# Questions tagged [hydraulics]

Questions about the flow and use of fluids.

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102 views

### Head loss from rectangular slot orifice flowing up?

For sizing purposes I'm trying to calculate head loss for a level spreader outlet for water, where the water is being supplied from below by pressure. It's essentially a reverse slot drain—instead of ...
75 views

### Deriving the ideal equation for sluice gate problems - incompressible inviscid fluid

I'm trying to figure this problem out, i know the correct answer, and i know the method, but for some reason i'm missing something and i'm just not getting there, any help would be greatly appreciated....
3k views

### Does a motor suffer damage when resistance to the intended motion is met?

I'd like to create something similar to a hydraulic press. I know I need some sort of motor, but I was curious about a fundamental question about motors when used in a system where the force required ...
185 views

### Hydraulic linear actuators as CNC axis instead of screws

Lately I've been watching some videos on machining and hydraulics as it always interested me. I was toying with the idea of building a budget CNC mill with threaded rod for the axes, but the issue of ...
85 views

### Constant force opposing hydraulic winch

I have a situation that I am hoping to solve with the use of electric motors, and a variety of controls. I have a hydraulic winch which turns at speeds from 0-60 RPM. This winch is coiling and ...
44 views

### Low-Flow Nozzles for Corrosion Spray Testing

So, for a cyclic corrosion test system, I need a nozzle or arrangement of nozzles that provides a flow rate of 45ml-140ml of salt solution per hour to an area 60cm square. All commercial nozzles I've ...
59 views

I am facing a difficult question and can't find answers anywhere else. What on the left is a hydraulic ram, it's pushing the box in the centre to move upward, while the four-bar linkage attached on ...
2k views

### Mechanism of a manual Crank Adjustable Height Standing Desk

I am trying to figure out the lifting mechanism of a manual Crank Adjustable Height Standing Desk. Please see the image below: My question is what it is inside the metal frame (check the red marked ...
782 views

### What is the difference between hydraulic and ABS brakes?

Recently I read an article about ABS brakes. In that, they repeated several times the term that traditional hydraulic brake replaced with ABS brakes. Why it so? The reason for choosing ABS is ...
72 views

### Help with simple hydraulic circuit to use for a four legged Robot

Firstly i am new to hydraulics, i want to build a hydraulic circuit that powers 4 cylinders at each leg of a Quad-Wheeled-Robot. The idea is to move the Chassis of the Robot up and down in all ...
38 views

### Can hydraulics be used with a squarish piston?

I'm designing a custom part that needs an active shock absorber and space is restricted. I most likely won't be able to use a stock absorber and was thinking, can two squarish tubes be made tight ...
80 views

### How are the modern hydraulic cylinders very precisely controlled?

My guess is that they use brushless Motors that in turn powers the hydraulic pump. But there must be some kind of valve that could help in the process. Still the burning question is just by adjusting ...
33 views

### water pump problems

I am presently facing a problem in water plant . In a tank there are four pump placed at equal distance named A B C D .in this arrangement A and D positioned at near corner of the tank . I started ...
43 views

### Deciding between Electric or Hydraulic Actuators for a Dynamic Load of around 4 kN to 6 kN

This is a project regarding linear actuators for a 4 Wheeled Robot, with spider like hinged legs. The first question on my mind was to figure out is if a hydraulic system has any weight to Force(...
27 views

### Static charge, PVC pipe and water

I know it's possible for a PVC pipe to develop a staic charge due to fluids flowing through them. This is a twist on that idea. Can a sealed length of pvc (say 3.5 feet in length) - tethered below ...
30 views

### Low pressure Diesel pumping with High pressure Gasoline pump?

We are in desperate search of suitable pumps for one of our applications. We need to be able to pump Diesel fuel in a range going from 5bars to 125bars. To do such thing, I've been looking at Bosch ...
122 views

### Determining the headloss according to Darcy-Weisbach with pipes in parallel and series

Given the following situation: Pipe A and B have a known and identical length and diameter, and are in parallel. I'm assuming the flow trough pipes A and B are also identical, as is the roughness of ...
62 views

### The mechanism of submerged hydraulic jump

Is there a mathematical analysis of the submerged hydraulic jump, such as under what condition it is formed, the speed and trajectory of the circular flow therein, etc.? Is there a good mathematically ...
86 views

### how are these radial piston rotors machined

A typical radial piston rotor can have simple holes machined from the outside through the inner diameter to create flow channels for hydraulic fluid to actuate the pistons. I came across this model ...
30 views

### Pressure delivered to an object under a pneumatic press

I'm hoping some kind person can tell me if I have this right or not. I swear this isn't a homework problem. I'll be using a heated pneumatic press to heat seal lidding to plastic containers (...
217 views

### What are the difference between open loop and closed hydraulic system?

I'm trying to get informative resource material through this.
60 views

### Hydraulic motor sizing

16 Examples of Tensile Strength has a list of items and their tensile strength. bamboo has these tensile strength ratings Bamboo MPA 350 PSI 50,763 If I needed to have a hydraulic motor to shred ...
1k views

### What is "water surface elevation" and "headwater"?

I want to understand the meaning of headwater, and I stumble across this page, and this diagram: This is where it got me. Headwater is defined as measured from the flow line (invert) of the ...
66 views

### Calculate Efficiency Loss of a Leak in a Hydraulic Cylinder

I am trying to figure out what the efficiency loss of a leaking hydraulic cylinder is. This master's thesis found that a controllable pitch propeller (essentially a hydraulic cylinder inside a ...
374 views

### Open Channel flow with pressure losses - flow depth?

In a horizontal channel that feeds off a river, does the head/pressure loss due to friction, turns etc in the channel translate to a drop in the water level between its inlet and outler? If so, could ...
29 views

### How can you calculate wear of steel pipe that is transferring sand laden fluid under pressure? [closed]

How can you calculate wear of steel pipe that is transferring sand laden fluid under pressure?
189 views

### Head loss curves for PEX tubing?

Is there a reliable online reference for head losses of PEX tubing at various nominal sizes and flow rates?
169 views

### Why does pressure during a hydraulic transient phenomenon like fluid hammer goes below the line pressure?

I am trying to understand why the pressure fluctuations during a hydraulic hammer phenomenon would go below the line pressure (Pmin < Pi) I thought there will just be a rise in pressure and then ...
238 views

### Low flow hydraulic motor to run high flow pump?

I would like to get some opinions on using a low flow hydraulic MOTOR to drive a high flow pump ? Would the high flow pump be able to create a useable pressure to drive a piece of equipment that ...
44 views

### Modeling Water Flow Through Saturated Medium

I am working on a project that uses a variable-speed pump to achieve a desired pressure across a medium (coffee grounds). The system includes a pressure sensor in-line between the pump and the medium. ...
333 views

### Calculate hydraulic torque from motor HP, hydraulic pump and gearbox

I am curious about the design considerations for a hydraulic system. Let's say you have a 3HP 1200RPM motor you also have a hydraulic pump that's rated 4LPM and pressure of 40MPA rated for 40RPM MAX ...
43 views

### Where to put the booster pump at customer substation in a district heating system?

In a district heating system, one of the houses in the distribution net is not getting the desired heat into their house. This is because the pipes of this customer which connects them to the ...
86 views

### How to make sure a pipe does not take all of the water from a stream?

I am trying to design a pipe which takes water from a river and transports it to a reservoir. However, I do not want my pipe to take all of the water from stream, because that will create all sorts ...
104 views

### What would a track in a culvert be used for?

A colleague works in a closed (no public access) watershed and came across this culvert today. These smooth "tracks" down the center of the culvert are something we have never seen before. Any idea ...
34 views

### Fluid for mechanical lubrication and hydraulic connection to plastic/rubber parts

I have a piston made of anodized aluminium and stainless steel with nitrile seals which I need to connect hydraulically to our system which mainly consists of silicone rubber with polycarb and acrylic ...
805 views

### pressure loss in a T fitting

For weeks I have been searching internet , but still unable to find answer , so here it goes: I have to calculate pressure losses in heating circuit , and am stuck at calculating losses in T fittings. ...
134 views

3k views

### How do you interpret a pneumatic regulator symbol?

I'm an EE trying to interpret a pneumatic schematic and have a few questions regarding the symbols being used. I've come across two different regulator symbols (or so I believe them to be regulator ...
46 views

### Practical rugged method for elevating water 7 feet high? [closed]

At a very low-tech, rustic forest camp, I've built a 'water tower' connected to a gravity-fed water filter to provide something like a clean water faucet. It's basically a 5 gallon bucket on top of a ~...
53 views

### Difference between direction of ramming in hydraulic press?

In Printed circuit board/Plywood lamination Hydraulic Press machines (seen here). The ramming action comes from bottom in all the machines I saw so far. For such action from bottom, excavation has to ...
428 views

### What are the tradeoffs between using hydraulic motors and electric motors?

My limited understanding of hydraulic systems is that they aren't nearly as efficient as electrical systems, and that wire is cheaper than high pressure lines. Example: In a zero turn mower, each of ...
479 views

### What happens when pumps are blocked off?

What will be the result if the pipe losses is greater than head produced by the pump? What will be the result if outlet is closed?
57 views

### What kind of pressure switch can I use for pressures up to 5-10 tons/cm^2?

I need a pressure switch for an electric circuit that has to be closed once a piston is compressing at a pressure of (approximately as we haven't specified how much force we have to use, and maybe it ...
54 views

### Can I make check valve in simple workshop?

I need a check valve ( one way valve ) for my project which has less actuation force (IDK real term. shouldn't require high pressure for inflow of fluid) and I searched in market for the valve but ...
34 views

### The use of Theis equation based on time

The storage coefficient (s) for artesian basin can be determined by the following equation (Theis equation): $$s=\frac{Q}{4\pi T}\int_{\frac{r^2S}{4Tt}}^\infty\frac{e^{-u}}{u}du$$ Does this ...