in my industry. A detailed reply to this is most welcome.
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Why is manganese steel non magnetic in as cast condition? [closed]

Is it because of some ferrite stabilizer or something?A detailed explanation to this is most welcome.
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What impact does reduction internal stress cause?

I have noted that recovery primarily reduces the internal stresses of the material.What is particularly confusing is why would that work out.A slightly detailed answer to this is most recommended.Also ...
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Why does decrease in dislocation density result in higher ductility?

Why does a decrease in dislocation density result in decrease in yield strength and increase in ductility?A slightly detailed explanation is what I am looking forward to.
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Unknown metal-piece connected to the case of an iPod Nano 2

I disassembled an iPod Nano 2 yesterday and was surprised to find a round brass-coloured plate glued to the back. I didn't find any mention of it at the teardown over at ifixit.com, as they didn't cut ...
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What is meant by soaking time in heat treatment?

After heating at 950°C and holding the temperature for 3 hours there is a soaking time that is provided for 12 hours. What is the soaking time being referred to here? A detailed reply to this will be ...
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A question on how heat treatment is done in bogies

During heat treatment of metals I find that Normalizing is done in railway bogies and tempering is done following normalizing only for the CP top and bottom. Following the tempering process quenching ...
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What is the characterising difference between a riser and a runner?

The image given below shows a bolster with a series of riser and runner. What I really do not understand is which is the riser and which is the runner. Also a detailed explanation to why multiple ...
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How to evenly heat stainless type 304 steel bar to approximately 200F?

I need to heat stainless bar stock prior to bending in a forming machine. I would like to reach approximately 200 degrees F. The material is stainless type 304/304L, 3/16" thick. We are heating ...
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Can Rotary Friction Welding be used to join metals and ceramics?

Is Rotary Friction Welding a good method to join cylinders of a metal (such as Ti alloy) and a ceramic (such as SiC). I know that Diffusion bonding can be used in such cases. However, it has its own ...
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What is the effect of Aluminium nitriding in steel?

"The most significant effect of AlN in steel is on grain size control, which directly influences hardenability, hot ductility, texture development, and mechanical properties."I have read ...
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Fluid energy mills with powdered reactive metals

Can fluid energy mills manufacture spherical powdered metal of size ~5 micrometers in cases where the metal is quite reactive, like with lithium and aluminum, if the fluid used is a non reactive gas ...
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Question about a particular statement on plastic deformation of single crystals

"...the wider the dislocation, the lower is the elastic energy of the crystal because the atomic spacing in the slip direction is closer to its equilibrium spacing." What has elastic energy ...
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Doubt in triaxial stress state in a notched specimen

In the book titled "Mechanical Metallurgy" written by G.E.Dieter I am having problems to understand why a notch in a material would mean a triaxial state of stress.I do well understand that ...
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4 votes
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Why does corrosion take place at certain stressed regions?

Why does certain parts of metal show more corrosion at the place where there is high dislocation density in comparison to the place where the dislocation density is less? I do sincerely feel that this ...
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Is it possible to determine how the steel was made, having its microstructure (for example, to distinguish forging from rolled products)?

How do you think the steel in these images was made? Example1 (https://i.stack.imgur.com/oZLRM.jpg) Example 2 (https://i.stack.imgur.com/jrDE7.jpg) Example 3 (https://i.stack.imgur.com/fpl2d.jpg) ...
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2 votes
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Tempering 1095 steel

I have some laser-cut filing templates, about the size of a business card, made from 3mm-thick 1095 carbon steel. These parts will be used to guide a round metal file when filing odd shaped holes in ...
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Why do you need helicoil if you can just use a tap?

I'm new to thread repairs and I was just wondering when using a helicoil, why does the helicoil need to be inserted if you have already tapped the new threads into a hole? Can't you just put a bolt in ...
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Is thermal conductivity a property that affects the use of an alloy in high-temperature applications?

I'm interested in the effect of thermal conductivity on the choice of materials used for high temperature applications such as turbines. For the particular case of Nickel-Chromium alloys (such as René ...
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Finding fraction of liquid and solid from isomorphous alloy phase diagram

if alpha of 82% B and liquid of 57% B are in equilibrium in an alloy of 73% B,the fraction of liquid is? I know formula for it, but confused in finding property. Any help will be of great use & ...
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Extracting other mineral from salt in evaporated seawater

I recently stumbled upon this news, seawater contains 47 minerals and metals. Starting with the most abundant and proceeding to the least abundant, these are chloride, with a concentration of 18 980 ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Can a threaded fastener stretch so much it can be miss-read as a different pitch?

Can a threaded stud of mild steel, size 5/8"-11 over a threaded portion of 1.25" stretch so much over time that it reads 5/8"-13? Unthreaded portion of the stud reads .625-630" in ...
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Where to find a list of hard low melting point alloys?

Im looking for alloys that have a melting point lower than 600°C and as high as possible hardness. Is there a search engine I could use to find those alloys with their physical properties?
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What alloy am I making (Al-Bi)

I have been melting aluminum in a DIY furnace for a few months in order to make lost wax casts. I was thinking that since bismuth has a much lower melting point than aluminum, that I could add a small ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Purpose of a GD-Zn alloy

Here are screenshots of the data-sheets of two separate products for a reference. They both are nickel plated, used for coupling nuts. The former is shielded, the latter is not, I wonder if this is ...
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