Questions tagged [gas]

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12 views

How to calculate gas flow in a pipe created by an air jet on its centreline?

I intend to create a gas flow to discharge from a pipe (Pipe 1) by having a smaller pipe (Pipe 2) running through the centre of Pipe 1 and positioned close to the outlet from Pipe 1. I know that a ...
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0answers
51 views

Calculating gas volume in a gas-liquid system/pressurized vessel

There is water in a tank and the tank is connected to a piece of piping that has a volume of 2.5L. The headspace above the water is pressurised by using air, to a pressure of 3 bar (a). What happens ...
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1answer
58 views

Valves and plumbing size

I'm building a liquid rocket engine and we're using kerosene and oxygen as our propellent. Now my question is what pipe size should we use? My flow rate for kerosene is 0.160 Liters per second and we ...
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1answer
30 views

CFD simulation of an Air and Oxygen gas gradient in a microfluidics device

I am in the process of manufacturing a microfluidic device for use in research, and would like to do a CFD simulation of the interior of the device to see if an oxygen gradient is formed. The idea is ...
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0answers
10 views

Does electrolysis of warm water differ from electrolysis of room temperature water?

Typical energy efficiency of water electrolysis is about 75%. Will this change with the temperature of water?
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2answers
53 views

At what negative pressure do gases separate from water?

According to this video, when a valve is quickly shut, the water hammer effect can lead to a high negative pressure in a pipe downstream. This leads to dissolved gases coming out of solution with the ...
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1answer
112 views

Gas kitchen stove in skyscrapers

I have watched a property tour around an apartment in the Steinway Tower (NY) on YouTube and I noticed one detail that bugs me, namely gas stoves. In Poland it is very uncommon for new blocks of flats ...
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1answer
20 views

How can I measure the flow rate of CO2 gas from two different canisters?

I am looking for some help regarding one topic. I am designing one soda maker and thinking to include a 12g CO2 canister into it as my design only allows that size to incorporate . Now I know ...
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0answers
95 views

Part to pierce the valve on a 16g CO2 cartridge and connect to a Solenoid valve

The specific part that I’m after is something that can connect to a solenoid valve and a CO2 cartridge that will break the seal on the end of the CO2 cartridge. The solenoid valve connection is ...
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0answers
32 views

Are gas distribution networks tree-like?

I was wondering, if it is justified to say, that gas distribution network graphs (primarily in Europe) are typically tree-like. By gas distribution networks I mean municipal and regional distribution ...
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0answers
42 views

Is there a valve design or system that can do this?

I am trying to come up with a way to bleed air from a tube to avoid air (gas) from reaching the other end of the tube. Is there a way to do this automatically? It must be able to work in all ...
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1answer
41 views

Can I calculate the amount (mol or mass) of water in a gas, in a heat exchanger, if I know the partial pressure of the water?

Is it possible to calculate the amount of water (mol, mass...) in a gas, in a heat exchanger, if I know the partial pressure of the water? The stream through the tubes is mainly benzene and ...
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2answers
50 views

What is the purpose of combustor in a gas turbine

I have read online that a gas turbine converts the chemical energy in the fuel gas to mechanical energy of the turbine blades. The way I see it, because of this hot air one would have to go for heat ...
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1answer
24 views

Should pressure vessel head be thicker than wall [closed]

I wondering should the head of a rectangular pressure vessel cylinder be thicker than the wall ?
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1answer
144 views

Determining required pressure drop for choked flow conditions to be met

I have pipework system with an inlet pressure, $P_0$, which passes from a pipeline of fixed diameter, $D_0$, through a tee with reducer to a smaller diameter pipe, $D_1$, before returning to another ...
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4answers
2k views

Is it possible to increase the heat output of a gas stove by connecting two gas supply canisters to it at the same time, and is it safe to do so?

Here's a typical outdoor gas stove: It is fed by a low-pressure gas supply in the form of a camping cartridge or via an LPG cylinder connected to a low-pressure regulator (around 30mbar) like this ...
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0answers
19 views

CO2 probe measuring at temperatures up to 150 °C

I'm looking for a $CO_2$ measuring probe (analog current output, digital out: RS232/485 - probe will be connected and transferring real time data to the data logger) that would operate up to 150 °C (...
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1answer
57 views

Does the shape of a car really matter for how much gasoline it drinks?

Let's say that we have a mid-1950s "gas guzzler". Now, we take away the exterior "shell"/chassis and replace it with a modern car's. That is, it will visually look just like a modern car from the ...
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3answers
140 views

Is there a type of check valve that allows gas to flow in both direction but stops liquid from flowing back?

I have a pressure regulator to maintain a specified pressure in a vessel that also contains a liquid. The regulator can pressurize or relieve pressure of the vessel. I want to prevent the liquid from ...
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1answer
59 views

How to predict out wavelength emitted from gasses

I'm trying to figure out which gas emits a specific wavelength when excited. Say I want to develop an LED that emits a certain wavelength. How would I figure out which gas emits that specific ...
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1answer
94 views

Do pressurised cans still pose a risk to bursting in normal conditions, but after being exposed to heat?

We're planning on shipping some items from the US to Australia as you cannot get them here, that being: https://www.chewy.com/sentry-stop-that-noise-pheromone-dog/dp/56486 I have been in contact ...
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1answer
36 views

Valve/Filter allowing through gas only, no liquid

I need to devise a way to ensure only NG passes through a pipe, and no condensates or other liquids. It is ok to shut down the pipeline if liquids would be detected. The dimensions involved are small ...
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0answers
62 views

Injecting CO$_2$ into water: how does injection work?

I've been wanting to design my own water carbonation device for a while. For reference, I've been looking at devices like the Sodastream, which injects pure CO$_2$ into water to dissolve it with up to ...
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1answer
24 views

What kind of sensors to be used to measure the carbon dioxyde concentration?

I'm planning a thought project for measuring the C02 in a room (at office namely), and communicating its results to a computer. But I'm blocked at the early stage: which sort of sensor and which is ...
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2answers
80 views

Ideal gas law, theory vs reality

I am trying to get an idea of the amount of hydrogen that I can store in some pressurized steel tanks underground. Based on the ideal gas law PV=nRT I did a simple calculation pressure = 200bar ...
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0answers
18 views

Parts needed for controlling vacuum line pressure with pressurized nitrogen

I'm trying to assemble a simple setup where a line which is typically under vacuum can be pressurized by an external nitrogen supply, with this pressure regulated to less than 1 bar absolute (let's ...
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1answer
21 views

How to contain air ions inside a chamber without loosing their charge?

I would like to create an experiment where I would hold ionized air molecules. Most likely negative O2-1 ions. I am looking for the most appropriate enclosure so that the ions do lose as little of ...
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2answers
2k views

Calculating mass of gas in container

Given pressure is directly proportional to density, my understanding is that you can use the pressure of gas in a container to calculate the mass of the gas in the container. My reasoning being; $p=k\...
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2answers
219 views

Cheapest way to measure gas flow (mass)?

I understand that there are quite a few fairly simple and cheap methods to measure the flow of gas in terms of volume, allowing you to get a flow rate in terms of litres per minute for example. ...
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0answers
23 views

Modeling Friction-reduced Pressure Drop in Natural Gas Flowing along a Horizontal Cylindrical Trunkline (Pipe)

I am seeking some help related to part of a project I am currently working on, where I require to (data-driven) model the pressure drop due to friction for natural gas flowing along a horizontal ...
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1answer
117 views

Classic Thermodynamics: Ideal gas question

The question is in the attached picture. I know how to solve the first part of the problem, but the second part confused me a lot. Now when the oven (system) is unsealed, doesn’t make that an open ...
2
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0answers
49 views

Liquid phase gas flow through valve

I have been trying to figure out how to calculate the required dimensions for liquid phase gas through a solenoid valve. Many companies (Swagelok, Bürkert, Asco) provide "Flow coefficient calculators" ...
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1answer
33 views

Safe, cheap method to dissolve nitrogen in small batches of water (10l)

I am interested in creating a nitrogen infused drink. I want to be able to make small batches of my drink (its not coffee) and testing the market before having to buy expensive equipment. I think a ...
3
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1answer
83 views

Would pumping down (below 0 psi) on a gas cylinder regulator cause it to break?

Would pumping down on a gas cylinder regulator cause the needle of the valve to break since it’s trying to go below zero? Would this also cause a problem with the regulator itself? I’ve included the ...
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1answer
69 views

Easily compute a good approximation of heat conductivity of cooled semi-vacuum (water vapor + air)

I am preparing a classroom demonstration about heat, including a demo of how a satellite loses heat only radiatively, since it's flying through a vacuum. I'd like to make the vacuum-production ...
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1answer
469 views

Programming a gas mass flow controller rig

I'm trying to upgrade a multiple gas flow controller, which must be capable of controlling the mass flowrates of three gases independently through one outlet line to our system, and am in need of a ...
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2answers
57 views

Is there an optical technology able to measure the temperature of dry air?

Optical IR sensors are able to measure the surface temperature of solids. But is there a range of the EM spectrum that can accomplish the same for measuring the temperature of nitrox (dry nitrogen, ...
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1answer
64 views

Relationship heat rate with capacity

I am an economist, so please keep replies simple ;) I am searching for the relationship between heat rate and capacity for gas-fired power plants. Here is what I refer to as heat rate, i.e. the ...
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0answers
32 views

Equation for temperature of gas at Joule-Thompson Inversion State

Assume that a gas obeys the following equation of state: $\nu = {\frac{RT}{P}}-{\frac{a}{T}} + b$ Where $a , b $ are constant. Derive an equation for the temperature at the Joule-Thompson ...
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1answer
104 views

Which type of sensors to analyze polluting gas from vehicle emissions

I am thinking to develop a remote-sensing applications for vehicle pollutions. In such cases generally expensive optical IR and UV devices are used because more precise. These devices are generally ...
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0answers
40 views

Oxygen sensors in trace gas environments

Do Oxygen lambda sensors (used in automotive applications) work in trace gas environments? My requirements for a trace Oxygen gas sensor: The sensor must be capable of working in an inert gas ...
2
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1answer
780 views

What are the differences between compressor stations, pump stations, and booster stations?

I am doing some research on impacts related to natural gas compressor stations. In some states, I've received data for compressor stations alongside other facilities in the oil and gas world. These ...
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1answer
129 views

maximum capacity factors of combined cycle gas power plants

What is the maximum annual capacity factor that can be expected of a CCGT plant? I see in US in 2015 the average was about 0.56, but can it be higher? I guess it needs some time for maintenance but I ...
2
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2answers
709 views

What is a reference that i can use to find the interpretation of a symbol in a gas line schematic?

I have a schematic for some gas lines in a wafer processing unit. One of the symbols which occurs is a circle with an x in it that has the left and right quarters filled in to form two black ...
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1answer
454 views

Will natural gas or propane generators also run off of methane?

I'm looking at building a sustainable energy project that will convert biogas (methane) into electricity. I haven't found any biogas or methane electric generators for sale. It seems that there are ...
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2answers
38 views

Measuring gas flow from a low-output device

My lab uses a home-built biomedical instrument that acts as a ventilator for test-subjects. In other words: our device combines nitrogen and oxygen gases and pumps them down the line at a specified ...
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1answer
88 views

Why is gas pressure specified instead of mass flow?

Clarification: This question is all about the gas supply to the water heater. It has nothing to do with the water supply. My hot water heater specifies 5.5-10.5 W.C. (water column inches) of pressure....
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2answers
927 views

Lpg cylinder to compressed air tank

I am building a small robot having pneumatic system. I am using 12v car tyre inflator as my compressor.But i didn't find any 3ltr to 6ltr standardrd air tank. Can i convert my old 3ltr lpg tank into ...
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2answers
89 views

why doesn't soda go flat immediately after opening? [closed]

so, soda is under pressure and has gas dissolved in it. But, when you open it, the gas is still dissolved in it. But, if we wait a few hours, the gas has escaped into the atmosphere. What factors ...
1
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1answer
52 views

Is there any option other than a gas welder

I want to repair a dent in a piece of cast iron with brass. I want to fill the site with brass. For some reason, I want to do it by myself. I can buy an instrument for this work in a limited budget(...