# Questions tagged [cfd]

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### Interpretation of dx/dt and u in CFD

I am currently studying CFD and I have a question about how I should interpret the term u and dx/dt. I would like to find that out in the textbook, but I could not. When I solve 1D Euler Equation with ...
1 vote
233 views

### Pressure drop in a CFD simulation of an air flow too small

I am simulating a turbulent air flow through a rectangular channel with the goal to match measured velocity profiles and the static pressure at certain points. My problem is that the pressure drop in ...
193 views

### Imposing/ensuring a constant mass flow rate in turbulent flow simulation

I'm trying to simulate using Finite Elements (non commercial software) the Tube Bundle benchmark problem: http://cfd.mace.manchester.ac.uk/ercoftac/doku.php?id=cases:case078&s[]=tube&s[]=...
49 views

### Typical Runoff velocity values

I am computing runoff velocities for rainfall falling over an area using St-Venant 1D momentum equation. I wanted to have some idea if my computed velocities are within a reasonable range of what one ...
73 views

### CFD numerical methods (FEA, FVM, FDM,…)

I just read the answer from this question and have a question please: What I read: Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) refers to the use of the numerical techniques to solve fluid dynamical problems. ...
1 vote
68 views

### What is the side way force on a flat membrane place perpendicular to the flow of current on one side, and stagnant water on the other

So basically imagine a plate being placed parallel to the direction of flow of water with water flowing with a certain velocity on one side of the plate and on the other side it is almost stagnant. ...
206 views

### Heat transfer coefficient in forced convection and its dependence of temperature

I'm working on a Ansys Fluent of an Aluminium coil annealing furnace with the goal of estimating the heat transfer coefficients at different temperatures and ventilator/fan speed conditions. The ...
95 views

### Isn't the Newton's cooling law for heat convection too macroscopic for CFD simulations?

In CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) simulations, the space is discretised into a huge number of tiny cells and, therefore, one has the opportunity to use a model of heat transfer that takes into ...
7 views

### How to discretize the Navier Stokes diffusive term on a quadtree mesh with staggered gird?

I'm currently trying to build a CFD code using the quadtree data structure. Everything is pretty much sorted out except for the diffusive term in the momentum equation. I have looked for so many ...
1 vote
461 views

### What is reason of low axial velocity at tip and hub of an axial turbine?

I am analyzing results of my turbine simulation. I have created one line from hub to casing at downstream of the flow...please see the following figures. I want to investigate along this line how the ...
330 views

### Wall functions and separation in turbine blade simulation

I am simulating a turbine and I have some question about standard wall function in FLUENT. Standard wall function requires $y^+$ value between 30 to 60 on the blade. but the following quote states: ...
53 views

### Why does CFD over predict shockwave in comparison to wind tunnel?

I ran a CFD simulation of Mach=0.85 flow over an aerofoil and noted that my Cp (coefficient of pressure) plot over predicts the shockwave in comparison to experimental data? Can someone please explain ...
56 views

### Sharp Edged Pipe with Negative Pressure

I want to calculate the 2D pipe flow with sharp edged contraction pipe (below figure). The fluid is water, the model is steady state k-epsilon. The boundary condition is velocity inlet (8.47ft/s = 2....
79 views

### Best Practice for Multiple Zones in ANSYS Design Modeler for a 3D Structured Mesh for Fluent Simulation

I am building a structured mesh in a rectangular domain to model the flow over a wing with impinging jets at the root over the surface in the spanwise direction. I've tried building unstructured ...
1 vote
2k views

### Analytical solution for the 1D convection-diffusion equation

The Ogata and Banks analytical solution of the convection-diffusion equation for a continuous source of infinite duration and a 1D domain: where C [mol/L] is the ...
110 views

### SU2 vs OpenFoam for highly unsteady aerodynamics. Suggestions?

I am trying to simulate aerodynamic interactions between high speed propeller downwash and wings of a cruising aircraft. Confused between OpenFoam and SU2. Open to other opensource software ...
28 views

### Thermal Undershooting In SLM Simulation on Ansys Fluent

I am creating a SLM simulation of basalt on Ansys Fluent. I have enabled laminar viscosity, solidification and melting, and the energy equation. The heat flux is applied to the top wall through the ...
24 views

### How to preserve edge grading of rotated edges in ICEM CFD?

I have a 2D axisymmetric geometry for which I am generating block-structured mesh in ICEM. I am converting this 2D block setup to a 3D block setup by rotating the 2D blocks using a dedicated option in ...
156 views

### Centrifugal pump head-flow prediction with CFD

Given a volute pump casing, the impeller, and RPM how would one obtain a simulated head-flow graph? As for what I have seen in research papers most methods already assume input flowrate / pressure and ...
30 views

### Which, if any, CFD methods would be best for predicting performance of a sailboat?

I am interested in using a CFD simulator to calculate the performance potential of a sailboat. And not just a single boat, but of multiple boats of different configurations and hull shapes. If I know ...
1 vote
34 views

### Why is the turbulent kinetic energy $k=\overline{v_1'^2}+\overline{v_2'^2}+\overline{v_3'^2}$ even in 2D cases?

I'm writing an essay which partly includes writing about the Reynolds stress model where the dissipation term $\varepsilon_{ij}$ is assumed to be isotropic (since dissipation mostly occurs at small ...
76 views

### In Ansys ICEM CFD, what do these "cube" symbols on the midpoint of block edges mean?

When I was meshing a helical coil, I've noticed these "cube" symbols located at the midpoint of a the block's edges: Blocks with these symbols tend to have a lot of strange/unpredictable ...
87 views

### Density or Pressure based solver CFD

I’m currently trying to simulate the 2d cross section of a bullet using Ansys Fluent but am really confused about which solver type to use- density or pressure based? Conditions: Transonic (M=0.8) ...
35 views

### approximate equation for temperature drop near wall in contact with fluid

I am concerned about the following problem and so far I am not able to find a solution. Let us consider an environment at a temperature $T_a$ and the inner surface of a not insulating wall in contact ...
27 views

### Display Pressure coefficient for multiple points at across the span line of an airfoil in fluent

Learning to use ANSYS Fluent as part of my computational engineering course I have previously modelled a 2D wing and been abled to XY plot for the pressure coefficient against x coordinate. my ...
70 views

### How to compute velocity distribution in the developing boundary layer on the cylinder

Air flows perpendicular to the axis of a cylinder $a=1$ cm in diameter. Air speed upstream of the cylinder is $U=6.72$ mm/s and its kinematic viscosity is $2.1×10^{-5}$ at 350 K. I want to obtain the ...
1 vote
436 views

### Is supersonic flow not possible in a venturi tube?

I'm trying to design a venturi tube that will have a pressure drop of 91525 Pascals where the inlet pressure is at 1 atm and the throat pressure is at 9800 Pascals. I calculated the minimum throat ...
46 views

### Is there a CFD program that can simulate the motion of a non rigid body through fluid?

Is there a CFD program that can simulate motion of a conveyor belt underwater? Aproximating it as a moving rigid plate is not gonna work.
72 views

### How to determine time taken for tyre to deflate using CFD analysis?

I am working on my final year project, and am at a point which requires us to deflate a tyre in 0.8 seconds. This needs to be simulated using CFD. We have drilled a hole into the rim and attached a ...
126 views

### Why am I getting an ever increasing value of power co-efficient (Cp) with the increase of TSR in Vertical axis wind turbine simulation?

I am trying to get the bell-shaped Cp vs TSR graph in my 2D simulation of the H-Darrieus vertical axis wind turbine (using a sliding mesh model). However, I am always getting an ever increase of Cp ...
517 views

### How to compute wall heat flux q with just wall temperature

I am doing some simulation for natural circulation loop and have a heat rate q in the heating leg and a fixed temperature for the cooling leg. I know the heat rate for the heating section (128 W) and ...
1 vote
1k views

### How do drag and downforce in a rear spoiler of a car vary with angle of attack?

I ran an two aerodynamic simulations, one for a spoiler angle of 0 deg and the other for the same spoiler declined at 30 deg. The results showed a considerable increase in downforce, but only a slight ...
1 vote
348 views

### How to determine the force to empty a syringe containing high-viscosity fluid?

I am trying to determine the force it would take to fully empty a syringe using a long nozzle, that contains a high-viscosity fluid. Specifications I'm using: I'm trying to determine the force ...
200 views

### Can we run ANSYS Fluent/OpenFOAM simulations in AWS or any free server?

I was planning to run some FSI related simulations. But the computation capacity that I have is not sufficient. But I had heard that there is a possibility to create instances in the Amazon EC2 or the ...
120 views

### Convergence problem in RANS simulation of unsteady flow

I am simulating an air flow through a two dimensional rectangular channel. The channel splits into two channels, one of them is followed by a 90 degree bend downwards and leads into a cylindrical ...
30 views

### Why is CGNS not used in CSM?

The CGNS format appears to be only applied in CFD (computational fluid dynamics). Why is it not applied in CSM (computational solid mechanics)? Is there any technical reason? The hierarchical ...
755 views

### Velocity inlet boundary condition in Ansys Fluent

Ansys Fluent offers a very simplified version of boundary conditions. So if I know the velocity at the inlet, I need not care about pressure and vice versa. What I am having trouble with is that I ...
619 views

### What is the Boussinesq approach?

I want to simulate a turbine in Fluent. For this reason, I studied some papers. In these papers, Turbulence is modeled using the realizable k–e model and Non-equilibrium wall functions are used in the ...
1 vote
55 views

### Why does Roe Average use enthalpy?

If my understanding is correct, Roe averaging is supposed to be a linearization of the nonlinear flux jacobian. For the Euler equations, one can compute the roe average as depending on density, ...
69 views

### Boundary layer momentum equation

How does the author get that formula(d alpha formula) using the momentum equation . The book here is Mechanics and thermodynamics of propulsion by Philip Hill and Carl Peterson.
264 views

### Obtaining the correct flat plate turbulent boundary layer thickness in a CFD simulation

I used a commercial CFD software to simulate incompressible turbulent flow of air over a flat plate. I setup a 2D domain 1.5m long in the x direction and .2m in the y direction. The boundary ...
307 views

### OpenFOAM simpleFoam calculation of flow around object leads to strange result

I calculated the flow around an object using OpenFOAM's simpleFoam and wanted to evaluate it's drag coefficent. Actually the drag coefficient is in a reasonable ...
32 views

### Solution diverges for Converging-Diverging Nozzle

I am trying to run a CFD simulation for an ASTAR nozzle but cannot get the solution to converge. These are the steps I took to try and run the simulation. I made the geometry in Solidworks and ...
156 views

### Assign a name to surface in CAD STEP file

I have a CAD model designed in FreeCAD and need to export it to a STEP file (neutral CAD format) to be used in numerical anaysis software. I would like to assign names to selected surfaces in order to ...
40 views

### How to deal with time derivative of speed toward time in staggered grid in CFD?

In my control equation, there is a term $$\frac{\partial \rho u}{\partial t}+\frac{\partial \rho u^2}{\partial x}+\cdots=\frac{\partial p}{\partial x}$$ How to discretize it in staggered grid? ...
196 views

### Airfoil meshing using ANSYS

Logged in a little time ago i have a new question. So I am trying to mesh an arifoil geometry using ANSYS meshing. Airfoil number is NACA 84-M profile. Running 2-D simulation my main objective is to ...
382 views

### Why is Rocket Nozzle CFD done in 2D instead of 3D?

Why do I see rocket nozzle CFD like the one here in this SpaceX video done in 2D? Real Fluid flow is three dimensional and involves an x, y and z axis. Is fluid flow done in 2D only because computers ...
769 views

### Efficient 3D mesh topology for CFD simulation of turbine blade

I´m developing a tool to generate an openFoam wind tunnel case of a wind turbine. I already have the blade geometry constructed, but I'm really new to CFD and parametric meshing. I found some ...