Questions tagged [gas]

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54 views
+100

Injecting CO$_2$ into water: how does injection work?

I've been wanting to design my own water carbonation device for a while. For reference, I've been looking at devices like the Sodastream, which injects pure CO$_2$ into water to dissolve it with up to ...
2
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1answer
53 views

Do pressurised cans still pose a risk to bursting in normal conditions, but after being exposed to heat?

We're planning on shipping some items from the US to Australia as you cannot get them here, that being: https://www.chewy.com/sentry-stop-that-noise-pheromone-dog/dp/56486 I have been in contact ...
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1answer
26 views

Valve/Filter allowing through gas only, no liquid

I need to devise a way to ensure only NG passes through a pipe, and no condensates or other liquids. It is ok to shut down the pipeline if liquids would be detected. The dimensions involved are small ...
-1
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1answer
70 views

Classic Thermodynamics: Ideal gas question

The question is in the attached picture. I know how to solve the first part of the problem, but the second part confused me a lot. Now when the oven (system) is unsealed, doesn’t make that an open ...
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0answers
18 views

How to calculate the two parameters in the red box about Required ventilation rate and Calculated CO2-loss?

I dont know how to calculate the two parameters.I think The total energy of the light is 700w/m2*3600s=2520Kj,then I will not do it.
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1answer
23 views

What kind of sensors to be used to measure the carbon dioxyde concentration?

I'm planning a thought project for measuring the C02 in a room (at office namely), and communicating its results to a computer. But I'm blocked at the early stage: which sort of sensor and which is ...
1
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1answer
84 views

Which type of sensors to analyze polluting gas from vehicle emissions

I am thinking to develop a remote-sensing applications for vehicle pollutions. In such cases generally expensive optical IR and UV devices are used because more precise. These devices are generally ...
2
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1answer
366 views

What are the differences between compressor stations, pump stations, and booster stations?

I am doing some research on impacts related to natural gas compressor stations. In some states, I've received data for compressor stations alongside other facilities in the oil and gas world. These ...
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2answers
49 views

Ideal gas law, theory vs reality

I am trying to get an idea of the amount of hydrogen that I can store in some pressurized steel tanks underground. Based on the ideal gas law PV=nRT I did a simple calculation pressure = 200bar ...
21
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3answers
1k views

How to know whether the flow is supersonic in a nozzle?

For a project I had built a convergent divergent nozzle designed for Mach number = 3. In that project, I could know the flow has gone supersonic by seeing the manometer fixed between the throat and ...
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2answers
58 views

Cheapest way to measure gas flow (mass)?

I understand that there are quite a few fairly simple and cheap methods to measure the flow of gas in terms of volume, allowing you to get a flow rate in terms of litres per minute for example. ...
2
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0answers
16 views

Parts needed for controlling vacuum line pressure with pressurized nitrogen

I'm trying to assemble a simple setup where a line which is typically under vacuum can be pressurized by an external nitrogen supply, with this pressure regulated to less than 1 bar absolute (let's ...
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1answer
19 views

How to contain air ions inside a chamber without loosing their charge?

I would like to create an experiment where I would hold ionized air molecules. Most likely negative O2-1 ions. I am looking for the most appropriate enclosure so that the ions do lose as little of ...
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2answers
160 views

Calculating mass of gas in container

Given pressure is directly proportional to density, my understanding is that you can use the pressure of gas in a container to calculate the mass of the gas in the container. My reasoning being; $p=k\...
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0answers
20 views

Modeling Friction-reduced Pressure Drop in Natural Gas Flowing along a Horizontal Cylindrical Trunkline (Pipe)

I am seeking some help related to part of a project I am currently working on, where I require to (data-driven) model the pressure drop due to friction for natural gas flowing along a horizontal ...
3
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1answer
4k views

Working out pressure drop from leak rate

I am trying to work out the acceptable pressure drop/increase on a leak test rig for a given leak rate. A simplified version of the test rig looks like this: The gas (air) supply is at 1 bar above ...
2
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0answers
30 views

Liquid phase gas flow through valve

I have been trying to figure out how to calculate the required dimensions for liquid phase gas through a solenoid valve. Many companies (Swagelok, Bürkert, Asco) provide "Flow coefficient calculators" ...
0
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1answer
27 views

Safe, cheap method to dissolve nitrogen in small batches of water (10l)

I am interested in creating a nitrogen infused drink. I want to be able to make small batches of my drink (its not coffee) and testing the market before having to buy expensive equipment. I think a ...
3
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1answer
57 views

Would pumping down (below 0 psi) on a gas cylinder regulator cause it to break?

Would pumping down on a gas cylinder regulator cause the needle of the valve to break since it’s trying to go below zero? Would this also cause a problem with the regulator itself? I’ve included the ...
5
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1answer
67 views

Easily compute a good approximation of heat conductivity of cooled semi-vacuum (water vapor + air)

I am preparing a classroom demonstration about heat, including a demo of how a satellite loses heat only radiatively, since it's flying through a vacuum. I'd like to make the vacuum-production ...
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0answers
53 views

Is there a 5% range CO sensor with a response rate higher than 1Hz?

I'm building a portable emission analyser which measures emissions from a tailpipe, to aid in troubleshooting and tuning an engine. For this, I need a $\text{CO}_{2}$ , a $\text{CO}$, and an $\text{O}...
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1answer
236 views

Programming a gas mass flow controller rig

I'm trying to upgrade a multiple gas flow controller, which must be capable of controlling the mass flowrates of three gases independently through one outlet line to our system, and am in need of a ...
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2answers
53 views

Is there an optical technology able to measure the temperature of dry air?

Optical IR sensors are able to measure the surface temperature of solids. But is there a range of the EM spectrum that can accomplish the same for measuring the temperature of nitrox (dry nitrogen, ...
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1answer
38 views

Relationship heat rate with capacity

I am an economist, so please keep replies simple ;) I am searching for the relationship between heat rate and capacity for gas-fired power plants. Here is what I refer to as heat rate, i.e. the ...
5
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4answers
178 views

Determining pressures of a compressible gas

A friend and I wrote a paper for a fluids class discussing the details (as they relate to fluid dynamics) of constructing a cannon that could shoot a steak fast enough to cook it. We quickly ...
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0answers
23 views

Equation for temperature of gas at Joule-Thompson Inversion State

Assume that a gas obeys the following equation of state: $\nu = {\frac{RT}{P}}-{\frac{a}{T}} + b$ Where $a , b $ are constant. Derive an equation for the temperature at the Joule-Thompson ...
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0answers
39 views

Oxygen sensors in trace gas environments

Do Oxygen lambda sensors (used in automotive applications) work in trace gas environments? My requirements for a trace Oxygen gas sensor: The sensor must be capable of working in an inert gas ...
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1answer
1k views

How can I turn home gas (LPG) from liquid to gas?

"LPG" is the term used here for a mixture of Propane & Butane sold for public use. The exact ratio varies depending on where you buy it and I think also with the season and is not known to me. I ...
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1answer
72 views

maximum capacity factors of combined cycle gas power plants

What is the maximum annual capacity factor that can be expected of a CCGT plant? I see in US in 2015 the average was about 0.56, but can it be higher? I guess it needs some time for maintenance but I ...
2
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2answers
327 views

What is a reference that i can use to find the interpretation of a symbol in a gas line schematic?

I have a schematic for some gas lines in a wafer processing unit. One of the symbols which occurs is a circle with an x in it that has the left and right quarters filled in to form two black ...
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1answer
62 views

Will natural gas or propane generators also run off of methane?

I'm looking at building a sustainable energy project that will convert biogas (methane) into electricity. I haven't found any biogas or methane electric generators for sale. It seems that there are ...
0
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2answers
27 views

Measuring gas flow from a low-output device

My lab uses a home-built biomedical instrument that acts as a ventilator for test-subjects. In other words: our device combines nitrogen and oxygen gases and pumps them down the line at a specified ...
2
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2answers
517 views

Lpg cylinder to compressed air tank

I am building a small robot having pneumatic system. I am using 12v car tyre inflator as my compressor.But i didn't find any 3ltr to 6ltr standardrd air tank. Can i convert my old 3ltr lpg tank into ...
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1answer
70 views

Why is gas pressure specified instead of mass flow?

Clarification: This question is all about the gas supply to the water heater. It has nothing to do with the water supply. My hot water heater specifies 5.5-10.5 W.C. (water column inches) of pressure....
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2answers
86 views

why doesn't soda go flat immediately after opening? [closed]

so, soda is under pressure and has gas dissolved in it. But, when you open it, the gas is still dissolved in it. But, if we wait a few hours, the gas has escaped into the atmosphere. What factors ...
2
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2answers
44 views

Can I improve this exhaust gas probe to be immune to pressure changes?

I'm designing a probe to provide a stable and continuous stream of exhaust gas sample to an analyser. The probe has to be inserted into the exhaust for about 20–30 cm to keep outside air from entering ...
1
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1answer
51 views

Is there any option other than a gas welder

I want to repair a dent in a piece of cast iron with brass. I want to fill the site with brass. For some reason, I want to do it by myself. I can buy an instrument for this work in a limited budget(...
7
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1answer
187 views

Can using different types of alcohol in a cloud chamber produce different particle tracks?

The design for a cloud chamber is rather simple, and many factors can be changed without producing different results. There is one curious point that I've stumbled upon, though: The type of alcohol ...
0
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1answer
56 views

Natural gas boiler Vs. Electric Heater efficiency

If a facility buys natural gas at 8 dollars/Mcf to provide heating from an 85% efficient natural gas boiler, what is the equivalent cost of electricity ($/kWh) for a 95% efficient electric heater? I'...
0
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1answer
334 views

Determining gas properties in a steam and air gas mixture

I have a gas mixture (steam and air) contained in a tank. I know the tank pressure ($P$), temperature ($T$) and the massic air fraction ($x_a$). I would like to determine the density of both gases ...
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2answers
66 views

Thermodynamic, ideal gas problem

I already know solution, I just want to understand something in part b. A vertical cylinder fitted with a piston contains air initially at 120kPa and 100 celcius. The piston is restrained by a set of ...
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0answers
89 views

Creating a “pinhole” small enough to allow only one molecule to pass through

Consider a "cartridge" of sorts. Is it possible to construct a "pinhole" in the cartridge such that only one molecule will pass through at a time? If so, what sort of equipment would I need to ...
1
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1answer
254 views

What ramping constraints for gas plant - CCGT, combustion and steam turbine?

I am using the publication Current and Prospective Costs of Electricity Generation until 2050 to source ramping constraints for an economic model of three different gas power plants - CCGT, combustion ...
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1answer
538 views

Difference between gas combustion engine and gas turbine?

I am a non-engineer and I am using a gas power plant data base. Some plants listed are of the type "combustion engine", some of the type "gas turbine", some "steam turbine" and some "combined cycle". ...
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2answers
2k views

Diesel or Gasoline? Which one is more dangerous to our health?

I have an overall question that's been bothering me for years. Which is more dangerous for our health, a diesel car or a gasoline car? This is quite a cliche question and I can find a lot of ...
2
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0answers
50 views

Ambient helium level monitoring

I am looking for a solution to monitor and log ambient He levels down to 50-100ppm. The detector is meant to be installed in an experimental hall where a large number of Photo Multiplier Tubes are ...
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0answers
21 views

Spades used in pressure testing PE Pipe lines [closed]

As we all know the industry is heading into PE pipelines in the gathering fields fast. Some applications use DN560-DN1000, and the spades is very heavy and in awkward positions. Is there PE spades/...
4
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2answers
100 views

Can cyclonic separators be used to separate heavier and lighter gases?

I'm trying to increase the Helium detection capabilities of a sniffer unit. Could a cyclonic separator, like that used in the oil/gas industry, with enough fluid velocity move the heavier gas ...
3
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1answer
125 views

Can mercury escape undectectably from a CFL bulb? or does it have to shatter for the mercury to be liberated?

I read that the mercury vapour inside a fluorescent lamp is pressurized at 0.2% of atmospheric pressure. Can mercury escape undectably through a small crack in the glass yet still light up? Or will ...
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1answer
76 views

Helium is leaking through manometer

I have connected a 200 bar helium tank and a manometer to a pressure regulator. The end of the manometer's tube connected to the regulator is leaking. It's attached with anaerobic thread sealant, so I ...