Questions tagged [energy]

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If the developing countries consumed as much energy per capita as China how much the current energy need would grow?

I recently saw this question and I immediately thought that the discussion was too limited to current energy production, it simply assumes that the amount of energy we use today is the amount of ...
117 views

What are the conditions for a signal to be an energy signal and a power signal?

I know how to find the power and the energy of a signal. What I have a problem with is knowing whether a signal is an energy signal or a power signal. According to my teacher, a signal is a power ...
652 views

Note: I had previously posted this question on the Space and Robotics SE sites, but received little/no response. So I've deleted the previous posts and repasted my question here in the hope of ...
54 views

Converting between MMBTU and MWh

a quick question: I want to convert between MMBTU and MWh to get at emission factors from energy. I have the following information: I use the data given in 40 CFR 98 (see EPA source here) by the EPA ...
4k views

Relationship between wind velocity, turbine rotor diameter, and power output

I'm trying to understand and identify the equations to use in defining the relationship between wind velocity, turbine rotor diameter, and power output for a wind turbine. To simplify my question, ...
91 views

Dehumidification calculations

I'm looking at options for DIY dehumidification and am hoping to get a sanity check on some calculations, and verification that I'm using the right factors in the right way. As a reference point, I ...
763 views

What are the differences between compressor stations, pump stations, and booster stations?

I am doing some research on impacts related to natural gas compressor stations. In some states, I've received data for compressor stations alongside other facilities in the oil and gas world. These ...
129 views

How do 3 blade turbines come so close to the Betz Limit?

I have seen many diagrams (see attached) that indicate that modern 3 blade turbines are nearly 50% efficient, which is about 80% of the Betz limit. Betz calculated his limit based on a theoretical ...
29 views

I am working on Lagrangian derived high-dimensional motion equations for a robot in matrix form. The structure of such an equation is known: $M(q)\ddot{q}+C(q,\dot{q})\dot{q}+G(q)=0$ In here, $M(q)$, $... 2answers 64 views What are some technical problems with generating electricity using a gas turbine or combustible engine at a gas flaring site? Numerous oil and gas exploration sites practice flaring for safety and disposal of unwanted low calorific gases. However, instead of just standalone burning the gas, why can't a gas turbine or ... 2answers 633 views Calculation of the stored energy for a heat storage tank There is a heat storage tank that is directly loaded from the top and the heat is also taken from the top. The colder water from the heating circuit return flow enters the heat storage tank at the ... 1answer 212 views What does MM prefix mean in MMtoe? I was reading documents about energy importation and came across the following: The import was of 5,915.87 MMtoe I wonder if MMtoe =$10^6*10^6$toe =$10^{12}$toe. First time coming across a ... 1answer 82 views Why do monocrystalline solar cells have rounded/cropped edges? What is the meaning of this croped part? Why do they crop it, rather than let it be full square? 0answers 47 views Why do solar cells need to be square-shaped? There were circular solar cells 30 years ago. Why do we have square-shaped solar cells now? Why square? Furthermore, Why do monocrystalline solar cells have rounded/cropped edges? 0answers 49 views Why does a system with zero resultant moment turn after temporarily force-tilted? Say a beam, 3m long from end to end, has a pivot placed at its centre of mass, at half its length i.e. 1.5m. Objects with weight 200N each are placed on both ends of the beam. The system is in ... 1answer 46 views What are the key technical challenges to development of traveling wave reactors? I recently learned about traveling wave reactors (TWRs) on the Netflix Bill Gates special, as an example of a cutting-edge technology Gates is funding which has the potential solve several ... 0answers 20 views Why doesn't the Stress Power in the theorem of the expended mechanical power contribute to the kinetic energy? The following is the formula of the expended mechanical power:$P(t)=\frac{d}{dt}\int \frac{1}{2} \rho\ v^2 dV+\int \sigma \colon d\ dV$where$P(t)$is the mechanical power entering ... 1answer 35 views Half-life Unit Notations I was looking for some element's half-life, on the following website: http://nucleardata.nuclear.lu.se/toi/listnuc.asp?sql=&A1=214&A2=214&Z=88 For 214,88-Ra, the half-life is shown to be: ... 4answers 4k views How does turning off electric appliances save energy We all know if we use less electricity we save energy. But the energy we're getting is result of burning (not necessarily the literal meaning) the fuel. Even if we don't use that energy that fuel is ... 2answers 44 views How to determine energy dissipated from work applied on a load cell I am using a load cell to see how much force people can apply on it, to help determine their health. I am integrating the force applied on the bracket in Newtons in relationship to time, giving me the ... 1answer 27 views Weibull distribution Units - ENGIEQSOL I am using Engineering Equation Solver, and it has been telling me the units of my distribution are inconsistent. According to a the book I am reading, I think it should be unitless (as it is a ... 2answers 69 views Bernoulli equation on moving cart Let’s say I have moving cart with velocity U . And water from pipe flows at velocity V with respect to ground The question asks to use Bernoulli equation , pressure is atmospheric in the top If I use ... 1answer 50 views Why am I getting wrong value here? A man threw a ball with force 10 N to two displacement of 5 m and 10 m. F = ma, so let mass be 2 kg. a = 5 m/s2. Work done = 10 × 5 and 10 × 10 = 50 Nm and 100 Nm. Now, since a = 5, I assumed that ... 1answer 40 views Can we say kinetic energy is tangential K.E? I saw this in my textbook that$\dfrac{\text{d}K}{\text{d}t} = \dfrac{\text{d}(1/2mv^2)}{\text{d}t}= F_t v$where$F_t$is the resultant tangential force on the body. Now, let$F_t= F\cos\theta$$$\... 2answers 43 views Hydraulic energy recovery for high-pressure, low flow (non-steady state) conditions What would be the best way to implement hydraulic energy recovery while de-pressurizing a pressurized volume of silicone oil initially at 1500 bar. Can a piston pump be concievably repurposed as a ... 1answer 59 views calculating energy usage with measuring the temperature I am an electrical engineer working on a project. My goal of this project is to make an IoT solution where I continuously measure the temperature of room in a building. I want to calculate the amount ... 1answer 37 views What does the author mean? Turbomachinery - Reaction I am reading a book of Fundamental Energy Systems. The author describes the rate of change in head for a turbomachine as:$$ \frac{1}{2}[(V_1^2-V_2^2)+(U_1^2-U_2^2)+(V_{R2}^2-V_{R1}^2)] = H =U_1V_{u1} ... 1answer 28 views Statistics on energy mix in Europe [closed] Does anybody know where to find statistics on the energy mix in Europe (preferred by country)? I can only find the share of renewables. I'd like to see the whole mix with a split into energy sources (... 1answer 55 views Is oil collapsing [closed] Oil industry in permain basin is collapsing. Also, no new technology or anything to save it this time. Is this the beginning of the end for oil? 0answers 30 views How energy intensive is creating artificial islands in the IJsselmeer? The City of Amsterdam is building a series of artificial islands for new housing. One of them is Centrumeiland. Its size is 13 ha. (130,000 m2). Its creation requires 800,000 m3 of sand (Source), i.e. ... 2answers 62 views Why do some metals with bcc structure show ductile-brittle transition in charpy impact test? I was learning about the charpy impact test and came across the graph on this webiste that shows the impact energy for bcc and fcc structures as a function of temperature. I tried searching for an ... 1answer 73 views Converting grams of fuel per kWh of energy Is there a database showing how many grams of a particular fuel generates how many Kilowatt hours of electricity? 2answers 142 views How high will a flywheel catapult launch a payload? First off, this is not a homework question or anything like that. I'm trying to build a catapult to launch a payload using a flywheel as an energy device! It goes like this: The flywheel spins up to ... 0answers 28 views Determine Heating costs in$/kWh for a specific location

Suppose I wanted to find the average heating price for a specific location in the US, where: heating_price: The price of equivalent unit energy intensity of heating energy source (e.g. natural gas), ...
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Fluid Mechanics Question

I am preparing for GATE(Chemical). I need the answer of this question part 2 (question 54) as I am not able to find the mistake in my logic. I have applied the logic here as: Initial energy stored in ...
32 views

Uses of orifice in Water Jet Cutting?

I wonder whats the usage of orifice/orifice plate in Water Jet Cutting Machines. To increase pressure(due to a smaller diameter with respect to the entrance cross-sectional area) or to convert to ...
89 views

Capacity credit vs capacity factor

What is the difference between capacity factor and capacity credit? I know that capacity factor = annual generation / (installed capacity * 8760) but I don't understand how capacity credit is ...
71 views

How much time to melt marshmallow under heat lamp?

Using the Specific Heat Formula, I found that I need to apply 612J of heat to melt 18g of marshmallow. Marshmallow has a specific heat of 2 J/(g*C), melting point of 98.6°F, and a starting room ...
32 views

Why Do Airborne Wind Energy Systems Use Kites And Not Balloons?

Title says it all, Why are AWE-companies like Makani spending years and millions of dollars developing drones, rather than simply using a balloon-based design? Wouldn't it be easier and faster to get ...
59 views

Kinetic energy of a rigid body

A homogeneous disk with radius $R$ and mass $m$ rolls without sliding on a horizontal fixed plane. Peripheral point $A$ has velocity $v$. Determine the kinetic force of the disk. In my textbook they ...
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Clothoid Curve / Euler Spiral Energy Transfer

I've seen in an advertisement that Clothoid curves–also known as Euler Spirals–"transfer maximum energy" to a ball bearing that is rolled down it. Firstly, I was wondering if that might be ...
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Gasturbine energy balance

I have a question regarding gasturbine energy balance, the total energy that flows into the gasturbine is given 12 MW and the power needed for the compressor is 4.4 MW and the turbine power is 9.3 MW....
32 views

Why is the functional of an elastic system equal to it's total potential energy and why is it stationary at it's minimum?

Okay this was even quite difficult to formulate but let's start with some statement's in my FEM book: Elastic continuum has a functional which is equal to it's total potential energy Elastic system ...
61 views

Understanding the total energy in a AA battery

AA batteries have about 4 watt-hours (14400 joules, 10620.9 pound-feet). Ignoring losses, does that mean a AA battery could theoretically lift 10,620.9 pounds, 1 foot high? You'd need an electric ...
10k views

Calculating torque needed to climb a graded hill

I've been designing an electric skateboard which is driven by only one of the rear wheels (for the moment). As I was picking out motors for the board, I soon realized I would need to find a balance ...
23 views

How do I correctly model this system of torsion springs?

I am currently designing a symmetric parallel mechanism that can be modeled as follows: Here, $\tau^j$ denotes actuator moments and $k_i$ are torsion springs constants. For a specific point in the ...
33 views

Question about flow temperature and storage temperature in a cogeneration plant

Let's assume I have a cogeneration plant that produces heat with a nominal output. The heat is given into a heat storage tank, which is filled from above. The maximum flow temperature of the ...
119 views

Calculation of the specific CO2 emission of a cogeneration plant for the produced electricity

Suppose I have a cogeneration plant that runs on natural gas and produces heat and electricity. The heat effeicieny is $\eta_{th} = 0.4$ and the electricity efficiency is $\eta_{el} = 0.4$. The ...
114 views

What is the difference between a diffuser and a duct in turbines?

I have been reading this paper, which addresses the advantages of diffusers in cross flow turbines. The abstract says (emphasis is mine): A CP’s extraordinary improving resulted when yaw increased ...
47 views

How to estimate wind generation using power curve?

I am trying to verify windfarmer generation estimates manually. To do so I am trying to manually calculate the estimated energy production (kWh) of a wind turbine. The information I have available is ...