Questions tagged [chemical-engineering]

Use this tag for questions within the problem domain of chemical engineering.

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1answer
672 views

On partial reboiler and total condenser in distillation column

Why is it that a total condenser and partial reboiler are used in a distillation column and it is not the other way around?
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1answer
33 views

Azeotropic Distillation - Am I interpreting this VLE diagram correctly?

I've been looking at ways to re-concentrate a formic acid-water binary mixture with the VLE diagram below. Am I correct in saying that to concentrate a solution of say , 40% formic acid by weight I ...
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2answers
80 views

chemical reaction engineeing

What is the definition of rate $(−ra)=−\frac{dCa}{dt}$ or $(−ra)=−1/V\frac{dNa}{dt}$ ? I think the general one is the second one and first one is for constant volume reaction system. Is the above ...
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0answers
23 views

Can we engineer detergent micelles to pick up Microplastics?

I'd like to know if I could get micelles to pick up microplastics in water. I read that microplastics are sometimes charged, so can we make the lyophobic end to pick up microplastics, so that they can ...
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1answer
90 views

How does reaction rate depends on concentrations in irreversible reactions?

Consider the following consecutive, second order, irreversible reactions are carried out in a batch reactor: A + S Yield(k1) X X + S yield (k2) Y One mole of A and two moles of S are initially ...
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0answers
40 views

How to produce aluminium powder by E. J. Hall method

I have watched videos on YouTube producing Aluminum powder by mechanical methods. Like this one. It uses Aluminum foil and coffee grinder: There are similar videos which use the same basic method but ...
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1answer
103 views

Solving a linear mass balance equation in the form of Ax = 0 with variables in vector x

I have been tasked with solving a series of linear equations in the form of Ax = b, where b is the zero vector. Specifically, I have a matrix E which is 4x7 and a column vector r which is 7x1, as ...
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1answer
57 views

What is the effect of different ways to adding liquid materials into a mixing tank?

I am working with body wash products and there is a problem happening with the mixing process. I use a 5000-liter tank to mix all the liquid materials including water, surfactant and preservatives. ...
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0answers
26 views

Is it possible to do purification of Sodium Sulphate and which companies do this? [duplicate]

If Sinter filter generates lots of Sodium Sulphate and then is there a way to make purification of this and which companies are already do this process?
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1answer
57 views

Why do Blast Furnace flue dust generates high rates of Zn (Zinc)?

The Blast Furnace flue dust contains high rates of Zn (Zinc). I'd like to know the reason behind this. The chemical reaction of Zn inside blast furnace dust. Why it's rates becoming high?
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1answer
413 views

How to use a specific list of components in a stream in ASPEN-HYSYS?

In HYSYS it is possible to create multiple lists of components using their proper fluid package to better calculate the properties of very different molecules. Here I defined two lists: List 1 List ...
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1answer
39 views

How can I confirm nL Volume Measurement for Pump and Sensor Calibration

I'm dispensing around 1uL of volume with 1% accuracy. Although I'm confident in my pump, I'd like to be able to routinely confirm that I'm getting the exact volume I'm requesting every time. How can ...
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0answers
16 views

How do I charge titanium dioxide particles submurged in black-dyed water in home?

My first thought was to charge the titanium dioxide particles by first charging a balloon by rubbing it on my hair and then touching the balloon to the titanium dioxide powder, but that would be ...
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1answer
43 views

Is there an industrial process that makes use of photosynthesis?

When I was in school, photosynthesis was taught as this amazing biological process that took light and water and turned carbon dioxide into oxygen and carbon. It was implied that this was limited to ...
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1answer
25 views

Best reactor for solubility-limited reaction?

I have a reaction where component X is required to react with formic acid producing a solid precipitate. The main problem is that component X has very low solubility in formic acid and the reaction ...
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1answer
37 views

Carefully attaching Pt-wire to mild/carbon steel surface

Problem: I have a near 100% Pt wire (25 AWG / D ≈ 0.45mm) that I would like to attatch to a cold rolled steel (E235 / EN 1.0308) surface. Assume this surface is flat. Goal: Keep wire attached to ...
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1answer
103 views

Does the plant transfer function of a system change with variations in the reference variable?

I am designing a PID controller for a system that requires several step changes in the reference variable (concentration of solute in a tank) over a set period of time. I can find the plant transfer ...
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0answers
20 views

Estimating rate of drying by comparing identical process with different ambient humidity

We have a drying process where we take a thin bread product and cool it in a room at 11 C and 90% relative humidity. The product comes in at 80 C and comes out at 22 C. There is air blowing across the ...
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1answer
75 views

Identify plant transfer function to design PID controller

I am trying to find the transfer function of a plant that contains numerous equipment including a heater, several tanks, pumps, membranes etc. I need to design 2 PID controllers: the first one to ...
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1answer
248 views

Custom User Models in Aspen Plus

I'm trying to simulate a purifier in Aspen Plus in a cryogenic system. This purifier is just meant to change the pressure of the outlet stream based on the inlet flow and pressure (we are using the ...
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1answer
47 views

Doubt regarding meta-stable and labile region of a supersaturated solution

I have read in a paper that the for formation of new crystals in a solution the energy released due to formation of solid from solution should be more than the energy needed to overcome solid-liquid ...
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0answers
37 views

What type of pump is recommended for pumping gasoline/petrol in vapor phase?

I would really like to know your input, perhaps there are regulations on this that I'm not aware of that can help out regarding the overall safety of the process.
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0answers
23 views

Are there any books which show how to design electrical coil heat exchangers?

I need to design an electrically powered gas heater, but i need to do so in detail. I'm looking for a guide similar to the shell and tube heat exchanger design guide in coulson and richardson's ...
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1answer
59 views

What is the mechanism of adsorption-desorption on biochar obtained from slow pyrolysis/ torrefaction?

Biochar is a major by-product from pyrolysis along with bio-oil and it is considered an important chemical feed-stock because of many light oxygenates. I have read some papers on using bio-char use ...
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0answers
37 views

How to calculate flow rate and direction in system with multiple blowers

I have an odour control system where foul air is being extracted from multiple sources and then pushed into a scrubber vessel. Normally, all my designs look something like this: https://ibb.co/...
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1answer
60 views

How to control precisely the wall temperature of a tubular reactor?

I have modelled a multi-tubular reactor performing a Fischer-Tropsch synthesis of alkanes and I was wondering about the stability of such a reactor. Even a very tiny deviation of the wall temperature ...
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0answers
49 views

When teaching separation processes, which one should be introduced first? Distillation or absorption?

I am preparing a basic course on Separation Processes (5th semester, BSc Chemical Engineering). I can see that many well-known textbooks (e.g. Seader & Henley, Wankat) start by teaching in detail ...
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1answer
51 views

Doubt in proof of condition dG<=0

I tried proving the condition dG<=0 where G is Gibb's free energy and instead ended up proving dB<=0 where B is exergy. Can someone please explain what went wrong with my derivation. I have ...
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1answer
40 views

the volume in hydraulic retention time is of reactor/container or liquid

I have a tiny reactor, and the volume I need is 425ml. If there is no/few other reactants, then the volume in hydraulic retention time is clear: reactor/container's ...
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1answer
62 views

Magnetic treatment of hard water to prevent scale and corrosion? How does this work?

I ran across this company at their booth at a Tradeshow (2018). They claim to have a chemical free (and as far as I can tell - a power free) treatment method for hard water to minimize scale and ...
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2answers
68 views

Systems In “Thermodynamic Equilibrium”

I'm trying to find an answer to a question in one of my thermodynamics textbooks. (Undergraduate chemical engineering is the context). It is a conceptual question, asking, "Do all systems in ...
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3answers
58 views

Flaring System in Industries

Why is Flaring done in industries? Why can't the same gases be used for production of energy (Thermal energy)? Or why can't the excess gas be recycled in the previous stream from which it came?
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1answer
49 views

equivalent deduction of Non-mechanical thermodynamic work

"Work (as in Thermodynamics) is said to be done by a system if sole effect on the surroundings could be the raising of a weight." So, how is non mechanical work like : Chemical work, Magnetization ...
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0answers
34 views

performances of a continuous flow reactor

How can we know the evolution of the oulet concentration of a perfectly well-mixed continuous flow reactor taking into account the residence time distribution function called $E(t)$? I have heard ...
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2answers
87 views

Eulerian description of fluid flow

In Eulerian description of fluid flow, we observe how the properties of the fluid are changing at a point. Since a point has zero dimension hence a zero area, how can we make sense of the 'finite ...
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0answers
52 views

Enthalpy vs Heat

If we have a closed cylinder filled with a gas and we heat it, by $1^{st}$ law we have: $\Delta q=\Delta U$ (?) since $\Delta V$ = 0. But $\Delta H= \Delta U+ V. \Delta P$. What does that difference ...
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1answer
27 views

Entrainers to distill MTBE from Methanol? - Chemical Engineering Question

What have you found to be some effective entrainers to distill MTBE from Methanol, given the azeotropic conditions at 67%. I have tried to simulate 1-butanol, as well as ethanol, and numerous other ...
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0answers
101 views

Solid-liquid separation of a crystal slurry

Let me preface my question by saying I am a recent chemical engineering graduate and apologize if my inexperience shows. I have designed a batch process which results in a water slurry stream ...
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2answers
496 views

head coefficient and volume coefficient for centrifugal pump

If I need to calculate the head coefficient using $c_h=\dfrac{gH}{N^2D^2}$ and the volume coefficient using $c_q= \dfrac{v}{ND^3}$ while keeping $N$ (impeller rotational speed in rpm), how can I make ...
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1answer
138 views

Boundary conditions in a heat transfer problem

One end of a small insulated rod is attached to a support which is maintained at a constant temperature of 473 K,and once the rod has reached a uniform temperature in its entire length the insulation ...
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0answers
48 views

Why can we extend the derivation of delta(S mix) to ideal solution from ideal gas behavior?

The formula for change in enthalpy for ideal gas is derived using ideal-gas law which cannot be extended to ideal solutions (my intuition). Then why can we extend the formula of delta S mix to ideal ...
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1answer
65 views

How to derive phase equillibrium criteria for more than 2 phases mathematically?

I know the derivation of phase equilibrium criteria derivation for 2 phases. I am not getting how to extend the derivation to more than 2 phases. Please help me out on that. Thank you
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1answer
41 views

Issues creating a high pressure chamber for corrosive solution

I'm trying to do an experiment on high pressure's effect on the electrical impedance of a really corrosive solution. I'm aiming for at least 2,000 psi with a pressure chamber but the only material I ...
1
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1answer
131 views

pH calculations for boiler water

For water steam cycle in a "combined cycle power plant" containing 3 boiler drums and dosing of 5% ammonia solution in the condenser. How can I calculate the pH of the boiler water in each of the ...
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1answer
80 views

CSTR properties - What happens to conversion of products if I change the reactor size?

For example, initially this reactor is having a 2nd order reaction of $-ra=kaCa^2$ and it has a fractional conversion of 50% in a CSTR. I replace it with something 1/6 as large. What happens to the ...
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2answers
171 views

Minor loss due to splitting of pipe

I am solving pipe flow problems and it came to my mind how does one find out the minor loss associated with the splitting of pipe. Here how does one find the minor loss associated when the flow is in ...
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0answers
85 views

How can pitot tubes give us local velocity in a flow

I am studying about static pressure,dynamic pressure and the principle behind pitot tube. However in pitot tubes we apply Bernoulli equation between two points which are not on the same streamline. ...
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1answer
132 views

Calculate the specific surface area of a mesoporous sample

I'm a nanoengineering student who's been stuck on the following problem for a few days. I've gone back over my professors slides, watched podcasts from an old professor, etc. etc., but don't ...
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0answers
29 views

CSTR exit conditions [closed]

Will there be other factors such that it will affect the exit conditions of the CSTR to change ? For example, the temperature of the reactants that will be lost to the surroundings
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0answers
165 views

What are the raw materials for water filter housing production? [closed]

I want produce water filter housing (like below images) who can tell me what are need raw material for these? Best Regards