Questions tagged [energy]

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Strain energy, Conservative force and Potential energy

What I know: In general, the work done by a conservative force $F$ is equal to the negative change in a potential energy. $$\int_1 ^2F.ds = - (U_2 - U_1) $$ A potential energy is always associated ...
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What are some methods of converting electricity without the use of induction or heat?

I was trying to study exactly how current in a wire is used to do so much in our life and how the energy is converted. But the only methods I have found are by using the resistance of the conductor to ...
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Can two microphones placed within centimeter distance together measure a distance of the sound source?

I have placed two microphones placed within 1 or 2 cm distance. They can receive and record sounds around them. I want to detect the distance of the sound source (specially human voice) and the ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Changing temperature under adibiatic conditions?

Can a temperature change be adiabatic? For example if no 'heat' leaves or enters the system and we compress a fluid such that it's temperature changes is this still adiabatic? If energy is transferred ...
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Sign Convention for Energy Methods in Vibration Analysis

Find the equivalent spring stiffness of the system below. I was able to solve it using Newton's second law and got the result below. $$ k_{eq} = \frac{mgl}{2} - \frac{k_1 l^2}{16} - k_2 l^2$$ However,...
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how much energy is stored in a car under sun ? (car interior)

When a car is under the sun, the interior is hot. This is due to the interior, especially seats, which are black (or a dark color) so that they heat under sun light and restitute this heat to the air. ...
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Calculate the total energy required to fly drone

How much energy will drone batteries consume if I have the following inputs: By using provided GPS flight path data I've calculated total horizontal distance using the Haversine formula, and ...
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2 votes
4 answers
65 views

Different equations for Hydropower

I was doing some reading in hydropower and I came across these two power equations: $$P = ρghQ $$ and $$ P = QHg $$ Q is flow rate, ρ is water density, g is gravity, h is height, and H is head. I do ...
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Net force exerted by spring

I want to find the exact net force exerted by the spring between pt. P and C, when it is compressed till point P with some mass, m attached to it and released (assuming spring goes to pt. C after its ...
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Area under Frequency response function (amplitude vs frequency)

Recently, I was plotting frequency responses of multi-degree spring-mass systems and I was wondering what does the area under the FRF (amplitude vs frequency) (or in general FFT) mean? Does it have ...
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1 answer
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Total Kinetic Energy of a System with a Body Inside Another for Lagrange's Equation

Suppose a bus with mass $m_1$ moving horizontally with velocity $\dot{x}_1$, and a person with mass $m_2$ running with velocity $\dot{x}_2$ inside the vehicle. What is the total kinetic energy of the ...
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Heating pump/refrigerator - calculate efficiency

I'm wondering how I can calculate the overall thermal efficiency of my heating/refrigerator pump. Actually I have this AC/heating pump unit from Samsung (P/N: AR09TXFYBWKNEE). I've placed a power ...
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Is the main goal for wind turbines to take maximum energy for a given diameter?

If you increase the number of blades, that will increase torque, for the same RPM you get more power,...simple logic So why only three blades, is main goal for wind turbine take maximum energy for ...
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Energy consumed by a two-link planar manipulator with feedback control

I was carrying out a problem in which I have a fully actuated two link manipulator, so with an independent servo motor for each link that allows rotation in one direction and another (positive for ...
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2 answers
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What happens to generated electricity if it is not used?

Let's take for example hydroelectricity produced at a dam and not consumed by any household or industry... Will the electricity need to be stored? What will happen if it is not stored? Does it flow ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
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What is the maximum distance for eavesdropping? [closed]

There is a closed question https://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/276667/what-is-the-maximum-distance-for-eavesdropping-sound-waves on Physics Stack Exchange and I thought this might fit better ...
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4 answers
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Why does "potential energy" have the word "potential" in it?

Imagine a block of mass $m$ placed on the ground. I slowly lift it up to height $h$. The work done by me on the block is $mgh$. This amount of energy is now stored in the block when it is at height $h$...
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0 answers
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How do you estimate the energy of an impact?

I am trying to determine the energy of elastic stress waves generated in a solid by an impact. I have a time domain waveform from a piezoelectric transducer that was placed next to the impact site, as ...
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3 answers
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How to convert car power into energy (MJ) used per km?

I am currently attempting to do an energy audit regarding how much energy my car uses per kilometer. I am not sure whether my approach to this is right, and it feels like I have made too many ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Understanding "total primary energy supply"

I am trying to wrap my head around the diagram and explanation here but can not understand completely how it is computed. https://energyeducation.ca/encyclopedia/Total_primary_energy_supply For ...
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1 answer
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Converting between MMBTU and MWh

a quick question: I want to convert between MMBTU and MWh to get at emission factors from energy. I have the following information: I use the data given in 40 CFR 98 (see EPA source here) by the EPA ...
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2 votes
1 answer
197 views

Dehumidification calculations

I'm looking at options for DIY dehumidification and am hoping to get a sanity check on some calculations, and verification that I'm using the right factors in the right way. As a reference point, I ...
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If the developing countries consumed as much energy per capita as China how much the current energy need would grow?

I recently saw this question and I immediately thought that the discussion was too limited to current energy production, it simply assumes that the amount of energy we use today is the amount of ...
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2 votes
2 answers
203 views

How do 3 blade turbines come so close to the Betz Limit?

I have seen many diagrams (see attached) that indicate that modern 3 blade turbines are nearly 50% efficient, which is about 80% of the Betz limit. Betz calculated his limit based on a theoretical ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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Equations of motion in matrix form and energy consumption

I am working on Lagrangian derived high-dimensional motion equations for a robot in matrix form. The structure of such an equation is known: $M(q)\ddot{q}+C(q,\dot{q})\dot{q}+G(q)=0$ In here, $M(q)$, $...
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What are some technical problems with generating electricity using a gas turbine or combustible engine at a gas flaring site?

Numerous oil and gas exploration sites practice flaring for safety and disposal of unwanted low calorific gases. However, instead of just standalone burning the gas, why can't a gas turbine or ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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What does MM prefix mean in MMtoe?

I was reading documents about energy importation and came across the following: The import was of 5,915.87 MMtoe I wonder if MMtoe = $10^6*10^6$ toe = $10^{12}$ toe. First time coming across a ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Why do monocrystalline solar cells have rounded/cropped edges?

What is the meaning of this croped part? Why do they crop it, rather than let it be full square?
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1 vote
0 answers
49 views

Why do solar cells need to be square-shaped?

There were circular solar cells 30 years ago. Why do we have square-shaped solar cells now? Why square? Furthermore, Why do monocrystalline solar cells have rounded/cropped edges?
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1 vote
0 answers
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Why does a system with zero resultant moment turn after temporarily force-tilted?

Say a beam, 3m long from end to end, has a pivot placed at its centre of mass, at half its length i.e. 1.5m. Objects with weight 200N each are placed on both ends of the beam. The system is in ...
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Why doesn't the Stress Power in the theorem of the expended mechanical power contribute to the kinetic energy?

The following is the formula of the expended mechanical power: $P(t)$ $=$ $\frac{d}{dt}$ $\int \frac{1}{2} \rho\ v^2 dV$ $+$ $\int \sigma \colon d\ dV$ where $P(t)$ is the mechanical power entering ...
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1 answer
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Half-life Unit Notations

I was looking for some element's half-life, on the following website: http://nucleardata.nuclear.lu.se/toi/listnuc.asp?sql=&A1=214&A2=214&Z=88 For 214,88-Ra, the half-life is shown to be: ...
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How to determine energy dissipated from work applied on a load cell

I am using a load cell to see how much force people can apply on it, to help determine their health. I am integrating the force applied on the bracket in Newtons in relationship to time, giving me the ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Weibull distribution Units - ENGIEQSOL

I am using Engineering Equation Solver, and it has been telling me the units of my distribution are inconsistent. According to a the book I am reading, I think it should be unitless (as it is a ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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Bernoulli equation on moving cart

Let’s say I have moving cart with velocity U . And water from pipe flows at velocity V with respect to ground The question asks to use Bernoulli equation , pressure is atmospheric in the top If I use ...
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1 answer
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Why am I getting wrong value here?

A man threw a ball with force 10 N to two displacement of 5 m and 10 m. F = ma, so let mass be 2 kg. a = 5 m/s2. Work done = 10 × 5 and 10 × 10 = 50 Nm and 100 Nm. Now, since a = 5, I assumed that ...
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Can we say kinetic energy is tangential K.E?

I saw this in my textbook that $\dfrac{\text{d}K}{\text{d}t} = \dfrac{\text{d}(1/2mv^2)}{\text{d}t}= F_t v$ where $F_t$ is the resultant tangential force on the body. Now, let $F_t= F\cos\theta$ $$\...
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What does the author mean? Turbomachinery - Reaction

I am reading a book of Fundamental Energy Systems. The author describes the rate of change in head for a turbomachine as: $$ \frac{1}{2}[(V_1^2-V_2^2)+(U_1^2-U_2^2)+(V_{R2}^2-V_{R1}^2)] = H =U_1V_{u1} ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Statistics on energy mix in Europe [closed]

Does anybody know where to find statistics on the energy mix in Europe (preferred by country)? I can only find the share of renewables. I'd like to see the whole mix with a split into energy sources (...
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1 vote
2 answers
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Hydraulic energy recovery for high-pressure, low flow (non-steady state) conditions

What would be the best way to implement hydraulic energy recovery while de-pressurizing a pressurized volume of silicone oil initially at 1500 bar. Can a piston pump be concievably repurposed as a ...
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0 votes
1 answer
57 views

Is oil collapsing [closed]

Oil industry in permain basin is collapsing. Also, no new technology or anything to save it this time. Is this the beginning of the end for oil?
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22 votes
4 answers
4k views

How does turning off electric appliances save energy

We all know if we use less electricity we save energy. But the energy we're getting is result of burning (not necessarily the literal meaning) the fuel. Even if we don't use that energy that fuel is ...
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How energy intensive is creating artificial islands in the IJsselmeer?

The City of Amsterdam is building a series of artificial islands for new housing. One of them is Centrumeiland. Its size is 13 ha. (130,000 m2). Its creation requires 800,000 m3 of sand (Source), i.e. ...
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Why do some metals with bcc structure show ductile-brittle transition in charpy impact test?

I was learning about the charpy impact test and came across the graph on this webiste that shows the impact energy for bcc and fcc structures as a function of temperature. I tried searching for an ...
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3 votes
2 answers
219 views

How high will a flywheel catapult launch a payload?

First off, this is not a homework question or anything like that. I'm trying to build a catapult to launch a payload using a flywheel as an energy device! It goes like this: The flywheel spins up to ...
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0 answers
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Determine Heating costs in $/kWh for a specific location

Suppose I wanted to find the average heating price for a specific location in the US, where: heating_price: The price of equivalent unit energy intensity of heating energy source (e.g. natural gas), ...
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Capacity credit vs capacity factor

What is the difference between capacity factor and capacity credit? I know that capacity factor = annual generation / (installed capacity * 8760) but I don't understand how capacity credit is ...
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Fluid Mechanics Question

I am preparing for GATE(Chemical). I need the answer of this question part 2 (question 54) as I am not able to find the mistake in my logic. I have applied the logic here as: Initial energy stored in ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
193 views

How much time to melt marshmallow under heat lamp?

Using the Specific Heat Formula, I found that I need to apply 612J of heat to melt 18g of marshmallow. Marshmallow has a specific heat of 2 J/(g*C), melting point of 98.6°F, and a starting room ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
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Why Do Airborne Wind Energy Systems Use Kites And Not Balloons?

Title says it all, Why are AWE-companies like Makani spending years and millions of dollars developing drones, rather than simply using a balloon-based design? Wouldn't it be easier and faster to get ...
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