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Questions tagged [compressed-air]

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28 views

Are we capable of building bigger high pressure cylinders?

Check out this 200-300 bar cylinders: Is it practically possible to build a bigger cylinder of say: 10m x 1m - and make it hold a pressure of ...
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2answers
41 views

What is the idea behind an expansion valve?

I am watching this video(https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gVLhrLTF878) and beginning at around the 2:20 mark, it explains the significance of an expansion valve with the following ideas: Restricts ...
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Do companies recover CO2 and water from the purification step of cryogenic air separation, and how?

In the 3rd step of cryogenic air separation, filtered air is purified to remove water, CO2, and hydrocarbons from the N2-O2-Ar stream. Im interested in knowing what happens with that CO2 and water. ...
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15 views

Reality check: Sub-sonic convergent nozzle for raising gas velocity to achieve required velocity head

The situation is as follows: atmospheric air is accelerated to 5 m/s with an idealized disk actuator, then passed into a convergent nozzle such that it's velocity is raised to 339 m/s and then flows ...
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2answers
26 views

Compressing gas with liquid

This question, in short, is: Can a gas be compressed with high pressure liquid? As a scenario, imagine a tank full of atmospheric gas at STP. Could something like a pressure washer pump (in this case ...
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40 views

Force of Jet from Air Compressor

I want to use a compressor to create a jet of air. At discharge from compressor how much CFM (Cubic Feet per Minute) are enough to create a force that can turn a heavy object (say 40 kg) at 3 rev per ...
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26 views

Is this is a valid estimation for the mass flow required for Hyperloop air-bearings?

In Hyperloop air bearings, the air escapes through the rear cross-sectional area of each ski, you know? Yes, there is a pressure differential, but the air comes out of the skis, crashes into the tube ...
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1answer
22 views

Pressure delivered to an object under a pneumatic press

I'm hoping some kind person can tell me if I have this right or not. I swear this isn't a homework problem. I'll be using a heated pneumatic press to heat seal lidding to plastic containers (...
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0answers
27 views

What happens when throttling in an isothermal process

Consider an isothermal expansion of an ideal gas (always at ambient temperature $T_0$), from some initial pressure $p_i$ to the ambient pressure $p_0$, such that the maximum work available is: $W = ...
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0answers
24 views

How to balance flow and pressure in nitrogen purged chambers?

I have an instrument that is technically a humidity controlled chamber. It measures how much moisture is picked up by the sample through a microbalance(Zone 1). Nitrogen gas flows from zone 3 and ...
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2answers
737 views

What's the difference between a vacuum regulator and pressure regulator?

When browsing through pneumatic parts, I notice that some vendors specify different components for pressure regulator and vacuum regulators. SMC for example does this. I'm curious why vendors would ...
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1answer
660 views

How do you interpret a pneumatic regulator symbol?

I'm an EE trying to interpret a pneumatic schematic and have a few questions regarding the symbols being used. I've come across two different regulator symbols (or so I believe them to be regulator ...
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2answers
144 views

How do you read a blower/compressor curve with multi-curves for inlet guide vanes?

I am trying to apply an existing blower curve in a hydraulic model for a single stage blower with variable inlet diffuser vanes. The variety of curves shown on the plot does not seem to make sense to ...
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2answers
8k views

Define Free Air Delivery for an air compressor

Free Air Delivery (FAD) is a common measure of the capacity of an air compressor. I have a question that comes at the end here. My question is a little different from what you might be expecting. So ...
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2answers
243 views

How to calculate added lift from ground effect

I'm trying to build a hovercraft of sorts, and I thought I'd take advantage of the ground effect. I've done some searches, but I can't seem to find any guides on the actual physics. How do I go about ...
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65 views

Simplifying head loss across a piping network

I am tasked with designing a compressed air piping network,with and would like to determine the pressure loss across the different layers of instruments -now here is the 3D layout of the network. ...
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1answer
64 views

Recommended compressed air source and location for separate air compression system

I am investigating what would be the most appropriate compressed air source (fan/blower/compressor) for designing a separate air compressor system. The information is as follows: the compressed air ...
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2answers
41 views

How deep would a water bottle have to be submerged in the sea to burst? [closed]

Assume the water bottle is the most sturdily built standard water bottle one could acquire in an american supermarket. This is the first question I've asked, so I'm sorry if I'm not in the right ...
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3answers
132 views

What is the best method to generate heat from a compressed air canister?

I want to convert the pressured air exiting a valve to heat. I know that a vortex tube can be used to do this, but I am wondering if I need to make modifications to the vortex tube to make it more ...
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1answer
58 views

How to power and transport air to a small hover car track [closed]

I'm trying to design a hover car track. As in, you have a 'track/circuit' that have objects being slowly moved along by the force of the air from beneath and sides. The propulsion to move the objects ...
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1answer
39 views

What is this “johnson controls” device on the wall in airport?

I was passing column in waiting area of Pearson airport when my sweater cought some kind of device on the wall. Device was without cover and looks like old thermostat. When my sweater caught it, it ...
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2answers
80 views

Compressed air energy storage?

I'm wondering, if you put an air compressor pipe into a micro turbine, lets say something like that attached to a motor, does air that get out of the turbine have the same energy as when it gets in ? ...
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1answer
68 views

can we run rotary compressor of Air conditioner with different frequency level?

I am working on split type AC compressor. I actually want to know, if i changed the frequency of the compressor to run on different power level, will it affect the life of the compressor. My actual ...
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1answer
45 views

Drying a air-tight container

What method should i use in order to remove moisture from air of a container completely? Should i flush it with N2 or argon (its air-tight) or is there a device that i could use to remove moisture ...
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1answer
27 views

Compression and check valves

Pressure pumps are used to apply pressure to a system. What would happen if someone attempted to fill, for example, a bicycle tire (with a check valve) to 2 ATM of pressure using a pressure pump that ...
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2answers
104 views

What is a good non-combustible oil to be used in air compression regenerative braking/energy storage system for cars, buses, and trucks?

An important energy storage method that is being given very little consideration is gas compression. The kinetic energy of the vehicle can drive an air pump or compressor that would compress air into ...
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4answers
177 views

Tubing for explosive gas or hydrogen transfer

Recently, I heard that there is a law/ OSHA/ ASME piece of regulation dictating that hydrogen should be transferred (suppose from a tank of hydrogen to another location) by using specially approved ...
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1answer
723 views

compare l/min output of CO2 pressure reducer to bar (compressed air)

I have a pressure reducer calibrated for Argon and CO$_2$ output. If I connected it to a gas tank with compressed air, how can I convert the output information "liters of Argon / CO$_2$ per minute" to ...
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1answer
240 views

volume comparison of compressed air and gas duster

I'm currently using 400ml Dust Off 67 gas dusters and want to replace them with compressed air and a blow-out gun. In order to select the right equipment and get a better understanding I would like ...
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4answers
167 views

What type of air blower/compressor to use?

I need a way to move air which is somewhere in between a compressor and a fan: something along the lines of 20-40 cfm at 2-3 psi (500-1000 liters/minute at 10-20 kPa). Typical small compressors (of ...
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2answers
151 views

Check valve in compressed air pipe network?

I am working on a building that would like to used compressed air for some pneumatic actuators. They would like to bring the air in from an adjacent building that has more than enough capacity, but ...
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1answer
2k views

Why was Freon used in spray cans before it was declared a threat to ozone?

I've heard that in the past, spray cans (aerosol cans) contained Freon. I found that the Montreal Protocol made the usage of Freon illegal due to its effect on the ozone layer, but I can't find the ...
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1answer
60 views

pneumatic solenoid operation?

Any idea on how this type of pneumatic solenoid works? I know that NC is normally closed, NO normally open, but not sure how air flows? Thanks!
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1answer
39 views

Are “Imperial Eastman” compression connections sized the same as regular imperial connections?

I have some high pressure and vacuum lines off of a tool from the 1980s and they are labeled as, for example, "3/8 imperial - eastman," which seems to be different from how normal compression ...
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2answers
27k views

How does loading and unloading work in an air compressor?

I am looking at an ammonia refrigeration unit and trying to understand how loading and unloading solenoid valves work? and also how to modulate the compressor motor over a period of time.
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1answer
89 views

How do you actually control the cooling level of AC?

I'm hoping this is a relatively simple question to answer, but I just couldn't find it on Google. With regard to air conditioning (or any cooling system that relies on compressing/evaporating), how ...
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0answers
495 views

Estimating Maximum Speed for a Pneumatic Cylinder

I am designing an machine that is going to use a pneumatic cylinder to accelerate a projectile. I have a tentative cylinder specified, and am working on the control and supply side. I have verified ...
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2answers
2k views

Compressed air as thrust? [closed]

I was watching a video recently about aircraft carriers and how they use compressed air to propel aircraft off the ship. It go me thinking if I had, maybe a 50x50x50 cm spacecraft that was put ...
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1answer
3k views

Basic difference between “compress” and “pressurise”

We call air which is pressurised as "compressed air". But we don't call pressurised liquid as compressed. I know that liquids are incompressible. So, why particular word "compressed" is the created, ...
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2answers
149 views

Using compression screw as air engine

Can a screw such as the one below be used as an air engine in pressure range between 700 kPa and 2500 kPa on other words Can I reverse compression process with a screw to work as air engine
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1answer
198 views

Air tool to compressor backflow

As I was reorganizing my air tool arsenal, a theoretical question popped in my mind I'd like to know the answer to. In designing air flow between an air compressor and a tool (such as a nailer or an ...
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2answers
366 views

Turning an engine over with engine compression

When you compress a bicycle pump and seal the opening, the pump will automatically return to it's initial position when you release it. I suppose this is how air suspension works as well? if you have ...
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2answers
328 views

Pneumatic Actuators - System Reversibility. Is it possible to use an actuator to store energy?

I'm very much new to pneumatics and I was wondering if there was such a thing as a reversible pneumatic actuator? I'm designing a system that has to be lightweight, pneumatic and use a mechanical ...
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2answers
1k views

Air compressor that doubles as a pneumatic motor?

I am working on a compressed air energy storage system. The size and weight of the system are heavily constrained; nothing should (ideally) exceed a few pounds. For this reason, I would like to store ...
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2answers
1k views

Why does public transport uses compressed air to open doors instead of electromotors?

System with compressed air seems more expensive and harder to build and integrate neither using simple electromagnetic drives to open public transport doors.
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1answer
344 views

Are there any precedent designs for a mechanically-delayed pressure release valve?

I need to release pressure of around 50psi, after 3-4 seconds of initiating, from a vessel using a mechanical switch. I had considered a pneumatic solenoid, but I want to forgo the inconvenience of ...
3
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2answers
290 views

How to design a hemispheric flexible pressure vessel?

Consider a balloon, it is a flexible, expanding pressure vessel made of synthetic rubber. I am trying to design a system that will use hemispheric pockets of neoprene to grip an object, much like the ...
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1answer
1k views

Tankless air compressor for electronics desoldering station

I purchased a Weller WSD161V soldering station (similar to this one, at least with regards to the pneumatic system I'm about to describe -- sorry, I was unable to find a manual for my specific model ...
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5answers
7k views

Is compressed air energy storage economically viable in the home?

If I install a small air compressor/engine, generator, and tank in my garage, and I charge it up at night when electricity costs $\frac{5.4p}{kWh}$ and use it during the day to power my house when ...