Questions tagged [civil-engineering]

Questions that fall into the problem domain of civil engineering or one of its sub-disciplines. Questions about buildings or other structures could usually use the "structural-engineering" tag also.

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4
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1answer
4k views

Why is the point of failure load lower than the peak load? [closed]

In a tensile test the peak load was 69kN, but the point of failure load was 60kN. Why is it lower?
8
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1answer
4k views

Why don't we use principal maximum stresses when designing a structural element?

Consider a concrete column is under compression from top loading and also carries some shear stresses. If take a plane 2d element in the column with these stresses and rotate it to the point it gives ...
8
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2answers
6k views

How Can I Determine Multiple Discharges from a Pipe Network? (Knowing the Inlet Conditions)

I have little/no experience with pipe networks and have been searching for a methodology to calculate the discharge from multiple outlets of an oil pipe network with a single inlet. As far as i can ...
17
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5answers
2k views

How are passive houses made in very hot regions (like Saudi Arabia)?

I think, here is the main problem the difference between the internal and the external temperature. For example, in Saudi Arabia, in 50 C, a passive house needed probably much sophisticated planning ...
9
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5answers
765 views

How can I measure the thickness of a sedimentation layer in a closed tank?

Biogas slurry often contains sand and grit and organic matter that eventually sediments. Clearing thetank from sedimentation is expensive (plant downtime, additional equipment) and dangerous. So it ...
9
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3answers
1k views

Can the structural integrity of bridges be measured in real-time for safety?

As a follow up to this question, I wonder if structural integrity monitoring information can be provided real-time and to a sufficient degree that safety decisions can realistically be made from the ...
0
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0answers
41 views

Continues beam deflection

does any one know how to derive the deflection equation of a continues beam of three span of equal length and equal UDL load Here's a link these two pictures shows my tries to solve the question
7
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2answers
1k views

How do you model a real-life truss in structural analysis software?

I am trying to recreate the following model of a wooden roof truss provided to me by a truss manufacturer: My question is twofold: What is the common/correct way to model the boundary conditions and ...
17
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1answer
2k views

How to design a house to be cooled passively? [duplicate]

I live in Louisiana these days, in an area that is known for its numerous antebellum plantation homes (circa early 1800s). While touring one of these homes it was clear that almost everything about ...
14
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4answers
1k views

How should the public raise questions about unsafe structures in the United States?

In a program on NPR that I was listening to, there was a bit about a bridge that from the description sounded to a layman as unsound and is still in use. The program described it as an old wooden ...
11
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1answer
1k views

How to determine the lateral earth pressure in a double-walled cofferdam?

The design of a retaining wall commonly involves determining the lateral earth pressure using either Rankine theory or Coulomb theory. Both theories involve mobilising the shear resistance of a ...
4
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1answer
3k views

Losses through holes drilled in a pipe

I asked a previous question about pipe t-junctions with pipes of varying diameters, and it got me wondering... How are losses handled and calculated in pipes with holes drilled directly into them? ...
4
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4answers
2k views

Why 0.2% of strain is considered while taking proof stress?

When a material does not show a distinct yield point then 0.2% of strain is considered and a line is drawn parallel to the elastic line and the corresponding stress is called proof stress. My question ...
4
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1answer
2k views

Deriving the deflection force equation for a beam that is fixed on both ends

I want to calculate the force-displacement equation for a beam that is fixed at both ends. I think I should use the superposition principle but I am not very sure how to get started. I know that for,...
3
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1answer
486 views

Is there a theoretical bound to how tall a structure can be built?

Assuming that there are no constraints on cost, land to develop, or supply of materials, is there a theoretical limit on how tall a structure can be built? What are the main physical constraints that ...
1
vote
2answers
105 views

Where is the contact point between screw spindle teeth and nut teeth?

So this is a screw press used to hmm disconnect the clamp connection (sorry if these are not the correct terms I really don't know how to translate it properly). Anyway, I think it's obvious what this ...
18
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1answer
4k views

Why are truss bridges the way they are?

Just by taking a train ride across my home city I can see truss bridges like the one in above picture everywhere. There are numerous variations, but the most common design seems to be this. But why ...
10
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1answer
268 views

Developing a stochastic differential equation model for concrete fibers

I am working on modeling concrete fibers (metallic fibers) as a mathematical model. My work is for my thesis. I am a PhD student of numerical analysis, but I am working on a real tunnel project. I ...
9
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7answers
4k views

Why do we pave roads instead of making them from removable parts?

If roads were made of removable parts, we'd probably have fiber cable internet everywhere by now I'd say. It'd be so much easier to install e.g. new electricity and water infrastructure and to ...
6
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2answers
7k views

How to strengthen an I beam

To save on material, I am requested to design a continuously supported beam with a maximum bending capacity that is half of its maximum bending moment and to strengthen the beam at certain intervals ...
6
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5answers
10k views

Is hydrostatic pressure a dead load or a live load?

I have a structural analysis question. I want to know if the hydrostatic pressure in a water tank is a live load or a dead load and why?
5
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2answers
265 views

How do I conduct an experimental modal analysis with a three-axis accelerometer?

How can I compute the Frequency Response Function (FRF) if I use two three-axis MEMS accelerometer to measure the input excitation and output response? I have read from some books that the FRF can be ...
3
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2answers
83 views

How to simplify a truss bridge diagram?

Hello I have this truss structure question. I understand that we need to determine the zero-force members first so that we can simplify the diagram. But I am not sure which one that I need to ...
3
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2answers
264 views

How does one build a waterproof basement?

I have been doing a bunch of research online into how to build a basement that is below the water table. The common wisdom is to "not waste the money doing that" but as someone who doesn't like to be ...
2
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2answers
131 views

Can a crisscrossed metallic skeleton resist earthquakes for buildings?

To follow up with my previous question on the seismic design of buildings, I would like to ask if it makes sense to support buildings with strong thick 'crisscrossed' metallic frames. I have the ...
2
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2answers
6k views

Ceiling mounted punching bag without compromising structure or floor above

This question is regarding the safest way of installing a heavy punching bag of 100 lbs from the basement ceiling. Above the basement ceiling is a wood floor. The goal is to sleep soundly at night ...
2
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2answers
72 views

Can a horizontal foundation safeguard against earthquakes?

I have not taken any course in civil engineering. What I was taught was that a broad base would prevent something from toppling. So it makes me wondering instead of nailing the foundation of a ...
2
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1answer
77 views

L beam - Strange result

I have the following system (at P and Q there is a ball joint; the length of L beam is l; the PB and PA forces are applied at l/2 and are known; Fz is not zero and is known): The system has 0 degrees ...
2
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1answer
103 views

Controlled demolition of a sky scraper?

Sky scrapers are often found in dense urban environments. Is there a known method to controllably demolish a sky scraper with minimal collateral damage?
1
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3answers
39 views

column bending stress under vertical earthquake load

In Fema national US&R response system - Structrual collapse technicican training manual It says: "There are also vertical loads generated in a structure by earthquake shaking, but as mentioned ...
1
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1answer
1k views

Conjugate beam (M/EI)

I dont understand how the diagram of M/EI of conjugate beam drawn , can someone explain about it ? According to conjugate beam theorem , i know that the M/EI represent the w(x) , which is force per ...
1
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0answers
227 views

How to calculate monosymmetry index of an unequal angle? [closed]

I saw some formula involving integration. Is there a straightforward formula to calculate this instead given b, d, t and alpha angle between x-x and u-u axis?
0
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2answers
58 views

How is any kind of structural reliability achieved if the probability of annual wind speed exceedance is 0.02?

Above is the definition of fundamental basic wind velocity from Eurocode 1. According to its instructions, wind loads on building are supposed to be calculated based on this velocity. It says that ...
0
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1answer
42 views

How do you determine flow distribution at a dividing T-Junction?

So I've been trying to find out how to determine what proportion of fluid will flow down a given path when a main line branches into two lines at a 90 degree T-Junction and I can't find anything ...
0
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1answer
91 views

Is a granite block tunnel longer lasting than reinforced concrete? [closed]

Assumptions Building Process exists Waterproofing is able to be replaced Notes Please answer yes or no with the science backing. This question is only about the strength and lifespan. This ...