Skip to main content

Questions tagged [combustion]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0 votes
0 answers
26 views

Why do engines with cylinder offset not suffer from increased frictional losses on the compression and exhaust strokes?

I recently watched the D4A YouTube video on cylinder offset, and for the most part it makes sense. Longer power and intake strokes, lower frictional losses on the power and intake strokes, greater ...
Ryan W.'s user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
49 views

How much coal is needed to generate electricity for 1 person?

In one month a person uses $852$ kWh of electricity. Using a fossil-fueled vapor power plant, find how much coal is needed for one person. The assumptions are: Boiler efficiency of the Rankine cycle ...
Eric Brown's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
24 views

Enthalpy of Fuels

I am running some analysis on an engine cycle through matlab using TMATS with Cantera. I am looking to change the fuel from the default to a blend of ammonia and hydrogen. In order to do this I have ...
Synchronicity's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
30 views

Why is the compression considered as isentropic in Otto cycle?

We know the ideal Otto cycle is modeled by the two ideal processes isentropic (compression and expansion) and isochoric (heat addition and heat rejection). But why the compression and expansion ...
wasbo's user avatar
  • 1
0 votes
0 answers
9 views

How estimate the error of chemkin 2.55 results?

I've been using chemkin 2.55 for preliminary calculations of premixed laminar H_2 and CH_4 combustion and in some of the calculations, the solver fails. There is a way to hypothesize the calculation ...
gcomp4's user avatar
  • 1
0 votes
0 answers
10 views

Need for diaphragm carburetors in small internal combustion engines that run on gasoline

I have seen that hobby internal combustion engines that run on gasoline always use diaphragm carburetors instead of the very simple carburation system used by glow engines that generally consist only ...
S. Feunmajer's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
32 views

Unstuffed to Stuffed Two Stroke Engine

I'm working on a Puch e50 Engine. The original engine used an unstuffed crank that had bushings instead of bearings. I've rebuilt the engine using new seals, bearings, and an aftermarket stuffed ...
Kevin Sanders's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
26 views

Would there be a flame front in this case of combustion

Suppose a piston enclosing an amount of air-fuel mixture and then this piston compresses the mixture to the point of auto ignition, if every part of the mixture ignite simultaneously is it safe to say ...
user42922's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
115 views

NOx emissions in diesel engines

What are the specific challenges and potential solutions for reducing NOx emissions in diesel engines without sacrificing fuel efficiency, considering the trade-offs between various aftertreatment ...
user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
153 views

If it is more fuel efficient to mechanically inject gasoline into a high compression cylinder, why is it not done?

By the thermodynamics of the internal combustion engine (Carnot cycle), the higher the compression ratio, the more mechanical work is derived from the gasoline burned. So why is it not common practice ...
seanhalle's user avatar
  • 121
0 votes
0 answers
49 views

How much CO2 is produced by wood biomass under complete combustion?

If I have a one tonne (equivalent to 1.167 m3) of residual wood product used in a suspension burner at 3% moisture. The wood consists of a mixture of softwood by-products. How much CO2 would be ...
Georgia Peach's user avatar
-1 votes
3 answers
123 views

Combusting engine braking: is part throttle more effective than no throttle?

A counterintuitive question. An engine when in overrun generates a braking torque. This is generally considered to be because the engine is working as an air pump past a closed throttle. However that ...
J Collins's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
248 views

Are internal combustion engine more efficient than steam turbines

From what i understand the indicated thermal efficiency of an ic engine is measured at the fly wheel and is the measure of the amount of thermal energy being converted to mechanical energy please ...
Doctor Pinocchio's user avatar
0 votes
4 answers
2k views

Throttle position as a function of engine torque and speed

In the figure attached showing the throttle position versus an IC engine produced torque, I didn't understand why does the torque value at a specific rpm vary for different throttle positions. My ...
Jesse Flynn's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
577 views

What is the maximum possible compression with fuel injection in a gasoline combustion engine?

Maximum possible compression in a gasoline engine was originally determined by knocking in engines with carburetor. With fuel injection the fuel could be injected after compression and thus eliminate ...
David Jonsson's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
168 views

Fastest possible mean (peak?) piston speed on a Diesel engine

On a Diesel engine running distillate fuel (the kind you run in cars, SUV's, trucks, trains, boats, and smaller ships), what are the theoretical and practical limits to maximum mean piston speed you ...
user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
131 views

What methods should I use to calculate the size of a moving grate incinerator

I have been tasked with calculating the size of a moving grate incinerator for a college project. I have calculated the mass and energy balances for the waste to be burned on the grate, but I am ...
Kiran Brown's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
74 views

How to calculate the amount of fuel required and time to preheat a furnace's combustion air to 850 C

I am designing an incinerator to combust MSW producing a flue gas of 1000 °C. A requirement of the furnace is that the air inside must be preheated to 850 °C through the use of auxiliary fuel burners ...
Kiran Brown's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
101 views

Why this engine can work without a timing belt? [closed]

Is it possible that this tiny engine work without timing belt? I have seen the schematics of it and it pretty much rely on holes in the middle of piston to get the hot gas out whereas the ignition is ...
Maximus Su's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
990 views

Out of the three types of Stirling Engines, which one is the most efficient and delivers the most amount of power?

I was thinking that the beta Stirling engine would be the most efficient as it has a displacer to block heat transfer from the hot to cold regions in between thermodynamic cycles. However, I heard ...
ARJ's user avatar
  • 105
2 votes
4 answers
1k views

Is high pressure combustion hotter than atmospheric pressure combustion

let's say i have the same quantity of coal and air. Will the combustion achieve higher temperature if the air is under pressure?
Francis L.'s user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
412 views

How do I choose a blower design for an induced draft brick kiln?

I am responsible for a brick kiln in the Punjab province of Pakistan. My government requires all brick kilns to be upgraded to match recent new standards, which include the addition of a blower near ...
asim's user avatar
  • 153
2 votes
0 answers
42 views

Comparing EPA emission limits between wood stoves and wood furnaces

Emission limits set by the EPA were updated in 2020. Currently, "Wood-burning stoves" are allowed 2.5 grams/hour of smoke emission [1]. On the other hand, "Wood-burning forced-air ...
bitsmack's user avatar
  • 121
1 vote
1 answer
172 views

Theoretical maximum pressure from combusting LPG

I am curious how to find or estimate the theoretical maximum pressure that the combustion of a LP gas, such as propane, can produce inside of a constant volume, such as in a cylinder. I know what the ...
thisissparzo's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
146 views

A Variable Valve Timing (VVT) engine with exhaust GT added, with and without Turbo Charger applied to the crankshaft?

This topic is the follow-up to the original topic: Why are turbo compound engines not more widely used? Why are turbo compound engines not more widely used? Please, do understand that I am a pure ...
Zoran Stojsavljevic's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
69 views

Ash size particle dependency of initial coal particle size in fluidized bed combustors

I'm looking for information on coal ash size in fluidized beds. How dependent is it on the initial coal particle size? Would I expect ash from 5mm coal particles to be significantly larger than ash ...
user8151560's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
106 views

What is the purpose of combustor in a gas turbine

I have read online that a gas turbine converts the chemical energy in the fuel gas to mechanical energy of the turbine blades. The way I see it, because of this hot air one would have to go for heat ...
user110565's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
41 views

Can I increase the range of a howitzer by using more propellant?

The muzzle velocity of a firearm can, all else equal, be increased by lengthening the barrel of the weapon which can theoretically be extended up to the point that friction and air resistance would ...
Hypnos Stratagem's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
97 views

Can we currently achieve 55 MPG on Non-Hybrid vehicles using internal combustion engines?

With recent debates, one frequently hears that it's currently not possible for car manufacturers to meet the 55 MPG energy efficiency rating required by 2025. So, is there something physically ...
Beliod's user avatar
  • 49
2 votes
1 answer
42 views

Recovering mechanical energy from natural gas water boiler

Is there any heat energy lost to the mechanical force of pushing a piston in a combustion engine? In other words, would a natural gas burning as a flame produce more heat than the same amount of ...
James Cockayne's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
928 views

Trouble with Valveless PulseJet

My friend and I are working on building a valveless pulsejet out of sheet metal. We initially built a small one (a few feet in length) using the below dimensions: The issue was that we were unable to ...
andycate's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
1k views

Calculating Mass Fractions of a Hydrogen and Oxygen Gas Mixture Pre Ignition

I am trying to calculate mass fractions of a Hydrogen Oxygen gas mixture as a function of equivalence ratio before ignition. My work is the following: Equivalence Ratio: $$\phi=\frac{FA}{FA_s}=\frac{\...
Unique Worldline's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
168 views

Effect of Pressure on Combustion efficiency (of hydrogen) in excess air

Can somebody explain relation between combustion efficiency and pressure in lean mixtures using any kind of chart or mathematical equations? At first glance I thought, combustion efficiency increases ...
SRD's user avatar
  • 187
2 votes
1 answer
902 views

Engine Combustion Cylinder Wall Thickness

Been referencing this website for some time but now need to seek specific help. I am not an engineering student but rather a DIY hack who loves engineering and machining neither of which I am ...
Mk1_Oz's user avatar
  • 21
1 vote
0 answers
50 views

Search for comprehensive term for plants with heat generation with heat storage and operating states

My master thesis deals with systems with several operating states that generate heat and store it in a heat storage. Thereby I analyze combined heat and power plants with combustion engines, but also ...
Anne Bierhoff's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
80 views

What are the non-practical features of a sterling engine that cause the internal combustion engine to be used instead?

What are the non-practical features of a sterling engine that cause the internal combustion engine to be used instead (in a car)? (e.g. price, size, the power to weight ratio, etc.) Can you name any ...
Ethan's user avatar
  • 31
1 vote
2 answers
171 views

Where the Water Have Gone from Engine from a Combustion Process (C8H18+12.5O2==>8CO2+9H2O)?

During studying engine's exhaust as I asked here, I have to go far. The thing I though is quite simple, the fact is complicated. Thence I knew that there is water produced in combustion process. The ...
AirCraft Lover's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
89 views

Why to compress the hydrogen + air mixture in Hydrogen ICE engines when combustion efficiency of hydrogen at 1 atm is already high?

ICE Engines are designed to burn the fuel and air mixtures at high pressures to increase the combustion efficiency. But hydrogen combustion efficiency is already high at 1 atm and at constant Volume ...
SRD's user avatar
  • 187
1 vote
0 answers
224 views

Measurement of ICE torque

I'm seeking a precise description of engine torque. We talk about torque in terms of the twisting force that the piston exerts on the crankshaft with a radius equivalent of the rod throw. Assume these ...
Erik's user avatar
  • 163
1 vote
0 answers
24 views

Heat of Combustion, Vaporization tables

It's my first time posting on this specific forum. I hope I'm doing this right. I am currently modeling fire spreading through different buildings via FDS, but I lack the properties of the materials ...
Dalieday's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
3k views

Preheating Diesel before injection?

Significant amount of heat is lost from an engine by various means, so to recoup the energy, is it possible to increase efficiency via heating of diesel fuel prior to injection using waste engine heat ...
Palayil's user avatar
  • 31
6 votes
2 answers
350 views

Why afterburners are needed instead of burning more fuel inside the turbine?

I'm reading this article on afterburners: https://www.airspacemag.com/flight-today/how-things-work-afterburners-18481403/ It says in the article: A typical jet engine uses only about half the ...
S. Rotos's user avatar
  • 2,259
5 votes
2 answers
307 views

How to calculate the pressure loading of a vented silo explosion?

I would like to independently check a vendor's silo design for proper explosion venting. Worst case, it is essentially cylinder filled with a stoichiometric mixture atomized sugar dust and atmospheric ...
ericnutsch's user avatar
  • 8,151
3 votes
3 answers
65 views

Advice on simple spark ignition system

I'm looking for any tips on a simple and cheap means of generating a regular spark for ignition of propane in air, could be electrical or other but needs to be simple and fairly reliable. Criteria ...
Chris Johns's user avatar
  • 15.2k
0 votes
1 answer
131 views

Can a water pressure switch be used as a low-water cutoff means for a steam boiler?

Steam boilers obviously need to be protected from the catastrophe of running out of water -- you then either get a meltdown if the boiler is fired unwatered for an extended period of time or a boiler ...
ThreePhaseEel's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
79 views

Magnetohydrodynamics, ionizing combustion exhaust then converting its kinetic energy to electricity

I am trying to understand how to make generation of electrical power more efficient by using Faraday's law to directly convert the kinetic energy of the ionized or easily ionizable exhaust gases of ...
0tyranny0poverty's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
150 views

What is the real CO2 emission for cars? 1g/km or >100g/km?

If one searches for the different levels of CO2 emissions in cars, one can find two very different levels. For instance: 1: Here it is written that: The law requires that the new cars registered ...
Physther's user avatar
  • 614
9 votes
5 answers
528 views

Why is "regular" gasoline standard instead of something more knock-resistant?

The standard light petroleum distillate for vehicle engines, "regular gasoline," is (or is equivalent to) some mix of heptane (C7) and octane (C8). Higher proportions of C8 are more knock-resistant, ...
feetwet's user avatar
  • 1,757
0 votes
1 answer
205 views

IC engine where the piston is the spark plug

I recently had an idea about the design of an internal combustion engine. Normally, the spark must be timed using some kind of circuit, but if there was a "spike" on the piston: then would there be ...
sadljkfhalskdjfh's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
1k views

Why is soot produced in diesel exhaust, since diesel runs lean?

Since diesel runs lean, why is soot produced in diesel exhaust? Soot is carbon particles due to incomplete combustion. But, since diesel runs lean with plenty of oxygen, why does this happen?
ergon's user avatar
  • 521