# Questions tagged [finite-element-method]

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### Meshing of complex geometrical domains

When using the finite element method, I have always used either already meshed domains or very simple ones. From what I've heard, meshing complex geometries is often outsourced to specialized ...
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### Exploiting fluid dynamics for the optimal design for gas mixing in a furnace

Background This is the standard design for a thermal furnace used in the Clauss process, which converts H2S to SO2. The main problem with the furnace is that gas mixing is rather poor and results in ...
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### ANSYS APDL Shape memory effect option of SMA not working

I am trying to define the material properties of a shape memory alloy material in ANSYS APDL V15. There are material properties for Superelastic materials (SUPE option) and material properties for ...
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### Derivation of the weak form for the euler-bernoulli beam equations

I am master student and doing an assignment of Finite element method. In the instruction I could not understand the derivation of the weak form, which should not be difficult. I'm sorry for posting ...
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### Can two different modeling programs be used to confirm the results of each other?

Computer Models Computer modeling is used in various engineering fields. I am specifically considering structural analysis or finite element analysis (FEA). Sometimes models are used to speed up ...
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### How do I use FEM to derive the torsional constant of an arbitrary shape?

In this question I ask about how to perform a first-principle derivation of the torsional constant of a section. It appears that there is no such analytical derivation for torsional constant, so my ...
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### Simple Finite Element Modeling of Wall Piers

I'm working on analysis of a bridge wall-pier for dead and live loads. When modeling the pier in finite element software (LARSA), I'm running up against several modeling questions: Is it valid to ...
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611 views

### How do I best model a torque applied over a non-radial line?

I am looking to use FEA (specifically, Creo Simulate) to re-create the results of a static strength test on a part my company will be testing in our lab. Because the lab results are the ones we will ...
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### Incompressible 2D pressure-driven flow: for Navier-Stokes equations in nondimensional form, how should I express pressure boundary conditions?

*I have updated this question. I'm using two codes for modeling incompressible, two-dimensional flow out of a tank. My fluid dynamics experience is pretty basic; I'm using the codes to understand a ...
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### Modeling Transient Heat Transfer between two 1-D materials

I have been working on creating a 1-D model of a material with a layer of heat resistant material stuck to it. For this I have been trying to use the implicit finite-differential method. The equations ...
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344 views

### Modelling splashing water in FEA

I'm running an FEA on a vessel that has a "splashing water" effect with vibrations. The problem I'm really coming up against is what kind of Young's Modulus and Poisson's ratio to use for the fluids? ...
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### How should one model a structural model with both line elements and area elements?

I am modelling my structure using FEM, and my structure contains line elements (1D) such as beams and columns and area elements (2D) such as walls and columns. My question is that, how can I proceed ...
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### How to derive Equivalent Static Load for irregular structure modeled with FEM?

Building codes such as the Uniform Building Code (UBC) or International Building Code (IBC) require the determination of Equivalent Static Lateral Forces in order to compute $P-\Delta$ effect and to ...
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### FEM modal analysis computing displacements

I have an FEM model that I am doing a modal analysis of. I wanted to check that how I am computing the physical displacement is the correct way, as I've read a lot of about normalizing modes, ...
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### How to analyze a bent beam: Stress concentration?

I am analyzing a beam, that has a bend in it. Intuitively and inspecting FEA results using a linear solver, there is a stress concentration at the bend of this I-beam. The part was not a straight I-...
167 views

### How to simulate a crack in a PCB? [closed]

I want to break this PCB with some know force of X newtons in the bottom left tip of the PCB. The problem is that in Static Dynamics I just get infinite deformation and in explicit dynamics I really ...
7k views

### What is the difference between FEA and CFD?

Many of us think FEA is used for structural problems and CFD is used for fluid dynamics problems. But I have read that the above statement is wrong. So please explain the exact usage of those two.Also ...
2k views

### What amplitude is used for a finite element modal analysis excitation?

In a typical finite elements analysis package, a modal analysis gives the N first natural modes, and it is possible to get the equivalent stress and total deformations for each of these frequencies. ...
579 views

### Evaluating performance of heat sink designs without finite element simulation

I have the opportunity to do a few metal 3D prints for just the material cost, and would like to experiment with the performance of heat sink designs (mostly for fun). Since I have no experience ...
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### ANSYS Workbench/Mechanical: Automatically export chart?

I'm running a simple tensile test simulation for a single element. Under Results I made a Chart object with Stress vs Strain, which can be manually exported to a csv file by right clicking on the ...
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### PATRAN Order of Operations

To preface this question, almost all of my FEA experience has come from SolidWorks, so I haven't had to deal with these types of problems. I'm designing a truss structure in PATRAN composed of 1D ...
1k views

### How can we derived the equivalent Lumped Mass Model for irregular building and how to calculate the errors?

Intuitively, building can be represented as a lumped mass model ( the taller the merrier!): Assuming a building is a lumped mass cantilever column also makes the global stability checks easier ...
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### FEM - is symmetry a boundary condition?

In FEM is symmetry technically a boundary condition? For example using the FEM on a symmetrically loaded and supported beam. The FEM can be simplified by using symmetry. However, is this symmetry ...
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### How to model elastic support in FEM?

I need a 8 m x 4 m x 0.6 m RC plinth (mechanical requirement) which needs to be built onto loose gravel. Obviously I am going to over excavate, back fill with selected material and bed my plinth on ...
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### Determining the microstructure of steel after welding in modern computer software

How can the microstructure of steel after welding be determined in modern computer software? I am aware that there are 'classic' methods of predicting microstructures like Schaeffler, DeLong or WRC ...
538 views

### FEA: What boundary conditions am I missing?

I'm working on a 2D-model (in the xy-plane) in NASTRAN and am getting convergence problems. The main cause of these convergence problems is a "high or negative matrix factor diagonal ratio." I've ...
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### Results for Bending Moment using BEAM188 on ANSYS APDL

I'm doing a static analysis on a uniformly loaded cantilever beam in ANSYS APDL. I'm using BEAM188 with all the default options, so it uses linear form. for the element behaviour, which I think means ...
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### Are linear beam element solutions ever exact and when are they used in practice?

In qualifying the results of a Finite Element (FE) beam model, I'm realizing that I dont understand FE beam elements as well as I should. Is there a procedure to determine what order beam element is ...
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### What are exact location of Integration Points in STRI3 element in ABAQUS?

Introduction I have a file with .rpt extension from ABAQUS which is output of a model. This .rpt contains stresses of elements and displacements of nodes in plane text format. There is an item with ...
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### What is a good method (equation) for locally refining a 1D grid at each end?

I have a grid that I plan to discretize in 1D. It extends from 0 to L using N nodes, and I need to refine it at each end. I plan to have something that looks as follows: I have tried the to specify ...
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### Interference fit problem in ANSYS Workbench 16.1 - how do I get rid of pressure/displacement raisers?

I have an interference fit problem of two perfect cylinders modelled in 2D using symmetry. The overall interface pressure is around 20MPa lower than the hand calculations and I get non-uniform ...
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### What is the difference between implicit and explicit analysis in ABAQUS?

How can I choose between Implicit or Explicit Analysis in ABAQUS for a simple rectangular composite structure with 2 layers of unidirectional lamina? I am trying to do a linear-static analysis to ...
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### Model order reduction - Criag Bampton method

I am trying to understand how model reduction works, more specifically the Criag Bampton method. I would like to implement this method on a simple model in Python. I have been reading the following ...
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### How quadrilateral elements represented in most FEA solvers for structural mechanics problems?

How quadrilateral elements represented in most FEA solvers for structural mechanics problems? I know that Nastran-95 represent quadrilaterals for membrane and bending elements as a set of triangles: ...
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### How do FE solvers solve the case of panel buckling under pure shear?

How do FE solvers solve the case of panel buckling under pure shear? The main problem is that global matrix of initial stess is singular in that case. One method is to apply some forces that shear is ...
156 views

### Assign a name to surface in CAD STEP file

I have a CAD model designed in FreeCAD and need to export it to a STEP file (neutral CAD format) to be used in numerical anaysis software. I would like to assign names to selected surfaces in order to ...
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### Does welding two metal parts together increases or decreases the strength locally there?

I have a structure made out of steel consisting of many thin rods and some of them are welded to each other. I conducted a simple FEA static structural analysis to determine if the structure would ...
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### Viscoelasticity and Hyperelastic model, history and difference

Actually, I see some papers use viscoelasticity or hyperelastic model for the same materials. It seems to me that those models were invented in different eras, and the hyperelastic is a newer model ...
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### FEM 3D truss analyzer produces forces that do not sum to zero at joints

I am writing some code for the analysis of 3D truss structures. The program is a typical implementation of the direct stiffness method for truss elements. While testing it and comparing results to ...
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### Which yield strength should I use in FEA in ANSYS; Engineering or True?

Attached is a figure to illustrate the difference in the value of yield strength as observed from the true stress/strain curve and engineering stress/strain curve. While conducting FEA in ANSYS for a ...
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