Questions tagged [gas]

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Part to pierce the valve on a 16g CO2 cartridge and connect to a Solenoid valve

The specific part that I’m after is something that can connect to a solenoid valve and a CO2 cartridge that will break the seal on the end of the CO2 cartridge. The solenoid valve connection is ...
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2 votes
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68 views

Injecting CO$_2$ into water: how does injection work?

I've been wanting to design my own water carbonation device for a while. For reference, I've been looking at devices like the Sodastream, which injects pure CO$_2$ into water to dissolve it with up to ...
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2 votes
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Parts needed for controlling vacuum line pressure with pressurized nitrogen

I'm trying to assemble a simple setup where a line which is typically under vacuum can be pressurized by an external nitrogen supply, with this pressure regulated to less than 1 bar absolute (let's ...
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Liquid phase gas flow through valve

I have been trying to figure out how to calculate the required dimensions for liquid phase gas through a solenoid valve. Many companies (Swagelok, Bürkert, Asco) provide "Flow coefficient calculators" ...
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Oxygen sensors in trace gas environments

Do Oxygen lambda sensors (used in automotive applications) work in trace gas environments? My requirements for a trace Oxygen gas sensor: The sensor must be capable of working in an inert gas ...
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2 votes
1 answer
950 views

What are the differences between compressor stations, pump stations, and booster stations?

I am doing some research on impacts related to natural gas compressor stations. In some states, I've received data for compressor stations alongside other facilities in the oil and gas world. These ...
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Ambient helium level monitoring

I am looking for a solution to monitor and log ambient He levels down to 50-100ppm. The detector is meant to be installed in an experimental hall where a large number of Photo Multiplier Tubes are ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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CFD simulation of an Air and Oxygen gas gradient in a microfluidics device

I am in the process of manufacturing a microfluidic device for use in research, and would like to do a CFD simulation of the interior of the device to see if an oxygen gradient is formed. The idea is ...
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1 vote
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CO2 probe measuring at temperatures up to 150 °C

I'm looking for a $CO_2$ measuring probe (analog current output, digital out: RS232/485 - probe will be connected and transferring real time data to the data logger) that would operate up to 150 °C (...
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Equation for temperature of gas at Joule-Thompson Inversion State

Assume that a gas obeys the following equation of state: $\nu = {\frac{RT}{P}}-{\frac{a}{T}} + b$ Where $a , b $ are constant. Derive an equation for the temperature at the Joule-Thompson ...
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1 vote
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120 views

Which type of sensors to analyze polluting gas from vehicle emissions

I am thinking to develop a remote-sensing applications for vehicle pollutions. In such cases generally expensive optical IR and UV devices are used because more precise. These devices are generally ...
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1 vote
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Is there a 5% range CO sensor with a response rate higher than 1Hz?

I'm building a portable emission analyser which measures emissions from a tailpipe, to aid in troubleshooting and tuning an engine. For this, I need a $\text{CO}_{2}$ , a $\text{CO}$, and an $\text{O}...
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Creating a "pinhole" small enough to allow only one molecule to pass through

Consider a "cartridge" of sorts. Is it possible to construct a "pinhole" in the cartridge such that only one molecule will pass through at a time? If so, what sort of equipment would I need to ...
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1 vote
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How to convert permeation units to molecules/second?

How do I convert $\dfrac{\text{cm}^3\cdot\text{mm}}{\text{m}^2 \cdot \text{day} \cdot \text{atm}}$ for permeation of gas through EVOH to molecules of gas permeating per second as a function of ...
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How would a gas flow switch react to falling pressure in the gas supply?

There's currently an ongoing discussion (not decision!) in Germany if households could be cut off from gas supply come winter, to make more natural gas available for industry. Of course media is full ...
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2 answers
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How do I program a mass flow controller?

I need help to program a gas mass flow controller used to let out a proportionate amount of gas. If I were to pump 3 gases into the controller. I need to be able to let out a specific amount of the ...
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What contributes to the energy cost of multistage compression at high discharge pressures?

I'm getting into hydrogen compression from a theoretical point of view and am looking for a model to describe the energy requirements. I've gathered, that hydrogen is often compressed with piston ...
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Gas temperature control with a mixing chamber

I am currently trying to figure out how to set up an automatic controller in order to get a precise air temperature at a specific flow rate with a hot and fresh air mix system. Picture the system like ...
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Is an air quality Sensor able to detect R-404A/CO2 gas leakage?

I'm planning to use the Sensirion SGP40 or CCS811 placed in proximity of a fridge evaporator in order to detect if there is some leakage of refrigerant gas. I'm not actually interested to detect the ...
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Sampling System Line Flow Rate

I'm an application engineer for sampling system products. Currently, one of my customers wants to measure their gas sample composition and create a new sample system to achieve it. They don't have any ...
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How to calculate gas flow in a pipe created by an air jet on its centreline?

I intend to create a gas flow to discharge from a pipe (Pipe 1) by having a smaller pipe (Pipe 2) running through the centre of Pipe 1 and positioned close to the outlet from Pipe 1. I know that a ...
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Calculating gas volume in a gas-liquid system/pressurized vessel

There is water in a tank and the tank is connected to a piece of piping that has a volume of 2.5L. The headspace above the water is pressurised by using air, to a pressure of 3 bar (a). What happens ...
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1 answer
78 views

Valves and plumbing size

I'm building a liquid rocket engine and we're using kerosene and oxygen as our propellent. Now my question is what pipe size should we use? My flow rate for kerosene is 0.160 Liters per second and we ...
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32 views

Are gas distribution networks tree-like?

I was wondering, if it is justified to say, that gas distribution network graphs (primarily in Europe) are typically tree-like. By gas distribution networks I mean municipal and regional distribution ...
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Is there a valve design or system that can do this?

I am trying to come up with a way to bleed air from a tube to avoid air (gas) from reaching the other end of the tube. Is there a way to do this automatically? It must be able to work in all ...
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64 views

Roskam Book equation of dry air density is not clear. I need explanation

Preface: Roskam in book "Airplane Aerodynamics and Performance" explains (in paragraph "1.1 ATMOSPHERIC FUNDAMENTALS"): To determne how water vapor affects air density, consider a given volume ...
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86 views

Operation of radial blower without compensators in gas pipeline - What problems to expect and how to mitigate?

The situation is this: At a current project, there's a pair of (parallel, redundant) radial blowers to raise the gas pressure for the downstream consumers (CHP, gas burner). All vibrating machinery ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
130 views

Classic Thermodynamics: Ideal gas question

The question is in the attached picture. I know how to solve the first part of the problem, but the second part confused me a lot. Now when the oven (system) is unsealed, doesn’t make that an open ...
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