Questions tagged [diffusion]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0 votes
0 answers
35 views

Handling the source term in the convection-reaction-diffusion equation

The 1D convection-reaction-diffusion equation for solute transport is given as: where C is the concentration, v is the flow velocity, D is the diffusion coefficient, S is the source/sink term, and R ...
user avatar
  • 1
1 vote
0 answers
164 views

Errors obtained in the numerical solution of the 1D convection-diffusion equation

I have been trying to solve the 1D convection-diffusion equation In implementing the above, I have tried to follow closely the method described here: https://uk.mathworks.com/support/search.html/...
user avatar
  • 23
1 vote
1 answer
243 views

Analytical solution for the 1D convection-diffusion equation

The Ogata and Banks analytical solution of the convection-diffusion equation for a continuous source of infinite duration and a 1D domain: where C [mol/L] is the ...
user avatar
  • 23
1 vote
1 answer
50 views

Will pressurizing container slow moisture permeation?

I have some electronics housed inside a sealed plastic enclosure, which will be used in a very humid environment. The environment can be assumed to be 100% humidity at a constant temperature, all the ...
user avatar
  • 11
0 votes
0 answers
49 views

Is the silicone oil used in a diffusion pump oil special?

I have obtained two diffusion pump stages from a pair of very old Vacuubrand high vacuum pump. The rotary vane pump in one of them was dead and another overheating. So, I salvaged only the diffusion ...
user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
98 views

How the 3M Aura 9332+ masks filtrate airborne particles/virus?

The 3M Aura 9332+ mask is labeled FFP3 which means that it filters at least 99% of airborne particles. This article mentions that N95 masks (which filtrate 95% of airborne particles) filtrate the ...
user avatar
  • 175
1 vote
1 answer
27 views

P-N junction depletion region

Before I explain my problem I'd like to mention I'm still green and about 2 weeks into these topics. I learned most of it from youtube videos, wikipedia and other science sites, so I'll be explaining ...
user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
131 views

What is the difference between a diffuser and a duct in turbines?

I have been reading this paper, which addresses the advantages of diffusers in cross flow turbines. The abstract says (emphasis is mine): A CP’s extraordinary improving resulted when yaw increased ...
user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
41 views

Diffusion of miscible fluids

I was trying to model experimentally the interdiffusion of two miscible liquids. Is there an optical method to find out the extent of diffusion; the addition of fluorescing agent into any of the two ...
user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
39 views

How to calculate the Jacobi of electron/hole continuity equations for semiconductors with respect to potential when applying Newton's method?

These are the discretized drift diffusion equations as taken from the book "Analysis and Simulation of Semiconductor Devices" by Siegfried Selberherr. The electron continuity equation is: $$\begin{...
user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
211 views

How is the reaction progress variable $c$ coupled with Temperature equation while solving the SIMPLE algorithm in CFD?

While solving the Navier-Stokes equation using SIMPLE algorithm, we solve the transport equation for additional scalar at the last step according to the SIMPLE's procedure. We need to add a new ...
user avatar
  • 247
1 vote
2 answers
3k views

Derivation of Overall Mass Transfer Coefficient

The flux in the gas can be written as: $$N_{1}=k_{p}(p_{1}-p_{1i})$$ And the flux in the liquid can be written as: $$N_{1}=k_{x}(x_{1i}-x_{1})$$ And we know that $$x^*_{1}=\frac{p_{1}}{H}$$ How ...
user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
189 views

Waterproof Case Time Limits

Some cell phone cases have a waterproof rating of IP-68, often specifying that they can tolerate immersion to 6 feet for 30 minutes or 3 feet for 60 minutes. My understanding, however, is that a good ...
user avatar
  • 201
5 votes
1 answer
95 views

How long does it take for two initially seperate fluids to reach a certain homogenity across their container?

Imagine the following initial condition: Two completely miscible fluids A and B with different dynamic viscosities $\eta_A$ and $\eta_B$ are seperated in a container with fixed Volume $V_0$ and ...
user avatar
  • 1,618