Questions tagged [material-science]

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17
votes
2answers
3k views

Why doesn't epoxy stick to silicone?

Why doesn't epoxy stick to silicone? Is there a type of epoxy that does?
11
votes
4answers
4k views

Why are most jigsaw blades designed to cut on the up stroke and have teeth that point towards the shank?

Why are most jigsaw blades designed to cut on the up stroke with teeth that point towards the shank? Why are reverse teeth jigsaw blades less popular?
4
votes
2answers
512 views

Why does corrosion take place at certain stressed regions?

Why does certain parts of metal show more corrosion at the place where there is high dislocation density in comparison to the place where the dislocation density is less? I do sincerely feel that this ...
4
votes
1answer
112 views

How is linear motion achieved in this automatic blackboard eraser?

In the animation shown below what can be the mechanism used for this purpose? I know it can be achieved by using rack and pnion gear arrangement. But how are this set up arranged in classroom ...
4
votes
0answers
15 views

How to judge the character and sign of a dislocation?

I do understand that $ \mathbf b||\mathbf t$ for screw dislocation but I am unable to judge the sign of the dislocation. Again if $\mathbf b \perp \mathbf t$ how do I judge its sign? Any formula which ...
3
votes
2answers
46 views

Heat Deflection VS Coefficient of Thermal Expansion?

I was looking at a spec sheet for a photopolymer and saw these two different subsections under the "Thermal" section. I tried Googling around as I usually do, but no site could give me the ...
2
votes
1answer
689 views

Is it possible to determine how the steel was made, having its microstructure (for example, to distinguish forging from rolled products)?

How do you think the steel in these images was made? Example1 (https://i.stack.imgur.com/oZLRM.jpg) Example 2 (https://i.stack.imgur.com/jrDE7.jpg) Example 3 (https://i.stack.imgur.com/fpl2d.jpg) ...
2
votes
2answers
172 views

How does a pressure vessel fail when the interal pressure exceeds the yield stress of the material?

When we design a pipe or pressure vessel, we look at hoop stress and longitudinal stress and then look at the material properties. We assume that the material reacts to the load as a solid. However ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

What is the relationship between the strain in different directions?

A cube made of an isotropic material is subjected to a tensile stress as shown in Figure 2. What is the relationship between the strain in different directions ? There is an elongation in $z$ ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

I have a small piece of stainless steel that I need to remove 1-2mm of material. The hardness is 200. What type of file do I need to get?

This is a part of a mounting system for an Olight pistol flashlight. The universal adapter that they include isn't so universal when it comes to a Canik handgun. I've talked to the people at Olight ...
1
vote
3answers
97 views

Beginners material science for handling a load

I’ve got a reasonably strong grasp of Newtonian mechanics, but as far as material science goes I don’t know which of the many material properties I need to use to solve my problem: I’m trying to mount ...
1
vote
1answer
177 views

How do the constraints imposed on a material increase the stiffness?

As the title of this post says, how do the contraints increase the stiffness. For example, I was doing an exercise where I had to calculate the deflection on a rubber block with and without deflection ...
1
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2answers
37 views

How effective are screen protectors?

Screen protectors are supposed to protect your devices from nicks and scratches, as well as the stress of impacts which might otherwise lead to cracks or shattering. The fundamental principle behind ...
1
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2answers
81 views

Machinability index for ferrous and nonferrous material [closed]

What are the machinability index for ferrous and non-ferrous materials? Please help me so that I can learn more about it. Thanks
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Stress strain curve stress and resilience

When calculating 0.2% offset from stress strain curve please, do I take 0.2% of the original length and then, divide this by original length to get strain and plot this please? And for resilience, is ...
1
vote
3answers
37 views

Equivalent sheet metal thickness of different alloys

I want to replace steel plates that are being used as trim tabs on a boat with 90-10 cupronickel. The main design parameter is to make sure the plate has no less flex than the part being replaced. In ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

How to estimate the tensile strength of inch diameter steel round?

The tensile strength for 1045 TGP Precision Steel Round is said to be 91 ksi. Although, different diameters must be a factor, right? Would a 1" diameter rod be 104.5 ksi or 1045 ksi? Say I want ...
1
vote
2answers
359 views

Calculating tensile strength for aluminium

I'm making a Z (coffee table) linkage with two interlocking C channels and a couple of steel linkage bars. While moving, they aren't load bearing but when extended, they will take a weight of around ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Salt grinder and corrosion

I am looking for a kitchen salt grinder. I know salt is an aggressive compound and it needs a little bit of attention when we design products. Since most of grinders have plastic-made or stainless ...
1
vote
1answer
16 views

Is there a way to visualize or quantify atomic clusters in crystalline materials?

For multi-component crystalline materials, can we detect atomic clusters containing just 2, 3, or 4 atoms? Take a material $A_4B_3C$ for example. Can we detect clusters of A with 2 atoms (pairs), 3 ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Looking for thin flexible and strong material

I have a project in which I have to use a up to 2.5mm diameter needle with a 90 degree (L shape) angle similar than the one in the following picture: I say similar because there is only the tip of ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

“Springiness” of rolled copper sheet

When a copper sheet is rolled into cylinder, it tends to unroll itself. Is there any name for this?
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Are ceramic materials suitable for making locking lugs for guns?

Since ceramics are resilient to shear loads, could one make locking lugs in a gun out of them or will tensile loads also be present leading to failure of such lugs? Also, could those tensile loads be ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

What type of material can I use to make a model used for medical ultrasound practice?

I’m attempting to make a model for medical professionals to practice ultrasound guided procedures. What substances or materials would be adequate to project a picture similar to human tissue? I have a ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Why do solar cells need to be square-shaped?

There were circular solar cells 30 years ago. Why do we have square-shaped solar cells now? Why square? Furthermore, Why do monocrystalline solar cells have rounded/cropped edges?
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Mirror specification used in Solar Fresnel Collector systems

Im designing a Linear Fresnel collector system, and wanted to know what type of mirrors would be suitable for use as the reflectors. Thickness, type, coating etc. I couldnt find a manufacturer of ''...
1
vote
1answer
10 views

Is there a name for a process of constructing gradient/smoothly distributed material density?

Are there conventional processes by which one can construct a material that gradually transitions from one alloy or molecular density to another? For instance if I wanted a material that gradually ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

Finding fraction of liquid and solid from isomorphous alloy phase diagram

if alpha of 82% B and liquid of 57% B are in equilibrium in an alloy of 73% B,the fraction of liquid is? I know formula for it, but confused in finding property. Any help will be of great use & ...
1
vote
0answers
14 views

Verifying MERV Integrity for Specified Material

This is a question related to materials science. Essentially I want to purchase MERV 16 material from a manufacturer and I want to verify that it's true MERV 16 material when I receive the order. ...
1
vote
0answers
14 views

Is there any ecological modifier which can be added to PLA to make it not brittle, and good for some heavier-duty outdoor food-grade use?

Is there any modifier which can be added to PLA to make it not brittle, and good for some heavier-duty outdoor food-grade use? The criteria is that adding the modifier still keeps the material ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Determine compressive modulus from compressive strength data in spec sheet?

Is it possible to determine the compressive modulus of a polyethylene foam using the following spec sheet? Minicel Type M Foam It doesn’t contain any information regarding the compressive modulus, ...
1
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0answers
2k views

Why would the flexural modulus be different than the elastic modulus?

I'm reading the Wikipedia page on flexural modulus. It is said: Ideally, flexural or bending modulus of elasticity is equivalent to the tensile modulus (Young's modulus) or compressive modulus of ...
1
vote
0answers
400 views

Is surgical and medical mask based on static electricity?

Is surgical and medical mask based on static electricity? By static electricity I mean like 3M N95 mask with at least two different layers of positive and negative static electrical layer. I googled ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Shore durometer type D to brinells

I saw a video where a person was measuring hardness of a material with Shore durometer type D and was comparing it to steel. The screen on durometer showed 96.5 HD and I was just wondering, how much ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Would Amorphous Diamond-like Carbon coatings have a fatigue cycle limit?

I'm aware that polymers like most plastics can go through stress cycles indefinitely as long as the covalent bonds are not ruptured. On the other hand, I hear that even metals like steel and ...
1
vote
1answer
55 views

Metallic flow behavior under eccentric loading conditions

So, I did a quick search around and didn't seem to find anything regarding this, so I thought perhaps I should just ask a question. Metals are malleable and will generally flow/deform if you roll it ...
0
votes
2answers
111 views

Why do they vacuum pump the carbon fiber fabric?

I have seen plenty of YouTube videos in which they use carbon fiber fabric to build various things. One such channel is Mike's Patey's channel where he makes amazing aircrafts from carbon fiber. In ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

What does time temperature specifically give us? [closed]

What is a Time Temperature curve basically? I have come across this a couple of times while dealing with heat treatment in my industry. A detailed reply to this is most welcome.
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Injection moulding

What are some examples of real polymer products that can be be produced by injection moulding ? I thought plastic bottles may be one but I think that is done mainly using injection blow moulding
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Rubber that remains Elastic in Hot and Dry Application

I work for a valve manufacturing company and our customers have an application where very large volumes of hot (200F), dry air pass through our valve. As a consequence, the rubber (carboxylated ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Why does decrease in dislocation density result in higher ductility?

Why does a decrease in dislocation density result in decrease in yield strength and increase in ductility?A slightly detailed explanation is what I am looking forward to.
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Relevancy of (neutron energy loss and atomic weight) and the material selection of fast and thermal nuclear reactor

From this https://www.nuclear-power.net/glossary/neutron-moderatoraverage-logarithmic-energy-decrement/, I have found that the relationship between atomic weight and neutron energy loss can give the ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Polymer based disc brakes

I know that you can have metallic and ceramic composite brakes. My question is can you have disc brakes for a car that consists of polymetric materials or would this be impossible due to its low melt ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Why carbon ceramic brakes

What key physical, chemical and mechanical properties of carbon ceramic brakes make it better compared to other brakes for example metallic brakes made of cast iron ? I know that they are much more ...
0
votes
2answers
48 views

Precipitation Hardening

Please explain the meaning of this statement with close reference to Precipitation hardening,"The relative rates of nucleation and growth are controlled by temperature. The size and dispersion of the ...
0
votes
1answer
28 views

What Rubber is Best for Laser Cut McKibbens PAMs?

I'm a layman engineer who's decided to take another step forward in my research and work with McKibbens Pneumatic Artificial Muscles. I’m new to creating custom rubber components and laser cutting, so ...
0
votes
2answers
64 views

Alternative to silicone that is non insulating

we are developing a product and would like to use silicone, as it has good texture and durability, however it is an insulator. We would like heat to be able to pass through the silicone rapidly. Does ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Problem with relationship between shunt resistance and grain boundaries in a solar cell

Here is the correct answer from another stack website: electronics.stackexchange.com/a/570917/288858 The higher shunt resistance means that higher the polycrystalline lattice irregularity and many ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

At what length does my spaceship snap on landing?

I'm planning some fiction involving a very long spaceship landing. Initially I wanted the ship to be the same length as the NEC railroad, at 750 km. However looking at the mathematics of the situation,...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Why is it more convenient to express stress tensor in Material rather than Spatial coordinates?

I was reading chapter introduction about Stress and the author wrote the following about stress tensors: "Since the current configuration of many problems, especially those involving solids, is ...