# Questions tagged [control-engineering]

Questions about the models and theories of control engineering and the application of control theory to design systems with desired behaviors.

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### Is there any application of control engineering to the study of algorithms stability or computer science theory?

I am an undergraduate student in Electrical and Computer engineering. In our 5th semester we have a obligatory "Introduction to control systems course". I was wondering if these bunch of ...
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### Is controlling humidity more precise when calculating with relative or absolute humidity?

I have a tubing system where I need to precisely control relative humidity. All my sensors are giving me temperature [°C] and ...
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### How do I solve an optimal control problem where the dynamics depend on some function of the state?

A typical optimal control problem with state $x(t)$ and control $y(t)$ can be expressed as $$\max_{x(t), y(t)} \int_0^{t_1} f(t,x(t), y(t)) dt$$ subject to $x'(t)= g(t, x(t), y(t))$ and boundary ...
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### How can we control the output temperature of a multi-input single-output pipe air-flow system?

I am trying to optimize the heat control of a test bench at our facility. The test bench is basically a pipe with an air flow that can be heated up to desired temperature. To heat the air flow up, ...
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### To stop or to go around?

Let us we are moving in a car. There is a wall in front of us, we need to decide can we go around it or not. It is known that width of the wall is $w$ and our speed is $v = const$. What is a simple ...
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### Is it possible to solely use a P-controller for velocity control?

Let's say I want a robot to run at a certain speed. I have one motor attached to each robot rear wheel. The feedback value to the controller comes from an encoder, which outputs pulses per time unit, ...
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### Where can i get the aerodynamic data of aircrafts for controller design and testing?

I have some research papers on aircraft controller design that i want to simulate, but no system data is given in the research paper itself. I am also unable to find the aerodynamic data for any ...
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### Can someone please explain what a PT1 filter is in simple terms?

The context here is for determining how driveability filters are calibrated since most of them use pt1 filters to filter the torque demand.
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### Automation: steady state error calculation block diagram

Hello I have a problem determining the value of K in this block diagram, to calculate this value, I applied this method, but the value at the end of K I is different from 216, you could explain to me ...
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### Controller vs Micro controller?

What is the difference between both of these terms? Especially in configuration and application?
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### Block diagram vs flow chart?

I was studying a book on control systems where I read that a block diagram is a specialized high-level type of flow chart. What is the difference between a normal flow chart and a block diagram?
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### Determine Stiffness (k) and Mass (m) of a system from impulse response

I have a test sample (Piezo Diaphragm) which I am actuating with a voltage supplied to the sample to assess the impulse response. When this voltage is supplied to the sample a deformation per unit ...
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### Why using Tyristor (SCR) for inverting the DC voltage in HVDC systems?

In High Voltage 3 PHASE Transmission Systems the voltage needs to be rectified (from the AC generation source to DC), transmitted, and then inverted back (From DC to AC). For doing this, usually LCC (...
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### How to model this real-world system to define transfer function for stability?

The system shown is an off-axis drive system that rotates the platform to 60° via a substantially-sized NEMA 34 stepper motor. The axial force required by the stepper/ballscrew assembly has already ...
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### Differential Equation for: Locking a laser's frequency with a PI controller

I think I have a good understanding of differential equations, so I would like to first try to understand my system in terms of differential equations before transforming my system into the more ...
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### Activating lights using a motion sensor?

I was wondering how I would configure some sort of setup to get lights like this turn on a timer once activated by a motion sensor. I want them to turn on for about 15 seconds and then turn off once ...
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### Kalman filters vs. state observers

What is the difference between a state observer and a Kalman filter? Having implemented various types of Kalman filters, I'm still a bit confused, mainly because state observers require the selection ...
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### Liquid Level Control System Resistance

In the figure attached for reference, it is given that if $R_1$ is the resistance element of valve 1 and τ ∝ $R_1$, but I am not able to understand it intuitively. If $R_1$ is high, output flow ...
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### Root Locus and Routh–Hurwitz stability criterion

A satellite launcher has a unit feedback system, whose TF global open loop is given by: $$G_c(s)G(s) = \frac{K(s^2-4s+18)(s+2)}{(s^2-2)(s+12)}$$ a) Draw the root locus for this function b) ...
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### High pass filter and differential equation relationship

Consider the problem stated as follows: A signal y passes through a high pass filter $\frac{s}{s + ω }$. A high pass filter with cutoff frequency ω isolates the variations of this optimized variable ...