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Questions tagged [compressed-air]

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Calculating flow: Pressure vs Blower

I was modeling an air system using compressible fluids modeling software and seem to be overlooking a fundamental hydraulics concept but I can’t figure out what it is. I can model the blowers as ...
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0answers
4 views

Convert Blower Curves - ACFM to SCFM

Is there a way to calculate the effect of temperature on blower discharge pressure when trying to convert a blower curve at one set of conditions to a standard set of condutions and Vice versa? When ...
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10 views

Getting from ICFM to ACFM - What filter loss to assume

Is there a reasonable, documented assumption of pressure loss that can be assumed across the intake filter for a centrifugal blower system? I have heard .15 psi (or approximately 4 in w.g.) but that ...
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2answers
88 views

What's the difference between a vacuum regulator and pressure regulator?

When browsing through pneumatic parts, I notice that some vendors specify different components for pressure regulator and vacuum regulators. SMC for example does this. I'm curious why vendors would ...
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1answer
102 views

How do you interpret a pneumatic regulator symbol?

I'm an EE trying to interpret a pneumatic schematic and have a few questions regarding the symbols being used. I've come across two different regulator symbols (or so I believe them to be regulator ...
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2answers
44 views

How do you read a blower/compressor curve with multi-curves for inlet guide vanes?

I am trying to apply an existing blower curve in a hydraulic model for a single stage blower with variable inlet diffuser vanes. The variety of curves shown on the plot does not seem to make sense to ...
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2answers
773 views

Define Free Air Delivery for an air compressor

Free Air Delivery (FAD) is a common measure of the capacity of an air compressor. I have a question that comes at the end here. My question is a little different from what you might be expecting. So ...
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1answer
75 views

How to calculate added lift from ground effect

I'm trying to build a hovercraft of sorts, and I thought I'd take advantage of the ground effect. I've done some searches, but I can't seem to find any guides on the actual physics. How do I go about ...
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0answers
43 views

Simplifying head loss across a piping network

I am tasked with designing a compressed air piping network,with and would like to determine the pressure loss across the different layers of instruments -now here is the 3D layout of the network. ...
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1answer
46 views

Recommended compressed air source and location for separate air compression system

I am investigating what would be the most appropriate compressed air source (fan/blower/compressor) for designing a separate air compressor system. The information is as follows: the compressed air ...
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2answers
37 views

How deep would a water bottle have to be submerged in the sea to burst? [closed]

Assume the water bottle is the most sturdily built standard water bottle one could acquire in an american supermarket. This is the first question I've asked, so I'm sorry if I'm not in the right ...
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0answers
19 views

Calculate output force from air compressor through restricted piping

I have an air compressor (this one) which is rated to output 3.00 CFM at 40 PSI and 2.20 CFM at 90 PSI. It's connected to a pressure regulator which drops the pressure to 5 PSI. Finally, I have a ...
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3answers
108 views

What is the best method to generate heat from a compressed air canister?

I want to convert the pressured air exiting a valve to heat. I know that a vortex tube can be used to do this, but I am wondering if I need to make modifications to the vortex tube to make it more ...
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21 views

Compressors - Pneumatic machines

I'm struggling to check if an air compressor is appropriate to provide air to a group of pneumatic machines. The compressor gives an air flow at a given pressure, so what I did was to use catalogues ...
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1answer
57 views

How to power and transport air to a small hover car track [closed]

I'm trying to design a hover car track. As in, you have a 'track/circuit' that have objects being slowly moved along by the force of the air from beneath and sides. The propulsion to move the objects ...
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0answers
34 views

What would axial air compressors design look like if static flow straighteners were prohibited?

This may be a strange question, but I wonder about the behavior threshold between axial and centrifugal compressors. Are there some attempts at merging the two concepts? I'm thinking of something ...
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1answer
36 views

What is this “johnson controls” device on the wall in airport?

I was passing column in waiting area of Pearson airport when my sweater cought some kind of device on the wall. Device was without cover and looks like old thermostat. When my sweater caught it, it ...
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2answers
75 views

Compressed air energy storage?

I'm wondering, if you put an air compressor pipe into a micro turbine, lets say something like that attached to a motor, does air that get out of the turbine have the same energy as when it gets in ? ...
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1answer
56 views

can we run rotary compressor of Air conditioner with different frequency level?

I am working on split type AC compressor. I actually want to know, if i changed the frequency of the compressor to run on different power level, will it affect the life of the compressor. My actual ...
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1answer
38 views

Drying a air-tight container

What method should i use in order to remove moisture from air of a container completely? Should i flush it with N2 or argon (its air-tight) or is there a device that i could use to remove moisture ...
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1answer
26 views

Compression and check valves

Pressure pumps are used to apply pressure to a system. What would happen if someone attempted to fill, for example, a bicycle tire (with a check valve) to 2 ATM of pressure using a pressure pump that ...
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2answers
82 views

What is a good non-combustible oil to be used in air compression regenerative braking/energy storage system for cars, buses, and trucks?

An important energy storage method that is being given very little consideration is gas compression. The kinetic energy of the vehicle can drive an air pump or compressor that would compress air into ...
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4answers
86 views

Tubing for explosive gas or hydrogen transfer

Recently, I heard that there is a law/ OSHA/ ASME piece of regulation dictating that hydrogen should be transferred (suppose from a tank of hydrogen to another location) by using specially approved ...
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1answer
508 views

compare l/min output of CO2 pressure reducer to bar (compressed air)

I have a pressure reducer calibrated for Argon and CO$_2$ output. If I connected it to a gas tank with compressed air, how can I convert the output information "liters of Argon / CO$_2$ per minute" to ...
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1answer
157 views

volume comparison of compressed air and gas duster

I'm currently using 400ml Dust Off 67 gas dusters and want to replace them with compressed air and a blow-out gun. In order to select the right equipment and get a better understanding I would like ...
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4answers
117 views

What type of air blower/compressor to use?

I need a way to move air which is somewhere in between a compressor and a fan: something along the lines of 20-40 cfm at 2-3 psi (500-1000 liters/minute at 10-20 kPa). Typical small compressors (of ...
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2answers
128 views

Check valve in compressed air pipe network?

I am working on a building that would like to used compressed air for some pneumatic actuators. They would like to bring the air in from an adjacent building that has more than enough capacity, but ...
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0answers
1k views

rough estimate for energy stored in compressed air tank

I'm trying to figure out a rough approximation of how much energy in joules is stored in a compressed air tank with parameters of gallons and PSI. I think I've discovered that the exact formula is a ...
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1answer
1k views

Why was Freon used in spray cans before it was declared a threat to ozone?

I've heard that in the past, spray cans (aerosol cans) contained Freon. I found that the Montreal Protocol made the usage of Freon illegal due to its effect on the ozone layer, but I can't find the ...
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1answer
54 views

pneumatic solenoid operation?

Any idea on how this type of pneumatic solenoid works? I know that NC is normally closed, NO normally open, but not sure how air flows? Thanks!
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1answer
36 views

Are “Imperial Eastman” compression connections sized the same as regular imperial connections?

I have some high pressure and vacuum lines off of a tool from the 1980s and they are labeled as, for example, "3/8 imperial - eastman," which seems to be different from how normal compression ...
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2answers
18k views

How does loading and unloading work in an air compressor?

I am looking at an ammonia refrigeration unit and trying to understand how loading and unloading solenoid valves work? and also how to modulate the compressor motor over a period of time.
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1answer
81 views

How do you actually control the cooling level of AC?

I'm hoping this is a relatively simple question to answer, but I just couldn't find it on Google. With regard to air conditioning (or any cooling system that relies on compressing/evaporating), how ...
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0answers
360 views

Estimating Maximum Speed for a Pneumatic Cylinder

I am designing an machine that is going to use a pneumatic cylinder to accelerate a projectile. I have a tentative cylinder specified, and am working on the control and supply side. I have verified ...
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2answers
1k views

Compressed air as thrust? [closed]

I was watching a video recently about aircraft carriers and how they use compressed air to propel aircraft off the ship. It go me thinking if I had, maybe a 50x50x50 cm spacecraft that was put ...
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1answer
3k views

Basic difference between “compress” and “pressurise”

We call air which is pressurised as "compressed air". But we don't call pressurised liquid as compressed. I know that liquids are incompressible. So, why particular word "compressed" is the created, ...
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2answers
138 views

Using compression screw as air engine

Can a screw such as the one below be used as an air engine in pressure range between 700 kPa and 2500 kPa on other words Can I reverse compression process with a screw to work as air engine
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1answer
161 views

Air tool to compressor backflow

As I was reorganizing my air tool arsenal, a theoretical question popped in my mind I'd like to know the answer to. In designing air flow between an air compressor and a tool (such as a nailer or an ...
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2answers
357 views

Turning an engine over with engine compression

When you compress a bicycle pump and seal the opening, the pump will automatically return to it's initial position when you release it. I suppose this is how air suspension works as well? if you have ...
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2answers
267 views

Pneumatic Actuators - System Reversibility. Is it possible to use an actuator to store energy?

I'm very much new to pneumatics and I was wondering if there was such a thing as a reversible pneumatic actuator? I'm designing a system that has to be lightweight, pneumatic and use a mechanical ...
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2answers
1k views

Air compressor that doubles as a pneumatic motor?

I am working on a compressed air energy storage system. The size and weight of the system are heavily constrained; nothing should (ideally) exceed a few pounds. For this reason, I would like to store ...
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2answers
1k views

Why does public transport uses compressed air to open doors instead of electromotors?

System with compressed air seems more expensive and harder to build and integrate neither using simple electromagnetic drives to open public transport doors.
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1answer
303 views

Are there any precedent designs for a mechanically-delayed pressure release valve?

I need to release pressure of around 50psi, after 3-4 seconds of initiating, from a vessel using a mechanical switch. I had considered a pneumatic solenoid, but I want to forgo the inconvenience of ...
3
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2answers
258 views

How to design a hemispheric flexible pressure vessel?

Consider a balloon, it is a flexible, expanding pressure vessel made of synthetic rubber. I am trying to design a system that will use hemispheric pockets of neoprene to grip an object, much like the ...
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1answer
917 views

Tankless air compressor for electronics desoldering station

I purchased a Weller WSD161V soldering station (similar to this one, at least with regards to the pneumatic system I'm about to describe -- sorry, I was unable to find a manual for my specific model ...
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5answers
6k views

Is compressed air energy storage economically viable in the home?

If I install a small air compressor/engine, generator, and tank in my garage, and I charge it up at night when electricity costs $\frac{5.4p}{kWh}$ and use it during the day to power my house when ...