Questions tagged [chemical-engineering]

Use this tag for questions within the problem domain of chemical engineering.

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491 views

Fluid dynamics of non interacting tanks in series

I have a system like this: and I have to estimate the height of the lower tank. First of all, I'm considering that I have a non-viscous, incompressible fluid in steady flow. Base apertures The ...
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0answers
38 views

Parameter effects on kinetics of esterification for bio-diesel production

I want to discuss the effect of parameters on the kinetics of esterification for bio-diesel production. In esterification process, temperature effect and molar ration are two important parameters. ...
3
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0answers
86 views

Purification of wet-process phosphoric acid

I'm doing my senior design class and I have design a chemical plant that produces phosphoric acid by reacting phosphate rock with sulfuric acid. The phosphate rock has a lot of impurities, some of ...
3
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0answers
541 views

What is the longest self support length a chain one molecule wide can be?

Self-support length is the maximum length of a vertical column of the material (assuming a fixed cross-section) that could suspend its own weight when supported only at the top this is an important ...
2
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0answers
22 views

Question regarding evaluating 1D heat transfer PDE

My question regards cooling of an object using 1D-heat transfer with fixed surface temperatures. First I need to find the solution to this PDE: Based on the conditions, I worked out that the ...
2
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0answers
17 views

Book recommendation for hydrodynamics of bubbles, drops, and particles

I am wondering if someone could please recommend to me some references on the topic of hydrodynamics of bubbles, drops, and particles, preferably in the context of complex and bio fluids. I am ...
2
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0answers
42 views

What is the energy and capital cost of NH3 from Haber Bosch plant that takes in pure H2 and N2?

A question that becomes particularly relevant for "the hydrogen economy" or in the event that IGCC coal baseload electric generation seeks off-peak markets for hydrogen. I can't seem to ...
2
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0answers
54 views

When teaching separation processes, which one should be introduced first? Distillation or absorption?

I am preparing a basic course on Separation Processes (5th semester, BSc Chemical Engineering). I can see that many well-known textbooks (e.g. Seader & Henley, Wankat) start by teaching in detail ...
2
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1answer
164 views

Calculate the specific surface area of a mesoporous sample

I'm a nanoengineering student who's been stuck on the following problem for a few days. I've gone back over my professors slides, watched podcasts from an old professor, etc. etc., but don't ...
2
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0answers
33 views

How to apply the permeability value found from an experiment?

I have done a permeability experiment on LDPE in the presence of air using a 25mm circular specimen. At 30'C, the permeability was found to be 1.846 barrer. Now I am trying to apply this permeability ...
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78 views

What is the retention time distribution in an STRcascade when the reactors are of uneven side and we have some recircultion?

Consider 2 or 3 stirred tank reactors as a cascade. The sizes are different. A part of the throughput is recirculated from the last to the first. The mean hydraulic retention of course is ...
2
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0answers
131 views

What are the best materials to use for producing drinking water from the Air?

There are several companies producing equipment that produce drinking water from the air. They use dessicants, hygroscopic brine, or deliquescent salts, to adsorb water from atmospheric humidity. ...
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50 views

Method of separating oxygen from a mixture of oxygen + carbon monoxide

I have a 99,9% oxygen, with 0,1% is CO. Is it possible to separate the CO from oxygen in this mixture? The closer the percentage to 0 for CO, the better. I've read about separation of oxygen from air, ...
1
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1answer
25 views

Distillation modelling McCable Thiele, Chemical Engineering

I am using an extractive distillation column to seperate ethanol and ethylene glycol. I am trying to find Rmin however its proving difficult as the the top operating line, q-line and bottom operating ...
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0answers
67 views

Navier-Stokes with non-newtonian fluids

So I've got a problem here in fluids. It's driving me insane but I know I'm missing something simple. Up until now we've worked with Newtonian fluids resulting in the "normal" NS equations ...
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0answers
19 views

How is EPD different / related to anodising?

What is the process of applying dye to anodized surfaces (specifically aluminum)? Is electrophoretic deposition (EPD) just the process used to apply the dye to anodised surfaces? Or is it a ...
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0answers
38 views

Considerations for switching from Conc. Sulphuric acid to Oleum

First off - this project is still in the early planning stages. The basic scope is that a plant want's to switch from using conc. sulphuric acid (~98%) in its process (nitration) to oleum. I ...
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0answers
24 views

Slow integration of system ODE under specific conditions in adsorption problem

I am trying to solve the system of ODEs below. I am applying the finite differences to z, so I get a system of ODE that I can solve with a solver like ode45. The problem is that under the conditions ...
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0answers
27 views

How to furnace-melt bismuth oxide into optical glass?

I have been experimenting with a furnace at my house and am looking to attempt the more difficult process of creating bismuth-oxide based optical glass for the purposes of creating optical elements (...
1
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1answer
185 views

How to calculate initial concentration of first-order reaction in CSTR?

(This question comes from a Chemical Engineering background, but basic Math and Programming knowledge is also required. I hope it still falls in the scope of engineering.stackexchange.com If not, ...
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0answers
39 views

Interface level between 2 components in Liquid-Liquid Extraction, What does it mean?

In LLE physical processes, there is this level (interface) between the 2 components (for example) that is being separated as shown in the picture. I know that the height of this level from the ...
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0answers
23 views

Can we engineer detergent micelles to pick up Microplastics?

I'd like to know if I could get micelles to pick up microplastics in water. I read that microplastics are sometimes charged, so can we make the lyophobic end to pick up microplastics, so that they can ...
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0answers
37 views

How to calculate flow rate and direction in system with multiple blowers

I have an odour control system where foul air is being extracted from multiple sources and then pushed into a scrubber vessel. Normally, all my designs look something like this: https://ibb.co/...
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0answers
52 views

Enthalpy vs Heat

If we have a closed cylinder filled with a gas and we heat it, by $1^{st}$ law we have: $\Delta q=\Delta U$ (?) since $\Delta V$ = 0. But $\Delta H= \Delta U+ V. \Delta P$. What does that difference ...
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107 views

Solid-liquid separation of a crystal slurry

Let me preface my question by saying I am a recent chemical engineering graduate and apologize if my inexperience shows. I have designed a batch process which results in a water slurry stream ...
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0answers
41 views

Polyurethane with microbial resistance properties

I'm looking for a polyurethane with microbial resistance. Doing some research I found two commercial types: DESMOPAN 9392A and DESMOPAN 2792A. Both are manufactured under GMP conditions and limited ...
1
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1answer
897 views

Entropy change in a throttling process

In an adiabatic throttling process of ideal gas: I understand that mathematically lost work is given by Tsurr * entropy generated. But intuitively I can't understand if there is not heat exchange ...
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0answers
21 views

How widely used are ethylene receptor inhibitors in fruit packaging & shipping?

Ethylene works as a gaseous "aging" hormone for many fruits. There are lots of papers on ethylene receptor inhibitors (e.g. 1-MCP) to delay this process. I also found out that 1-MCP has been EPA-...
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0answers
16 views

Distribution of turbulent energy dissipation in a stirred tank

Is detailed experimental information on the distribution of energy dissipation in a stirred tank(45o Pitch blade) available? I require this variation in all directions in a standard stirred tank ...
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0answers
23 views

Adsorption - what models are used for dry scrubbing?

For scrubbing with activated carbon, air is generally brought through a dry adsorption media, where the contaminant is adsorbed onto the media. I would like to know what mathematical model is used ...
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0answers
108 views

Eletrolysis of water

The electrolyser used in the process at 25°C and 10.0 bar exhibits a global yield of 82% with a potential of 1.481 V. Determine the electrical energy that can be electrolyzed by year in order to get ...
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297 views

Chemical Engineering Question using Raoult's Law

A liquid mixture containing 35.0 mole% acetone and 65.0 mole% water is to be partially vaporized to produce a vapor that is 70.0 mole% acetone and a residual liquid that is 30.0 mole% acetone. (a) ...
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17 views

What would make a composite chemical vapor deposition diamond hard to make?

I am exploring whether a diamond based capacitor could be made for powering a drone. From my initial research, it has the right material properties (thermal conductivity, strength to weight ratio, ...
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0answers
65 views

position of feed stream discharge in the fractionating column

In the book 'Chemical Engineering' by Coulson and Richardson (Volume 2, 5th edition), in the section 'Fractionating Column')(page-560), it's said that,'The feed stream is introduced on some ...
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37 views

using a coil for an electrochemical reaction

I wish to calculate the amount of energy required for electrolysis through induction, instead of electrodes. If there is a crucible metal core with solution inside and the coil wrapped around it. Can ...
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0answers
32 views

permeation properties of concrete under surface treatment

I wonder which permeation properties are critical in concrete with and without surface treatment (e.g sodium silicates-based solution) , is it air permeability,water permeability or absorption. If u ...
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0answers
85 views

What is the actual natural gas and electricity consumption of a Haber Bosch plant?

Plants running the Haber Bosch process provide the vast majority of nitrogen used in fertilizers. Collectivly, they consume about 3–5% of the world's natural gas production [...] (around 1–2% of the ...
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2answers
188 views

Second Order Transfer Function Question regarding Overshoot Formula

If I have a closed loop second order transfer function such as: $$T(s) = \frac{10-s}{0.3s^2+3.1s+(1+24K_{c})}$$ Can I still use this formula for overshoot (when a step input is applied) ?: $$\frac{A}...
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0answers
43 views

Verify parameters variation in local sensitivity coefficients for microkinetic model

I’m performing a sensitivity analysis for a model of a set of elementary chemical reactions. I’m considering the variation in species concentration ($c_{k}$) with respect to the forward reaction rate ...
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0answers
36 views

Corrosion of a galvanic couple made with silver and gold

If a bangle is made out of gold and silver, connected with each-other would there be a corrosion happening? If so can it be explained using the galvanic series? Also do those metals undergo oxidation ...
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11 views

Plug Flow Reactor Concentration UDF Debugging

I'm new to CFD and I'm trying to write a UDF that calculates the concentration at any position as a function of its x-coordinate (for example, Ca = .5C - .1x, or dCa/dx = -kCa). This is my first time ...
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29 views

Thermal conductivity and the second law

I am having trouble figuring out the solution for part d. Can anyone give me a hint?
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26 views

How to model a condenser (heat exchanger) where both streams are two fluid mixtures?

As mentioned I would like to model a heat exchanger (using Python). In this case, the condenser/hx streams are both a mixture of O2 and N2 These are known for both streams: Inlet temperature Inlet ...
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0answers
51 views

Calculating gas volume in a gas-liquid system/pressurized vessel

There is water in a tank and the tank is connected to a piece of piping that has a volume of 2.5L. The headspace above the water is pressurised by using air, to a pressure of 3 bar (a). What happens ...
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0answers
20 views

Side entry mixer sizing

I'm involved in purchasing a set of mixers for a crude oil storage tank. The tank volume is around 98,500 cubic meters. The main purpose of the mixers is base sediment & water control (cleaning). ...
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0answers
33 views

Calculating estimated Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient

I have problem where I'm trying to determine the Overall Heat Transfer coefficient of a heat exchanger that uses the latent heat of vaporization of water in the process. I know the Q value I'm trying ...
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0answers
16 views

Determining length of interstage cooling coils for removal of heat

I'm currently trying to determine the length of cooling tube required to remove a specific amount of heat from my exothermic reactor in stages. I'm aware I need to use the equation $Q = UA \theta_{...
0
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1answer
48 views

How to compute velocity distribution in the developing boundary layer on the cylinder

Air flows perpendicular to the axis of a cylinder $a=1$ cm in diameter. Air speed upstream of the cylinder is $U=6.72$ mm/s and its kinematic viscosity is $2.1×10^{-5}$ at 350 K. I want to obtain the ...
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29 views

P&ID questions on reports, connection, etc

Good day to all of you. I got some questions in my mind regarding on P&ID: In electrical, symbol will have their own default reference name for example "Motor" will use "M" , ...
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1answer
70 views

How to calculate a gas burner dimensions?

I am trying to calculate the dimesnions of a natural gas burner for a hospital. The burner will be heating water. I have calculated the thermal duty that needs to be produced and the water mass flow, ...