Questions tagged [chemistry]

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Would the below thermal generator work properly and provide surplus energy?

Since thermoelectric generators make electricity through thermal flux, could a device that mixes NaOH and HCl on one side (heat) and Ba(OH)2•8H2O and NH4SCN (cold) be efficient? Could it produce more ...
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Fastest possible mean (peak?) piston speed on a Diesel engine

On a Diesel engine running distillate fuel (the kind you run in cars, SUV's, trucks, trains, boats, and smaller ships), what are the theoretical and practical limits to maximum mean piston speed you ...
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Size characterization

Which technique can I use to characterize the size of my particles? They would be in the range of 50 μm to 300 μm. I have verified using a microscope, but I need a technique to analyse the size ...
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Heat Transfer in a tubular reactor with constant jacket temperature - impossible solution?

I have received from my professor the following problem: A first-order exothermic reaction A -> B takes place in a tubular reactor (typical PFR). The tube is cooled to a constant wall temperature $...
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How to relate equilibrium constant and equilibrium conversion?

For the following gas phase reaction: $$ A\leftrightarrow B $$ The concentration equilibrium constant ($K_c$) can be expressed as: $$ K_c = \frac{c_B}{c_A} = \frac{\frac{F_B}{\vartheta}}{\frac{F_A}{\...
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How would you calculate the sedimentation rate of a coarse chemical suspension under gravity using a centrifuge?

If the sedimentation rate can be determined for a coarse chemical suspension or a suspension containing large particles (i.e., particles with radii between 100 to 200μm) in a medium like vegetable oil,...
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3 answers
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How long will it take to anneal at a lower temperature?

Someone is trying to anneal a brass casting to minimize the segregation of Zinc. He likes the results of annealing at 400 Celsius for 3 hours, but the high temperature produces problems with residual ...
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How much electricity does it take to polarize specific types of insulators?

as I hope you know, electric polarization is when you put an insulator in an electric field, and the nucleus and electron cloud go in an opposite direction. https://www.priyamstudycentre.com/2020/02/...
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CO2 production from sugar [closed]

Greenhouses often use burners for CO2 enrichment, which requires a source of liquid propane or natural gas. The yeast fermentation process can also be used to create CO2 for a greenhouse by supplying ...
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Method of separating oxygen from a mixture of oxygen + carbon monoxide

I have a 99,9% oxygen, with 0,1% is CO. Is it possible to separate the CO from oxygen in this mixture? The closer the percentage to 0 for CO, the better. I've read about separation of oxygen from air, ...
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Balancing Equation of Octane in combustion Chamber

Hey guys I am trying to balance out the combustion equation for reactants: Octane + Air with products: CO2, H2O, N2, and O2; and 120% oh excess air. My balancing equation looks like this: $$ C_8H_{18} ...
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In case of solvation , Who converts gaseous ions to aqueous ? Why do we even have gaseous but not solid ions?

We take Nacl and dissolve it in water. There is formation of $Na^+$ and $Cl^-$ gaseous ions along with 2H+ and $Cl^{2-}$ aqueous ions. Then , Na+ is attracted towards $Cl^{2-}$ and 2H+ is attracted ...
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Difficulty in understanding polarization? Is it only applicable for H and an electronegative element like chlorine? [closed]

There are two examples I have taken in diagram. In the first one , we have a cation and anion. They form an ionic bond due to which the cation has no electrons and the anion has 2 electrons. There are ...
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Difficulty in understand the meaning of standard enthalpy of formation

Standard enthalpy of formation is when one mole of compound is formed from its constituent elements. Example : $H_2$(g) + $O_2$(g) —>$ H_2O$(L). But we don’t say the same for $CaO + CO_2$ —> $...
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Specific CO2-Emissions of Natural Gas & Hydrogen Mix [closed]

consider I have a mixture of Hydrogen and Natural Gas. The volumetric mixture is $\varphi_{H_2} = 70 \%$ and $\varphi_{NG} = 30 \%$. So the $H_2$ makes up a mass fraction of $$w_{H_2} = \frac{\rho_{...
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Is it possible to use direct air capture technology for CO2 on a non-commercial level?

CO2 is used as fertilizer in aquariums where it's brought into the water with diffusors from compressed form in cylinders. Direct Air Capture machines for CO2 have been presented for experimental geo-...
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Is molecular dynamics relevant for an undergraduate Mechanical Engineering degree? [closed]

I am completing my final year undergraduate study in Mechanical Engineering. I've had to have a scope change because my last project was not going to work with the pandemic. I've been given a project ...
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What is the field on engineering that combines chemistry and electronics together? [closed]

I am looking for a career advice as I am interested in chemistry and electronics at the same time but the universities somehow have the two as different major. Is there any branch of engineering that ...
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Can wet welding be done in mineral oil?

I'm interested in knowing whether or not submerged welding can be done in fluids other than water, specifically mineral oil in this case. The reason I want to know is that I'm looking into designing ...
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Help with Mass Flow Rate

I'm a beginner in chemical engineering so apologies in advance if this question is very basic! The Problem You are required to measure the mass and volumetric flow rate of a slurry stream. The slurry ...
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Is it possible to do purification of Sodium Sulphate and which companies do this? [duplicate]

If Sinter filter generates lots of Sodium Sulphate and then is there a way to make purification of this and which companies are already do this process?
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Why do Blast Furnace flue dust generates high rates of Zn (Zinc)?

The Blast Furnace flue dust contains high rates of Zn (Zinc). I'd like to know the reason behind this. The chemical reaction of Zn inside blast furnace dust. Why it's rates becoming high?
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How do I charge titanium dioxide particles submurged in black-dyed water in home?

My first thought was to charge the titanium dioxide particles by first charging a balloon by rubbing it on my hair and then touching the balloon to the titanium dioxide powder, but that would be ...
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How would I go about charging titanium dioxide for e-paper technology project?

I'm experimenting with rubbing a balloon on a silk (to get the electrons) and then touching the balloon to two small aluminium foil balls to see if they'll repel but they don't (if I do it with ...
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Is there an industrial process that makes use of photosynthesis?

When I was in school, photosynthesis was taught as this amazing biological process that took light and water and turned carbon dioxide into oxygen and carbon. It was implied that this was limited to ...
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What chemical can be used to restore synthetic rubber?

When rubber (I don't know the specifics, but I assume it's butyl rubber) gets old, it turns into one of two states usually: It becomes sticky and gummy. It becomes hard and brittle. I'd like to know ...
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What is the mechanism of adsorption-desorption on biochar obtained from slow pyrolysis/ torrefaction?

Biochar is a major by-product from pyrolysis along with bio-oil and it is considered an important chemical feed-stock because of many light oxygenates. I have read some papers on using bio-char use ...
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1 answer
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What's a good way to equalize pressure between 2 spaces without allowing gas exchange under normal circumstances?

I have a reaction chamber where gasses are injected to maintain a certain mixture. The container is sort of like a bell, where the bottom is submerged in water to make a seal. The issue I have is ...
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What is the smoke made by the fogging machine? Is it harmful to humans?

What is the principle of a fogging machine ? on what process a fogging machine depends ? distillation or vapourization ? what is the harmful effect of fogging machine ?
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2 answers
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Why does aluminum clad steel wire have high corrosion resistance?

Why do aluminum clad steel wires have high corrosion resistance despite being two dissimilar metals? Does the aluminum act as a protective & sacrificial layer similar to zinc in galvanization or ...
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pH calculations for boiler water

For water steam cycle in a "combined cycle power plant" containing 3 boiler drums and dosing of 5% ammonia solution in the condenser. How can I calculate the pH of the boiler water in each of the ...
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1 answer
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Generic category of PBT thermoplastic

I'm an EE, but I'm working on a project at work where I need to venture into materials science & chemistry. My question is, does thermoplastic, Polybutylene terephthalate (PBT), fall into any of ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Calculate the specific surface area of a mesoporous sample

I'm a nanoengineering student who's been stuck on the following problem for a few days. I've gone back over my professors slides, watched podcasts from an old professor, etc. etc., but don't ...
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Referencing for Air Quality Monitoring

I asked the same question in electronics sub, but since it is more general I am asking it here again. I bought the Sharp dust sensor GP2Y1010AU0F. Below are the graph of readings indoor for ~5 minutes,...
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2 answers
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How can I vaporize metals?

What are some common ways that I can vaporize Metals into a vacuum chamber? How can I keep these Metals in a gaseous state?
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How to quantify adulteration of urea and hydrogen per oxide in cow milk? [closed]

I am very much new in this field and trying to get some information on adulteration of cow milk. I have searched and saw that mostly urea and hydrogen per oxide are mixed with cow milk. I found that ...
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Safely evaporate electrolyte from fragile porous substrate

We have porous ceramic platelets of ~50x5x1 mm³ thickness infiltrated with ammonium nitrate solution (NH4NO3). We want to decompose and evaporate it w/o damaging the fragile substrate (decomposition ...
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Eletrolysis of water

The electrolyser used in the process at 25°C and 10.0 bar exhibits a global yield of 82% with a potential of 1.481 V. Determine the electrical energy that can be electrolyzed by year in order to get ...
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What does it mean by "loops and troughs"? [closed]

Actually, I've asked this question in "English Language & Usage" but someone told me ask it here! What does it mean by "loops and troughs" in: "Source has acquired a pattern of loops and troughs."...
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Mass balance of a recycle stream

I'm a chemical engineer student and I have just started to learn about mass balance without reaction. This is my problem - I want to find Out the mass composition and mass flowrate of stream Y (...
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1 answer
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Calculate the radius of iridium atom, given that Ir has an FFC crystal structure, a density of 22.4 g/cm3 and atomic weight of 192.2g/mol [closed]

Calculate the radius of iridium atom, given that Ir has an FFC crystal structure, a density of $22.4\text{g/cm}^3$. and atomic weight of $192.2\text{g/mol}$. Everyone whom I asked this question ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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Energy balance for a system

A hydropower plant uses a river to generate electrical energy. It has a drop of $107m$ and the flow rate of water is $275$ $m^3$/$s$. The flow rate of the water is the same in and out of the system. ...
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Are brass and copper utensils safe for humans to eat from? [closed]

In my research over the internet everyone is telling that brass is not safe but still there are solenoid valves, joints, and piping made of brass used in everything like coffee machines, water ...
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is it possible to achieve 1000C temperature in a cabin?

is it possible that if i have a cabin which is insulated from outside but is built with some sort of material like copper and there is a heating element of sort which is providing 100C constantly but ...
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Nylon brittleness as function of moisture content

Can someone explain the how/why Nylons brittleness is to some degree a function of it's moisture content. I don't understand HOW the water content changes the elongation at break of the material. ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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Chemical engineering calculations - basis

You have a gas of the following compositions : 40% N2, 30% CO2, 30%,CH4 in a tank . What is the Average Molecular Weight of the gas if your compositions is based on molar ? I found that the AMR with ...
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0 answers
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Batteries for electric airplanes [closed]

I'm interested in the development of electric small airplanes with 4 or 6 seats, that could really happen in the following decades. One of the main problems related to this project would be the ...
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2 answers
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Epoxy curing, heat or no heat?

Most if not all of the off-the-shelf epoxies I've used have generated a fair amount of heat while they are hardening. This seems to indicate to me that these are exothermic reaction, i.e. they ...
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