Questions tagged [energy]

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14 views

Uses of orifice in Water Jet Cutting?

I wonder whats the usage of orifice/orifice plate in Water Jet Cutting Machines. To increase pressure(due to a smaller diameter with respect to the entrance cross-sectional area) or to convert to ...
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0answers
11 views

Design concept, how to power a guage?

I have a 12V battery that I want to monitor using a fuel gauge IC, should the fuel gauge be powered by the 12V battery? Or something else? (can you please provide an example if so?)
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15 views

Elastic potential field?

In classic field theory (e.g. electrostatic field theory) a "potential" can be associated to each point of space if we consider how the field interacts with a "test" particle (that is, a particle ...
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1answer
30 views

How to estimate wind generation using power curve?

I am trying to verify windfarmer generation estimates manually. To do so I am trying to manually calculate the estimated energy production (kWh) of a wind turbine. The information I have available is ...
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1answer
45 views

Clutch role in a micro hydropower

I've recently visited an old (about 60 years old) micro hydroelectric standalone installation. Total electric power is about 3 kW A/C. A local told me between generator + fly-wheel and turbine there ...
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0answers
15 views

Efficiency of a sterling engine

What is meant by thermodynamic efficiency of a sterling engine? and what are the factors that affect the thermodynamic efficiency of a sterling engine? Similair to other questions i know despite ...
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2answers
24 views

Gasturbine energy balance

I have a question regarding gasturbine energy balance, the total energy that flows into the gasturbine is given 12 MW and the power needed for the compressor is 4.4 MW and the turbine power is 9.3 MW....
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0answers
44 views

Enthalpy vs Heat

If we have a closed cylinder filled with a gas and we heat it, by $1^{st}$ law we have: $\Delta q=\Delta U$ (?) since $\Delta V$ = 0. But $\Delta H= \Delta U+ V. \Delta P$. What does that difference ...
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11 views

Creating a high amperage wireless coil

I understand the market for wireless coils (which transfer energy via a magnetic field) primarily consists of 5V 2A coils to 12V 600mA coils. The problem here is i need a coil that is able to take 12 ...
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1answer
63 views

What is the difference between a diffuser and a duct in turbines?

I have been reading this paper, which addresses the advantages of diffusers in cross flow turbines. The abstract says (emphasis is mine): A CP’s extraordinary improving resulted when yaw increased ...
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1answer
79 views

Force and Kinetic Energy on a Speed Bump

I have done a basic calculation of the force at an angle on the speed bump when the car makes a contact on it (please check the attached image), now I wanted to calculate the kinetic energy that I can ...
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39 views

Ideas on optimization of DRA and energy consumption of a pipeline

I have a 200 mile pipeline with a few pump stations in between. I am trying to find ways to optimize the electricity and DRA consumption, and was wondering if anyone has ever done something similar ...
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0answers
12 views

Deriving Enthalpy in terms of (T,V) and (T,P)

We are being asked to develop thermodynamic expressions for the enthalpy of a system in terms of (T,V) and (T,P). I understand that the Legendre Transform can be used to find H=H(S,P), but I'm getting ...
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36 views

Why do auxetic materials have higher energy dissipation rates

Below is an extract from a thesis called "Auxetic Structures: Towards Bending-active architectural applications" on page no. 80. In a NPR (Negative Poisson's ratio) material the energy ...
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1answer
124 views

Calculating the Braking Energy of a vehicle

you might find my question stupid. I am unfortunately not an engineer and didn't find the answer on google. I want to calculate the braking energy of a vehicle decelerating from v2 to v1 (km/h). ...
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1answer
265 views

Deriving the equations of motion for free-floating spacecraft with a single link robot arm

Note: I had previously posted this question on the Space and Robotics SE sites, but received little/no response. So I've deleted the previous posts and repasted my question here in the hope of ...
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1answer
49 views

Conductive Heat Transfer calculation over time

I am trying to heat the oil in a 1/2 inch thick rectangular steel box by using an Insulated heated blanket covered on all 6 faces of the box, the working conditions of the operation are at -50 Celsius,...
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1answer
22 views

What are the necessary qualitative criteria for the existence of limit cycles

The literature on the existence of limit cycles is replete with complex and abstract mathematical analysis. Or for specific systems of specific structure, specific mathematical criteria that determine ...
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1answer
110 views

How to convert Joules(kinetic energy) plot chart into watts?

How to convert Joules(kinetic energy) plot chart into watts? Anyone know how?
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1answer
42 views

Converting grams of fuel per kWh of energy

Is there a database showing how many grams of a particular fuel generates how many Kilowatt hours of electricity?
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1answer
56 views

Trying to understand how much it costs to run my clothes dryer

I am trying to calculate the running cost of my clothes dryer and have bought myself an energy meter to check its usage. I plugged the meter in, reset it, and then turned it over to the aggregate kWh ...
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1answer
43 views

Modeling the stiffness of a membrane

I'm trying to model, in MATLAB, a membrane in 2D which has an initial triangle-like shape. This membrane has pressure acting on it from the inside. There are also some pulling forces in random ...
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2answers
44 views

Theoretical maximum generated power for a given torque

Being an electrical engineer, I'm hoping someone will help me double-check my math. I have a small circuit that I want to power for years that consumes an average 10uA at 3V. I'd like to power this ...
2
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1answer
367 views

What are the differences between compressor stations, pump stations, and booster stations?

I am doing some research on impacts related to natural gas compressor stations. In some states, I've received data for compressor stations alongside other facilities in the oil and gas world. These ...
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1answer
51 views

What are the conditions for a signal to be an energy signal and a power signal?

I know how to find the power and the energy of a signal. What I have a problem with is knowing whether a signal is an energy signal or a power signal. According to my teacher, a signal is a power ...
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2answers
48 views

How do I solve for the mole and mass flow rates in a system?

I've been trying to solve this problem for a while with no success. I think I figured out that $m_1$ is $420 kg/hr$ and that $n_{3,A} = 3 kmol/h$ using the mass balance equation: $input-output+...
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4answers
191 views

Why can't energy be entirely recovered from a moving car's rotating wheels?

I have a friend who isn't properly visualizing energy loss in a moving car. His idea: Cars that can run forever without being recharged - - > while the engine rotates the front wheels the move the ...
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1answer
236 views

Determine the strain energy of a bar

I have a Structures question about determining strain energy that I am unable to solve. I have attempted it and I have the answer, I would appreciate if if someone can just tell me where I am going ...
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1answer
103 views

How do generators in space transmit/ deposit energy back to Earth? [closed]

I've read about the idea of putting solar panels in space, or the already used electrodynamic tethers which gain energy as they move through Earth's magnetic field. The question I have is: How do ...
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1answer
3k views

Specific energy vs Specific power in batteries

When looking at the Wikipedia page for Lithium-ion batteries, one can see that there are some technical details such as Specific Energy and Specific Power, but I don't know how to connect them. For ...
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2answers
288 views

How much braking force do cars generate?

I've been trying to find actual figures for the braking power of cars (in order to determine things like stopping time). As I understand it this comes in two parts: the maximum force that the brakes ...
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2answers
83 views

Momentum of a free-floating body being hit by a projectile

The Problem I'm proposing a 2D problem in the x-y plane. Say there is a free-floating disk of radius R and mass Md (no velocity), at which a projectile is shot. The projectile (velocity Vp, mass Mp) ...
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2answers
72 views

Magnetic Entrapped Storage at 0 gravity

I understand this is a multifaceted question and I apologize . All of it is relevant to be understood. On Earth Fly wheel storage devices are used as an alternative to batteries. Even with magnetic ...
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1answer
34 views

Why do pumped storage hydroelectric facilities use bent pipes? [closed]

When a reservoir is used to store water for electricity, it's pipes are usually laid in several segments on the ground to reach its source, such as a lake. It seems that if the pipes went directly to ...
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2answers
80 views

Compressed air energy storage?

I'm wondering, if you put an air compressor pipe into a micro turbine, lets say something like that attached to a motor, does air that get out of the turbine have the same energy as when it gets in ? ...
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1answer
42 views

Could Internal Ionisation Engine be a description of electric cars?

Petrol powered cars are sometimes described as having an "Internal Combustion Engine" (ICE). This describes the chemical processes happening inside the engine: mainly the combustion of petrol. Could ...
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1answer
106 views

Elevator standby + moving passanger , electricity consumption changes

I'm interested specific on electricity consumption changes on 2 different situations inside an elevator. When the elevator is stopped and people enters the elevator, does it change in any way the ...
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1answer
207 views

How do you calculate the Enthalpy of a geothermal resource?

Enthalpy seems to be commonly used to characterize geothermal reservoirs, but how is it calculated? I have an example here where the enthalpy is cited as 800 $kJ kg^{-1}$ for a reservoir with a ...
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1answer
23 views

Power from piezo material

Suppose there is a given piezoelectric material and under a given force it produces voltage $V$. If an external electric circuit is attached with load $R$, the current will be $I= V/R$. Also power ...
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1answer
173 views

Derivation: Entropy of Vaporisation using Redlich-Kwong EoS

The part I'm stuck on is the last part. Basically, the question is to obtain the following equation for the entropy of vaporisation using the Redlich-Kwong equation: $$ \Delta S = R\Bigg[ \ln \frac{...
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3answers
141 views

4 Way Bugatti Tug of War

The reasoning for this question comes out of pure curiosity. say if there were, for example 4 bugatti veyron's ( represented by the rectangles on the diagram) all starting from the middle and all ...
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3answers
80 views

Radioactive Materials to Energy AT HOME

Is there a way to use a radioactive elements (Americium in my case, but for demo, any radioactive material) to create a usable amount of energy (Power small LED?) AT HOME! Using materials that can be ...
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2answers
115 views

Light bulbs with highest energy efficiency [closed]

Most specs for light bulbs list luminous efficiency (or, more accurately sometimes, luminous efficacy) but not energy efficiency. Luminous efficacy tells you how bright the light is as observed by a ...
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2answers
88 views

Can we make significant energy from human waste? [closed]

I am trying to find if making energy from human waste (excrement, sewage) is profitable? Lets say I live in a city of 16 million people which does not put waste into use. What could be the ...
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0answers
30 views

Exergy and Gibbs Energy

I'm wondering if there is any difference between Gibbs Free Energy and Exergy because their definition seems to me the same $\Delta H - Tenv*\Delta S $ Exergy represents the maximum amount of work ...
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2answers
129 views

Calculate efficiency of water heating

I have a heating system with which I heat up 10 liters of water by 24.2°C in 610 seconds. My system consumed 0.5 KW of electric energy in this time. Now I used this formula: Specific heat ...
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1answer
405 views

How does pressure energy convert to thermal in incompressible flow?

I am thinking of a straight thermally isolated pipe, and incompressible flow through it. Due to friction, pressure energy drop of fluid, (increase of internal energy), can be calculated via the Darcy–...
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6answers
2k views

Working hours of power plant generators

My question might seem a simple one, but it has been troubling me for a while. How many hours in a day do conventional electrical generators work (the ones in large power plants)? Do they by any ...
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1answer
543 views

Getting high RPM out of a low RPM motor

I'm trying to use a 1500 RPM-rated electric motor to accelerate a (light, 25kg) shaft up to 50 000 RPM. At these speeds I figure using a belt system or roller chains is out of the question due to wear ...
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1answer
1k views

Why use different specific heat capacities in the energy equations for incompressible and compressible fluid flow?

Background: I notice that there is quite a bit of similarity between the standard heat equation and the energy equation (from the navier stokes equations). The heat equation is given as $$\frac{\...